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Accounting Policies of Hitech Corporation Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Company Information:

Hitech Plast Limited (the Company) is a public limited Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India, namely the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE). The Company is engaged in manufacturing of rigid plastic containers specially catering to customers relating to Paints, Lube and Pharmacy product as well as export market.

2. Significant Accounting Policies:

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The Financial Statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India (“Indian GAAP”) and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013(‘the Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act,1956 to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current / Non Current Classification:

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfies any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

iii. in the case of an asset,

¦ it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

¦ it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date

iv. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current / non-current classification of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as 12 months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

2.2. Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and impairment. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant tangible asset heads. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is reflected at their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Capital Work in Progress & Capital Advances

Cost of assets not ready for intended use, as on balance sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are disclosed as Long Term Loans and Advances.

(d) Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method, except Building, which is depreciated on Written Down Value Method. The details of estimated useful life for each category of assets are as under:

Building : 40 years

Plant & Machinery* : 9.67 Years Moulds : 4 years

Computer : 5 years

Vehicle : 5 years

* Useful life of Plant and Machinery is considered based on triple shift working.

In respect of other assets, the useful life is considered as specified in Part C of the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software and patent are amortized over a period of three years.

(e) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds it recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset''s revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognized separately as part of changes in inventories of finished goods and work in progress.

- Revenue from service is recognized as per the completed service contract method.

- Processing income is recognized on accrual basis as per the contractual arrangements.

- Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

- Interest income is recognized on the time proportion basis.

2.4 Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets and premises taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

2.5 Inventory

Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item-by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are valued at net realizable value.

In determining cost of raw material, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

2.6 Investments

Investments are classified into current and non-current investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments. However, that part of noncurrent investments which are expected to be realized within twelve months from balance sheet date is also presented under “Current Assets” under “Current portion of noncurrent investments.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Non-current investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of non-current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.7 Transaction in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to hedge against its foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and firm commitments. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

2.8 Trade Receivables

Trade Receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

2.9 Employee Benefits

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund Scheme and Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Company''s contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered provident funds on behalf of its employee.

(b) Defined benefit plans Defined benefit gratuity plan.

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The contribution is paid to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses and unrecognized past service costs and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the unrecognized past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months

C. Other long term employee benefits

Entitlements to annual leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Annual leave can be availed or encased subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

2.10 Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure of a revenue nature is expensed out under the respective heads of accounts in the year in which it is incurred.

Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Tangible Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets.

2.11 Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date to reassess realization.

2.12 Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

2.13 Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing the profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year.

2.14 Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

2.15 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes Interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

2.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash & chorus in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

2.17 Government Grant and Subsidies

Grants in the nature of subsidy which are non-refundable are credited to the statement of profit and loss, on accrual basis, where there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all the necessary conditions attached to them.

Grants in the nature of subsidy which are refundable are shown as liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

2.18 Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (finance costs), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations.


Mar 31, 2015

1. Company Information:

Hi-tech Plast Limited (the Company) is a public limited Company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India, namely the Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE). The Company is engaged in manufacturing of the rigid plastic containers specially catering to customers relating to Paints, Lube and Pharmacy products as well as export market.

2.1 Basis of preparation of consolidated financial statements

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant enacted provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current/Non Current Classification:

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfies any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company's normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date.

iii. in the case of an asset,

- it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date.

iv. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current / non-current classification of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as 12 months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

2.2. Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and impairment. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant tangible asset heads. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is reflected at their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Goodwill

Goodwill arising on the acquisition of a business represents the excess of the cost of acquisition over the Company's interest in the net fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities of the business recognized at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is initially recognized as an asset at cost and is subsequently measured at cost less accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment losses.

The unamortized carrying value of goodwill is tested for impairment as at each balance sheet date. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill is allocated to each of the Company's cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the business combination. Cash-generating units to which goodwill has been allocated are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit is less than the carrying amount of the unit, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro rata on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. An impairment loss recognized in goodwill is not reversed in a subsequent period.

On disposal of a cash-generating unit, the attributable amount of goodwill is included in the determination of the Profit or loss on disposal.

(c) Capital Work in Progress & Capital Advances

Cost of assets not ready for intended use, as on balance sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are disclosed as Long Term Loans and Advances.

(d) Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method, except Building, which is depreciated on Written Down Value Method. The details of estimated useful life for each category of assets are as under:

Building : 40 years

Plant & Machinery* : 9.67 Years

Moulds : 4 years

Computer : 5 years

Vehicle : 5 years

* Useful life of Plant and Machinery is considered based on triple shift working.

In respect of other assets, the useful life is considered as specified in Part C of the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

Goodwill on amalgamation is amortized over a period of five years. Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software and patent are amortized over a period of three years.

(e) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company's fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds it recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of Profit and loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset's revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognized separately as part of changes in inventories of finished Goods and work in progress.

- Revenue from service is recognized as per the completed service contract method.

- Processing income is recognized on accrual basis as per the contractual arrangements.

- Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

- Interest income is recognized on the time proportion basis.

2.4 Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets and premises taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

2.5 Inventory

Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item-by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are valued at net realizable value.

In determining cost of raw material, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

2.6 Investments

Investments are classified into current and non-current investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments. However, that part of non-current investments which are expected to be realized within twelve months from balance sheet date is also presented under "Current Assets" under "Current portion of non-current investments".

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Non-current investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of non-current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.7 Transaction in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to hedge against its foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and frm commitments. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

2.8 Trade Receivables

Trade Receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

2.9 Employee Benefits

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits

(a) Defend contribution plans

Defend contribution plans are Provided Fund Scheme and Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Company's contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered provident funds on behalf of its employees.

(b) Defined benefit plans

Defined benefit gratuity plan.

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The contribution is paid to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses and unrecognized past service costs and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the unrecognized past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months.

C. Other long term employee benefits:

Entitlements to annual leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Annual leave can be availed or encased subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

2.10 Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure of a revenue nature is expensed out under the respective heads of accounts in the year in which it is incurred.

Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the polices stated for Tangible Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets.

2.11 Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date to reassess realization.

2.12 Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outfox of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

2.13 Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the Profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

2.14 Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

2.15 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

2.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash & cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

2.17 Government Grant and Subsidies

Grants in the nature of subsidy which are non-refundable are credited to the statement of Profit and loss, on accrual basis, where there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all the necessary conditions attached to them.

Grants in the nature of subsidy which are refundable are shown as liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

2.18 Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (finance costs), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of Profit/(loss) from continuing operations.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

(a) Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant enacted provisions of the Companies Act,2013 to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current/Non Current Classifcation

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfes any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

iii. in the case of an asset,

- it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date

iv. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current / non-current classifcation of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as 12 months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

2.2. Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and impairment. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax

authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant tangible asset heads. profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is refected at their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss.

(c) Capital Work in Progress & Capital Advances

Cost of assets not ready for intended use, as on balance sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are disclosed as Long Term Loans and Advances.

(d) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 :-

Moulds : 4 years

Furniture & Fixture : 10 years

Computer : 5 years

office Equipment : 10 years

Vehicle : 5 years

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery is provided under Straight Line Method on triple shift basis; and on Building is provided under the Written Down Value Method, at the rates laid down in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully charged to the Statement of profit and Loss in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Goodwill on amalgamation is amortised over a period of five years. Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of three years.

(e) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds it recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any

such indication exists the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the fixed asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset''s revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of fnished Goods and work in progess.

Revenue from service is recognised as per the completed service contract method.

Processing income is recognised on accrual basis as per the contractual arrangements.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

2.4 Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of profit and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

2.5 Inventory

Raw materials, work in progress, fnished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item- by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are valued at net realizable value.

In determining cost of raw materials, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of fnised goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

2.6 Investments

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. However that part of long term investments which are expected to be realized within twelve months from balance sheet date is also presented under "Current Assets" under "Current portion of long term investments" in consonance with the current / non current classifcation of revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Long term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of profit and Loss.

2.7 Transaction in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of profit and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are recognized in the Statement of profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts:

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to hedge against its foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and firm commitments. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognised as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognised as income or expense for the period.

2.8 Trade Receivables

Trade Receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

2.9 Employee benefits

A. Short Term Employee benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits :

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund Scheme and Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Company''s contribution to Defined contribution plans are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered providend funds on behalf of its employee.

(b) Defined benefit plans

Defined benefit gratuity plan.

The Company operates a Defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

The cost of providing Defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The Defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance sheet represent the present value of the Defined benefit obligations as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses and unrecognized past service costs and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any Defined benefit asset (negative Defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the unrecognized past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months.

C. Other long term employee benefits:

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

2.10 Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure of a revenue nature is expensed out under the respective heads of accounts in the year in which it is incurred.

Fixed Assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the polices stated for Tangible Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets.

2.11 Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (refecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation.

2.12 Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

2.13 Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

2.14 Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

2.15 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

2.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash & cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

2.17 Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (finance costs), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations.

d. Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. Payment of dividend is also made in foreign currency to shareholders outside India. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

A dividend of Rs. 0.90 (Paise Ninety only) per equity share of Rs. 10/- each has been recommended by the Board of Directors at its meeting held on 26th May, 2014, subject to the approval by the shareholders at the ensuing Annual General Meeting. If approved, the dividend for the financial year 2013-14 will be Rs. 0.90 per equity share; Rs. 1.60 per equity share of face value Rs. 10/- was paid as dividend for the previous year. The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st March, 2014 amounted to Rs. 138.72 lacs including corporate dividend tax of Rs. 20.15 lacs. (Previous year Rs. 246.64 lacs including corporate dividend tax of Rs. 35.83 lacs).

As per the Companies Act, 1956, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts in the event of liquidation of the Company. However no such preferential amounts exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

6. DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES (NET)

The Company has recognized deferred tax arising on account of timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income, that originates in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period(s) in compliance with Accounting Standard (AS 22) – Accounting for Taxes on income.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

(a) Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of fnancial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current/Non Current Classifcation

Any asset or liability is classifed as current if it satisfes any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

iii. in the case of an asset,

- it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date.

iv. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classifed as non-current.

For the purpose of current / non-current classifcation of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as 12 months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

1.2 Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fxed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fxed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Proft or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is refected at their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Proft or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss.

(c) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on all fxed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fxed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:-

Moulds : 4 years

Furniture & Fixture : 10 years

Computer : 5 years

Offce Equipment : 10 years

Vehicle : 5 years

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery is provided under Straight Line Method on triple shift basis; and on Building is provided under the Written Down Value Method, at the rates laid down in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Goodwill on amalgamation is amortised over a period of fve years. Purchase cost, user licence fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of three years.

(d) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company''s fxed assets. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exist the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fxed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of proft and loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset''s revised carrying amount less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all signifcant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of fnished goods and work in progess.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers. Processing income is recognised on accrual basis as per contractual arrangements. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

1.4 Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Proft and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

1.5 Inventory

Raw materials, work in progress, fnished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item- by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably written down/provided for.

In determining cost of raw material, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of fnised goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fxed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

1.6 Investments

Investments are classifed into current and non-current investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classifed as current investments. All other investments are classifed as non-current investments.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Non-Current investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of non-current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of Proft and Loss.

1.7 Transaction in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Proft and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognised as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Proft or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognised as income or expense for the period.

1.8 Trade Receivables

Trade Receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

1.9 Employee Benefts

A. Short Term Employee Benefts :

All employee benefts payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classifed as short term employee benefts and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefts expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefts :

(a) Defned contribution plans

Defned contribution plans are Provident Fund Scheme and Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Company''s contribution to defned contribution plans are recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss in the fnancial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered providend funds on behalf of its employee.

(b) Defned beneft plans

Defned beneft gratuity plan.

The Company operates a defned beneft gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the gratuity obligation.

The cost of providing defned benefts is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefts are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefts become vested.

The defned beneft obligations recognized in the Balance Sheet represent the present value of the defned beneft obligations as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses and unrecognized past service costs and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defned beneft asset (negative defned beneft obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the unrecognized past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months.

C. Other long term employee benefts:

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leave using the Projected Accrued Beneft method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

1.10 Research and Development

Research and development expense is recognized as an expense as and when it is incurred. Expenditure incurred on fxed assets used for research and development is capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation policy of the Company and is disclosed separately.

1.11 Provision for Taxation

Tax expenses comprise of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (refecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

1.12 Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outfow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outfow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outfow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13 Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net proft after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14 Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.15 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

1.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash & cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

1.17 Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (fnance costs), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Proft and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of proft/(loss) from continuing operations.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis for preparation of financial statements:

(a) Basis of preparation :

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Presentation and disclosures in financial statements:

For the year ended 31 st March, 2012, the Company has reclassified the previous year's figures, presentation and disclosures in financial statements as per the requirement under Revised Schedule VI to the extent possible.

1.2 Tangible and Intangible Assets :

(a) Tangible assets:

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Interest on borrowed funds directly attributable to the qualifying assets up to the period such assets are put to use, is included in the cost. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible assets:

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is reflected at their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Goodwill on amalgamation is amortized over a period of five years. Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortized over a period of three years.

(c) Depreciation on tangible assets:

Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

Moulds : 4 years

Furniture & Fixture : 10 years

Computer : 5 years

Office Equipment : 10 years

Vehicle : 5 years

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery is provided under Straight Line Method on triple shift basis; and on Building is provided under the Written Down Value Method, at the rates laid down in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are fully charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

(d) Impairment:

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company's fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exist the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset's revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

1.3 Revenue Recognition:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duties as well as net of excise duties; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognized separately as part of '(Increase)/ Decrease in inventories of Finished Goods and WIP'.

Revenue from service is recognized on rendering of services to customers.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognized on the time proportion basis.

1.4 Lease Accounting :

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

1.5 Inventory:

Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item- by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably depreciated.

In determining cost of raw material, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

1.6 Investments :

Non Current investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non Current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a first-in-first- out (FIFO) basis.

1.7 Transaction in Foreign Currency:

(a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

1.8 Trade Receivables :

Trade Receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

1.9 Employee Benefits :

A. Short Term Employee Benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits :

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund scheme, Employee State Insurance scheme. The Company's contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered provident funds on behalf of its employee.

(b) Defined benefit plans

Defined benefit gratuity plan.

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

C. Other long term employee benefits :

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encased subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

1.10 Research and Development:

a) Capital expenditure is shown separately under respective heads of fixed assets.

b) Revenue expenses including depreciation are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss under the respective heads of expenses.

1.11 Provision for Taxation:

Tax expenses comprise of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date to reassess realization.

1.12 Provisions and Contingencies :

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13 Earnings Per Share:

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14 Proposed Dividend:

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.15 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost includes Interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

1.16 Measurement of PBITDA:

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has decided to present profit before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (PBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements.

2. Fixed Assets:

(a) Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Interest on borrowed funds directly attributable to the qualifying assets up to the period such assets are put to use, is included in the cost.

(b) Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

Moulds : 4 years

Furniture & Fixture : 10 years

Computer : 5 years

Office Equipment : 10 years

Vehicle : 5 years

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery is provided under Straight Line Method on triple shift basis; and on Building is provided under the Written Down Value Method, at the rates laid down in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than ? 5,000 are fully charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease. Goodwill on amalgamation is amortised over a period of five years.

Purchase cost, user licence fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of three years.

(c) At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exist the assets recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the assets revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

3. Revenue Recognition:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duties as well as net of excise duties; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of material cost.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

4. Lease Accounting:

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account on an accrual basis over the lease term.

5. Inventory:

a) Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item- by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably depreciated.

b) In determining cost of raw material, packing material, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-process includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

6. Investments:

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Profit and loss on sale of Investments is determined on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.

7. Transactions in Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, which are outstanding as at the year end are translated at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange difference are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

The premium or discount on forward exchange contracts is recognized over the period of the contracts in the Profit and Loss Account.

8. Sundry Debtors:

Sundry debtors are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful.

9. Employee Benefits:

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

(ii) Post-employment benefits:

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund Scheme, Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Companys contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company contributes to the Government administered provident funds on behalf of its employee.

(b) Defined benefit plans

Defined benefit gratuity plan.

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(iii) Other long term employee benefits :

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

10. Research and Development:

a) Capital expenditure is shown separately under respective heads of fixed assets.

b) Revenue expenses including depreciation are charged to Profit and Loss Account under the respective heads of expenses.

11. Provision for Taxation:

Tax expenses comprise of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis for preparation of financial statements :

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements.

2. Fixed Assets :

The fixed assets are accounted at the cost of acquisition, which includes taxes, duties (net of cenvat, wherever applicable) and other identifiable direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to their present location and condition less accumulated depreciation. Interest on borrowed funds attributable up to the period assets are put to use is included in the cost of qualifying assets.

3. Revenue Recognition :

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer which is on dispatch of goods. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duties as well as net of excise duties; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of ‘material cost.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

4. Depreciation :

Depreciation on the following classes of fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method based on estimated useful life of the assets as under:- Moulds : 4 years Furniture & Fixture : 10 years Computer : 5 years Office Equipment : 10 years Vehicle : 5 years

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery is provided under Straight Line Method; on Building is provided under the Written Down Value

Method, at the rates laid down in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on assets, where actual cost does not exceed Rs. 5,000/- is provided at the rate of hundred per cent.

Expenditure on computer software is amortised over a period of three years. Goodwill on amalgamation is amortised over a period of five years. Depreciation on Plant & Machinery is provided based on triple shift.

5. Inventory :

(a) Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably depreciated.

(b) In case of raw and packing materials, stores, spares and consumables the cost includes duties and taxes other than credits under CENVAT and is arrived at on weighted average basis.

(c) The Finished Goods and Work-in-progress cost includes the cost of raw material, packing materials and appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads and excise duty as applicable on the finished goods.

6. Investments :

Long-term investments are stated at cost less permanent diminution, if any, in the value of investments.

7. Transaction in Foreign Exchange :

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transaction settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, which are outstanding as at the year end are translated at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange difference are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. The premium or discount on forward exchange contract is recognized over the period of the contract in the Profit and Loss Account.

8. Employee Benefits :

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee render service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

(ii) Post-employment benefits :

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund Scheme, Employee State Insurance Scheme. The Companys contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the financial year to which they relate. The Company contributes to the Government administered provident funds on behalf of its employees.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan

(i) Defined Benefit Gratuity Plan

The Company operates defined benefit gratuity plans for employees. The Company contributes to an insurer managed fund, towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represent the present value of the defined obligation as adjusted for unrecognised actuarial gains and losses and unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit assets (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognised representing the unrecognised past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reduction in future contribution to the plan.

(iii) Other Long Term Employee Benefits :

Entitlements to annual leaves and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leaves. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit Method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date

9. Lease Accounting :

Lease Rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Profit & Loss Account on an accrual basis over the lease term.

10. Taxes on Income & Provision for Taxation :

Income tax expense comprise of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax

Act, 1961) and Deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

11. Provision and Contingencies :

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

12. Earnings Per Share :

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

13. Proposed Dividend :

Dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

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