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Accounting Policies of Hindustan Hardy Spicer Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except warranty claims,which are accounted on receipt of claim/s.

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided (except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the company's fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

d) Revenue Recognition:-

Sale of Goods

a) Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers.

b) Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme ( DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of" Export under the claim of rebate " is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

Revenues from services are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

e) Other Income:-

a) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

f) Investment

'Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carriedindividually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g) Retirement Benefits: -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis, on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation of India.

h) Transactions in Foreign currencies (Other than Fixed Assets)

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company and its integral foreign operations are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. No provision is recognised for-

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

I) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

ii) Areliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

k) Other Accounting Policies

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to hereinabove.




Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Accounting :-

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except warranty claims, which are accounted on receipt of claim/s.

b) Fixed Assets :-

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided ( except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories :-

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished good include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

d) Revenue Recognition :-

Sale of Goods

a) Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers.

b) Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme ( DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of " Export under the claim of rebate " is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

Revenues from services are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

e) Other Income :-

a) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

f) Investment :-

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g) Retirement Benefits : -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis, on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation of India.

h) Transactions in Foreign currencies ( Other than Fixed Assets) :-

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company and its integral foreign operations are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. No provision is recognised for -

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

I) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation ; or

ii) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

k) Other Accounting Policies :-

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to herein above.

2.1) Terms and rights attached to Equity Share.

The company has only one class of Equity share having a Par Value of Rs.10/- each. Each holder of equity share is entitled for one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to approval by the share holders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of the company, the holder of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

4.1) From State Bank of India

1) Term loan of Rs. 2.00 Crore from State Bank of India was sanctioned on 01/08/11 for a period of 5 years. Current EMI per month is Rs. 4.70 Lacs.

2) Term loan of Rs.1.80 Crore from State Bank of India was sanctioned on 27/09/2008 for a period of 6 years. Current EMI per month is Rs. 4.15 Lacs.

Note : Secured against Registered Mortgage on Factory land & building situated at C12, M.I.D.C., Ambad, Nashik-422010

4.2) From ICICI Bank

1) Term loan for car of Rs. 7.00 Lacs from ICICI Bank was sanctioned on 15/05/2011 for a period of 3 years. Current EMI per month is Rs. 0.23 Lacs


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Accounting :-

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except warranty claims, which are accounted on receipt of claim/s.

b) Fixed Assets :-

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided ( except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories :-

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished good include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

d) Revenue Recognition:-

Sale of Goods

a) Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers.

b) Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme ( DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of " Export under the claim of rebate " is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

Revenues from services are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

e) Other Income:-

a) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

f) Investment :-

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g) Retirement Benefits : -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis, on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In. case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation oflndia.

h) Transactions in Foreign currencies (Other than Fixed Assets) :-

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company and its integral foreign operations are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. No provision is recognised for -

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

I) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

ii) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by th^ same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

k) Other Accounting Policies :-

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to herein above.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Accounting :-

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except warranty claims, which are accounted on receipt of claim/s.

b) Fixed Assets :-

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided ( except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the company's fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories :-

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished good include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

d) Revenue Recognition :-

Sale of Goods

a) Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers.

b) Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme ( DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of " Export under the claim of rebate " is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

Revenues from services are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

e) Other Income

a) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

f) Investment :-

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g) Retirement Benefits : -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis, on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation of India.

h) Transactions in Foreign currencies ( Other than Fixed Assets) :- Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company and its integral foreign operations are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

No provision is recognised for -

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

I) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation ; or

ii) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

k) Other Accounting Policies :-

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to herein above.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of Accounting :-

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except warranty claims, which are accounted on receipt of claim/s .

b) Fixed Assets :-

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided (except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the companys fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories :-

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value.Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

d) Revenue Recognition :-

Sale of product and services are recognised when the products are despatched and services are rendered.

e) Investment :- Investments are stated at cost.

Retirement Benefits : -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis.on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation of India.

g) Transactions in Foreign currencies (Other than Fixed Assets) :-

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Current assets and current liabilities are translated at the year end rate. The exchange difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of current assets and current liabilities at the end of the year, has been recognised as income or expense as the case may be.

h) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. No provision is recognised for -

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

i) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

ii) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made. Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These Eire assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

i) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable/virtual certainty of its realisation.

j) Export Incentives

Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme (DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of" Export under the claim of rebate" is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

k) Other Accounting Policies :-

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to hereinabove.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of Accounting :-

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except warranty claims, which are accounted on receipt of claim/s .

b) Fixed Assets :-

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Depreciation is provided (except in the case of leasehold land which is being amortised over the period of lease) at prorata monthly basis on the straight line method and at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the companys fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

c) Inventories :-

Inventory is valued as below,

a) Raw material / Components are valued on weighted average basis.

b) Stores and spares are valued on weighted average basis.

c) Finished goods and work in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on absorption basis and includes material, labour and production overheads. Material cost for the purpose of valuation is ascertained on weighted average basis.

d) Revenue Recognition:-

Sale of product and services are recognised when the products are despatched and services are rendered.

e) Investment :- Investments are stated at cost.

f) Retirement Benefits: -

The Company has a Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India for future payment of Gratuity to retiring employees. The premium thereof is paid annually in terms of the said policy which is charged off to the Profit & Loss Account. Provisions for leave encashment benefit and gratuity are made on actual basis,on the assumption that the benefits will be payable to all the employees at the end of the accounting year, if all employees were to terminate their services with the company. Liability for Provident Fund dues is being deposited with appropriate authorities. In case of Superannuation liability Company makes contribution to Life Insurance Corporation of India.

g) Transactions in Foreign currencies (Other than Fixed Assets) :-

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Current assets and current liabilities are translated at the year end rate. The exchange difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of current assets and current liabilities at the end of the year, has been recognised as income or expense as the case may be.

h) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

As per Accounting Standard 29, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company recognises provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. No provision is recognised for -

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company; or

b) Any present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because-

i) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

ii) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made. Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed continually and only that part of the obligation for which an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

i) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable/virtual certainty of its realisation.

j) Export Incentives

Duty entitlement under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme (DEPB Scheme) on export of the goods manufactured by the Company is accounted on realisation basis. Refund of excise duty of " Export under the claim of rebate" is accounted for on completion of formality of claiming refund of excise.

k) Other Accounting Policies :-

The Company follows generally accepted accounting principles in respect of accounting policies not specifically referred to here in above.

 
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