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Accounting Policies of Hinduja Ventures Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ( "the 2013 Act ") / Companies Act, 1956 ( "the 1956 Act "), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy for depreciation as more fully described in Note 37.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition, which includes taxes and duties including any cost attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation.

d) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction, if any, is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at recoverable amount.

e) Depreciation and Amortisation

i) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the 2013 Act.

ii) Intangible assets i.e. Computer software is amortised over a period of six years over their estimated useful life on straight line method.

f) Valuation of Stock-in-Trade

i) Real estate is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

ii) Shares have been valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower. The cost is computed by the "First In First Out " method.

g) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost and provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

h) Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis and dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

iii) Profits / Losses from share trading is determined on the basis of the "First In First Out " method. Profits / Losses from investment activities (including gain / (loss) on sale of stake in subsidiaries) is determined on the basis of weighted average carrying amount of investments and is recognised on the basis of trade dates / contracts / agreements entered with respective parties.

iv) Equity Index / Stock Futures

1. Equity Index / Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balances, if any, disclosed under Short-term loans and advances or Current liabilities respectively, in the "Mark-to- Market Margin - Index / Stock Futures Account ", represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index / Stock Futures till the Balance Sheet date.

2. As at the Balance Sheet date, the profit / loss on open positions, if any, in Equity Index / Stock Futures are accounted for as follows:

* Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account ", being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

* Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account ", being anticipated loss, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

3. On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement / squaring-up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account " is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss upon expiry of the contracts. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared up is determined using "First In First Out " method for calculating profit / loss on squaring-up.

4. "Initial Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account ", representing the initial margin and "Margin Deposits " representing additional margin paid over and above the initial margin, for entering into contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement / squaring-up of underlying contracts, are disclosed under Short-term loans and advances.

i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rate of exchange in force at the time of occurrence of the transactions.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are restated using the exchange rate prevailing at the date of Balance Sheet and the resulting net exchange difference is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Employee Benefits

i) Long Term Employee Benefit:

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company has a Defined Contribution Plan namely Provident Fund.

Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The Company makes contributions to State plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund and Employees Pension Scheme and has no further obligation beyond making payment to them.

The Company's contributions are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and services rendered by the employees.

Defined Benefit Plan

The Company has a Defined Benefit Plan (unfunded) namely Gratuity for all its employees. The liability for the defined benefit plan of Gratuity is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the year- end using Projected Unit Credit Method.

Termination benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses.

ii) Other Employee Benefit:

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave encashment as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of leave encashment is provided, based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year-end using Projected Unit Credit Method. Short- term compensated absences, if any, are provided on cost to Company basis.

k) Taxation

i) Current tax is measured on the basis of estimated taxable income and tax credits for the year computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

ii) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

iii) Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Asset is not recognised unless there are timing differences the reversal of which will result in sufficient income or there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realised. They are measured using the substantively enacted tax rates and tax regulations as of the Balance Sheet date.

l) Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is reasonable certainty in availing / utilising the credits.

m) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter segment revenue has been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "Unallocated corporate expenses ".

n) Leases

Assets leased out under operating leases are capitalised. Rental income is recognised on straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets acquired on lease where all significant risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

o) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

q) Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals of accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

r) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India, applicable accounting standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ("The 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("The 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th Sept. 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs).

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialise.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition, which includes taxes and duties (net of cenvat), including any cost attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation.

d) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction, if any, is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refected at recoverable amount.

e) Depreciation and Amortisation

i) Tangible Assets:

Depreciation on assets is provided on straight line method on pro-rata basis at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Act. Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 each are depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

ii) Intangible Assets:

Computer software is amortised over a period of six years on straight line basis.

f) Valuation of Stock-in-Trade

i) Real estate is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

ii) Shares have been valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower. The cost is computed by the "First In First Out" method.

g) Investments

Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

h) Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that economic benefits will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis and dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

iii) Profits / Losses from share trading is determined on the basis of the "First In First Out" method. Profits / Losses from investment activities (including gain / (loss) on sale of stake in subsidiaries) is determined on the basis of weighted average carrying amount of investments and is recognised on the basis of trade dates / contracts / agreements entered with respective parties.

iv) Equity Index / Stock Futures

1. Equity Index / Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balances, if any, disclosed under Short-term loans and advances or Current liabilities respectively, in the

"Mark-to-Market Margin - Index / Stock Futures Account", represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index / Stock Futures till the Balance Sheet date.

2. As at the Balance Sheet date, the Profit / loss on open positions, if any, in Equity Index / Stock Futures are accounted for as follows:

Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", being anticipated Profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", being anticipated loss, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

3. On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the Profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement / squaring-up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account" is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss upon expiry of the contracts. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared up is determined using "First In First Out" method for calculating Profit / loss on squaring-up.

4. "Initial Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", representing the initial margin and "Margin Deposits" representing additional margin paid over and above the initial margin, for entering into contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement / squaring-up of underlying contracts, are disclosed under Short-term loans and advances.

i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time of occurrence of the transactions.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of Balance Sheet and the resulting net exchange difference is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Employee benefits

i) Long Term Employee benefits:

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company has a Defined Contribution Plan namely Provident Fund.

Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The Company makes contributions to State plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund and Employees Pension Scheme and has no further obligation beyond making the payment to them.

The Company''s contributions are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined benefit Plan

The Company has a Defined benefit Plan (unfunded) namely Gratuity for all its employees. The liability for the Defined benefit plan of Gratuity is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the year- end using Projected Unit Credit Method.

Termination benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses.

ii) Other Employee benefits:

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave encashment as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of leave encashment is provided, based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year-end using Projected Unit Credit Method. Short- term compensated absences, if any, are provided on cost to Company basis.

k) Taxation

i) Provision for Income Tax is made after considering exemptions and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii) Income Taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS 22) - "Accounting for Taxes on Income" notifed under the Companies Accounting Standard Rules 2006. Income Tax comprises of Current and Deferred tax. Current tax is measured on the basis of estimated taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

iii) Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Asset is not recognised unless there are timing differences the reversal of which will result in suffcient income or there is virtual certainty that suffcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realised. They are measured using the substantively enacted tax rates and tax regulations as of the Balance Sheet date.

iv) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic benefit associated with it will fow to the Company.

l) Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is reasonable certainty in availing / utilising the credits.

m) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies adopted in consolidated financial statements with the following additional policies being considered for segment reporting:

a) Inter segment revenue has been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "Unallocated corporate expenses".

n) Leases

Assets leased out under operating leases are capitalised. Rental income is recognised on straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets acquired on lease where all significant risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classifed as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

o) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p) Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals of accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and fnancing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

q) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

Rights, Preferences and Restrictions attached to equity shares:

i) Right to receive dividend as may be approved by the Board of Directors / Annual General Meeting.

ii) The equity shares are not repayable except in the case of a buy back, reduction of capital or winding up in terms of the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Every member of the Company holding equity shares has a right to attend the General Meeting of the Company and has a right to speak and on a show of hands, has one vote if he is present and on a poll shall have the right to vote in proportion to his share of the paid-up capital of the Company.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India, applicable accounting standards and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialise.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition, which includes taxes and duties (net of cenvat), including any cost attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation.

d) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction, if any, is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at recoverable amount.

e) Depreciation and Amortisation

i) Tangible Assets:

Depreciation on assets is provided on straight line method on pro-rata basis at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Act. Assets costing less than '' 5,000 each are depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

ii) Intangible Assets:

Computer software is amortised over a period of six years on straight line basis.

f) Valuation of Stock-in-Trade

i) Real estate is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

ii) Shares have been valued at cost and fair value whichever is lower. The cost is computed by the "First In First Out" method.

iii) The cost of acquisition relating to Indian theatrical rights, overseas theatrical rights, satellite T.V., video and other rights of films are amortised as follows:

- The cost of aforesaid rights assigned to third parties for a perpetual period at an agreed consideration are fully amortised in the year in which such rights are assigned.

- 70% of the cost of the aforesaid rights is amortised on the first theatrical release of the movie. In case, certain rights are not exploited along with first theatrical release, the cost of such rights is carried forward to be written-off on commercial exploitation. Balance 30% will be amortised over the balance license period or based on management estimate of future revenue potential, as the case may be.

g) Investments

Non-current investments are stated at cost and provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

h) Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis and dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

iii) Profits/ Losses from share trading is determined on the basis of the "First In First Out" method. Profits/ Losses from investment activities (including gain/ (loss) on sale of stake in subsidiaries) is determined on the basis of weighted average carrying amount of investments and is recognised on the basis of trade dates/ contracts / agreements entered with respective parties.

iv) Revenue from sale / distribution of film rights is recognised as follows:

- In case of income from distribution of Indian theatrical rights, revenue is recognised on accrual basis on receipt of business statements from theatres and sub distributors.

- Income from assignment of certain overseas rights for a perpetual period at an agreed consideration is recognised on the date of assignment of such rights and income from other rights is recognised based on terms of the agreements with respective parties.

v) Equity Index / Stock Futures

1. Equity Index / Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balances, if any, disclosed under Short-term loans and advances or Current liabilities respectively, in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Index / Stock Futures Account", represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index / Stock Futures till the Balance Sheet date.

2. As at the Balance Sheet date, the profit/ loss on open positions, if any, in Equity Index / Stock Futures are accounted for as follows:

- Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

- Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", being anticipated loss, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

3. On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement / squaring-up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account" is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss upon expiry of the contracts. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared up is determined using ‘‘First In First Out'''' method for calculating profit / loss on squaring-up.

4. "Initial Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account", representing the initial margin and "Margin Deposits" representing additional margin paid over and above the initial margin, for entering into contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement / squaring-up of underlying contracts, are disclosed under Short-Term Loans and Advances.

i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time of occurrence of the transactions.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency, are restated using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of Balance Sheet and the resulting net exchange difference is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Employee Benefits

i) Long Term Employee Benefits:

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company has a Defined Contribution Plan namely Provident Fund.

Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The Company makes contributions to State plans namely Employees State Insurance Fund and Employees Pension Scheme and has no further obligation beyond making the payment to them.

The Company''s contributions to the above funds are charged to revenue every year.

Defined Benefit Plan

The Company has a Defined Benefit Plan (unfunded) namely Gratuity for all its employees. The liability for the defined benefit plan of Gratuity is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the year-end using Projected Unit Credit Method.

Termination benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions and are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses.

ii) Other Employee Benefits:

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave encashment as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of leave encashment is provided, based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the year-end using Projected Unit Credit Method. Short term compensated absences, if any, are provided on cost to Company basis.

k) Taxation

i) Provision for Income Tax is made after considering exemptions and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii) Income Taxes are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS 22) - "Accounting for Taxes on Income" notified under the Companies Accounting Standard Rules 2006. Income Tax comprises of Current and Deferred tax. Current tax is measured on the basis of estimated taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

iii) Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Asset is not recognised unless there are timing differences the reversal of which will result in sufficient income or there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realised. They are measured using the substantively enacted tax rates and tax regulations as of the Balance Sheet date.

l) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalised as part of the cost of the assets. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

m) Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies adopted in consolidated financial statements with the following additional policies being considered for segment reporting:

a) Inter segment revenue has been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "Unallocated corporate expenses".

n) Leases

Assets leased out under operating leases are capitalised. Rental income is recognised on straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets acquired on lease where all significant risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

o) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p) Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals of accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

q) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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