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Accounting Policies of Gayatri Sugars Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, including freight, insurance, borrowing costs and incidental expenses relating to acquisition. Fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on straight line method as per the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Goodwill on Amalgamation is being amortised on Straight Line Basis over a period of ten years.

4. Impairment of Assets :

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying values of the assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole, to determine the value of impairment.

5. Inventories:

Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Consumables are valued at First in First out basis. Cost includes applicable taxes, duties, transport and handling costs.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost is average cost and includes all material costs, direct and indirect expenditure and inclusive of excise duty.

Work in progress is valued at cost inclusive of factory overheads.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value as the cost is not ascertainable.

6. Cash flow statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

7. Taxes on income:

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

8. Employee Benefits:

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-15) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

i Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Gratuity plan of the entity is an unfunded plan. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

ii Provident Fund

In accordance with applicable local laws, eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently up to 12% of an employee's salary). These contributions are either made to the respective Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, or the Central Provident Fund under the state pension scheme, and are expensed as incurred.

iii Liability for Compensated absences

The accrual for unutilized leave is determined for the entire available leave balances standing to the credit of the employees at the year end. The value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward, is determined by actuarial valuation at the year-end recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

9. Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated net of trade discounts, sales returns but inclusive of excise duty.

Revenue from sale of power is recognised when the units generated are transmitted to the pooling station, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the power purchase agreement entered into by the Company with the purchasing party.

10. Other income:

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

11. Foreign currency transactions and translations:

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

"Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss."

12. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised till the date the assets are put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

13. Leases:

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Profit and Loss account on Straight Line basis over the lease term.

14. Segment reporting:

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

15. Earnings Per Share:

The basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") are calculated by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net profits for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

16. Provisions and Contingencies:

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

17. Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements :

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 ("the Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs).

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, including freight, insurance, borrowing costs and incidental expenses relating to acquisition. Fixed assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on straight line method as per the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Goodwill on Amalgamation is being amortised on Straight Line Basis over a period of ten years.

4. Impairment of Assets :

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying values of the assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole, to determine the value of impairment.

5. Inventories

Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Consumables are valued at First in First out basis. Cost includes applicable taxes, duties, transport and handling costs.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost is average cost and includes all material costs, direct and indirect expenditure and inclusive of excise duty.

Work in process is valued at cost inclusive of factory overheads.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value as the cost is not ascertainable.

6. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

7. Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

8. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-15) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

i Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Gratuity plan of the entity is an unfunded plan. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

ii Provident Fund

In accordance with applicable local laws, eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently up to 12% of an employee''s salary). These contributions are either made to the respective Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, or the Central Provident Fund under the state pension scheme, and are expensed as incurred.

iii Liability for Compensated absences

The accrual for unutilized leave is determined for the entire available leave balances standing to the credit of the employees at the year end. The value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward, is determined by actuarial valuation at the year-end recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

9. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated net of trade discounts, sales returns but inclusive of excise duty.

Revenue from sale of power is recognised when the units generated are transmitted to the pooling station, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the power purchase agreement entered into by the Company with the purchasing party.

10. Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

11. Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

12. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised till the date the assets are put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

13. Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Profit and Loss account on Straight Line basis over the lease term.

14. Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

15. Earnings Per Share

The basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") are calculated by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net profits for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

16. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

(ii) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10 each. Each equity shareholder is entitled to one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing annual general meeting except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

(iii) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to preference shares:

a) 9,536,813 - 6% Cumulative redeemable preference shares are due for redemption on or after April 1, 2017.

b) 6,610,210 - 6% Cumulative optionally convertible preference shares are due for redemption at the end of 5 years from the appointed date (i.e. April 1, 2010) or convertible into equity shares of Rs.10 each at a premium of Rs. 1.75 per share, at the option of the preference shareholders.

v) Aggregate number and class of shares allotted as fully paid up pursuant to contracts without payment being received in cash:

a) Equity shares: Issued 12,829,043 shares pursuant to scheme of amalgamation between Gayatri Sugars Limited and GSR Sugars Private Limited on 29 April, 2011

b) 6% Cumulative optionally convertible preference shares: Issued 6,610,210 shares pursuant to scheme of amalgamation between Gayatri Sugars Limited and GSR Sugars Private Limited on 29 April, 2011

(i) First charge on all chargeable current assets of the Company (viz.) sugar, molasses, bagasse, stores and spares, extra neutral alcohol, rectified spirit and receivables on pari-passu basis with other members of the consortium lenders.

(ii) Second charge on the Company''s present and future immovable properties and fixed assets of sugar unit at Kamareddy unit on pari-passu basis with the other members of the Consortium and term lender (Indian Overseas Bank).

(iii) Second charge on the Company''s buildings, plant & machinery of distillery unit at Kamareddy unit on pari-passu basis with the other members of the consortium lenders.

(iv) Pledge of shares of Gayatri Sugars Limited belonging to Smt. T. Indira Subbarami Reddy and Sri T.V. Sandeep Kumar Reddy

(v) Personal guarantee of Shri T.V. Sandeep Kumar Reddy, Smt. T Indira Subbarami Reddy and Smt. T. Sarita Reddy.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements :

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 as amended and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, including freight, insurance, borrowing costs and incidental expenses relating to acquisition. Fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on straight line method as per the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Goodwill on Amalgamation is being amortised on Straight Line Basis over a period of ten years.

4. Impairment of Assets :

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying values of the assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole, to determine the value of impairment.

5. Inventories

Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Consumables are valued at First in First out basis. Cost includes applicable taxes, duties, transport and handling costs.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost is average cost and includes all material costs, direct and indirect expenditure and inclusive of excise duty.

Work in progress is valued at cost inclusive of factory overheads.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value as the cost is not ascertainable.

6. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

7. Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

8. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-15) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

i Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Gratuity plan of the entity is an unfunded plan. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

ii Provident Fund

In accordance with applicable local laws, eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently up to 12% of an employee''s salary). These contributions are either made to the respective

Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, or the Central Provident Fund under the state pension scheme, and are expensed as incurred.

iii Liability for Compensated absences

The accrual for unutilized leave is determined for the entire available leave balances standing to the credit of the employees at the year end. The value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward, is determined by actuarial valuation at the year-end recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

9. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated net of trade discounts, sales returns but inclusive of excise duty.

Revenue from sale of power is recognised when the units generated are transmitted to the pooling station, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the power purchase agreement entered into by the Company with the purchasing party.

10. Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

11. Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

"Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss."

12. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised till the date the assets are put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

13. Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Profit and Loss account on Straight Line basis over the lease term.

14. Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

15. Earnings Per Share

The basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") are calculated by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net profits for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

16. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements :

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, including freight, insurance, borrowing costs and incidental expenses relating to acquisition. Fixed assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on straight line method as per the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Goodwill on Amalgamation is being amortised on Straight Line Basis over a period of ten years.

4. Impairment of Assets :

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying values of the assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss, if any. Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole, to determine the value of impairment.

5. Inventories

Raw materials, Stores & Spares and Consumables are valued at First in First out basis. Cost includes applicable taxes, duties, transport and handling cost. Raw materials, Stores & Spares and Consumables are valued at cost or Net realizable value whichever is lower. Work in progress is taken as cost of input raw materials and estimated cost of manufacture up to the various stages of completion.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Levy sugar is valued at Net realizable value.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value as the cost is not ascertainable.

6. Deferred Tax

Deferred Tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of timing differences, which arise during the year and reverse in subsequent periods.

Deferred Tax assets on accumulated losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets in future.

7. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-15) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

i Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Gratuity plan of the entity is an unfunded plan. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

ii Provident Fund

In accordance with applicable local laws, eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently up to 12% of an employee's salary). These contributions are either made to the respective Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, or the Central Provident Fund under the state pension scheme, and are expensed as incurred.

iii Liability for Compensated absences

The accrual for unutilized leave is determined for the entire available leave balances standing to the credit of the employees at the year-end. The value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward, is determined by actuarial valuation at the year- end and recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

8. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated net of trade discounts, sales returns but inclusive of excise duty.

Revenue from sale of power is recognised when the units generated are transmitted to the pooling station, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the power purchase agreement entered into by the Company with the purchasing party.

9. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised till the date the assets are put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

10. Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

11. Earnings Per Share

The basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") are calculated by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net profits for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti dilutive. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

12. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting.Standards) Rules, 2006.

2. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT) less depreciation. Cost includes expenditure incurred in bringing the assets to its present location and working condition. Fixed assets costing less than Rs.5, 000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method as per the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

3. Impairment of Assets :

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying values of the assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole, to determine the value of impairment.

4. Inventories

Raw materials, Stores & Spares and Consumables are valued at First in First out basis. Cost includes applicable taxes, duties, transport and handling cost. Works in process are valued at cost. Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Levy sugar is valued at net realizable value. By-products are valued at net realisable value as the cost is not determinable.

5. Taxation

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of timing differences, which arise during the year and reverse in subsequent periods.

Deferred Tax assets on accumulated losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets in future.

6. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS-15) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

i Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment in an amount equivalent to 15 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Gratuity plans of the entity is an unfunded plan. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

ii Provident Fund

In accordance with applicable local laws, eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently up to 12% of an employees salary). These contributions are either made to the respective Regional Provident Fund Commissioner, or the Central Provident Fund under the state pension scheme, and are expensed as incurred.

iii Compensated Absences

Liability for compensated absence is treated as a long term liability and is provided on the basis of valuation by an independent actuary as at the year end.

7. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be measured reliably. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated net of trade discounts and sales returns, but inclusive of excise duty.

Revenue from sale of power is recognised when the units generated are transmitted to the pooling station, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the power purchase agreement entered into by the Company with the purchasing party.

8. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised till the date the assets put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

9. Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Profit & Loss account on Straight Line basis over the lease term.

10. Earnings Per Share

The basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") are calculated by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding.

11. Provision and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statement. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.



 
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