Home  »  Company  »  Hind. Petrol  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP), Accounting Standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) read with R ule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. In accordance with first proviso to Section 129 (1) of the Act and Schedule III to the Act, the terms contained in the enclosed financial statements are in accordance with the Accounting Standards.

Use of Estimates

Necessary estimates and assumptions of income and expenditure are made during the reporting period and difference between the actual and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results materialise.

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

2.1 TANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Tangible assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation / amortization.

b. Land acquired on lease for 99 years or more is treated as freehold land.

c. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to plants/ facilities are capitalized as part of cost of the underlying asset.

2.2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Cost of Right of Way for laying pipelines is capitalised as Intangible Asset and is amortised over a period of 99 years.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to production process and process design are recognized as Intangible Assets.

c. Cost of Software directly identified with hardware is capitalised along with the cost of hardware. Application software is capitalised as Intangible Asset.

2.3 CONSTRUCTION PERIOD EXPENSES ON PROJECTS

a. Related expenditure (including temporary facilities and crop compensation expenses) incurred during construction period in respect of plan projects and major non-plan projects are capitalised.

b. Financing cost incurred during the construction period on loans specifically borrowed and utilised for projects is capitalised. Financing cost includes exchange rate variation to the extent regarded as an adjustment to interest cost.

c. Financing cost, if any, incurred on general borrowings used for projects during the construction period is capitalised at the weighted average cost.

2.4 DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

a. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight line method. In accordance with requirements prescribed under Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013, the Company has assessed the estimated useful lives of its fixed assets and has adopted the useful lives as prescribed in Schedule II except for, plant and machinery relating to Retail Outlets (other than storage tanks and related equipment) and LPG cylinders & regulators, the useful life of which are considered as 15 years based on its internal technical assessment.

b. All assets costing up to Rs. 5000/-, other than LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

c. Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

d. Machinery Spares, which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and the use of which is expected to be irregular, are depreciated over a period not exceeding the useful life of the principal item of fixed asset.

e. Intangible Assets other than application software and cost of right of way are amortized on a straight line basis over a period of ten years or life of the underlying plant/facility, whichever is earlier.

f. Application software are normally amortised over a period of four years, or over its useful life, whichever is earlier.

2.5 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At each balance sheet date, an assessment is made of whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of assets of cash generating units (CGU) exceeds their recoverable amount.

2.6 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

a. Foreign Currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

b. All foreign currency assets, liabilities and forward contracts are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end.

c. All exchange differences are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss including those covered by forward contracts, where the premium / discount arising from such contracts are recognised over the period of contracts.

However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of loan.

d. The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss along with the underlying transaction. However, in respect of contracts, the pricing period of which extends beyond the Balance Sheet date, suitable provision is made for likely loss, if any.

2.7 INVESTMENTS

a. Long-Term Investments are valued at cost and provision for diminution in value thereof is made, wherever such diminution is other than temporary.

b. Current Investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

2.8 INVENTORIES

a. Crude oil is valued at cost on First In First Out (FIFO) basis or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b. Raw materials for lubricants and finished lubricants are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

c. Stock-in process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

d. Finished products other than Lubricants are valued at cost (on FIFO basis month-wise) or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

e. Empty packages are valued at weighted average cost.

f. Stores and spares are valued at weighted average cost. Stores and Spares in transit are valued at cost.

g. Value of surplus, obsolete and slow moving stores and spares, if any, is reduced to net realisable value. Surplus items, when transferred from completed projects are valued at cost / estimated value, pending periodic assessment / ascertainment of condition.

2.9 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

Excise / Customs duty is provided on stocks stored in Bonded Warehouses (excluding goods exempted from duty / exports or where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee).

2.10 GRANTS

a. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is treated as Capital Grants, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period and in the proportion in which depreciation is charged.

b. Grants received against revenue items are recognised as income.

2.11 EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION EXPENDITURE

"Successful Efforts Method" of accounting is followed for Oil & Gas exploration and production activities as stated below:

a. Cost of surveys, studies, carrying and retaining undeveloped properties are expensed out in the year of incurrence.

b. Cost of acquisition, drilling and development are treated as Capital Work-in-Progress when incurred and are capitalised when the well is ready to commence commercial production.

c. Accumulated costs on exploratory wells in progress are expensed out in the year in which they are determined to be dry.

d. The proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of joint operations are accounted as per the participating interest in such joint operations.

2.12 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Liability towards long term defined employee benefits - leave encashment, gratuity, pension, post – retirement medical benefits, long service awards, ex-gratia, death benefits and resettlement allowance are determined on actuarial valuation by independent actuaries at the year-end by using Projected Unit Credit method. Liability so determined is funded in the case of leave encashment and gratuity, and provided for in other cases.

The Company''s contribution to the Provident Fund is remitted to separate trusts established for this purpose based on a fixed percentage of the eligible employee''s salary and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss. Shortfall, if any, in the fund assets, based on the Government specified minimum rate of return, will be made good by the Company and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related services are rendered.

2.13 REVENUE RECOGNITION

a. Sales are recorded based on significant risks and rewards of ownership being transferred in favour of the customer.

b. Sales are net of discount, include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/sales tax.

c. Claims, including subsidy on LPG, HSD and SKO, from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions / clarifications.

d. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive the dividend is established.

e. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

f. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

2.14 TAXES ON INCOME

a. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b. Deferred tax liability/asset on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is recognised using tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized, if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets.

c. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it, will flow to the Corporation.

2.15 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES, CAPITAL COMMITMENTS AND PROVISIONS

a. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in respect of:

i. A possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or

ii. A present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligations or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

b. Contingent Liabilities are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 5 lakhs in each case. Contingent Liabilities in respect of show cause notices are considered only when converted into demands. Capital Commitments are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in each case.

c. A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

2.16 ACCOUNTING/CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURE AND INCOME

a. Insurance claims are accounted on acceptance basis.

b. All other claims/entitlements are accounted on the merits of each case/realisation.

c. Raw materials consumed are net of discount towards sharing of under-recoveries.

d. Income and expenditure of previous years, individually amounting to Rs. 5 lakhs and below are not considered as prior period items.

2.17 EARNINGS PER SHARE

a. Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends, if any, and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

b. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2014

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the General circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of the Companies Act, 2013. All income and expenditure having material bearing are recognised on accrual basis, except where otherwise stated. Necessary estimates and assumptions of income and expenditure are made during the reporting period and difference between the actual and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results materialise.

2.1 TANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Tangible assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation / amortization

b. Land acquired on lease for 99 years or more is treated as freehold land.

c. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to plants/ facilities are capitalized as part of cost of the underlying asset.

2.2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Cost of Right of Way for laying pipelines is capitalised as Intangible Asset and is amortised over a period of 99 years.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to production process and process design are recognized as Intangible Assets.

c. Cost of Software directly identified with hardware is capitalised along with the cost of hardware. Application software is capitalised as Intangible Asset.

2.3 CONSTRUCTION PERIOD EXPENSES ON PROJECTS

a. Related expenditure (including temporary facilities and crop compensation expenses) incurred during construction period in respect of plan projects and major non-plan projects are capitalised.

b. Financing cost incurred during the construction period on loans specifically borrowed and utilised for projects is capitalised. Financing cost includes exchange rate variationto the extent regarded as an adjustment to interest cost.

c. Financing cost, if any, incurred on general borrowings used for projects during the construction period is capitalised at the weighted average cost.

2.4 DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

a. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on the Straight Line method, in the manner and at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and is charged pro rata on a monthly basis on assets, from / up to and inclusive of the month of capitalisation / sale, disposal or deletion during the year.

b. All assets costing up to Rs. 5000/-, other than LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

c. Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

d. Machinery Spares, which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and the use of which is expected to be irregular, are depreciated over a period not exceeding the useful life of the principal item of fixed asset.

e. Intangible Assets other than application software and cost of right of way are amortized on a straight line basis over a period of ten years or life of the underlying plant/facility, whichever is earlier.

f. Application software are normally amortised over a period of four years, or over its useful life, whichever is earlier.

2.5 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At each balance sheet date, an assessment is made of whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of assets of cash generating units(CGU) exceeds their recoverable amount.

2.6 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

a. Foreign Currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

b. All foreign currency assets, liabilities and forward contracts are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end.

c. All exchange differences are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss including those covered by forward contracts, where the premium / discount arising from such contracts are recognised over the period of contracts.

However, foreign exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of the assets and in other cases, if any, accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the balance period of loan.

d. The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss along with the underlying transaction. However, in respect of contracts, the pricing period of which extends beyond the Balance Sheet date, suitable provision is made for likely loss, if any.

2.7 INVESTMENTS

a. Long-Term Investments are valued at cost and provision for diminution in value thereof is made, wherever such diminution is other than temporary.

b. Current Investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

2.8 INVENTORIES

a. Crude oil is valued at cost on First In First Out (FIFO) basis or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b. Raw materials for lubricants and finished lubricants are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

c. Stock-in process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

d. Finished products other than Lubricants are valued at cost (on FIFO basis month-wise) or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

e. Empty packages are valued at weighted average cost.

f. Stores and spares are valued at weighted average cost. Stores and Spares in transit are valued at cost.

g. Value of surplus, obsolete and slow moving stores and spares, if any, is reduced to net realisable value. Surplus items, when transferred from completed projects are valued at cost / estimated value, pending periodic assessment / ascertainment of condition.

2.9 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

Excise / Customs duty is provided on stocks stored in Bonded Warehouses (excluding goods exempted from duty / exports or where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee).

2.10 GRANTS

a. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is treated as Capital Grants, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period and in the proportion in which depreciation is charged.

b. Grants received against revenue items are recognised as income.

2.11 PROVISIONS

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

2.12 EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION EXPENDITURE

"Successful Efforts Method" of accounting is followed for Oil & Gas exploration and production activities as stated below:

a. Cost of surveys, studies, carrying and retaining undeveloped properties are expensed out in the year of incurrence.

b. Cost of acquisition, drilling and development are treated as Capital Work-in-Progress when incurred and are capitalised when the well is ready to commence commercial production.

c. Accumulated costs on exploratory wells in progress are expensed out in the year in which they are determined to be dry.

The proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of joint operations are accounted as per the participating interest in such joint operations.

2.13 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Liability towards long term defined employee benefits - leave encashment, gratuity, pension, post – retirement medical benefits, long service awards, ex-gratia, death benefits and resettlement allowance are determined on actuarial valuation by independent actuaries at the year-end by using Projected Unit Credit method. Liability so determined is funded in the case of leave encashment and gratuity, and provided for in other cases.

In respect of Provident Fund, the contribution for the period is recognized as expense and charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related services are rendered.

2.14 REVENUE RECOGNITION

a. Sales are recorded based on significant risks and rewards of ownership being transferred in favour of the customer.

b. Sales are net of discount, include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/sales tax.

c. Claims, including subsidy on LPG, HSD and SKO, from Government of India are booked on in principle acceptance thereof on the basis of available instructions / clarifications.

d. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive the dividend is established.

e. Income from sale of scrap is accounted for on realisation.

f. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

2.15 TAXES ON INCOME

a. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b. Deferred tax liability/asset on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is recognised using tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized, if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets.

c. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it, will flow to the Corporation.

2.16 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

a. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in respect of:

i. A possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or

ii. A present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligations or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

b. Contingent Liabilities are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 5 lakhs in each case. Contingent Liabilities in respect of show cause notices are considered only when converted into demands. Capital Commitments are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in each case.

2.17 ACCOUNTING/CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURE AND INCOME

a. Insurance claims are accounted on acceptance basis.

b. All other claims/entitlements are accounted on the merits of each case/realisation.

c. Raw materials consumed are net of discount towards sharing of under-recoveries.

d. Income and expenditure of previous years, individually amounting to Rs. 5 lakhs and below are not considered as prior period items.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 TANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Tangible assets are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation / amortization

b. Land acquired on lease for 99 years or more is treated as freehold land.

c. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to plants/ facilities are capitalized as part of cost of the underlying asset.

1.2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Cost of Right of Way for laying pipelines is capitalised as Intangible Asset and is amortisedover a period of 99 years.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to production process and process design are recognized as Intangible Assets.

c. Cost of Software directly identified with hardware is capitalised along with the cost of hardware. Application software is capitalised as Intangible Asset.

1.3 CONSTRUCTION PERIOD EXPENSES ON PROJECTS

a. Related expenditure (including temporary facilities and crop compensation expenses) incurred during construction period in respect of plan projects and major non-plan projects are capitalised.

b. Financing cost incurred during the construction period on loans specifically borrowed and utilised for projects is capitalised. Financing cost includes exchange rate variation in relation to borrowings denominated in foreign currency.

c. Financing cost, if any, incurred on general borrowings used for projects during the construction period is capitalised at the weighted average cost.

1.4 DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

a. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on the Straight Line method, in the manner and at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and is charged pro rata on a monthly basis on assets, from / up to and inclusive of the month of capitalisation / sale, disposal or deletion during the year.

b. All assets costing up to R5000/-, other than LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

c. Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

d. Machinery Spares, which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and the use of which is expected to be irregular, are depreciated over a period not exceeding the useful life of the principal item of fixed asset.

e. Intangible Assets other than application software and cost of right of way are amortized on a straight line basis over a period of ten years or life of the underlying plant/facility, whichever is earlier.

f. Application software are normally amortised over a period of four years, or over its useful life, whichever is earlier.

1.5 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At each balance sheet date, an assessment is made of whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of assets of cash generating units(CGU) exceeds their recoverable amount.

1.6 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

a. Foreign Currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

b. All foreign currency assets, liabilities and forward contracts are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end.

c. All exchange differences (except as stated in note # 2.3 (b), 33, 34 and 35) are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss including those covered by forward contracts, where the premium / discount arising from such contracts are recognised over the period of contracts.

d. The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss along with the underlying transaction. However, in respect of contracts, the pricing period of which extends beyond the Balance Sheet date, suitable provision is made for likely loss, if any.

1.7 INVESTMENTS

a. Long-Term Investments are valued at cost and provision for diminution in value thereof is made, wherever such diminution is other than temporary.

b. Current Investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

1.8 INVENTORIES

a. Crude oil is valued at cost on First In First Out (FIFO) basis or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b. Raw materials for lubricants and finished lubricants are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

c. Stock-in process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion oratnet realisable value, whichever is lower.

d. Finished products other than Lubricants are valued at cost (on FIFO basis month-wise) or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

e. Empty packages are valued at weighted average cost.

f. Stores and spares are valued at weighted average cost. Stores and Spares in transit are valued at cost.

g. Value of surplus, obsolete and slow moving stores and spares, if any, is reduced to net realisable value. Surplus items, when transferred from completed projects are valued at cost / estimated value, pending periodic assessment / ascertainment of condition.

1.9 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

Excise / Customs duty is provided on stocks stored in Bonded Warehouses (excluding goods exempted from duty / exports or where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee).

1.10 GRANTS

a. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is treated as Capital Grants, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period and in the proportion in which depreciation is charged.

b. Grants received against revenue items are recognised as income.

1.11 PROVISIONS

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

1.12 EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION EXPENDITURE

"Successful Efforts Method" of accounting is followed for Oil & Gas exploration and production activities as stated below:

a. Cost of surveys, studies, carrying and retaining undeveloped properties are expensed out in the year of incurrence.

b. Cost of acquisition, drilling and development are treated as Capital Work-in-Progress when incurred and are capitalised when the well is ready to commence commercial production.

c. Accumulated costs on exploratory wells in progress are expensed out in the year in which they are determined to be dry.

The proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of joint operations are accounted as per the participating interest in such joint operations.

1.13 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Liability towards long term defined employee benefits - leave encashment, gratuity, pension, post - retirement medical benefits, long service awards, ex-gratia, death benefits and resettlement allowance are determined on actuarial valuation by independent actuaries at the year-end by using Projected Unit Credit method. Liability so determined is funded in the case of leave encashment and gratuity, and provided for in other cases.

In respect of Provident Fund, the contribution for the period is recognized as expense and charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related services are rendered.

1.14 REVENUE RECOGNITION

a. Sales are recorded based on significant risks and rewards of ownership being transferred in favour of the customer.

b. Sales are net of discount, include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/sales tax.

c. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive the dividend is established.

1.15 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

Expenditure incurred on research activities is charged off in the year in which it is incurred. Expenses directly related to development activities which are capable of generating future economic resources, are treated as intangible assets.

1.16 TAXES ON INCOME

a. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b. Deferred tax liability/asset on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is recognised using tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized, if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets.

c. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it, will flow to the Corporation.

1.17 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

Contingent Liabilities are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 5.00 lakhs in each case. Contingent Liabilities in respect of show cause notices are considered only when converted into demands. Capital Commitments are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in each case.

1.18 ACCOUNTING/CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURE AND INCOME

a. Insurance claims are accounted on acceptance basis.

b. All other claims/entitlements are accounted on the merits of each case/realisation.

c. Raw materials consumed are net of discount towards sharing of under-recoveries.

d. Income and expenditure of previous years, individually amounting to Rs. 5 lakhs and below are not considered as prior period items.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 FIXED ASSETS

a. Land acquired on lease for 99 years or more is treated as freehold land.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to plants/ facilities are capitalized as part of cost of the underlying asset.

1.2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Cost of Right of Way for laying pipelines is capitalised as Intangible Asset and being perpetual in nature, is not amortised.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to production process and process design are recognized as Intangible Assets.

c. Cost of Software directly identified with hardware is capitalised along with the cost of hardware. Application software is capitalised as Intangible Asset.

1.3 CONSTRUCTION PERIOD EXPENSES ON PROJECTS

a. Related expenditure (including temporary facilities and crop compensation expenses) incurred during construction period in respect of plan projects and major non-plan projects are capitalised.

b. Financing cost incurred during the construction period on loans specifically borrowed and utilised for projects is capitalised. Financing cost includes exchange rate variation in relation to borrowings denominated in foreign currency.

c. Financing cost, if any, incurred on general borrowings used for projects during the construction period is capitalised at the weighted average cost.

1.4 DEPRECIATION

a. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on the Straight Line method, in the manner and at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and is charged pro rata on a monthly basis on assets, from / up to and inclusive of the month of capitalisation / sale, disposal or deletion during the year.

b. All assets costing up to Rs. 5,000/-, other than LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

c. Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

d. Machinery Spares, which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and the use of which is expected to be irregular, are depreciated over a period not exceeding the useful life of the principal item of fixed asset.

e. Intangible Assets other than application software are amortized on a straight line basis over a period of ten years or life of the underlying plant/facility, whichever is earlier.

f. Application software are normally amortised over a period of four years, or over its useful life, whichever is earlier.

1.5 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At each balance sheet date, an assessment is made of whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of assets of cash generating units(CGU) exceeds their recoverable amount.

1.6 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

a. Foreign Currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

b. All foreign currency assets, liabilities and forward contracts are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end.

c. All exchange differences (except as stated in note # 2.3 (b) and note # 34) are dealt with in the Statement of profit and loss including those covered by forward contracts, where the premium / discount arising from such contracts are recognised over the period of contracts.

d. The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year, are recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss along with the underlying transaction. However, in respect of contracts, the pricing period of which extends beyond the balance sheet date, suitable provision is made for likely loss, if any.

1.7 INVESTMENTS

a. Long-term investments are valued at cost and provision for diminution in value thereof is made, wherever such diminution is other than temporary.

b. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

1.8 INVENTORIES

a. Crude oil is valued at cost on First In First Out (FIFO) basis or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b. Raw material for lubricants and finished lubricants are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

c. Stock-in process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

d. Finished products other than Lubricants are valued at cost (on FIFO basis month-wise) or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

e. Empty packages are valued at weighted average cost.

f. Stores and spares are valued at weighted average cost. Stores & spares in transit are valued at cost.

g. Value of surplus, obsolete and slow moving stores and spares, if any, is reduced to net realisable value. Surplus items, when transferred from completed projects are valued at cost / estimated value, pending periodic assessment / ascertainment of condition.

1.9 DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

Excise / Customs duty is provided on stocks stored in Bonded Warehouses (excluding goods exempted from duty / exports or where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee).

1.10 GRANTS

a. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is treated as Capital Grants, which is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss over the period and in the proportion in which depreciation is charged.

b. Grants received against revenue items are recognised as income.

1.11 PROVISIONS

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

1.12 EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION EXPENDITURE

"Successful Efforts Method" of accounting is followed for Oil & Gas exploration and production activities as stated below: a. Cost of surveys, studies, carrying and retaining undeveloped properties are expensed out in the year of incurrence.

b. Cost of acquisition, drilling and development are treated as capital work-in-progress when incurred and are capitalised when the well is ready to commence commercial production.

c. Accumulated costs on exploratory wells in progress are expensed out in the year in which they are determined to be dry.

The proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of joint operations are accounted as per the participating interest in such joint operations.

1.13 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Liability towards long term defined employee benefits - leave encashment, gratuity, pension, post - retirement medical benefits, long service awards, ex-gratia, death benefits and resettlement allowance are determined on actuarial valuation by independent actuaries at the year end by using Projected Unit Credit method. Liability so determined is funded in the case of leave encashment and gratuity, and provided for in other cases.

In respect of Provident Fund, the contribution for the period is recognized as expense and charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related services are rendered.

1.14 SALE OF PRODUCTS

Sales are net of discount, include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/sales tax.

1.15 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

Expenditure incurred on research activities is charged off in the year in which it is incurred. Expenses directly related to development activities which are capable of generating future economic resources, are treated as intangible assets.

1.16 TAXES ON INCOME

a. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b. Deferred tax liability/asset on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is recognised using tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized, if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets.

c. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it, will flow to the Company.

1.17 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

Contingent Liabilities are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 5 lakhs in each case. Contingent Liabilities in respect of show cause notices are considered only when converted into demands. Capital Commitments are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in each case.

1.18 ACCOUNTING/CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURE AND INCOME

a. Insurance claims are accounted on acceptance basis.

b. All other claims/entitlements are accounted on the merits of each case/realisation.

c. Raw materials consumed are net of discount towards sharing of under-recoveries.

d. Income and expenditure of previous years, individually amounting to Rs. 5 lakhs and below are not considered as prior period items.


Mar 31, 2011

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. All income and expenditure having material bearing are recognised on accrual basis, except where otherwise stated. Necessary estimates and assumptions of income and expenditure are made during the reporting period and difference between the actual and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results materialise.

1. FIXED ASSETS

a. Land acquired on lease for 99 years or more is treated as freehold land.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to plants/ facilities are capitalised as part of cost of the underlying asset.

2. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

a. Cost of Right of Way for laying pipelines is capitalised as Intangible Asset and being perpetual in nature, is not amortised.

b. Technical know-how /licence fee relating to production process and process design are recognised as Intangible Assets.

c. Cost of Software directly identified with hardware is capitalised along with the cost of hardware. Application software is capitalised as Intangible Asset.

3. CONSTRUCTION PERIOD EXPENSES ON PROJECTS

a. Related expenditure (including temporary facilities and crop compensation expenses) incurred during construction period in respect of plan projects and major non-plan projects are capitalised.

b. Financing cost incurred during the construction period on loans Specifically borrowed and utilised for projects is capitalised. Financing cost includes exchange losses in relation to borrowings denominated in foreign currency.

c. Financing cost, if any, incurred on general borrowings used for projects during the construction period is capitalised at the weighted average cost.

4. DEPRECIATION

a. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on the Straight Line method, in the manner and at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and is charged pro rata on a monthly basis on assets, from / up to and inclusive of the month of capitalisation / sale, disposal or deletion during the year.

b. All assets costing up to Rs. 5000/-, other than LPG cylinders and pressure regulators, are fully depreciated in the year of capitalisation.

c. Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

d. Machinery Spares, which can be used only in connection with an item of fxed asset and the use of which is expected to be irregular, are depreciated over a period not exceeding the useful life of the principal item of fxed asset.

e. Intangible Assets other than application software are amortised on a straight line basis over a period of ten years or life of the underlying plant/facility, whichever is earlier.

f. Application software are normally amortised over a period of four years, or over its useful life, whichever is earlier.

5. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At each balance sheet date, an assessment is made of whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of assets of cash generating units(CGU) exceeds their recoverable amount.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

a. Foreign Currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

b. All foreign currency assets, liabilities and forward contracts are restated at the rates prevailing at the year end.

c. All exchange differences (except as stated in para 3 (b) of Schedule 20A and para 7 of Schedule 20B) are dealt with in the Profit and loss account including those covered by forward contracts, where the premium / discount arising from such contracts are recognised over the period of contracts.

d. The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year, are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account along with the underlying transaction. However, in respect of contracts, the pricing period of which extends beyond the balance sheet date, suitable provision is made for likely loss, if any.

7. INVESTMENTS

a. Long-term investments are valued at cost and provision for diminution in value thereof is made, wherever such diminution is other than temporary.

b. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

8. INVENTORIES

a. Crude oil is valued at cost on First In First Out (FIFO) basis or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

b. Raw material for lubricants and fnished lubricants are valued at weighted average cost or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

c. Stock-in process is valued at raw material cost plus cost of conversion or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

d. Finished products other than Lubricants are valued at cost (on FIFO basis) or at net realisable value, whichever is lower.

e. Empty packages are valued at weighted average cost.

f. Stores and spares are valued at weighted average cost. Stores & spares in transit are valued at cost.

g. Value of surplus, obsolete and slow moving stores and spares, if any, is reduced to net realisable value. Surplus items, when transferred from completed projects are valued at cost / estimated value, pending periodic assessment / ascertainment of condition.

9. DUTIES ON BONDED STOCKS

Excise / Customs duty is provided on stocks stored in Bonded Warehouses (excluding goods exempted from duty / exports or where liability to pay duty is transferred to consignee).

10. GRANTS

a. In case of depreciable assets, the cost of the asset is shown at gross value and grant thereon is treated as Capital Grants, which is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account over the period and in the proportion in which depreciation is charged.

b. Grants received against revenue items are recognised as income.

11. PROVISIONS

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outfow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

12. EXPLORATION & PRODUCTION EXPENDITURE

"Successful Efforts Method" of accounting is followed for Oil & Gas exploration and production activities as stated below:

a. Cost of surveys, studies, carrying and retaining undeveloped properties are expensed out in the year of incurrence.

b. Cost of acquisition, drilling and development are treated as capital work-in-progress when incurred and are capitalised when the well is ready to commence commercial production.

c. Accumulated costs on exploratory wells in progress are expensed out in the year in which they are determined to be dry.

The proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, income and expenditure of joint operations are accounted as per the participating interest in such joint operations.

13. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Liability towards long term defned employee benefits - leave encashment, gratuity, pension, post-retirement medical benefits, long service awards, ex-gratia, death benefits and resettlement allowance are determined on actuarial valuation by independent actuaries at the year end by using Projected Unit Credit method. Liability so determined is funded in the case of leave encashment and gratuity, and provided for in other cases.

In respect of Provident Fund, the contribution for the period is recognized as expense and charged to Profit & Loss Account.

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at an undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which the related services are rendered.

14. SALE OF PRODUCTS

Sales are net of discount, include applicable excise duty, surcharge and other elements as are allowed to be recovered as part of the price but excludes VAT/Sales Tax.

15. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

Expenditure incurred on research activities is charged off in the year in which it is incurred. Expenses directly related to development activities which are capable of generating future economic resources, are treated as intangible assets.

16. TAXES ON INCOME

a. Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b. Deferred tax liability/asset on account of timing difference between taxable and accounting income is recognised using tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized, if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets.

c. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with it, will fow to the Company.

17. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL COMMITMENTS

Contingent Liabilities are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 5.00 lakhs in each case. Contingent Liabilities in respect of show cause notices are considered only when converted into demands. Capital Commitments are considered only for items exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in each case.

18. ACCOUNTING/CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURE AND INCOME

a. Insurance claims are accounted on acceptance basis.

b. All other claims/entitlements are accounted on the merits of each case/realisation.

c. raw materials consumed are net of discount towards sharing of under-recoveries.

d. Income and expenditure of previous years, individually amounting to Rs. 5 lakhs and below are not considered as prior period items.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!