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Accounting Policies of Gorani Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A] Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP), including the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

B] Sales:

The sales of goods are recognized at the point of dispatch of the finished to the customers.

C] Income:

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

D] Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price/cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalized and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

E] Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on useful life of the assets as prescribed in the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 on straight line method (SLM). Assets which are purchased, sold or scrapped during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

F] Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G] Foreign Currency Transaction:

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account.

H] Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. The cost of work in progress and finished goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

I] Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities as defined in Accounting Standard 29 on "Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets" are disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Disclosure is not made if the possibility of an outflow of future economic benefits is remote. Provision is made if it is probable that an outflow of future economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

J] Retirement Benefits:

i] The Company accounts for group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

ii] Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the company.

iii] Company's contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

K] Research & Development:

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

L] Accounting on Taxes:

Tax Expenses comprises current tax and deferred tax.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference being the difference between taxable income and accounting income originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses.

As explained by the management, the brought forward business loss and unabsorbed depreciation are more than timing difference between tax depreciation and book depreciation; therefore the provision as stipulated by AS- 22 is not required. Company shall recognize deferred tax assets in succeeding years only when there is certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available.

M] Impairment of Fixed Assets:

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them, as impairment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2015.


Mar 31, 2014

A] Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis .The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

B] Sales:

The sales of goods are recognized at the point of dispatch of the finished to the customers.

C] Income:

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

D] Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price/cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalized and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

E] Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets which are purchased during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis. No depreciation is provided on assets sold or scrapped during the year.

F] Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G] Foreign Currency Transaction:

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account.

H] Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. The cost of work in progress and finished goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

I] Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities as defined in Accounting Standard 29 on "Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets" are disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Disclosure is not made if the possibility of an outflow of future economic benefits is remote. Provision is made if it is probable that an outflow of future economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

J] Retirement Benefits:

i] The Company accounts for group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

ii] Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the company.

iii] Company''s contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

K] Research & Development:

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

L] Accounting on Taxes

Tax Expenses comprises current tax and deferred tax.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference being the difference between taxable income and accounting income originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses.

As explained by the management, the brought forward business loss and unabsorbed depreciation are more than timing difference between tax depreciation and book depreciation; therefore the provision as stipulated by AS- 22 is not required. Company shall recognize deferred tax assets in succeeding years only when there is certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available.

M] Impairment of Fixed Assets:

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them, as impairment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2014.


Mar 31, 2013

A] Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis .The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

B] Sales:

The sales of goods are recognized at the point of dispatch of the finished to the customers.

C] Income:

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

D] Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price/cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalized and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

E] Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets which are purchased during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis. No depreciation is provided on assets sold or scrapped during the year.

F] Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G] Foreign Currency Transaction:

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account.

H] Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. The cost of work in progress and finished goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

I] Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities as defined in Accounting Standard 29 on "Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets" are disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Disclosure is not made if the possibility of an outflow of future economic benefits is remote. Provision is made if it is probable that an outflow of future economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

J] Retirement Benefits:

i] The Company accounts for group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance

Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

ii] Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the company.

iii] Company''s contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

K] Research & Development:

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

L] Accounting on Taxes

Tax Expenses comprises current tax and deferred tax.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference being the difference between taxable income and accounting income originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses.

As explained by the management, the brought forward business loss and unabsorbed depreciation are more than timing difference between tax depreciation and book depreciation; therefore the provision as stipulated by AS- 22 is not required. Company shall recognize deferred tax assets in succeeding years only when there is certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available.

M] Impairment of Fixed Assets:

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them, as impairment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2013.


Mar 31, 2012

A] Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis .The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

B] Sales:

The sales of goods are recognized at the point of dispatch of the finished to the customers.

C] Income:

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

D] Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price/ cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalized and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

E] Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets which are purchased during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis. No depreciation is provided on assets sold or scrapped during the year.

F] Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of Such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G] Foreign Currency Transaction:

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account. -

H] Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. The cost of work in progress and finished goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

I] Excise Duty:

Company has enjoyed the benefit under Central Excise SSI exemption, hence not paying duty.

J] Retirement Benefits:

i] The Company accounts for group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance , Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

ii] Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the company.

iii] Company's contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

K] Research & Development:

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

M] Segment Reporting Policies Identification of segments:

a] Primary Segments

Business segment: The Company has only one segment of Home Appliances and the products considered as part of the segment are Kerosene wick Stove, LPG Stove, Range hood (Chimney) and Gas Geysers. Since inherent nature of all activities of the company is governed by the same set of risks and returns and also all the products are falling in the same category in trade parlance therefore as per the guidelines of the AS-17 no primary segment is reporting required for the year.

N] Disclosure of Related party/Related Party Transactions Narine of the related parties and relationship.

(a) Associates Companies

M/s Blow Hot Kitchen Appliances (P) Ltd. .

O] Accounting on Taxes

Tax Expenses comprises current tax and deferred tax.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing difference being the difference between taxable income and accounting income originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses.

As explained by the management, the brought forward business loss and unabsorbed depreciation are more than timing difference between tax depreciation and book depreciation; therefore the provision as stipulated by AS- 22 is not required.

Company shall recognize deferred tax assets in succeeding years only when there is certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available.

P] Impairment of Fixed Assets:

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them, as impairment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2012.


Mar 31, 2011

A] Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

B] Sales:

The sales of goods are recognized at the point of dispatch of the finished to the customers.

C] Income:

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

D] Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price/ cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the" assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalized and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

E] Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has*been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets which are purchased during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis. No depreciation is provided on assets sold or scrapped during the year.

F] Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G] Foreign Currency Transaction:

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account.

H] Inventories:

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. The cost of work in progress and finished "goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

I] Excise Duty:

Company has enjoyed the benefit under Central Excise SSI exemption, hence not paying duty.

J] Retirement Benefits:

i] The Company accounts for group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

ii] Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the company.

iii] Company's contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

K] Research & Development:

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred,

L] Segment Reporting Policies

Identification of segments:

a] Primary Segments

Business segment: The company has only one segment of Home Appliances and the products considered as part of the segment are Kerosene wick Stove, LPG Stove, Range hood (Chimney) and Gas Geysers. Since inherent nature of all activities of the company is governed by the same set of risks and returns and also all the products are falling in the same category in trade parlance therefore as per the guidelines of the AS-17 no primary segment is reporting required for the year.

M] Impairment of Fixed Assets:

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them, as impairment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2011.


Mar 31, 2010

(A) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statementsof Gorani Industries Limited have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rule 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The Financial Statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on accural basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

(B) Sales :

The sales of goods are recognised at the point of dispatch of the fnished trading goods to the customers.

(C) Income :

The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

(D) Fixed Assets :

Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The Cost of an asset comprises of its purchase price/cost of construction and any directly attributable expenses for bringing the assets to their working condition for its intended use. Expenditure for additions, modifications, improvements and renewals are capitalised and expenditure for maintenance and repairs are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. When assets are sold or discarded, their cost and accumulated depreciation (if any) are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss resulting from their disposal is included in the Profit and Loss Account.

(E) Depreciation :

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets, which are purchased during the year, depreciation thereon has been provided on pro-rata basis.

(F) Borrowing Cost :

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost is recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(G) Foreign Currency Transaction :

The transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange gains/ losses on settlement and on conversion of monetary items denominated in foreighn currency are dealt with in the profit and loss account. (H) Inventories :

Items of Inventory are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost of determined on the basis of FIFI method. The cost of work in progress and finished goods comprise direct material, direct labour, and other direct cost and related production overheads.

(I) Excise Duty :

Company is enjoying the benefit under Central Excise SSI exemption, hence not paying duty. (J) Retirement Benefits :

(i) The company accounts for Group gratuity for the eligible employees on the basis of payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India as actuarially determined with reference to agreement between them.

(ii) Leave encashment liability is accounted on actual payment basis as per the rules applicable to the Company.

(iii) Companys contribution to Provident Fund and ESIC are charged to Profit and Loss Account. But the payments therof slight delay is observed during the year. (K) Research & development :

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in-the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The

revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

(M) Segment Reporting Policies Identification of segments : a) Primary Segments

Business Segment: The company has only one segment of hoe appliances and the products considered as part of the segment are Kerosene Wick Stove, LPG Stove Range hood (Chimney) and Gas Geysers. Since inherent nature of all activities of the company is governed by the same set of risks and returns and also all the products are falling in the same category therefore as per the guidelines of the AS-17 no primary segment is reporting required for the year.

(N) Disclosuree of Related Party / Related party Transactions Name of the related parties and relationship :

a) Associated Companies - M/s Blow Hot Kitchen Appliances (P) Ltd.

b) Key Management Personnel and their relatives

Mr. Sanjay Gorani Managing Director

Mr. Anil Gorani Director

Smt. Maju Gorani Director

Narendra Gorani Relative of Director

(O) Accounting for Taxes :

Tax Expenses comprises current tax, deferred tax and fringe benefit tax. The provision for Fringe Benefit Tax for the year has been determined in accordance with the provisions of section 115 WC of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, on timing difference being, the diffreence between taxable income and accounting income originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realizes such losses.

As explained by the management, the brought forward business loss and unabsorbed depreciation are more than timing difference between tax depreciation and book depreciation; therefore the provision as stipulated by

AS-22 is not required. Company shall recognize deferred tax assets in succeeding years only when there is certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available.

(P) Impairment of Fixed Assets :

The Company on an annual basis makes on assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by treating the difference between them as impariment loss and the same is charged to profit & loss account. Based on the aforesaid review, the Company is of opinion that there is no impairment of any of its fixed assets as at 31st March 2010.


Mar 31, 2000

(A) Accounting Conventions : The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and Materially comply with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

(B) Sales : The revenue from sales of good is recognised at the point of dispatch of the fnished goods to the customers.

(C) Income : The Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

(D) Fixed Assets : Fixed Assets are stated at cost. The Cost of asset comprises of purchase price/ cost of construction and any other directly attributable expenses (including interest charged upto date of production) for bringing the assets in working condition for its intended use.

(E) Depreciation : Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. Assets which is purchased during the year and used for less than 180 days, the depreciation is charged @ 50% of the prescribed rate.

The Company rectified the mistake in providing depreciation on furniture and fixture during the year. The Company provided depreciation ®6.23% instead of 6.33% specified in Company Act 1956. The amount of Rs. 12284/- due to such rectification is included in current year depreciation.

(F) INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued as follows :

(i) Raw Material, Stores & Spares, Components & Consumable are Valued at Cost.

(ii) Process Stocks are valued at direct raw material cost plus average cost of processing for various operation performed to get the final product.

(iii) Finished Goods are valued at cost or realisable value which ever is lower.

(G) Miscellaneous Expenditure :

(i) Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised equally over a period of 10 years.

(ii) Expenditure incurred in respect of advertisement, publicity and travelling for product launching and appointment of dealers & distributors all over the country are amortised over a period of 3 years.

(iii) Expenditure incurred in respect of Sales Promotion, Scheme for dealers Conferences outside India amortised over a period of 3 years.

(iv) Company had paid stamp duty/Panchayat duty of Rs. 1,10,000/- @1% on long term fund borrowed from the Bank as per final decision of the Honble Court in general. The expenses are amortised over a period of 3 years being the period of benefit/repayment of Term Loan.

(H) Excise Duty : Excise Duty is exempt on present product i. e. Kerosene Wick Stove manufactured by the Company.

(I) Retirement Benefits :

(i) The company accounts for gratuity on the basis of payments to Life Insurance Corporation of India as actuarially determined.

(ii) Leave encashment liability is provided on actual liability basis as per the rules of the Company.

(J) Research & development :

Capital expenditure on research and development is treated in the same way as expenditure on Fixed Assets. The revenue expenditure on Research & Development is written off in the year in which it is incurred.

 
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