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Accounting Policies of Gateway Distriparks Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

General Information

Gateway Distriparks Limited (the ''Company'') is engaged in business of Container related logistics. The Company was incorporated on April 6, 1994. The Company''s equity shares are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE).

The Company''s primary business is to operate Container Freight Stations (''CFS''), which are facilities set up for the purpose of in-transit container handling, examination, assessment of cargo with respect to regulatory clearances, both import and export.

The Company started operations with a CFS at the Country''s premier container port of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT). Since February 1, 2007, the Company has been the Operations and Management Operator of Punjab Conware''s CFS, which is also located at JNPT, for 15 years. The Company acquired a CFS at Chennai after amalgamation of its wholly owned subsidiary Gateway Distriparks (South) Private Ltd. With effect from April 1, 2014. The Company is in the process of setting up a CFS at Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.

These Container Freight Stations provide common user facilities offering services for Container Handling, Transport and Storage of import / export laden and empty containers and cargo carried under customs control.

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has notified the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016 vide its Notification dated March 30, 2016. The said Notification read with Rule 3(2) of the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 is applicable to Accounting period commencing on or after the date of Notification i.e. April 1, 2016.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current / non current classification of assets and liabilities.

(ii) Tangible and Intangible Assets and Depreciation/ Amortisation:

(a) Tangible and Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation/ amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The Company capitalises all costs relating to the acquisition, installation and construction of Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date when the assets are ready for commercial use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Items of Fixed Assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of Fixed Assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Depreciation on additions/ deletions to Tangible and Intangible Assets is calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such additions/ deletions. The Company provides depreciation on straight-line method at the rates specified under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except for:

- Leasehold land, which is being amortised over the lease period;

- Reach Stackers and forklifts (included in Other Equipments) are depreciated over a period of ten years, based on the technical evaluation;

- Upfront fees of Punjab Conware''s Container Freight Station ("CFS"), is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007 (balance life as on March 31, 2016 is 5 years and 10 months); and

- Additions/ construction of Building, Electrical Installations, Furniture and Fixtures and Office Equipments at Punjab Conware CFS is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007.

(c) Assets individually costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

(d) Assessment is done at each balance sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. The smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit (CGU). An asset or CGU whose carrying value exceeds its recoverable amount is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. Assessment is also done at each balance sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. An impairment loss is reversed to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognised.

(iii) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs include interest, other costs incurred in connection with borrowing and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(iv) Investments:

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(v) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long- term foreign currency monetary items, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long term asset/ liability A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability. Exchange differences on restatement of all other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution towards Provident Fund and Pension Scheme for employees is made to the Regulatory Authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(c) Other Employee Benefits

Compensated Absences: Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(d) Termination Benefits:

Termination benefits in the nature of voluntary retirement benefits are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

(vii) Revenue Recognition:

(a) Income from Container Handling, Transport and Storage are recognised on delivery of the container/ cargo. Income from Ground Rent is recognised for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station/ Inland Container Depot. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income from Ground Rent is not accrued for a period beyond 60 days on a consistent basis as per the prevailing business practice. Income from operations are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and service tax.

(b) Income from auction sales is generated when the Company auctions long-standing cargo that has not been cleared by customs. Revenue and expenses for Auction Sales are recognised when auction is completed after obtaining necessary approvals from appropriate authorities. Auction Sales include recovery of the cost incurred in conducting auctions, customs duties on long-standing cargo and accrued ground rent and handling charges relating to long- standing cargo. Surplus, out of auctions, if any, after meeting all expenses and the actual ground rent, is credited to a separate account ''Auction Surplus'' and is shown under the head ''Other Current Liabilities''. Unclaimed Auction Surplus, if any, in excess of one year is written back as ''Income'' in the following financial year.

(c) Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(viii)Current and Deferred Tax:

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any. Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum Alternative Tax credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(ix) Employees'' Stock Option Scheme:

Equity settled stock options granted under "ESOP Scheme" are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by the Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are reversed by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and credit to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the un-amortised portion.

(x) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

(xi) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(xii) Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the period of the lease.

(xiii) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(xiv) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xv) Amalgamation in the nature of merger

The Company accounts for amalgamations in nature of merger using the "pooling of interest method" as prescribed in AS 14: Accounting for Amalgamtions. Assets and liabilities acquired from the transferor Company are recognised at their respective book value. The difference between the amount recorded as share capital issued (plus any additional consideration in the form of cash or other assets)/ amount of Investment in Transferor Company and the amount of share capital of the Transferor Company is adjusted in reserves.

(xvi) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2015

(i) Basis of Accounting:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current / non current classification of assets and liabilities.

(ii) Tangible and Intangible Assets and Depreciation/ Amortisation:

(a) Tangible and Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation/ amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The Company capitalises all costs relating to the acquisition, installation and construction of Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date when the assets are ready for commercial use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Items of Fixed Assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of Fixed Assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Depreciation on additions/ deletions to Tangible and Intangible Assets is calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such additions/ deletions. The Company provides depreciation on straight-line method at the rates specified under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except for:

- Leasehold land, which is being amortised over the lease period;

- Reach Stackers and forklifts (included in Other Equipments) are depreciated over a period of ten years, based on the technical evaluation;

- Upfront fees of Punjab Conware''s Container Freight Station ("CFS"), is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007 (balance life as on March 31,2015 is 6 years and 10 months); and

- Additions/ construction of Building, Electrical Installations, Furniture and Fixtures and Office Equipments at Punjab Conware CFS is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1,2007.

(c) Assets individually costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition/ construction.

(d) Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/ cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(iii) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of an asset are apportioned to the cost of the Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date on which the asset is put to use/ ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(iv) Investments:

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(v) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long term asset/ liability

A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on restatement of all other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution towards Provident Fund and Pension Scheme for employees is made to the Regulatory Authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(c) Other Employee Benefits

Compensated Absences: Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(d) Termination Benefits:

Termination benefits in the nature of voluntary retirement benefits are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

(vii) Revenue Recognition:

(a) Income from Container Handling, Transport and Storage are recognised on delivery of the container/ cargo. Income from Ground Rent is recognised for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station/ Inland Container Depot. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income from Ground Rent is not accrued for a period beyond 60 days on a consistent basis as per the prevailing business practice. Income from operations are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and service tax.

(b) Income from auction sales is generated when the Company auctions long-standing cargo that has not been cleared by customs. Revenue and expenses for Auction Sales are recognised when auction is completed after obtaining necessary approvals from appropriate authorities. Auction Sales include recovery of the cost incurred in conducting auctions, customs duties on long-standing cargo and accrued ground rent and handling charges relating to long-standing cargo. Surplus, out of auctions, if any, after meeting all expenses and the actual ground rent, is credited to a separate account ''Auction Surplus'' and is shown under the head ''Other Current Liabilities''. Unclaimed Auction Surplus, if any, in excess of one year is written back as ''Income'' in the following financial year.

(c) Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(viii) Current and Deferred Tax:

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum Alternative Tax credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(ix) Employees'' Stock Option Scheme:

Equity settled stock options granted under "ESOP Scheme" are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Guidelines, 1999, issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India and the Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are reversed by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and credit to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the unamortised portion.

(x) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

(xi) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(xii) Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

(xiii) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(xiv) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xv) Amalgamation in the nature of merger

The Company accounts for amalgamations in nature of merger using the "pooling of interest method" as prescribed in AS 14: Accounting for Amalgamtions. Assets and liabilities acquired from the transferor Company are recognised at their respective book value. The difference between the amount recorded as share capital issued (plus any additional consideration in the form of cash or other assets)/ amount of Investment in Transferor Company and the amount of share capital of the Transferor Company is adjusted in reserves.

(xvi) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.

C. Rights, Preferences and Restrictions attached to Shares:

The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per equity share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

(ii) ESOP 2013 Scheme

The Shareholders at the Extra Ordinary General Meeting held on March 8, 2013, approved the new ESOP 2013 Scheme for eligible Directors and employees of the Company and its Subsidiary Companies. Under the Scheme, options for 2,000,000 shares would be available for being granted to eligible employees of the Company and options for 500,000 shares would be available for being granted to employees of the Subsidiary Companies. Each option (after it is vested) will be exercisable for one Equity share of Rs. 10. The options would be issued at an exercise price, which would be at a 20% discount to the latest available closing market price (at a stock exchange as determined by the Remuneration & ESOP Committee) on the date prior to the date on which the Remuneration & ESOP Committee finalises the specific number of options to be granted to the employees. Vesting of the options shall take place over a maximum period of 5 years with a minimum vesting period of 1 year from the date of grant.

(a) Nature of Security:

(i) Vehicle Finance Loan from HDFC Bank of Rs. 194,663,470 (Previous year: Rs. 148,472,272) are secured by way of hypothecation of the Company''s Commercial Vehicles (Trailors and Reach stackers).

(ii) Term Loan from HDFC Bank of Rs. 158,333,333 (Previous year: Rs. 191,666,667) is secured by first and exclusive charge on all the immovable assets, book debts and movable fixed assets of the Company.

(iii) Buyers'' credit facility of Euro 646,000 (Rs. 44,767,800) [Previous year: Euro 646,000 (Rs. 54,173,560)] is secured by first and exclusive charge on the fixed and movable assets of the Company.

(b) Terms of Repayment:

(i) Vehicle Finance Loans from HDFC Bank of Rs. 194,663,470 (Previous year: Rs. 148,472,272) are repayable in 35/ 59/ 60 equal monthly installments along with interest ranging from 10.08% per annum to 11% per annum on reducing monthly balance (Trailers/ Reach Stackers / Forklifts).


Mar 31, 2014

(i) Basis of Accounting:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 read with circular 08/2014 dated April 04, 2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting standards) Rules, 2006 as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current-non current classification of assets and liabilities.

(ii) Tangible and Intangible Assets and Depreciation/ Amortisation:

(a) Tangible and Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation/ amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The Company capitalises all costs relating to the acquisition, installation and construction of Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date when the assets are ready for commercial use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Items of Fixed Assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of Fixed Assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Depreciation on additions/ deletions to Tangible and Intangible Assets is calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such additions/ deletions. The Company provides depreciation on straight-line method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Act or based on useful life whichever is higher, except for:

* Leasehold land, which is being amortised over the lease period;

* Reach Stackers and forklifts (included in Yard Equipments) are depreciated over a period of ten years;

* Upfront fees of Punjab Conware''s Container Freight Station ("CFS"), is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007 (balance life as on March 31, 2014 is 7 years and 10 months); and

* Additions/ construction of Building, Electrical Installations, Furniture and Fixtures and Office Equipments at Punjab Conware CFS is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007.

(c) Assets individually costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition/ construction.

(d) Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/ cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(iii) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of an asset are apportioned to the cost of the Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date on which the asset is put to use/ commissioned.

(iv) Investments:

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(v) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

* Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated over the balance life of the asset

* In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long term asset/ liability

A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on restatement of all other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contribution towards Provident Fund and Pension Scheme for employees is made to the Regulatory Authorities which are recognised by the Income Tax Authorities and administered through appropriate authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The gratuity scheme is funded through Comprehensive Gratuity Policy - cum - Group Term Life Insurance Policy from Tata AIA Life Insurance Company Limited, except for employees of Punjab Conware''s CFS, the operations wherein are taken over by the Company under Operations and Management Agreement. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(c) Other Employee Benefits:

Compensated Absences: Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(d) Termination Benefits:

Termination benefits in the nature of voluntary retirement benefits are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

(vii) Revenue Recognition:

(a) Income from Container Handling, Transport and Storage are recognised on delivery of the container/ cargo. Income from Ground Rent is recognised for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station/ Inland Container Depot. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income from Ground Rent is not accrued for a period beyond 60 days on a consistent basis as per the prevailing business practice. Income from operations are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and service tax.

(b) Income from auction sales is generated when the Company auctions long-standing cargo that has not been cleared by customs. Revenue and expenses for Auction Sales are recognised when auction is completed after obtaining necessary approvals from appropriate authorities. Auction Sales include recovery of the cost incurred in conducting auctions, customs duties on long-standing cargo and accrued ground rent and handling charges relating to long-standing cargo. Surplus, out of auctions, if any, after meeting all expenses and the actual ground rent, is credited to a separate account ''Auction Surplus'' and is shown under the head ''Other Current Liabilities''. Unclaimed Auction Surplus, if any, in excess of one year is written back as ''Income'' in the following financial year.

(c) Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(viii) Current and Deferred Tax:

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum Alternative Tax credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(ix) Employees'' Stock Option Scheme:

Equity settled stock options granted under "ESOP Scheme" are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Guidelines, 1999, issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India and the Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are reversed by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and credit to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the unamortised portion.

(x) Segment Reporting:

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

(xi) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(xii) Leases:

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

(xiii)Earnings per Share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2013

(i) Basis of Accounting:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, of India ("the Act"). All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Act. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current or non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(ii) Tangible and Intangible Assets and Depreciation/ Amortisation:

(a) Tangible and Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation/ amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The Company capitalises all costs relating to the acquisition, installation and construction of Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date when the assets are ready for commercial use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Items of Fixed Assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of Fixed Assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Depreciation on additions/ deletions to Tangible and Intangible Assets is calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such additions/ deletions. The Company provides depreciation on straight-line method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Act or based on useful life whichever is higher, except for:

- Leasehold land, which is being amortised over the lease period;

- Reach Stackers and forklifts (included in Yard Equipments) are depreciated over a period often years;

- Upfront fees of Punjab Conware''s Container Freight Station ("CFS"), is being amortised over the balance

period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007 (balance life as on March 31, 2013 is 8 years and 10 months); and

- Additions/ construction of Building, Electrical Installations, Furniture and Fixtures and Office Equipments at Punjab Conware CFS is being amortised over the balance period of the Operations and Management Agreement of the CFS with effect from July 1, 2007.

(c) Assets individually costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition/ construction.

(d) Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/ cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(iii) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of an asset are apportioned to the cost of the Tangible and Intangible Assets up to the date on which the asset is put to use/ commissioned.

(iv) Investments:

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(v) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. All non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined. All monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency are restated at the end of accounting period. With respect to long-term foreign currency monetary items, from April 1, 2011 onwards, the Company has adopted the following policy:

- Foreign exchange difference on account of a depreciable asset, is adjusted in the cost of the depreciable asset, which would be depreciated overthe balance life of the asset

- In other cases, the foreign exchange difference is accumulated in a Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account, and amortised over the balance period of such long term asset/ liability A monetary asset or liability is termed as a long-term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on restatement of all other monetary items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution towards provident fund and Pension Scheme for employees is made to the Regulatory Authorities which are recognised by the Income Tax Authorities and administered through appropriate authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The gratuity scheme is funded through Comprehensive Gratuity Policy - cum - Group Term Life Insurance Policy from Tata AIG Life Insurance Company Limited, except for employees of Punjab Conware''s CFS, the operations wherein are taken over by the Company under Operations and Management Agreement. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/ gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(c) Other Employee Benefits

Compensated Absences: Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end. Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year end are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined by an independent actuary (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(d) Termination Benefits:

Termination benefits in the nature of voluntary retirement benefits are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

(vii) Revenue Recognition:

(a) Income from Container Handling, Transport and Storage are recognised on delivery of the container/ cargo. Income from Ground Rent is recognised forthe period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station/ Inland Container Depot. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income from Ground Rent is not accrued for a period beyond 60 days on a consistent basis as per the prevailing business practice. Income from operations are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and service tax.

(b) Income from auction sales is generated when the Company auctions long-standing cargo that has not been cleared by customs. Revenue and expenses for Auction Sales are recognised when auction is completed after obtaining necessary approvals from appropriate authorities. Auction Sales include recovery of the cost incurred in conducting auctions, customs duties on long-standing cargo and accrued ground rent and handling charges relating to long-standing cargo. Surplus, out of auctions, if any, after meeting all expenses and the actual ground rent, is credited to a separate account Auction Surplus'' and is shown under the head ''Other Current Liabilities''. Unclaimed Auction Surplus, if any, in excess of one year is written back as ''Income'' in the following financial year.

(c) Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(viii) Current and Deferred Tax:

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax asset are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum Alternative Tax credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

(ix) Employees'' Stock Option Scheme:

Equity settled stock options granted under "ESOP Scheme" are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Guidelines, 1999, issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India and the Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are reversed by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and credit to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the unamortised portion.

(x) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

(xi) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(xii) Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

(xiii) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(xiv) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

 
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