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Accounting Policies of GRP Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

Amounts in the financial statements are presented in Rs.Lakhs, except for per share data and as otherwise stated. Certain amounts that are required to be disclosed and do not appear due to rounding off, are detailed in note.

General company profile :

GRP Limited (the ''Company'') is engaged mainly in Reclaim Rubber. Its other business include Power generation from Windmill, Manufacturing of Thermo Plastic Elastomers and Punch & Split products. The Company has manufacturing plants in India and sales in Domestic as well as International market. The Company is a public limited company and is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).

1 Significant Accounting Policies:

(A) Basis of accounting :

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified). Accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard required a change in the accounting policy hither to in use.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set-out in Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and the realization in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle less than 12 months.

(B) Dividend on investment in subsidiary company :

The company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

(C) Accounting Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

(D) Fixed assets & Depreciation :

(i) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable to cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred. Exchange variation arising from repayment / restatement of the long term debts / borrowings in foreign currencies for acquisition of fixed assets is capitalized in terms of the option exercised by the company as per the MCA circular Notification no. G.S.R.378 (E) dated 11th May, 2011 and further amended by pursuant to circular no. 25 / 2012 dated 9th August, 2012 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

(Gains or losses arising from de recognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.)

(ii) Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method for the period for which the assets have been used as under:

(1) Depreciation on assets is provided over the useful life of assets as prescribed under schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

(2) Effective 1st April, 2014, the company depreciates its fixed assets over the useful life in the manner prescribed in Schedule II of the Act, as against the earlier practice of depreciating at the rates prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(3) Plant & machinery which have worked for more than single shift, depreciation is provided for accordingly as per rate prescribed in schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

(4) Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

(iii) Intangible Assets and Amortization

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. Gain or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The period of amortization is as under :

Asset Period of amortization

Computer Software 6 years

Copyrights 10 years

(E) Impairment of Assets :

An asset including capital work in progress is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(F) Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualified assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. The borrowing cost eligible for capitalization is being netted off against any income arising on temporary investment of those borrowings. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(G) Government Grants and Subsidy :

Special capital incentive and subsidy received from the government for setting up or expansion of an industrial undertaking in undeveloped area of state, is credited to Special capital incentive and subsidy account under Capital Reserve Account.

(H) Investments :

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Long term investments are carried at cost. However provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually. Current investments are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(I) Taxes :

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provisions for current income tax is made at current tax rates based on assessable income. The Company provides for deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing difference resulting from the recognition of items in the financial statement and in estimating its current tax provision. Deferred tax assets are recognized if there is a reasonable certainty of realization. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Profit & Loss Account in the period in which it has been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit entitlement is recognized in accordance with the Guidance Note on "Accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961" issued by ICAI. MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. At each balance sheet date the company re-assesses MAT credit assets to the extent they become reasonably certain or virtually certain of realization, as the case may be and adjusts the same accordingly.

(J) Inventories :

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost or net realizable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. Cost of Inventories comprises of cost of purchase , cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials, stores & spares, packing materials are determined on weighted average basis. However raw materials are written down to realizable value only if the cost of the related finished goods is not expected to recover the cost of raw materials.

Work in - progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of work in progress and finished goods is determined on absorption costing method which include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods.

(K) Income / Expenses Recognition :

(i) Domestic Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods from factory and Export Sales on transfer of significant risk & rewards of ownership of such goods. Sales are disclosed net of sales tax / Value added tax, discounts and sales return as applicable.

(ii) Income from Power generation is accounted on the basis of certification of Gujarat Electricity Development Authority.

(iii) Commission expenses on sales (other than consignment sales) is accounted on realization of sales proceeds and commission on consignment sales is accounted on receipt of statement of consignment sale.

(iv) Rentals and all other expenses in respect of leased assets are treated as revenue expenditure.

(v) The company accounts for excise duty rebate, duty entitlements and focus benefits on exports on accrual basis.

(vi) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(vii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(L) Foreign currency & derivative transactions :

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the rate as of the date of Balance Sheet.

(ii) In case of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of inception of a forward contract is recognized as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or expense for the period. The objective of these derivative instruments is to reduce the risk or cost to the company and is not intended for trading or speculation purposes.

(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the profit and loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets in line with notification dated 11th May, 2011 and further amended and issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

(iv) Exposure on account of Cross Currency swaps entered into by the company is accounted on basis of mark to market losses, if any.

(M) Employees Benefits :

Long Term Employee Benefits :

(a) Defined Contribution Plans : Provident Fund

The company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, which is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans :

(i) Gratuity

The company has a defined benefit employee retirement scheme in the form of gratuity trust. The Trustees of the scheme have entrusted the administration of the related fund to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Charge for the year is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as at the date of the balance sheet. Actuarial Gains / Losses, if any are recognized in the statement of profit & loss. Contributions were deposited with the LIC based on intimation received by the company.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Provision for leave encashment, which is a defined benefit , is made based on actuarial valuation done by an independent agency of notified actuaries by using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial Gains / Losses, if any are recognized in the statement of profit & loss.

(iii) Superannuation

The Company has Superannuation Plan for its executives - a defined contribution plan. The Company makes annual contribution of the covered employees'' salary, subject to maximum of Rs.1 lakh per employee, for the executive opting for the benefit. The plan is managed by a Trust and the funds are invested with Life Insurance Corporation of India under its Group Superannuation Scheme. Annual contributions as specified under the Trust deed are paid to the Life Insurance Corporation of India and recognized as an expense of the year in which the liability is incurred.

Short Term Employee Benefits :

Expense in respect of other short term benefits is recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

(N) Lease:

As a lessee:

Lease agreements where the risk & rewards, incidents to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognized as operating lease. Lease rent under operating lease are recognized in the profit & loss statement on straight line basis.

As a lessor:

The company has leased certain tangible assets and such leases where the company has substantially retained all the risks & rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease income on such operating leases are recognized in the statement of profit & loss on a straight line basis over the lease term or other systematic basis which is representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the use of the leased asset is diminished. Initial direct costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit & loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(O) Research & Development:

Capital Expenditure for Research & Development is capitalized when commissioned and included in the fixed assets. Revenue expenditure on Research & Development is charged in the period in which it is incurred.

(P) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

Provisions involved substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(Q) Earning per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earning per share (EPS) in accordance with the Accounting Standard specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The Basic EPS has been computed by dividing the income available to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the accounting year. The diluted EPS has been computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the end of the year.

(R) Segment reporting :

Identification of segments

The company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs. Unallocated items

Unallocated items include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

Segment accounting policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(S) Cash and cash equivalents :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash-flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less


Mar 31, 2014

(A) Basis of accounting :

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set-out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and the realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle less than 12 months.

(B) Dividend on investment in subsidiary companies :

The company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

(C) Accounting Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialised. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

(D) Fixed assets & Depreciation :

(i) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable to cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future Benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of Profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

From accounting periods commencing on or after 7 December 2006, the company adjusts exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of assets to the cost of the asset and depreciates / amortizes the same over the remaining life of the asset.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of Profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

(ii) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method for the period for which the assets have been used as under:

(1) In respect of assets acquired prior to 02-04-1987, at the rates prevailing at that time.

(2) In respect of assets acquired subsequent to 02-04-1987, at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956. (Also refer to policy on Impairment of Assets and Foreign Currency Transactions).

(4) Plant & machinery which have worked for more than single shift, depreciation is provided for accordingly as per rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(5) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(iii) Intangible Assets and Amortisation

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gain or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortisation rates used are :

Asset Period of amortisation

Computer Software 6 years

(E) Impairment of Assets :

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(F) Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. The borrowing cost eligible for capitalization is being netted off against any income arising on temporary investment of those borrowing. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(G) Government Grants and Subsidy :

Special capital incentive and subsidy received from the government for setting up or expansion of an industrial undertaking in undeveloped area of state, is credited to Special capital incentive and subsidy account under Capital Reserve Account.

(H) Investments :

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. However provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually. Current investments are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(I) Taxes :

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provisions for current income tax (including Wealth tax) is made at current tax rates based on assessable income/wealth. The Company provides for deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing difference resulting from the recognition of items in the financial statement and in estimating its current tax provision. Deferred tax assets are recognized if there is a reasonable certainty of realisation. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Profit & Loss Account in the period in which it has been enacted.

Minimum Alternative Tax(MAT) credit entitlement is recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on "Accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961" issued by ICAI. MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. At each balance sheet date the company re-assesses MAT credit assets to the extent they become reasonably certain or virtually certain of realisation, as the case may be and adjusts the same accordingly.

(J) Inventories :

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost or net realisable value after providing for obsolescence , if any. Cost of Inventories comprises of cost of purchase , cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition . Cost of raw materials, stores & spares, packing materials are determined on weighted average basis.

Work in - progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of work in progress and finished goods is determined on absorption costing method which include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods.

(K) Income Recognition :

(i) Domestic Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods from factory and export Sales on the basis of date of bill of lading. Sales are disclosed net of sales tax / Value added tax, discounts and sales return as applicable.

(ii) Income from Power generation is accounted on the basis of certification of Gujarat Electricity Development Authority.

(iii) Commission on sales (other than consignment sales) is accounted on realisation of sales proceeds and commission on consignment sales is accounted on receipt of statement of consignment sale.

(iv) Rentals and all other expenses in respect of leased assets are treated as revenue expenditure.

(v) Export Incentive is recognised in the year of export.

(vi) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(vii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(L) Foreign currency & derivative transactions :

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Transaction not covered by forward contracts and outstanding at year end are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the Profit / loss so determined, is recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. In case of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contracts recognized as exchange difference and the premium/discount on forward contract is recognized over the life of the contract.

(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets in line with notification dated 31.03.2009 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

(iv) The company uses derivative instruments like foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and currency risks. The objective of these derivative instruments is to reduce the risk or cost to the company and is not intended for trading or speculation purposes.

(v) Currency swaps entered into by the company for hedging the risks of foreign currency exposure are accounted on basis of mark to market loses, if any.

(M) Employees Benefits :

Long Term Employee Benefits :

(a) Defined Contribution Plans :

Provident Fund

The company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, which is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans :

(i) Gratuity

The company has a defined benefit employee retirement scheme in the form of gratuity trust. The Trustees of the scheme have entrusted the administration of the related fund to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Charge for the year is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as at the date of the balance sheet. Actuarial Gains / Losses, if any are recognised in the statement of Profit & loss. Contributions were deposited with the LIC based on intimation received by the company.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Provision for leave encashment , which is a defined benefit , is made based on actuarial valuation done by an independent agency of noticed actuaries by using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial Gains / Losses, if any are recognised in the statement of Profit & loss.

(iii) Superannuation

Liability towards Superannuation is funded in accordance with the scheme with LIC.

Short Term Employee Benefits :

Expense in respect of other short term Benefits is recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

(N) Lease:

Lease agreements where the risk & rewards, incidents to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating lease. Lease rent under operating lease are recognised in the Profit & loss statement on straight line basis

(O) Research & Development:

Capital Expenditure for Research & Development is Capitalised when commissioned & included in the fixed assets. Revenue expenditure on Research & Development is charged in the period in which it is incurred.

(P) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

Provisions involved substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(Q) Earning per Share :

The company reports basic and diluted earning per share (EPS) in accordance with the Accounting Standard 20 as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules-2006. The Basic EPS has been computed by dividing the income available to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the accounting year. The diluted EPS has been computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding at the end of the year.

(R) Segment reporting :

Identification of segments

The company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

Unallocated items

Unallocated items include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

Segment accounting policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(S) Cash and cash equivalents :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash-flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

(A) Basis of accounting :

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set-out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and the realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle less than 12 months.

(B) Dividend on investment in subsidiary companies :

The company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

(C) Accounting Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialised. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

(D) Fixed assets & Depreciation :

(i) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable to cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

From accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December 2006, the company adjusts exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of a depreciable asset to the cost of the asset and depreciates the same over the remaining life of the asset.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

(ii) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method for the period for which the assets have been used as under:

(1) In respect of assets acquired prior to 02-04-1987, at the rates prevailing at that time.

(2) In respect of assets acquired subsequent to 02-04-1987, at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956. (Also refer to policy on Impairment of Assets and Foreign Currency Transactions).

(3) The rate of Depreciation on certain temporary structures (Building) has been provided @100%.

(4) Certain Plant & machinery have been considered as continuous process plant on the basis of technical assessment and depreciation on the same is provided for accordingly.

(5) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(iii) Intangible Assets and Amortisation

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gain or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortisation rates used are :

Asset Period of amortisation

Computer Software 6 years

(E) Impairment of Assets :

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(F) Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. The borrowing cost eligible for capitalization is being netted off against any income arising on temporary investment of those borrowing. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(G) Government Grants and Subsidy :

Special capital incentive and subsidy received from the government for setting up or expansion of an industrial undertaking in undeveloped area of state, is credited to Special capital incentive and subsidy account under Capital Reserve Account.

(H) Investments :

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. However provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually. Current investments are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(I) Taxes :

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provisions for current income tax (including Wealth tax) is made at current tax rates based on assessable income/wealth. The Company provides for deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing difference resulting from the recognition of items in the financial statement and in estimating its current tax provision. Deferred tax assets are recognized if there is a reasonable certainty of realisation. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Profit & Loss Account in the period in which it has been enacted.

Minimum Alternative Tax(MAT) credit entitlement is recognised in accordance with the Guidance Note on "Accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961" issued by ICAI. MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. At each balance sheet date the company re-assesses MAT credit assets to the extent they become reasonably certain or virtually certain of realisation, as the case may be and adjusts the same accordingly.

(J) Inventories :

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost or net realisable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. Cost of Inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials, stores & spares, packing materials are determined on weighted average basis.

Work in - progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of work in progress and finished goods is determined on absorption costing method which include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods.

(K) Income Recognition :

(i) Domestic Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods from factory and export Sales on the basis of date of bill of lading. Sales are recorded net of sales tax, excise duty and sales return.

(ii) Income from Power generation is accounted on the basis of certification of Gujarat Electricity Development Authority.

(iii) Commission on sales (other than consignment sales) is accounted on realisation of sales proceeds and commission on consignment sales is accounted on receipt of statement of consignment sale.

(iv) Rentals and all other expenses in respect of leased assets are treated as revenue expenditure.

(v) Export Incentive is recognised in the year of export.

(vi) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(vii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(L) Foreign currency & derivative transactions :

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Transaction not covered by forward contracts and outstanding at year end are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the profit / loss so determined, is recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. In case of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contracts recognized as exchange difference and the premium/discount on forward contract is recognized over the life of the contract.

(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the profit and loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets in line with notification dated 31.03.2009 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

(iv) The company uses derivative instruments like foreign currency forward contracts and foreign currency options to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and currency risks. The objective of these derivative instruments is to reduce the risk or cost to the company and is not intended for trading or speculation purposes.

(v) Currency swaps entered into by the company for hedging the risks of foreign currency exposure are accounted on basis of mark to market loses, if any.

(M) Employees Benefits :

1 Long Term Employee Benefits :

(a) Defined Contribution Plans :

Provident Fund

The company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, which is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans :

(i) Gratuity

The company has a defined benefit employee retirement scheme in the form of gratuity trust. The Trustees of the scheme have entrusted the administration of the related fund to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Charge for the year is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation made as at the balance sheet date on projected unit credit method of the company''s year-end obligation in this regard and the value of year-end assets of the scheme.

Actuarial gains and losses for the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expense. Contributions were deposited with the LIC based on intimation received by the company.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Provision for leave encashment , which is a defined benefit , is made based on actuarial valuation done by an independent agency of notified actuaries by using the projected unit credit method.

(iii) Superannuation

Liability towards Superannuation is funded in accordance with the scheme with LIC.

2 Short Term Employee Benefits :

Expense in respect of other short term benefits is recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

(N) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

Provisions involved substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(O) Earning per Share :

The company reports basic and diluted earning per share (EPS) in accordance with the Accounting Standard 20 as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules-2006. The Basic EPS has been computed by dividing the income available to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the accounting year. The diluted EPS has been computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding at the end of the year.

(P) Segment reporting :

Identification of segments

The company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

Unallocated items

Unallocated items include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment. Segment accounting policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(Q) Cash and cash equivalents :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash-flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

(A) General Company Profile

GRP Limited ( The 'Company') is engaged mainely in Reclaim Rubber and also in Windmill business. The Company has manufacturing plants in India and sales in Domestic as well as International Market. The Company is a public limited company and is listed on the Stock Exchange, Mumbai (BSE).

The name of the Company has been changed from Gujarat Reclaim & Rubber Products Limited to GRP Limited w.e.f. 21st June, 2012.

(B) Basis of accounting :

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set-out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and the realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle less than 12 months.

(C) Change in accounting policy :

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. Except accounting for dividend on investments in subsidiary companies (see below), the adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

(D ) Dividend on investment in subsidiary companies:

The company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

(E) Accounting Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialised. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

(F) Fixed assets & Depreciation :

(i) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable to cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

From accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December 2006, the company adjusts exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of a depreciable asset to the cost of the asset and depreciates the same over the remaining life of the asset.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

(ii) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method for the period for which the assets have been used as under:

(1) In respect of assets acquired prior to 02-04-1987, at the rates prevailing at that time.

(2) In respect of assets acquired subsequent to 02-04-1987, at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956. (Also refer to policy on Impairment of Assets and Foreign Currency Transactions).

(3) The rate of Depreciation on certain temporary structures (Building) has been provided @100%.

(4) Certain Plant & machinery have been considered as continuous process plant on the basis of technical assessment and depreciation on the same is provided for accordingly.

(5) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(iii) Intangible Assets and Amortisation

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gain or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortisation rates used are :

Asset Period of amortisation

Computer Software 6 years

(G) Impairment of Assets :

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(H) Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. The borrowing cost eligible for capitalization is being netted off against any income arising on temporary investment of those borrowing. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(I) Govertment Grants and Subsidy :

Special capital incentive and subsidy received from the government for setting up or expansion of an industrial undertaking in undeveloped area of state, is credited to Special capital incentive and subsidy account under Capital Reserve Account.

(J) Investments :

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Long term investments are carried at cost. However provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually. Current investments are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(K) Taxes :

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provisions for current income tax (including Wealth tax) is made at current tax rates based on assessable income/wealth. The Company provides for deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing difference resulting from the recognition of items in the financial statement and in estimating its current tax provision. Deferred tax assets are recognized if there is a reasonable certainty of realisation. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Profit & Loss Account in the period in which it has been enacted.

(L) Inventories :

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost or net realisable value after providing for obsolesence , if any. Cost of Inventories comprises of cost of purchase , cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition . Cost of raw materials, stores & spares, packing materials are determined on weighted average basis.

Work in - progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of work in progress and finished goods is determined on absorption costing method which include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods.

(M) Income Recognition :

(i) Domestic Sales are recognized at despatch of goods from factory and export Sales on the basis of date of bill of lading. Sales are recorded net of sales tax, excise duty and sales return.

(ii) Income from Power generation is accounted on the basis of certification of Gujarat Electricity Development Authority.

(iii) Commission on sales (other than consignment sales) is accounted on realisation of sales proceeds and commission on consignment sales is accounted on receipt of statement of consignment sale.

(iv) Rentals and all other expenses in respect of leased assets are treated as revenue expenditure.

(v) Export Incentives are accounted on wherever there is certainty of receipt of the same.

(vi) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(vii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(N) Foreign currency transactions :

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Transaction not covered by forward contracts and outstanding at year end are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the profit / loss so determined, is recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. In case of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contracts recognized as exchange difference and the premium/discount on forward contract is recognized over the life of the contract.

(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the profit and loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets in line with notification dated 31.03.2009 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

(O) Employees Benefits :

1 Long Term Employee Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

Provident Fund

The company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with the Employees Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, which is a defined contribution plan & contribution paid or payable is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

(i) Gratuity

The company has a defined benefit employee retirement scheme in the form of gratuity trust. The Trustees of the scheme have entrusted the administration of the related fund to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Charge for the year is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation made as at the balance sheet date on projected unit credit method of the company's year-end obligation in this regard and the value of year-end assets of the scheme. Actuarial gains and losses for the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expense. Contributions were deposited with the LIC based on intimation received by the company.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Provision for leave encashment , which is a defined benefit , is made based on actuarial valuation done by an independent agency of notified actuaries.

(iii) Superannuation

Liability towards Superannuation is funded in accordance with the scheme with LIC.

2 Short Term Benefits :

Expense in respect of other short term benefits is recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

(P) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involved substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(Q) Earning per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earning per share (EPS) in accordance with the Accounting Standard 20 as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules-2006. The Basic EPS has been computed by dividing the income available to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the accounting year. The diluted EPS has been computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding at the end of the year.

(R) Segment reporting

Identification of segments

The company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

Unallocated items

Unallocated items include gerenal corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment. Segment accounting policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(S) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash-flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of accounting :

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Accounting Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any difference between the actual result and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets & depreciation :

i. The fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition, including any cost attributable to bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use and interest on borrowing attributable to additions to fixed assets, less modvat credit utilised & accumulated depreciation. Cost includes variation in foreign exchange arising on long term foreign currency loan as per amended AS 11. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method for the period for which the assets have been used as under:

(i) In respect of assets acquired prior to 02-04-1987, at the rates prevailing at that time.

(ii) In respect of assets acquired subsequent to 02-04-1987, at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956. (Also refer to policy on Leases,Impairment of Assets and Foreign Currency Transactions).

ii. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

iii. As per accounting standard 28, the company has policy of evaluating its fixed assets as at balance sheet date and the impairment loss, if any, has been recognised.

(d) Investments :

Long term investments are valued at cost, less any diminution in value except in case of subsidiary company and associate concern, which are valued at cost considering strategic investment. Current investments are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(e) Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs which are attributable to acquisition /construction of a qualified asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(f) Taxes :

Provision for tax is made for both current and deferred taxes. Provisions for current income tax (including Wealth tax) is made at current tax rates based on assessable income/wealth. The Company provides for deferred tax based on the tax effect of timing difference resulting from the recognition of items in the financial statement and in estimating its current tax provision. Deferred tax assets are recognised if there is a reasonable certainty of realisation. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognised in the Profit & Loss Account in the period in which it has been enacted.

(g) Inventories :

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost or net realisable value after providing for obsolesance , if any. Cost of Inventories comprises of cost of purchase , cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition . Cost of raw materials, stores & spares, packing materials are determined on weighted average basis. Cost of work in progress and finished goods is determined on absorption costing method. Excise duty is included in the value of finished goods.

(h) Income Recognition :

(a) Sales are recognised at despatch of goods from factory and are recorded net of discount, rebates, sales tax, excise duty and sales return.

(b) Commission on sales (other than consignment sales) is accounted on realisation of sales proceeds.

(c) Rentals and all other expenses in respect of leased assets are treated as revenue expenditure.

(d) Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis where there is reasonable certainty of receipt of the same.

(e) Income from Power generation is accounted on the basis of certification of Gujarat Electricity Development Authority.

(i) Foreign currency transactions :

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Transaction not covered by forward contracts and outstanding at year end are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the year end and the profit / loss so determined, is recognised in the Profit and Loss account.

ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. In case of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contracts recognised as exchange difference and the premium/discount on forward contract is recognised over the life of the contract.

iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the profit and loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(j) Retirement benefits :

The Company has taken Group Gratuity Policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LtC) for the future payment of gratuities. The gratuity liability is determined based on an actuarial valuation performed by LIC.

Liability towards Superannuation is funded in accordance with the scheme with LIC.

Contribution to Provident Fund is accrued as per the provisions of the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.

Provision for leave encashment, which is a defined benefit, is made based on actuarial valuation done by an independent agency of notified actuaries.