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Accounting Policies of GSL Nova Petrochemicals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rule, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section ( I ) (a) of section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''Act''). The accounts are prepared on historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of estimates

In preparing the Company''s financial statements in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

c. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost, net of Cenvat, less accumulated depreciation. All costs, including financial costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized to the cost of qualifying assets. CENVAT credits on capital goods are accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

When assets are disposed or retired, their cost is removed from the financial statements. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an asset is determined as the difference between sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss for the relevant financial year.

d. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortization. All costs, including financing costs in respect of qualifying assets till commencement of commercial production, net charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the intangible assets are capitalized.

Intangible assets are amortised on a straight - line basis over their estimated useful lives. A rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use is considered by the management.

The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an intangible asset is determined as the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised as income or expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year or disposal.

e. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Written down Value Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

When assets are disposed or retired, their cost is removed from the financial statements. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an asset is determined as the difference between sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss for the relevant financial year.

f. Inventories

Inventories at year-end are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Raw Materials, Stores, Spares, Fuel, Packing Materials and Finished Goods are valued on FIFO basis.

g. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in Foreign Currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet. Exchange differences are dealt with in the Profit & Loss account.

h. Revenue Recognition

Sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to the customers and are inclusive of Excise Duty and Sales Tax but net of sales returns and trade discounts.

i. Investments

Non-Current Investments are stated at its cost. Provision is made for any diminution in the value of the Non-Current Investments, if such decline is other than temporary.

j. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets, till such assets are ready for their intended use. A qualifying asset is the one which necessarily takes substantial period to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. Capitalization of borrowing cost is suspended when active development is interrupted.

k. Taxation

i) Provision for current tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or subsequently enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

l. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

m. Impairment of Assets

The Management Periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the company recognizes an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amounts.

n. Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity share holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares issued during the year. Diluted earning per share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity share holders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

o. Employee Benefits

(i) The employee and Company make monthly fixed Contribution to Government of India Employee''s Provident fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary, Provision for the same is made in the year in which service are rendered by the employees.

(ii) The Liability for Gratuity to employee, which is a defined benefit plan, is determined on the basis of actuarial Valuation based on Projected Unit Credit method. Actuarial gain/Loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account.

(iii) Leave encashment benefit to eligible employee has been ascertained on actuarial basis and provided for. Actuarial gain/loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account.

(iv) Short Term benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rule, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (I) (a) of section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''Act''). The accounts are prepared on historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of estimates

In preparing the Company''s financial statements in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

c. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost, net of Convert, less accumulated depreciation. All costs, including financial costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized to the cost of qualifying assets. CENVAT credits on capital goods are accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

When assets are disposed or retired, their cost is removed from the financial statements. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an asset is determined as the difference between sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss for the relevant financial year.

d. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortization. All costs, including financing costs in respect of qualifying assets till commencement of commercial production, net charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the intangible assets are capitalized.

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight - line basis over their estimated useful lives. A rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use is considered by the management.

The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an intangible asset is determined as the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized as income or expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year or disposal.

e. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Written down Value Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

When assets are disposed or retired, their cost is removed from the financial statements. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an asset is determined as the difference between sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss for the relevant financial year.

f. Inventories

Inventories at year-end are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Raw Materials, Stores, Spares, Fuel, Packing Materials, Finished Goods and Work in Progress are valued on FIFO basis.

g. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in Foreign Currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet. Exchange differences are dealt with in the Profit & Loss account.

h. Revenue Recognition

Sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to the customers and are inclusive of Excise Duty and Sales Tax but net of sales returns and trade discounts.

i. Investments

Non-Current Investments are stated at its cost. Provision is made for any diminution in the value of the Non-Current Investments, if such decline is other than temporary.

j. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets, till such assets are ready for their intended use. A qualifying asset is the one which necessarily takes substantial period to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. Capitalization of borrowing cost is suspended when active development is interrupted.

k. Taxation

i) Provision for current tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or subsequently enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

L. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

m. Impairment of Assets

The Management Periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the company recognizes an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amounts.

n. Earnings Per Share .

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity share holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares issued during the year. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity share holders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

o. Employee Benefits

(i) The employee and Company make monthly fixed Contribution to Government of India Employee''s Provident fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary, Provision for the same is made in the year in which service are rendered by the employees.

(ii) The Liability for Gratuity to employee, which is a defined benefit plan.'' is determined on the basis of actuarial Valuation based on Projected Unit Credit method. Actuarial gain/Loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account.

(iii) Leave encashment benefit to eligible employee has been ascertained on actuarial basis and provided for. Actuarial gain/loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account. ''

(iv) Short Term benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amounts in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of Accounting

The accounts are prepared on historical cost convention on an accrual basis and materially complies with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

b. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost, net of Cenvat/value added tax and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financial costs till commencement of commercial production.

c. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on Plant and Machinery has been provided on "Written down Value Method" at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

d. Inventories

Inventories at year-end are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The basis of determining the cost for various categories of inventories is as follows:

(i) In case of Raw Materials, Stores, Spares, Fuel and Packing Materials on FIFO basis.

(ii) In case of Finished Goods and Work-In-Progress on FIFO basis.

e. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in Foreign Currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet. Exchange differences are dealt with in the Profit & Loss account.

f. Sales

Sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to the customers and are inclusive of Excise Duty and Sales Tax but net of sales returns and trade discounts.

g. Investments

Long Term Investments are stated at its cost.

h. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

i. Taxation

i) Provision for current tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable

provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. ii) Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rates of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

j. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

k. Impairment of Assets

The Management Periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If an asset is impaired, the company recognizes the an impairment loss as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over the recoverable amount.

l. Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity share holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares issued during the year. Diluted earning per share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity share holders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

m. Employee Benefits

(i) The employee and Company make monthly fixed Contribution to Government of India Employees Provident fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employees salary, Provision for the same is made in the year in which service are rendered by the employees.

(ii) The Liability for Gratuity to employee, which is a defined benefit plan, is determined on the basis of actuarial Valuation based on Projected Unit Credit method. Actuarial gain/Loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account.

(iii) Leave encashment benefit to eligible employee has been ascertained on actuarial basis and provided for. Actuarial gain/loss in respect of the same is charged to the profit and loss account.

 
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