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Accounting Policies of Honda Siel Power Products Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

I) Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements have been prepared and presented on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the relevant provisions of the Act and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, to the extent applicable. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakhs.

ii) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

iii) Current-non-current classification

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current.

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date; or

(d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in the company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or

(d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current financial liabilities.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Operating cycle

Operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents.

iv) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and/or accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use; any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of tangible fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Tangible fixed assets under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress.

Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets is provided on the straight-line method based on the estimated useful life of each asset as determined by the management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged.

Pursuant to Companies Act, 2013 (''the Act'') being effective from 1 April 2014, the Company has aligned the depreciation rates based on the useful lives as specified in Part ''C'' of Schedule II to the Act, except for the following assets, which are being depreciated based on the managements estimate of the useful life of tangible fixed assets. Such useful lives are lower than the lives as per Schedule II of the Act:

Block of Asset Estimated life (Years) #

Plant and equipment (Dies/Jigs and fixtures) 5 years Furniture and fixtures 8 years

Vehicles 5 years

Office equipment 5 years

Computers (Servers) 3 years

# For these class of assets, based on internal technical evaluation, the management believes useful lives as given above best represent the period over which company expects to use these assets.

Freehold land is not depreciated. Leasehold land is amortised on a straight line basis over the period of lease i.e. 90 years.

Losses arising from retirement or gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Intangible fixed assets

Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment loss.

Intangible assets are amortized in Statement of Profit and Loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present, these are being amortized on straight line basis.

Intangible assets comprise technical knowhow - model fee, technical knowhow - others and computer software.

The amortization rates are as follows:

Technical knowhow - Model fee 20.00% per annum Technical knowhow - Others 16.67% per annum Computer software 33.33% per annum

Amortization method and useful lives are reviewed at each reporting date. If the useful life of an asset is estimated to be significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern.

An intangible asset is derecognised on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and disposal.

v) Impairment

The fixed assets (tangible and intangible) are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

vi) Inventories

Inventories which comprise raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, stock-in-trade, stores and spares, and loose tools are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

In determining the cost, weighted average cost method is used. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

Goods in transit are valued at purchase cost.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

The proportionate amount of additional duty of customs paid on finished goods imported for trading and lying unsold as at the year end has been included in the value of the finished goods stock.

The net realisable value of work-in-progress is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished products. Raw materials and other supplies held for use in the production of finished products are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

vii) Employee benefits Short-term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognised as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

Post employment benefits Defined contribution plans

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts.

(i) Superannuation fund

Under the superannuation scheme, a defined contribution plan, the Company pays fixed contributions into a separate trust and has no obligation to pay further amounts. The trust has taken up a policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India. Benefits are paid by Life Insurance Corporation of India to the vesting employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Contributions paid by the Company to the superannuation trust are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Defined benefit plans

(i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity fund established as trust which has taken up a group policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation report using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

(ii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund set up as an irrevocable trust. Both the employees and

the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary. The aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the appropriate authorities. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

The annual contributions paid by the Company to the provident fund are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In addition the Company provides for the interest shortfall, if any.

The Company recognises all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Compensated Absences

The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilised accrued compensated absences and utilise it in future service periods or receive cash compensation on termination of employment. Since the compensated absences do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service and are also not expected to be utilized wholly within twelve months after the end of such period, the benefit is classified as a long-term employee benefit. The Company records an obligation for such compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The obligation is measured on the basis of independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method.

Termination benefits

Termination benefits are recognised as an expense when, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation.

viii) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is recognized when property in the goods or all significant risks and rewards of their ownership are transferred to the customer which generally coincides with despatch against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of the goods and regarding its collection.

In view of the nature of services rendered, revenue from services is recognised under the proportionate completion method provided the consideration is reliably determinable and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the collection of the consideration. The amount recognised as revenue is exclusive of sales tax, value added taxes (VAT) and service tax, and is net of returns, trade discounts and quantity discounts.

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the interest rate applicable.

Export benefit representing customs duty rebate entitlement against exports made on advance licences under duty exemption scheme and duty credit entitlement for exports made to focus markets under the focus market scheme of Government of India is accounted for on an accrual basis.

ix) Foreign exchange transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated into Indian rupees at the closing exchange rates on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

x) Provisions

A provision is recognised if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are recognised at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. The provisions are measured on an undiscounted basis.

Warranties and Service Coupon costs

Warranty and service coupon costs are estimated on the basis of a technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty and service coupon costs in the year of sale of goods.

xi) Contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A contingent liability exists when there is a possible but not probable obligation, or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources, or a present obligation whose amount cannot be estimated reliably. Contingent liabilities do not warrant provisions, but are disclosed unless the possibility of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

xii) Income Taxes

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). Income-tax expense is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss except that tax expense related to items recognised directly in reserves is also recognized in those reserves.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income i.e. differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

xiii) Operating leases

Assets acquired under leases other than finance leases are classified as operating leases. The total lease rentals (including scheduled rental increases) in respect of an asset taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the benefit. Initial direct costs incurred specifically for an operating lease are deferred and charged to the statement of profit and loss over the lease term.

xiv) Onerous Contracts

A contract is considered as onerous when the expected economic benefits to be derived by the Company from the contract are lower than the unavoidable cost of meeting its obligations under the contract. The provision for an onerous contract is measured at the lower of the expected cost of terminating the contract and the expected net cost of continuing with the contract. Before a provision is established, the Company recognises any impairment loss on the assets associated with that contract.

xv) Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

xvi) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year end, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.


Mar 31, 2013

I) Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements have been prepared and presented on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, to the extent applicable. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakhs.

ii) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

iii) Current-non-current classification

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current. Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within 12 months afterthe reporting date; or

(d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

Aliability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in the company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) itisheldprimarilyforthepurposeofbeingtraded;

(c) it is due to be settled within 12 months afterthe reporting date; or

(d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current financial liabilities. All other liabilities are classified as non-current. Operating cycle

Operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents. iv) Fixed assets and depreciation Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and/or accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use; any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of tangible fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Tangible fixed assets under construction are disclosed as capital work in progress.

Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of each asset as determined by the management. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on certain assets has been provided at the following rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Freehold land is not depreciated.

Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis i.e. from the date on which asset is ready for use. Leasehold land is amortised on a straight line basis over the period of lease i.e. 90 years. Plant & equipment and furniture & fixtures, costing individually 5,000 or less, are depreciated fully in the year of purchase. A fixed asset is eliminated from the financial statements on disposal or when no further benefit is expected from its use and disposal. Losses arising from retirement or gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of

Profit and Loss.

Intangible fixed assets

Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment loss.

Intangible assets are amortised in profit or loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present, these are being amortised on straight line basis.

Intangible assets comprises technical knowhow - model fee, technical knowhow - others and computer software.

The amortisation rates are as follows:

Technical knowhow-Model fee 20.00% per annum

Technical knowhow-Others 16.67% per annum

Computer software 33.33% per annum

Amortisation method and useful lives are reviewed at each reporting date. If the useful life of an asset is estimated to be significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortisation method is changed to reflect the changed pattern.''

An intangible asset is derecognised on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use and disposal. v) Impairment

The fixed assets (tangible and intangible) are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

vi) Inventories

Inventories which comprise raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, stock-in-trade, stores and spares and loose tools are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

In determining the cost, weighted average cost method is used. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

The proportionate amount of additional duty of customs paid on finished goods imported for trading and lying unsold as at the year end has been included in the value of the finished goods stock.

The net realisable value of work-in-progress is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished products. Raw materials and other supplies held for use in the production of finished products are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. vii) Employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognised as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts.

(i) Superannuation fund

Under the superannuation scheme, a defined contribution plan, the Company pays fixed contributions into a separate trust and has no obligation to pay further amounts. The trust has taken up a policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India. Benefits are paid by Life Insurance Corporation of India to the vesting employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Contributions paid by the Company to the superannuation trust are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Defined benefit plans

(i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity fund established as trust which has taken up a group policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation report using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

(ii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund set up as an irrevocable trust. Both the employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary. The aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the appropriate authorities. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate. The annual contributions paid by the Company to the provident fund are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In addition the Company provides for the interest shortfall, if any. The Company recognises all actuarial gains and losses arising from defined benefit plans immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Compensated Absences

The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilised accrued compensated absences and utilise it in future service periods or receive cash compensation on termination of employment. Since the compensated absences do not fall due wholly within twelve months afterthe end of the period in which the employees render the related service and are also not expected to be utilized wholly within twelve months after the end of such period, the benefit is classified as a long-term employee benefit. The Company records an obligation for such compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The obligation is measured on the basis of independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method.

viii) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is recognized when property in the goods or all significant risks and rewards of their ownership are transferred to the customer which generally coincides with despatch against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of the goods and regarding its collection. In view of the nature of services rendered, revenue from services is recognised under the proportionate completion method provided the consideration is reliably determinable and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the collection of the consideration. The amount recognised as revenue is exclusive of sales tax, value added taxes (VAT) and service tax, and is net of returns, trade discounts and quantity discounts. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the interest rate applicable. Export benefit representing customs duty rebate entitlement against exports made on advance licences under duty exemption scheme and duty credit entitlement for exports made to focus markets under the focus market scheme of Government of India is accounted for on an accrual basis.

ix) Foreign exchange transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated into Indian rupees at the closing exchange rates on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

x) Provisions

A provision is recognised if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are recognised at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. The provisions are measured on an undiscounted basis. Warranties and Service Coupon costs Warranty and service coupon costs are estimated on the basis of a technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty and service coupon costs in the year of sale of goods.

xi) Contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A contingent liability exists when there is a possible but not probable obligation, or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources, or a present obligation whose amount cannot be estimated reliably. Contingent liabilities do not warrant provisions, but are disclosed unless the possibility of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognised in the period in which the change occurs.

xii) Income Taxes

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). Income-tax expense is recognised in profit or loss except that tax expense related to items recognised directly in reserves is also recognized in those reserves. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income i.e. differences that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.


Mar 31, 2012

I) Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company are prepared under the historical cost convention, as a going concern and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), Accounting Standards prescribed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

ii) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

iii) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Items of fixed assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value.

iv) Impairment

The carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset's carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

v) Depreciation

a) Depreciation on fixed assets except for leasehold land is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight line method.

b) The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on certain assets has been provided at the following rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

c) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease.

d) Assets costing individually Rs. 5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

vi) Intangible assets and amortization thereof

Intangible assets comprise model fee, technical know how and computer software and are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any.

Model fee is amortised over a period of five years, which in management's view represents the economic useful life of model fee. Unamortised model fee in respect of models discontinued during the year is fully charged to the statement of profit and loss.

Technical know how is amortised over a period of six years, which in management's view represents the economic useful life of technical know how.

Software is amortized over a period of three years, which in management's view represents the economic useful life of software.

Amortization expense is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased during the year. The appropriateness of the amortization period and the amortization method is reviewed at each financial year-end.

vii) Inventories

Stores, raw materials and components, work in progress and finished goods are valued at weighted average cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower.

In determining cost of work in progress and finished goods, fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities. The proportionate amount of additional duty of customs paid on finished goods imported for trading and lying unsold as at the year end has been included in the value of the finished goods stock.

Stores, raw materials and components held for use in production of finished goods are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished goods will exceed their net realisable value.

viii) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the customer, which generally coincides with despatch against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms. Sales, as disclosed, are net of trade discounts, rebates and sales tax.

Revenue from services is recognised on rendering of services to customers in accordance with the terms of contracts with the customers.

Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on underlying interest rates.

ix) Export benefits

Export benefits representing customs duty rebate entitlement against exports made on advance licences under duty exemption scheme and duty credit entitlement for exports made to focus markets under the focus market scheme of Government of India are accounted for on art accrual basis.

x) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are' recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

xi) Leases

Lease arrangements, where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognized as operating lease.

Lease payments under operating lease are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on straight line basis over the lease period.

xii) Employee benefits

1. Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable / available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

2. Retirement benefits

a) Defined Benefit

a. Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity fund established as trust which has taken up a group policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation report using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

b. Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund set up as an irrevocable trust. Both the employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees' salary. The aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the appropriate authorities. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

The annual contributions paid by the Company to the provident fund are charged off to the statement of profit and loss. In addition the Company provides for the interest shortfall, if any.

Actuarial gains and losses arising on the defined benefits plan are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

b) Defined Contribution

(i) Superannuation fund -

Under the superannuation scheme, a defined contribution plan, the Company pays fixed contributions into a separate trust and has no obligation to pay further amounts. The trust has taken up a policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India. Benefits are paid by Life Insurance Corporation of India to the vesting employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Contributions paid by the Company to the superannuation trust are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

3. Other long term employee benefits

a. Compensated absences

As per the Company's policy eligible leaves can be accumulated by the employees and carried forward to future periods to either be utilised during the service, or encashed. Encashment can be made during the service, on early retirement, on withdrawal of scheme, at resignation by employee and upon death of employee. The scale of benefits is determined based on the seniority and the respective employee's salary. The Company accounts for the liability for compensated absences payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

xiii) Earning per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The company has not issued any potential equity shares and accordingly the basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share is the same.

xiv) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. The Company does not recognise assets which are of contingent nature until there is virtual certainty of realisability of such assets. However, if it has become virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, asset and related income is recognised in the financial statements of the period in which the change occurs.

xv) Warranty and service coupon costs

Warranty and service coupons costs are estimated by the management based on the past experience of claims and provided on an accrual basis on the sales made during the year.

xvi) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward losses under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.


Mar 31, 2011

(i) Accounting convention

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

(ii) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(iii) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Items of fixed assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value.

(iv) Impairment

The carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(v) Depreciation

a) Depreciation on fixed assets except for leasehold land is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight line method.

b) The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on certain assets has been provided at the following rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Dies 20.00% per annum

Jigs and fixtures 20.00% per annum

Computers 33.33% per annum

Office Equipment,

Air Conditioners, 20.00% per annum

Fans and Heaters

Furniture and Fixtures 12.50% per annum

Cars and Jeeps 20.00% per annum

c) Leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease.

d) Assets costing individually Rs.5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

(vi) Intangible assets and amortization thereof

Intangible assets comprise model fee, technical know how and computer software and are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any.

Model fee is amortised over a period of five years, which in managements view represents the economic useful life of the model fee.

Unamortised model fee in respect of models discontinued during the year is fully charged to the profit and loss account.

Technical know how is amortised over a period of six years.

Software is amortized over a period of three years.

Amortization expense is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased during the year. The appropriateness of the amortization period and the amortization method is reviewed at each financial year-end.

(vii) Inventories

Stores, raw materials and components, process stock and finished goods are valued at weighted average cost and net realisable value, whichever is lower.

In determining cost of process stock and finished goods, fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities. The proportionate amount of additional duty of customs paid on finished goods imported for trading and lying unsold as at the year end has been included in the value of the finished goods stock.

Stores, raw materials and components held for use in production of finished goods are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished goods will exceed their net realisable value.

(viii) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the customer, which generally coincides with despatch against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms.

Revenue from services is recognised on rendering of services to customers in accordance with the terms of contracts with the customers. Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on underlying interest rates.

(ix) Export benefits

Export benefit representing customs duty rebate entitlement against exports made on advance licences under duty exemption scheme and duty credit entitlement for exports made to focus markets under the focus market scheme of Government of India is accounted for on an accrual basis.

(x) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account for the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

(xi) Leases

Lease arrangements, where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating lease.

Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight line basis over the lease period.

(xii) Employee benefits

1. Short - term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable / available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the profit and loss account in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

2. Retirement benefits

a) Defined Benefit

a. Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employees salary and the tenure of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity fund established as trust which has taken up a group policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation report using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

b. Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund set up as an irrevocable trust. Both the employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees salary. The aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the appropriate authorities. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

The annual contributions paid by the Company to the provident fund are charged off to the profit and loss account. In addition the Company provides for the interest shortfall, if any.

Actuarial gains and losses arising on the defined benefits plan are recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.

b) Defined Contribution

(i) Superannuation fund

Under the superannuation scheme, a defined contribution plan, the Company pays fixed contributions into a separate trust and has no obligation to pay further amounts. The trust has taken up a policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India. Benefits are paid by Life Insurance Corporation of India to the vesting employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Contributions paid by the Company to the superannuation trust are charged to the profit and loss account.

3. Other long term employee benefits

a. Compensated absences

As per the Companys policy eligible leaves can be accumulated by the employees and carried forward to future periods to either be utilised during the service, or encashed. Encashment can be made during the service, on early retirement, on withdrawal of scheme, at resignation by employee and upon death of employee. The scale of benefits is determined based on the seniority and the respective employees salary. The Company accounts for the liability for compensated absences payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method as at the year end.

(xiii) Earning per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The company has not issued any potential equity shares and accordingly the basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share is the same.

(xiv) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. The Company does not recognise assets which are of contingent nature until there is virtual certainty of realisability of such assets. However, if it has become virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, asset and related income is recognised in the financial statements of the period in which the change occurs.

(xv) Warranty and Service Coupon Costs

Warranty and Service Coupons costs are estimated by the management based on the past experience of claims and provided on an accrual basis on the sales made during the year.

(xvi) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing difference between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward losses under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.


Mar 31, 2010

(i) Accountingconvention

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

(ii) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date ofthe financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(iii) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises the purchase price and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Items of fixed assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value.

(iv) Impairment

The carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(v) Depreciation

a) Depreciation on fixed assets except for leasehold land is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight line method.

b) The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on certain assets has been provided at the following rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Dies

- Pressdies 14.28%perannum

- Die castings/lamination dies 20.00%perannum Jigs and fixtures 20.00%perannum Computers 33.33%perannum Office Equipment, Air Conditioners,

Fans and Heaters 20.00%perannum

Furnitureand Fixtures 12.50%perannum

CarsandJeeps 20.00%perannum

c) Leasehold land is amortised over the period ofthe lease.

d) Assets costing individually Rs. 5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

(vi) Intangible assets and amortization there of Intangible assets comprise model fee, technical know how and computer software and are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. Model fee is amortised over a period of five years. Unamortised model fee in respect of models discontinued during the year is fully charged to the profit and loss account.

Technical know how is amortised over a period of six years.

Software is amortized over a period of three years.

Amortization expense is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased during the year. The appropriateness ofthe amortization period and the amortization method is reviewed at each financial year-end.

(vii) Inventories

Stores, raw materials and components, process stock and finished goods are valued at weighted average cost and net realisable value, whichever is lower.

In determining cost of process stock and finished goods, fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities. The proportionate amount of additional duty of customs paid on finished goods imported for trading and lying unsold as at the year end has been included in the value of the finished goods stock.

Stores, raw materials and components held for use in production of finished goods are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished goods will exceed their net realisable value.

viii) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the customer, which generally coincides with despatch against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms.

Revenue from services is recognised on rendering of services to customers in accordance with the terms of contracts with the customers.

Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on underlying interest rates.

(ix) Export benefits

Export benefit representing customs duty rebate entitlement against exports made on advance licences under duty exemption scheme and duty credit entitlement for exports made to focus markets under the focus market scheme of Government of India is accounted for on an accrual basis.

(x) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account for the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

(xi) Leases

Lease arrangements, where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as opera -ting lease.

Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight line basis over the lease period.

(xii) Employee benefits

1. Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable / available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the profit and loss account in the period in which the employee rendersthe related service.

2. Retirement benefits

a) Defined Benefit (i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for a lumpsum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount based on the respective employees salary and the tenure of employment. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company makes annual contributions to gratuity fund established as trust which has taken up a group policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation report using the projected unit credit method as at the year end. (ii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund set up as an irrevocable trust. Both the employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees salary. The aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation ortermination of employment.The interest rate payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is notified by the appropriate authorities. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate. The annual contributions paid by the Company to the provident fund are charged off to the profit and loss account. In addition the Company provides for the interest shortfall, if any. Actuarial gains and losses arising on the defined benefits plan are recognised immediately in the profit and loss account.

b) Defined Contribution (i) Superannuation fund

Under the superannuation scheme, a defined contribution plan, the Company pays fixed contributions into a separate trust and has

no obligation to pay further amounts. The trust has taken up a policy with the Life Insurance Corporation of India. Benefits are paid by Life Insurance Corporation of India to the vesting employees on retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Contributions paid by the Company to the superannuation trust are charged to the profit and loss account. 3. Other longterm employee benefits a. Compensated absences

As per the Companys policy eligible leaves can be accumulated by the employees and carried forward to future periods to either be utilised during the service, or encashed. Encashment can be made during the service, on early retirement, on withdrawal of scheme, at resignation by employee and upon death of employee. The scale of benefits is determined based on the seniority and the respective employees salary. The Company accounts for the liability for compensated absences payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method as at the year end. (xiii) Earning per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The company has not issued any potential equity shares and accordingly the basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share is the same. (xiv) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. The Company does not recognise assets which are of contingent nature until there is virtual certainty of readability of such assets. However, if it has become virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, asset and related income is recognised in the financial statements of the period in which the change occurs. (xv) Warranty and Service Coupon Costs

Warranty and Service Coupons costs are estimated by the management based on the past experience of claims and provided on an accrual basis on the sales made during the year. (xvi) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward losses under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

 
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