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Accounting Policies of GSS Infotech Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assump- tions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets

a) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material judgment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.

b) Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital work in progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. All costs, directly attributable to bringing the asset to the present condition for its intended use of assets, are capitalized.

Intangible assets are stated at the cost of acquisition /development of such assets and are carried at cost less accumu- lated amortization and impairment.

Capital work in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

c) Depreciation and amortization :

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on written down method and depreciation on assets acquired during the year is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at the rates based on their estimated useful lives of the assets.

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis com- mencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

d) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets:

The Company assess at each reporting date whether there is an indication that the assets are impaired. If any indication exists or when an annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. Assets recoverable amount is higher of asset''s or Cash generating unit''s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use.

The carrying amount of assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss, if any, or for reversal of the provision, if any required on account of impairment loss recognized in previous periods.

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue from Software Development on fixed-price, fixed time frame contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to the measurement or collectability of consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method. On time and material contracts, revenue is recognized as the related services are rendered. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current esti- mates. Annual technical services revenue and revenue from fixed price maintenance contracts are recognized propor- tionately over the period in which services are rendered. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applica- tions is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except multiple element contracts, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and the then carrying value of the investment. Dividend income is recognised where the company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Other Income is recognised on accrual basis.

f) Expenditure and provisions:

All items of expenditure are accounted on accrual basis. Provisions are made for all known losses and liabilities, which involves substantial degree of estimation in measurement and when there is present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

g) Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and long term Investments. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or market value. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reduction are charged or credited to the profit and loss account. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Revenue from overseas clients and collections deposited are recorded at the exchange rate as at the date of the respective transactions. Expenditure in foreign currency during the year is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. The exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the period in which they arise.

Non-Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate on the date of the transaction.

Current assets and Current Liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at that date of the Balance Sheet. The resulting differences are also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

The operations of foreign branches of the company are of integral in nature and the financial statements of these branches are translated using the same principles and procedures of the head office. The resulting net exchange difference on translation is also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current taxes are measured at the amounts expected to be paid using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the year of change. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.

j) Employee Benefits

Short Term Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

Long Term Benefits:

Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from matching contribution from the employer to Government Provident Fund Scheme, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and company make monthly contributions to the Provident Fund plan equal to specified percentage of the employee''s salary.

Gratuity:

In accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act 1972, the company provides for Gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The Gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees on retirement, death, inca- pacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee salary and the tenure of the employment with company. In this regard the Company is contributing its liability to the Gratuity Fund maintained under a master policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India, as advised from time to time. The provision is made for difference if any, between the liabilities determined under actuarial valuation carried out under Projected Unit Credit Method and the value of funds at the balance sheet date.

Leave Encashment:

The company provides for unutilized encashable earned leave based on the undiscounted value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward as per the policy of the company.

Terminal Benefits:

Terminal Benefits to employees are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

k) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expense for the period.

l) Leases:

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease Payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

m) Proposed Dividend:

Dividends, if any as recommended by the Board of Directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval of the members at the Annual General Meeting.

n) Earnings Per Share:

The basic earnings per share are calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

o) Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statement. Contingent Assets are neither recognized not disclosed in the financial statements.

p) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expenses.


Mar 31, 2013

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets

a) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material judgment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes,and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.

b) Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital work in progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. All costs, directly attributable to bringing the asset to the present condition for its intended use of assets, are capitalized.

Intangible assets are stated at the cost of acquisition /development of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment.

Capital work in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

c) Depreciation and amortization :

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on written down method and depreciation on assets acquired during the year is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at the rates based on their estimated useful lives of the assets.

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

d) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets:

The Company assess at each reporting date whether there is an indication that the assets are impaired. If any indication exists or when an annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. Assets recoverable amount is higher of asset''s or Cash generating unit'' s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use.

The carrying amount of assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss, if any, or for reversal of the provision, if any required on account of impairment loss recognized in previous periods.

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue from Software Development on fixed-price, fixed time frame contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to the measurement or collectability of consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method. On time and material contracts, revenue is recognized as the related services are rendered. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. Annual technical services revenue and revenue from fixed price maintenance contracts are recognized proportionately over the period in which services are rendered. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except multiple element contracts, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and the then carrying value of the investment. Dividend income is recognised where the company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Other Income is recognised on accrual basis.

f) Expenditure and provisions:

All items of expenditure are accounted on accrual basis. Provisions are made for all known losses and liabilities, which involves substantial degree of estimation in measurement and when there is present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

g) Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and long term Investments. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or market value. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reduction are charged or credited to the profit and loss account. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Revenue from overseas clients and collections deposited are recorded at the exchange rate as at the date of the respective transactions. Expenditure in foreign currency during the year is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. The exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the period in which they arise.

Non-Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate on the date of the transaction.

Current assets and Current Liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at that date of the Balance Sheet. The resulting differences are also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

The operations of foreign branches of the company are of integral in nature and the financial statements of these branches are translated using the same principles and procedures of the head office. The resulting net exchange difference on translation is also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current taxes are measured at the amounts expected to be paid using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the year of change. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.

j) Employee Benefits Short Term Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

Long Term Benefits: Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from matching contribution from the employer to Government Provident Fund Scheme, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and company make monthly contributions to the Provident Fund plan equal to specified percentage of the employee''s salary.

Gratuity:

In accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act 1972, the company provides for Gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The Gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee salary and the tenure of the employment with company. In this regard the Company is contributing its liability to the Gratuity Fund maintained under a master policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India, as advised from time to time. The provision is made for difference if any, between the liabilities determined under actuarial valuation carried out under Projected Unit Credit Method and the value of funds at the balance sheet date.

Leave Encashment:

The company provides for unutilized encashable earned leave based on the undiscounted value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward as per the policy of the company.

Terminal Benefits:

Terminal Benefits to employees are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

k) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expense for the period.

l) Leases:

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease Payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

m) Proposed Dividend:

Dividends, if any as recommended by the Board of Directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval of the members at the Annual General Meeting.

n) Earnings Per Share:

The basic earnings per share are calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

o) Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statement. Contingent Assets are neither recognized not disclosed in the financial statements.

p) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expenses.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards notified under Companies Act, 1956, accounting standards issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material judgment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.

c) Revenue recognition:

Revenue from Software Development on fixed-price, fixed time frame contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to the measurement or collectability of consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method. On time and material contracts, revenue is recognized as the related services are rendered. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. Annual technical services revenue and revenue from fixed price maintenance contracts are recognized proportionately over the period in which services are rendered. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except multiple element contracts, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and the carrying value of the investment. Dividend income is recognised where the company's right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Other Income is recognised on accrual basis.

d) Expenditure and provisions:

All items of expenditure are accounted on accrual basis. Provisions are made for all known losses and liabilities, which involves substantial degree of estimation in measurement and when there is present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

e) Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital work in progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. All costs, directly attributable to bringing the asset to the present condition for its intended use of assets, are capitalized.

Intangible assets are stated at the cost of acquisition /development of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment.

Capital work in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

f) Depreciation and amortization :

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on written down method and depreciation on assets acquired during the year is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at the rates based on their estimated useful lives of the assets.

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

g) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets:

The Company assess at each reporting date whether there is an indication that the assets are impaired. If any indication exists or when an annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. Assets recoverable amount is higher of asset's or Cash generating unit' s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use.

The carrying amount of assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss, if any, or for reversal of the provision, if any required on account of impairment loss recognized in previous periods.

h) Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and long term Investments. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or market value. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reduction are charged or credited to the profit and loss account. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments.

i) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Revenue from overseas clients and collections deposited are recorded at the exchange rate as at the date of the respective transactions. Expenditure in foreign currency during the year is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. The exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the period in which they arise, except for the treatment for exchange gain given in the current year as stated in notes number 2.4.

Non-Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate on the date of the transaction.

Current assets and Current Liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at that date of the Balance Sheet. The resulting differences are also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

The operations of foreign branches of the company are of integral in nature and the financial statements of these branches are translated using the same principles and procedures of the head office. The resulting net exchange difference on translation is also recorded in the Profit and Loss Account.

j) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current taxes are measured at the amounts expected to be paid using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the year of change. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.

k) Employee Benefits Short Term Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

Long Term Benefits: Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from matching contribution from the employer to Government Provident Fund Scheme, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and company make monthly contributions to the Provident Fund plan equal to specified percentage of the employee's salary.

Gratuity:

In accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act 1972, the company provides for Gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The Gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee salary and the tenure of the employment with company. In this regard the Company is contributing its liability to the Gratuity Fund maintained under a master policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India, as advised from time to time. The provision is made for difference if any, between the liabilities determined under actuarial valuation carried out under Projected Unit Credit Method and the value of funds at the balance sheet date.

Leave Encashment:

The company provides for unutilized encashable earned leave based on the undiscounted value of such leave balance eligible for carry forward as per the policy of the company.

Terminal Benefits:

Terminal Benefits to employees are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

l) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expense for the period.

m) Leases:

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease Payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

n) Proposed Dividend:

Dividends, if any as recommended by the Board of Directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval of the members at the Annual General Meeting.

o) Earnings Per Share:

The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

p) Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statement. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

q) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expenses.


Jun 30, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention onthe accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards notified under Companies Act, 1956, accounting standards issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2. Principles of Consolidation:

The financial statements of the subsidiary companies used in the consolidation are drawn up to the same reporting date a! of the Company.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the following basis:

(i) The financial statements of the Company and its subsidiary companies have been combined on a line by line basis b adding together like items of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Inter-Company balances and transactions! unrealized profit or losses have been fully eliminated.

(ii) The excess of cost to the Company of its investments in the subsidiary company over its share of the net assets of th subsidiary company at the dates, on which the investments in the subsidiary company is made, is recognized)

Goodwillbeing an asset in the consolidated financial statements. Alternatively, where the share of net assets in the subsidiary company as on the date of investment, is in excess of cost of investment of the Company, it is recognized asCapitalReserveand shown under the headReserves and Surplus, in the consolidated financial statements.

(iii) Minority interest in the net assets of the subsidiary consists of the amount of equity attributable to the minority shareholders at the dates on which investments are made by the Company in the subsidiary company and further movements in their share in the equity, subsequent to the dates of investments.

3. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires managementto make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.

4. Revenue recognition:

Revenue from Software Development on fixed-price, fixed time frame contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to the measurement or collectability of consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method. On time and material contracts, revenue is recognized as the related services are rendered. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. Annual technical services revenue and revenue from fixed price maintenance contracts are recognized proportionately over the period in which services are rendered. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except multiple element contracts, where revenue is recognized as perthe percentage of completion method.

Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of titlefrom the company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and the then carrying value of the investment. Dividend income is recognised where the companys right to receive dividend is established. Interest and Other Income is recognised on accrual basis.

5. Expenditure and provisions:

All items of expenditure are accounted on accrual basis. Provisions are made for all known losses and liabilities, which involves substantial degree of estimation in measurement and when there is present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

6. Fixed Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital work in progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. All costs, directly attributable to bringing the asset to the present condition for its intended use of assets, are capitalised.

Intangible assets are stated at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment.

Capital work in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

7. Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciation on Fixed assets has been provided on Written down method and depreciation on assets acquired during the year is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the companies act, 1956.

Depreciation for assets purchased/sold during the period is proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs.5000/-) are depreciated in the same year of acquisition.

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis commencing from the date the asset is available to the company for its use.

8. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amount of assets are being tested on annual basisfor impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

9. Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and long term Investments. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost or market value. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reduction are charged or credited to the profit and loss account. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision made to recognise any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Revenue from overseas clients and collections deposited are recorded at the exchange rate as at the date of the respective transactions. Expenditure in foreign currency during the year is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred.The" exchange differences arising on theforeign currency transactions during theyearare recognized as income or expenses in the period in which they arise.

Non-Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate on the date of the transaction.

Current assets and Current Liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at that date of the Balance Sheet. The resulting differences are also recorded in the profit and loss account.

Integral operations:

In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate.The items in the profit and loss account are translated at the average exchange rate during the period.The differences arising out of the translation is recognized in the profit and loss account.

Non-integral operations:

In respect of non-integral operations, assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet.The items in the profit and loss account are translated at the average exchange rate during the period.The differences arising out of the translation are transferred to foreign exchange translation reserve and is shown under" Reserves And Surplus".

11. Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current taxes are measured at the amounts expected to be paid using the applicable tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the year of change. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases of the respective countries.

12. Employee Benefits

Short Term Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

Long Term Benefits:

Eligible employees receive benefit from matching contribution from the employer to Provident Fund Scheme, State Insurance and Other Schemes which are defined benefit plans. Both the employee and company make monthly contributions f to these plans equal to specified percentage of the employees salary.

Retirement Benefits:

Retirement benefits such as gratuity and earned leave encashment which are defined benefit plans, wherever applicable J is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet under Project Unit Credit Method.The Present value of liability of gratuity is being met through contributions to a fund set-apart forthis purpose.

Terminal Benefits

Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

13. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

14. Leases:

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease Payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

15. Proposed Dividend:

Dividends, if any as recommended by the Board of Directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval of the members at the Annual General Meeting.

16. Earnings Per Share:

The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits aftertax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

17. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts to the financial statement. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nordisclosed in the financial statements.

 
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