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Accounting Policies of Future Retail Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016


1. Corporate Information

Future Retail Limited (formerly known as Bharti Retail Limited) (''the Company'') is a public Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of Companies Act, 1956 on February 7, 2007. The Company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Cedar Support Services Limited and engaged in the business of retailing a variety of household and consumer products through departmental store facilities under various formats.

1.1 Basis of Preparation

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

1.2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

A. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in differences between the actual results and estimates which are recognized in future period.

B. Tangible Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management. The Company has used the following rates to provide depreciation on its fixed assets. The life of the assets is based on technical assessment by the management which is either same or lower than the life indicated in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The life of assets is given below:

i. Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated over a period of 12 months from the date put to use.

ii. Wherever the life is different form as indicated in Schedule II, the same is based on technical assessment done by technical people.

C. Intangible Assets and Amortization

Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortized on straight line basis over their estimated useful economic life not exceeding ten years.

D. Leases

Leases where significant portion of risk and reward of ownership are retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases and lease rental thereof are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as per the terms of agreement on straight line basis.

E. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are charged in the period they occur in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

F. Investments

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value computed on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are stated at cost after deducting provisions made, if any, for other than temporary diminution in value.

G. Inventories

Inventories of traded goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Finished Goods and Work-in-Progress include cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Costs of inventories are computed on weighted average basis.

H. Foreign Currency Transaction

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the prevailing rates of exchange on the date of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, are restated at the prevailing rates of exchange at the balance sheet date. All gains and losses arising out of fluctuations in exchange rates are accounted for in the statement of Profit and Loss. Exchange differences on forward contracts entered into for hedging foreign exchange fluctuation risk in respect of an underlying asset/liability, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes. Premium/Discount on foreign exchange contracts are recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract.

I. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Sales are recognized when significant risk and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer which coincides with delivery and are recorded net of trade discounts VAT and Sales Tax. Revenue from services are recognized as they are rendered based on agreements/arrangements with the concerned parties and recognized net of service tax (If applicable). Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable rate. Dividend income is recognized when right to receive is established.

J. Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which the related service is rendered.

Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized at the present of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and loss in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Income Taxes

Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual/ reasonable certainty that the asset will be realized in future.

l. Earnings / (Loss) Per Share

Basic earnings / (loss) per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings / (loss) per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized, but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

N. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exist or have decreased.

(ii) Terms/Rights Attached to Equity Shares

The Company has only one class of Equity Shares having a par value of Rs. 2/- each (2015: Rs. 10/- each) at the Balance Sheet Date. Each holder is entitled to one vote per share in case of voting by show of hands and one vote per Shares held in case of voting by poll/ballot. Each holder of Equity Share is also entitled to normal dividend (including interim dividend, if any) as may declared by the company. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to approval of the shareholders in the Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distributions will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by shareholder.

The estimate of rate of escalation in salary considered in actuarial valuation takes into account inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors including supply and demand in the market. The above information is certified by the actuary.