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Accounting Policies of Geojit BNP Paribas Financial Services Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (''Indian GAAP'') to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date

of acquisition) highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.4 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.5 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, less its estimated residual value. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided under the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc.:

Building - 40 years

Furniture & Fixtures in leasehold premises - 5 years

Electrical Equipments - 5 years

V-Sat Equipments - 5 years

Data Centre Equipments - 5 years

Vehicles - 5 years

Improvements to leasehold premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of 5 years, the un-amortised costs are fully written off in the year of vacation.

Computer software, an intangible asset, is amortised under straight-line method over the estimated useful life of 5 years. The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern, if any.

2.6 Revenue recognition

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction upon confirmation of the transaction by the stock exchange and client. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive

the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with principals and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis.

2.7 Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive the income is established. Shared services cost is recognised based on agreements entered into with the parties.

2.8 Fixed assets (Tangible / Intangible)

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure on fixed assets after its purchase / completion is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately.

Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

2.9 Foreign currency transactions and translations Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.10 Investments

Non-current investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contributions to provident fund and employee state insurance scheme are considered as defined contribution plans, and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined benefit plan

For defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

Short-term employee benefits

"The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated

absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such short-term compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur."

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

2.12 Employee share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOP) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines and the Guidance Note on Employee Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOP over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period under the ''Intrinsic Value Method''.

2.13 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.14 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure.

The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis are included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

2.15 Leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

2.16 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.17 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in reserves are recognised in reserves and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.18 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment if any indication of impairment exists. If the carrying amount of the assets exceed the estimated recoverable amount, an impairment is recognised for such excess amount. The impairment loss is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, to the extent the amount was previously charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.19 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

2.20 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.

2.21 Operating cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

(ii) Rights attached to equity shares:

The Company has issued only one class of equity share having a face value of '' 1 per share. The holder of each equity sha is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The interim and final dividen proposed by the Board of Directors are subject to the approval of the shareholders in the Annual General Meeting.

The Board of Directors at the meeting held on 20 May 2015 recommended per share final dividend of Rs. 1.75 (175%) (Previo Year: Rs. 0.10 (10%)) for distribution to equity shareholders.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the equity share holders will be entitled to receive the remaining assets of t Company, after settling the dues of preferential and other creditors as per priority. The distribution will be in proportion the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

(iii) Details of shareholders holding more than 5% of the equity share capital:

As per the records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownership of shares as at the balance sheet date.

(iv) As at 31 March, 2015, 8,677,412 equity shares (Previous Year: 9,261,326 equity shares) of Rs. 1 each are reserved towards outstanding employee stock options granted / available for grant (Refer Note No.39).

(i) Balance with Banks in Deposit Accounts including earmarked accounts includes fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 273,548,394/- (Previous Year: Rs. 341,525,263/-), which have an original maturity of more than 12 months.

(ii) Balance with Banks in Earmarked Deposit Accounts includes fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 501,203,668/- (Previous Year: Rs. 570,793,988/-), which are maintained as security margin for guarantees issued by banks in favour of Stock Exchanges / Clearing Corporations.

(iii) Balance with Banks in Earmarked Deposit Accounts includes fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 353,924,550/- (Previous Year: Rs. 325,842,615), which are pledged with banks for availing overdraft facility. The balance outstanding in the overdraft facility as at the balance sheet date is Rs. Nil (Previous Year: Rs. 150,042,124/-) (Also refer Note No.7(a)(i)).

1) Legal & Professional Charges includes Rs. 250,000/- paid to an entity in which partners of the statutory audit firm are interested.

2) Payments to Auditors includes payments to Statutory Auditors towards (net of service tax input credit, where applicable):


Mar 31, 2014

1. Corporate Information

Geojit BNP Paribas Financial Services Ltd. (''the Company'') had its origin in the year 1987 as partnership firm of Mr. C J George and his associate. In the year 1994, the firm was converted into a Company with the objective of providing technically superior trading platform for the investor community in Kerala. Over the years, the Company has spread its operations across the country through branch and franchisee network. In 2007, BNP Paribas SA became a major shareholder in the Company and the present name was adopted in April 2009. The Company offers complete spectrum of financial services including online broking for equities, derivatives and currency futures, custody accounts, financial products distribution, portfolio management services, margin funding, etc. It has operations outside the country through subsidiaries, associate and joint ventures in Oman, Kuwait, UAE and Saudi Arabia. The shares of the Company are listed in National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.

2.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (''Indian GAAP'') to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, ("the 1956 Act") (which continued to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act / the 2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition) highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.4 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non- cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and fnancing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.5 Depreciation and Amortisation

Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, capitalised up to 31st March, 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, acquired on or after 1st April, 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method over the useful life estimated by the management, which are lower than the useful life considered in Schedule XIV, as follows:

Building - 40 Years

Plant and Machinery - 15 Years

Furniture & Fixtures including interiors in own building - 10 Years

Furniture & fixtures in leasehold premises, Electrical equipments, Office equipments and Data centre equipments - 5 Years

Computers (other than data centre equipments) - 3 Years

Vehicles - 5 Years

Improvements to leasehold premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of 5 years, the un-amortised leasehold improvement costs are fully written off in the year of vacation.

Assets costing less than Rs.5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

Computer software, an intangible asset, capitalised upto 31st March, 2007 are amortised over a period of 6 years and those capitalised on or after 1st April, 2007 are amortised over a period of 5 years.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

2.6 revenue recognition

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction upon confirmation of the transaction by the stock exchange and client. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with principals and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis.

2.7 other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive the income is established. Cost recovery for shared services are recognised based on agreements entered into with the parties.

2.8 tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes cost of purchase and other incidental expenses incurred up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value, and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost and related incidental expenses.

2.9 intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

2.10 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date Foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost.

Treatment of exchange differences Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.11 investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.12 employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plan

The Company''s contributions to provident fund and employee state insurance scheme are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined benefit plan

For defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

Short-term employee benefits

"The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such short-term compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

2.13 employee share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOP) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines and the Guidance Note on Employee Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOP over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period under the ''Intrinsic Value Method''.

2.14 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.15 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis are included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

2.16 leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.17 earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.18 taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their reliability.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in equity is recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.19 impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.20 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

2.21 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.

2.22 operating cycle

Based on the nature of activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

(ii) rights attached to equity shares:

The Company has issued only one class of equity share having a face value of Rs.1 per share. The holder of each equity share is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The interim and final dividends proposed by the Board of Directors are subject to the approval of the shareholders in the Annual General Meeting.

During the year, the amount of per share interim dividend paid to equity shareholders was Rs. Nil (31 March 2013: Rs. 0.75) and per share final dividend recommended for distribution to equity shareholders is Rs. 0.10 (31 March 2013: Rs. 0.25).

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after settling the dues of preferential and other creditors as per priority. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

As per the records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownership of shares as at the balance sheet date. (iv) As at 31 March, 2014, 9,261,326 equity shares (As at 31 March, 2013: 7,042,955 equity shares) of Rs.1 each are reserved towards outstanding employee stock options granted / available for grant (Refer Note 38).

Notes:

(i) Balance with Banks in Earmarked Deposit Accounts include fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 341,525,263/- (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. 11,601,024/-), which have an original maturity of more than 12 months.

(ii) Balance with Banks in Deposit Accounts include Rs. Nil (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. 443,103,758/-), for which fixed deposit receipts are kept in the safe custody of a bank for availing temporary overdrafts. The balance outstanding in the temporary overdraft facility as at the balance sheet date is Rs. Nil (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. Nil).

(iii) Balance with Banks in Earmarked Deposit Accounts include fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 570,793,988/- (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. 444,958,074/-), which are maintained as security margin for guarantees issued by banks in favour of Stock Exchanges.

(iv) Balance with Banks in Earmarked Deposit Accounts include fixed deposits amounting to Rs. 325,842,615/- (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. Nil), which are pledged with banks for availing overdraft facility. The balance outstanding in the overdraft facility as at the balance sheet date is Rs. 150,042,124/- (As at 31 March, 2013: Rs. Nil) (Also refer Note 7).


Mar 31, 2013

1.1. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (''Indian GAAP'') to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition) highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.4. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non- cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.5. Depreciation and amortisation

Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, acquired on or after 1st April 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method over the useful life estimated by the management, which are lower than the useful life considered in Schedule XIV, as follows:

Improvements to leasehold premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of 5 year period, the un- amortised leasehold improvement costs are fully written off in the year of vacation.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

Computer software, an intangible asset, capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are amortised over a period of 6 years and those capitalised on or after 1st April 2007 are amortised over a period of 5 years.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

1.6. Revenue recognition

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction, upon confirmation of the transactions by stock exchanges and clients. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreement entered with principals and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis.

1.7. Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive the income is established. Cost Recovery for shared services are recogonised based on agreement entered into with parties.

1.8. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes cost of purchase and other incidental expenses incurred up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value, and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost and related incidental expenses.

1.9. Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

1.10.Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.11.Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.12.Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plan

The Company''s contributions to provident fund and employee state insurance are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as expense as they fall due based on the amount of contributions required to be made.

Defined benefit plan

For defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.13. Employee share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOP) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines and the Guidance Note on Employee Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOP over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period under the ''Intrinsic Value Method''.

1.14. Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

1.15. Leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year. Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.16. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.17. Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in equity is recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.18. Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.19. Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.20. Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Corporate Information

Geojit BNP Paribas Financial Services Ltd. ('the Company') is engaged in the business of share broking and related services in India for the last 25 years. The Company offers complete spectrum of financial services including online broking for equities, derivatives and currency futures, custody accounts, financial products distribution, portfolio management services, margin funding, etc. It has operations outside the country through joint ventures in UAE & Saudi Arabia. The shares of the Company are listed in National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.

2.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("Indian GAAP") to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.4 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.5 Depreciation and amortisation

Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises, acquired on or after 1st April 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method over the useful life estimated by the management, which are lower than the useful life considered in Schedule XIV, as follows:

Improvements to leasehold premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of 5 years period, the un-amortised leasehold improvement costs are fully written off in the year of vacation.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

Computer software, an intangible asset, capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are amortised over a period of 6 years and those capitalised on or after 1st April 2007 are amortised over a period of 5 years.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

2.6 Revenue recognition

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction, upon confirmation of the transactions by stock exchanges and clients. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreement entered with principals and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis.

2.7 Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive the income is established.

2.8 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes cost of purchase and other incidental expenses incurred up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value, and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost and related incidental expenses.

2.9 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

2.10 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.11 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.12 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plan

The Company's contribution to provident fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plan

For defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under :

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

2.13 Employee share based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOP) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company and its subsidiaries to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines and the Guidance Note on Employee Share Based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOP over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period under the "Intrinsic Value Method".

2.14 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

2.15 Leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.16 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary

items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.17 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in equity are recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.18 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.19 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

2.20 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2011

Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the Companies Act, 1956, and the Accounting Standards specified in Rule 3 of Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the accounting standards generally accepted in India requires, the management to make estimates that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes cost of purchase and other costs attributable to bringing the assets to working condition for intended use.

Depreciation on fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises and V-Sat equipments, capitalised upto 31s1 March 2007 is provided under the straight line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises and V-Sat equipments, acquired on or after 1st April 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method over the useful life estimated by the management, which are lower than the useful life considered in Schedule XIV, as follows:

Improvements to leased office premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the

premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of five-year period, the un-amortised leasehold improvement costs are fully written off in the year of vacation. V-Sat equipments are depreciated over a period of 5 years.

Additions to fixed assets are depreciated from the date of addition and deletions are depreciated upto the date of sale, on pro-rata basis.

Intangible Assets and Amortisation

Computer software is considered as intangible asset. Computer softwares capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are amortised over a period of 6 years and softwares capitalised on or after 1st April 2007 are amortised over a period of 5 years.

Investments

Investments are classified as long-term or current based on their nature and intended holding period. Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and market value / net asset value.

Income

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction, upon confirmation of the transactions by stock exchanges and clients. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreement entered with principals and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis. Other interest incomes are recognised on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the income is established.

Employee Benefits

Post-employment Benefit Plans

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial

gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account of the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employees renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave and performance incentives.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within the twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

Leases

Operating lease rentals are charged to Profit and Loss Account of the period to which they relate.

Taxes on income

Current tax is determined on the taxable income for the year as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such asset items can be realised.

Impairment of Assets

Impairment is ascertained at each Balance Sheet date in respect of the Companys fixed assets. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated

future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised as income in the Profit and Loss Account.

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Continent Assets

A Provision is recognized, in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, which can be reliably estimated. Provision is not discounted to its present value and is determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate.

Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for.

Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

Employee Stock Option

The employee share based compensation costs under the Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted under the intrinsic value method, wherein the difference between the market price of the share on the grant date or as near thereto and exercise price is considered as intrinsic value of options and amortised on straight-line basis over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2010

Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the Companies Act, 1956, and the Accounting Standards specified in Rule 3 of Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the accounting standards generally accepted in India requires, the management to make estimates that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes cost of purchase and other costs - attributable to bringing the assets to working condition for intended use.

Depreciation on fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises and V-Sat equipments, capitalised upto 31st March 2007 is provided under the straight line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Fixed assets, other than improvements to leasehold premises and V-Sat equipments, acquired on or after 1st April 2007 are depreciated under the straight line method over the useful life estimated by the management, which are lower than the useful life considered in Schedule XIV, as follows:

Improvements to leased office premises are depreciated over a period of 5 years irrespective of the lease period, on the assumption that lease agreements will be renewed and the premises will be occupied for a minimum period of five years. If the premises are vacated before the expiry of five-year period, the un-amortised leasehold improvement costs are fully written off in the year of vacation. V-Sat equipments are depreciated over a period of 5 years.

Additions to fixed assets are depreciated from the date of addition and deletions are depreciated upto the date of sale, on pro-rata basis.

Intangible Assets and Amortisation

Computer software is considered as intangible asset. Computer softwares capitalised upto 31st March 2007 are amortised over a period of 6 years and softwares capitalised on or after 1st April 2007 are amortised over a period of 5 years.

Investments

Investments are classified as long-term or current based on their nature and intended holding period. Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in value. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and market value / net asset value.

Income

Brokerage income is recognized on the trade date of transaction, upon confirmation of the transactions by stock exchanges and clients. Income from depository services, penal charges and portfolio management services are recognised on the basis of agreements entered into with clients and when the right to receive the income is established. Commission income from financial products distribution is recognised on the basis of agreement entered with principals

and when the right to receive the income is established. Interest income from margin funding business is recognised on loans given to clients on time proportion basis. Other interest incomes are recognised on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the income is established.

Employee Benefits

Post-employment Benefit Plans

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account of the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employees renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave and performance incentives. Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within the twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

Leases

Operating lease rentals are charged to Profit and Loss Account of the period to which they relate.

Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined on the taxable income for the year as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Fringe benefit tax is determined on the fringe benefit values as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such asset items can be realised.

Impairment of Assets

Impairment is ascertained at each Balance Sheet date in respect of the Companys fixed assets. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing the value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value, based on an appropriate discount factor. Reversal of impairment loss is recognised as income in the Profit and Loss Account.

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A Provision is recognized, in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present obligation as a result

of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, which can be reliably estimated. Provision is not discounted to its present value and is determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate.

Contingent Liabilities are recognised only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for.

Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

Employee Stock Option

The employee share based compensation costs under the Employee Stock Option Schemes are accounted under the intrinsic value method, wherein the difference between the market price of the share on the grant date or as near thereto and exercise price is considered as intrinsic value of options and amortised on straight-line basis over the vesting period.

 
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