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Accounting Policies of Gujarat Carbon & Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGY

The accounts have been prepared on historical cost basis of accounting, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards referred in Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, to the extent applicable. All expenses and income to the extent considered payable and receivable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis. Accounting policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting practices.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are net of sales return and trade discounts.

d. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed Assets are carried at cost/book value and include amounts added on revaluation. Depreciation is provided on revalued cost of assets (excluding land) on Straight Line Method, at rates prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Cost of leasehold land/land development is being amortized over the period of the lease. In respect of additions to fixed assets, depreciation is being calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such addition.

ii. Depreciation on Assets is provided as per Straight Line Method.

iii. Financial Leases - Assets under hire purchase are capitalized and depreciated as per estimated useful life of the asset.

e. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

In accordance with AS 28 on 'Impairment of Assets' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the carrying amounts of the Company's assets related to cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized in the profit and loss account when the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment, if any, is recognized in the accounts in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

f. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realizable value. Valuation of finished goods represents direct cost and an appropriate portion of factory overheads which are incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition and includes excise duty payable. Weighted Average Method is used for determination of cost.

g. TAXATION

i. Income tax expense comprises current tax and fringe benefit tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

ii. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting incomes that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset including asset arising from unabsorbed depreciation and losses carried forward, is not recognized unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax can be realized.

h. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Gratuity:

Liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

ii. Provident Fund:

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund / Pension Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

iii. Leave Entitlement:

Liability towards Leave Entitlement Benefit is provided for as at the Balance Sheet date as per the actuarial valuation taken at the end of the year. Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

i. TRANSACTION OF FOREIGN CURRENCY ITEMS

i. Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Foreign Currency transactions remaining unsettled as on the last day of the financial year are translated at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of Balance Sheet. The resultant difference, if any, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium in respect of forward exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contracts.

j. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

k. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation but the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2014

A. ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGY

The accounts have been prepared on historical cost basis of accounting, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards referred in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable. All expenses and income to the extent considered payable and receivable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis. Accounting policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting practices.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are net of sales return and trade discounts.

d. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed Assets are carried at cost/book value and include amounts added on revaluation. Depreciation is provided on revalued cost of assets (excluding land) on Straight Line Method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Cost of leasehold land/land development is being amortised over the period of the lease. In respect of additions to fixed assets, depreciation is being calculated on pro- rata basis from the month of such addition.

ii. Depreciation on Assets is provided as per Straight Line Method.

iii. Financial Leases - Assets under hire purchase are capitalised and depreciated as per estimated useful life of the asset.

e. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

In accordance with AS 28 on ''Impairment of Assets'' issued by the Institute of CharteredAccountants of India, the carrying amounts of the Company''s assets related to cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized in the profit and loss account when the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment, if any, is recognized in the accounts in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

f. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Valuation of finished goods represents direct cost and an appropriate portion of factory overheads which are incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition and includes excise duty payable. Weighted Average Method is used for determination of cost.

g. TAXATION

i. Income tax expense comprises current tax and fringe benefit tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

ii. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting incomes that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset including asset arising from unabsorbed depreciation and losses carried forward, is not recognised unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax can be realised.

h. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Gratuity:

Liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

ii. Provident Fund:

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund / Pension Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

iii. Leave Entitlement:

Liability towards Leave Entitlement Benefit is provided for as at the Balance Sheet date as per the actuarial valuation taken at the end of the year. Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

i. TRANSACTION OF FOREIGN CURRENCY ITEMS

i. Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Foreign Currency transactions remaining unsettled as on the last day of the financial year are translated at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of Balance Sheet. The resultant difference, if any, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium in respect of forward exchange contracts is recognised over the life of the contracts.

j. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

k. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company recognises a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Adisclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation but the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2013

A. ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGY

The accounts have been prepared on historical cost basis of accounting, on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards referred in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable. All expenses and income to the extent considered payable and receivable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis. Accounting policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting practices.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are net of sales return and trade discounts.

d. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed Assets are carried at cost/book value and include amounts added on revaluation. Depreciation is provided on revalued cost of assets (excluding land) on Straight Line Method, at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Cost of leasehold land/land development is being amortized over the period of the lease. In respect of additions to fixed assets, depreciation is being calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such addition.

ii. Depreciation on Assets is provided as per Straight Line Method.

iii. Financial Leases - Assets under hire purchase are capitalized and depreciated as per estimated useful life of the asset.

e. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

In accordance with AS 28 on ''Impairment of Assets'' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the carrying amounts of the Company''s assets related to cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized in the profit and loss account when the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment, if any, is recognized in the accounts in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

f. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Valuation of finished goods represents direct cost and an appropriate portion of factory overheads which are incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition and includes excise duty payable. Weighted Average Method is used for determination of cost.

g. TAXATION

i. Income tax expense comprises current tax and fringe benefit tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period

determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

ii. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting incomes that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset including asset arising from unabsorbed depreciation and losses carried forward, is not recognized unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax can be realized.

h. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Gratuity:

Liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

ii. Provident Fund:

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund / Pension Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

iii. Leave Entitlement:

Liability towards Leave Entitlement Benefit is provided for as at the Balance Sheet date as per the actuarial valuation taken at the end of the year. Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to Profit and Loss AccouDt and are not deferred.

i. TRANSACTION OF FOREIGN CURRENCY ITEMS

i. Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Foreign Currency transactions remaining unsettled as on the last day of the financial year are translated at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of Balance Sheet. The resultant difference, if any, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium in respect of forward exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contracts.

J. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

k. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation but the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2012

A. ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGY

The accounts have been prepared on historical cost basis of accounting' on an accrual basis and comply with the Accounting Standards referred in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act' 1956' to the extent applicable. All expenses and income to the extent considered payable and receivable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis. Accounting policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting practices.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities' and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are net of sales return and trade discounts.

d. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed Assets are carried at cost/book value and include amounts added on revaluation. Depreciation is provided on revalued cost of assets (excluding land) on Straight Line Method' at rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act' 1956. Cost of leasehold land/land development is being amortised over the period of the lease. In respect of additions to fixed assets' depreciation is being calculated on pro-rata basis from the month of such addition.

ii. Depreciation on Assets is provided as per Straight Line Method.

iii. Financial Leases - Assets under hire purchase are capitalised and depreciated as per estimated useful life of the asset.

e. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

In accordance with AS 28 on 'Impairment of Assets' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India' the carrying amounts of the Company's assets related to cash generating units are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized in the profit and loss account when the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment' if any' is recognized in the accounts in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

f. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Valuation of finished goods represents direct cost and an appropriate portion of factory overheads which are incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition and includes excise duty payable. Weighted Average Method is used for determination of cost.

g. TAXATION

i. Income tax expense comprises current tax and fringe benefit tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

ii. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

iii. Deferred tax is recognised' subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences' being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting incomes that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset including asset arising from unabsorbed depreciation and losses carried forward' is not recognised unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax can be realised.

h. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i. Gratuity:

Liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act' 1972 is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

ii. Provident Fund:

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund / Pension Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

iii. Leave Entitlement:

Liability towards Leave Entitlement Benefit is provided for as at the Balance Sheet date as per the actuarial valuation taken at the end of the year. Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

I. TRANSACTION OF FOREIGN CURRENCY ITEMS

i. Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Foreign Currency transactions remaining unsettled as on the last day of the financial year are translated at the exchange rate prevailing as on the date of Balance Sheet. The resultant difference' if any' is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium in respect of forward exchange contracts is recognised over the life of the contracts.

J. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

k. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company recognises a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the igation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may' but probably will not' require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation but the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote' no provision or disclosure is made.

 
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