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Accounting Policies of Housing Development & Infrastructure Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of preparation

a) These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of Companies Act, 1956 (Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 5 years for the purpose of current- non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

B. Fixed assets

a) Tangible assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts, rebates, depreciation accumulated and accumulated impairment losses. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalised and includes borrowing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work-in-Progress.

b) Intangible assets

I ntangible assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives.

Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of the asset are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

C. Method of Depreciation and amortisation

Effective 1st April, 2014, depreciation on tangible assets is provided on the straight-line method over the useful lives of assets as specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, as against the earlier practice of depreciating at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a year is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortised over their respective estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date of asset is available to the Company for its use.

Based on an independent technical evaluation, the useful life of Mobile Phones has been estimated as 3 years, which is different from that prescribed in Schedule II of the Act.

D. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than a year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

E. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights, F.S.I. and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost formulae used are 'First-in-First-out'. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.

(ii) Projects in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost formulae used are 'First-in-First-out'. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred / items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred / received.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(iii) I n the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice. As a result, in the intermediate period, generally, the land is not registered in the name of the Company.

F. Revenue recognition

Revenue from the projects is recognised by applying Percentage of Completion Method in compliance of Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transaction (Revised 2012) issued by the Institute of the Chartered Accountants of India. However, for the ongoing projects as on the date of introduction of Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transaction (Revised 2012) and also where Company has already commenced the recognisation of the revenue from the projects, the Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting") where in allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work- in-progress account and the income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed and also the revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale:

i) Unit in real estate:

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.

ii) Sale / trading of goods and materials:

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and indirect taxes.

b) Rent:

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) Interest:

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ii) I nterest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividends:

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the Balance Sheet date.

e) Share of profit from joint ventures:

Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the Balance Sheet date.

f) Share in revenue of entertainment vertical:

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) Profit on sale of investment:

It is recognised on its liquidation / redemption.

G. Employees benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident Fund etc., are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans - The present value of the obligation under such plan, is determined based on an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses arising on such valuation are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of funded defined benefit plans, the fair value of the plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognise the obligation on net basis. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any.

c) Other Long term Employee Benefits are recognised in the same manner as Defined Benefit Plans.

d) Termination benefits are recognised as and when incurred.

H. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the qualifying asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred.

I. Foreign currency transactions

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction or that approximates the actual rate at the date of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

J. Leases

a) As a lessor

Lease income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) As a lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Impairment

(i) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

(ii) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the assets revised carrying amount over its remaining useful life.

(iii) A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased depending on change in circumstances. However, an impairment loss is not decreased to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined has no impairment loss been recognised.

L. Income taxes

a) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax charge or credit. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

b) Deferred income tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

M. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS - 17) on "Segment Reporting".

N. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

O. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made to settle the amount of obligation. Provision is not discounted to its present value and is determined based on the last estimate required to settle the obligation at the year end. These are reviewed at each year end and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of preparation

a) These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 read with circular 08/2014 dated 4th April, 2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standard notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) (Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 5 years for the purpose of current- non current classification of assets and liabilities.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

B. Fixed assets

a) Tangible assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts, rebates and less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalised and includes borrowing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use. Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work-in-Progress.

b) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

C. Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Intangible assets are amortised as follows: Computer softwares : Over a period of three years.

D. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

E. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights, F.S.I. and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost formula used are ''First-in-First-out''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be. (ii) Projects in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable project value. Cost formula used are ''First-in-First-out''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred / items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred / received.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice. As a result, in the intermediate period, generally, the land is not registered in the name of the Company.

F. Revenue recognition

For ongoing projects as on 31st March, 2013 and where Company has already commenced the recognisation of the revenue from those projects, the Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting"). Allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account. The income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed. The revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. For projects commencing from 1st April, 2013, revenue from the projects is recognised by applying Percentage of Completion Method in compliance of Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transaction (Revised 2012). However the Company has not commenced any projects since 1st April, 2013.

a) Sale: -

i) Unit in real estate: -

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.

ii) Sale / trading of goods and materials : -

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and indirect taxes.

b) Rent: -

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) Interest: -

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividends: -

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established by the Balance Sheet date.

e) Share of profit from joint ventures:- Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the Balance Sheet date.

f) Share in revenue of entertainment vertical: - Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) Profit on sale of investment: -

It is recognised on its liquidation / redemption.

G. Employees benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident Fund etc., are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans - The present value of the obligation under such plan, is determined based on an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses arising on such valuation are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of funded defined benefit plans, the fair value of the plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognise the obligation on net basis. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any.

c) Other Long term Employee Benefits are recognised in the same manner as Defined Benefit Plans.

d) Termination benefits are recognised as and when incurred.

H. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the qualifying asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred.

I. Foreign currency transaction

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

J. Leases

a) As a lessor

Lease income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) As a lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Impairment

(i) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

(ii) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the assets revised carrying amount over its remaining useful life.

(iii) A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased depending on change in circumstances. However, an impairment loss is not decreased to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined has no impairment loss been recognised.

L. Income taxes

a) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

b) Deferred income tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

M. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS - 17) on "Segment Reporting". All it''s subsidiary Companies are engaged into similar activities except HDIL Entertainment Private Limited which is into entertainment segment. Since it''s revenue / activities are not significant the same is not reported separately.

N. Earnings per equity share

Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

O. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made to settle the amount of obligation. Provision is not discounted to its present value and is determined based on the last estimate required to settle the obligation at the year end. These are reviewed at each year end and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

The Company has only one class of shares i.e. equity shares of Rs. 10/- each. Shareholders are entitled to vote in accordance with their shareholding in the Company and receive dividend as and when declared by the Company.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholder.

Details of securities and other terms and conditions are as under :-

I) Secured Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures : -

a) Secured Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures (Listed) : - 14,475 (Previous year 23,000) 12% Secured Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures of Rs. 10.00 lacs each fully paid, interest payable quarterly are issued on Private Placement basis to various banks. These Debentures are Secured by mortgage of immovable properties admeasuring to about 7,01,992 Sq. mtrs. situated at village Kasarali, District Thane and 1,47,341 Sq. mtrs. situated at Village Kopri, District Thane, owned by Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. These Secured Non-Convertible Debentures are redeemable commencing from December, 2012 onwards at 33% each in third and fourth year and 34% at the end of fifth year.

b) Secured Redeemable Non Convertible Debentures (Non listed) : -

a) 2,267 (Previous year 2,267)13.25% Secured Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures of Rs. 10.00 lacs each fully paid, interest payable monthly are issued on Private Placement basis to Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Debentures are secured by mortgage of 2,88,940 Sq. mtrs immovable properties situated at Village Doliv and Village Khardi, District Thane and further

secured by mortgage of first to nine floors except 3rd, 4th and 6th floors of commercial building admeasuring 17,894.65 Sq. mtrs. situated at HDIL Towers, Survey No. 341(pt) CTS No. 608(pt), Bandra (East), Mumbai. These Secured Non-Convertible Debentures are redeemable in equal monthly instalment of Rs. 100.00 lacs each commencing from 5th October, 2013. b) Securities of the Debentures issued to Life Insurance Corporation of India are shared on pari-passu basis for the term loan from Life Insurance Corporation of India. (Also refer note : 7(III)(b))

II) All the above debentures have been personally guaranteed by Executive Chairman and Vice Chairman and Managing Director of the Company.

III) IDBI Trustee is the trustee to all the above Debentures issued.

Details of securities and other terms and conditions are as under :- I) Loans repayable on demand from Scheduled Bank :- Punjab and Maharashtra Co-operative Bank Limited :-

Secured by pledge of fixed deposit receipts with the bank, current rate of interest 9% for Rs.63.65 lacs and 10.75% for Rs. 10,669.14 lacs. (Previous year 10% for Rs.69.12 lacs, 10.75% for Rs. 9,712.53 lacs and 11% for Rs.60.85 lacs).

II) Loans from Scheduled Banks :- a) Central Bank of India :-

1) Secured by registered mortgage of immovable properties admeasuring 40,468.56 Sq. mtrs. situated at CTS No. 637A, Premier Road, Village Kurla, Mumbai. Rate of interest base rate 5 % p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 40 monthly installments (Step up installments) of Rs. 300.00 lacs each commencing from December, 2013 to March 2014, Rs. 349.00 lacs each commencing from April, 2014 to March 2015 and Rs. 500.00 lacs each commencing from April, 2015 to March 2017.

2) Secured by future rent receivable in favour of bank and further secured by registered mortgage of immovable property admeasuring 2,915.68 Sq. mtrs. comprising six screen Multiplex situated at a part portion of the 2nd floor, Commercial Building no. 2, Dreams Mall, on land bearing CTS Nos. 642, 642/1 to 642/29, CTS no. 654 of village Kanjur and CTS 426 of village Bhandup, Mumbai suburban district. Rate of interest base rate 5% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 33 monthly installments of Rs. 72.60 lacs each (Principal and Interest) commencing from December, 2013.

b) Punjab and Sind Bank :-

Secured by exclusive charge on B & D Wings out of A, B, C & D wings, equivalent to 62,755.48 Sq. mtrs. of area of the building named as Majestic Tower, at Village Nahur, Mumbai, on the Plot of CTS 300/ A-1 and 1021/B of Village Bhandup and CTS No. 771 of Village Nahur, Mumbai. Rate of Interest base rate 5% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 36 monthly installments of Rs. 347.22 lacs each commencing from September 2012.

c) The Jammu and Kashmir Bank :-

i) Term loan - I - Interest rate is base rate 3.50% p.a. payable monthly and repayable in 12 quarterly installments of Rs. 834.00 lacs each commencing from September 2014.

ii) Term Loan - II - Secured by 1st Charge on the cash flows, receivables and project agreements/project escrow account and project DSRA account of the free sale area, and 1st charge by way of mortgage of development right. Interest rate is base rate 3.00 % p.a. payable monthly and repayable in 20 quarterly installments of Rs. 750.00 lacs each commencing from September 2016.

Both the loans are secured by immovable properties admeasuring 2,91,610 Sq. mtrs. situated at Village Kopri, District Thane, comprising of various survey numbers, owned by Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

d) Oriental Bank of Commerce :-

Secured by exclusive charge on A & C Wings out of A, B, C & D wings, equivalent to 62,755.48 Sq. mtrs. of area of the building named as Majestic Tower, at Nahur, Mumbai, on the Plot of CTS 300/ A-1 and 1021/B of Village Bhandup and CTS No. 771 of Village Nahur, Mumbai. Rate of Interest base rate 5.50% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 36 monthly installments of Rs. 347.22 lacs each commencing from August 2012.

e) Allahabad Bank :-

i) Secured by registered mortgage over the total construction area of 1,12,140.10 Sq. mtrs. which includes free sale area admeasuring approximately 67,732.72 Sq. mtrs. at CTS no. 551/27,552(pt), 552/1, 552/5 to 12 of Village Nahur, Mumbai together with the structure standing thereon and further secured by 45,342 Sq. mtrs. of immovable properties situated at Village Chandansar, Dist. Thane, comprising of various survey numbers, owned by Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Rate of Interest base rate 5% payable monthly. Repayable in 12 equal quarterly installments of Rs. 1,250.00 lacs each commencing from June 2014.

ii) Secured by exclusive charge on Escrow account as well as equitable mortgage of immovable properties admeasuring 54,970 Sq.mtrs at Village Maljipada, Dist. - Thane, comprising of various survey numbers. Rate of interest is base rate 5% payable monthly. Repayable within 12 equal quarterly installments of Rs. 625.00 lacs each commencing from December 2013.

f) Syndicate Bank :-

Secured by pari passu charge over escrow of Cash flows arising out of the project Whispering Tower and further secured by immovable properties admeasuring 87,220 Sq.mtrs. situated at Village Doliv, Koshimbe, Dist. Thane, comprising of various survey numbers, owned by Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Rate of Interest base rate 3% payable monthly. Repayable in 12 equal quarterly installments Rs. 834.00 lacs each commencing from February 2015.

g) Punjab National Bank :-

i) The Term loan of Rs. 20,000.00 lacs is repaid fully during the year. ii) The Term loan of Rs. 25,000.00 lacs is repaid fully during the year.

h) UCO Bank :-

The Term loan of Rs. 25,000.00 lacs is repaid fully during the year.

III) Term Loans from Financial Institution :- a) IL & FS - PMDO:-

i) Rate of interest of the Term loan is 13.50% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 18 quarterly installments of the staggered amount commencing from October, 2015.

ii) Rate of interest of the Funded interest term loan is 13.50% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 12 quarterly installments commencing from February, 2016.

Both the loans are secured by registered mortgage of immovable properties admeasuring 1,21,970 Sq. mtrs. situated at Sasunavghar, comprising of various survey numbers, owned by the Company and 96,750 Sq. mtrs. situated at village Doliv, 1,60,390 Sq. mtrs. situated at village Khardi, 94,710 Sq. mtrs. situated at Dahisar and 66,640 Sq. mtrs. situated at Kasarali, comprising of various survey numbers, owned by Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

b) Life Insurance Corporation of India :-

i) Term loan is secured by registered mortgage of immovable properties situated at Village Doliv and Village Khardi admeasuring 2,88,940 Sq. mtrs. comprising of various survey numbers and further secured by mortgage of first to nine floors except 3rd, 4th and 6th floors of commercial building area admeasuring 18,194.54 Sq. mtrs. situated at HDIL Towers, Bandra (East), Mumbai. Rate of interest is 13% p.a. payable monthly. Repayable in 12 quarterly installments of Rs. 1,688.15 lacs each commencing from September, 2016.

ii) Securities of the Term loan from Life Insurance Corporation of India are shared on pari-passu basis along with the security for Non-Convertible Debentures issued to Life Insurance Corporation of India. (Also refer to Note No. : 4 (I)(b)).

IV) All the above loans have been personally guaranteed by Executive Chairman and Vice Chairman and Managing Director of the Company.

30. RELATED PARTY DISCLOSURE

A) List of related parties with whom transactions have taken place during the current accounting year and relationship:

Subsidiaries

1. Privilege Power and Infrastructure Private Limited

2. HDIL Entertainment Private Limited

3. Blue Star Realtors Private Limited

4. Ravijyot Finance and Leasing Private Limited

5. Excel Arcade Private Limited

6. Mazda Estates Private Limited

7. Guruashish Construction Private Limited

8. BKC Developers Private Limited

9. Lashkaria Construction Private Limited

10. HC Infracity Private Limited

Associates

1. HDIL Leisures Private Limited (upto 11/03/2014)

Enterprise significantly influenced by key management personnel

1. Privilege Airways Private Limited

2. Privilege Industries Limited

Joint Venture

1. Fine Developers

2. Heritage Housing Development Corporation

Key management personnel

Name Designation

Shri Rakesh Kumar Wadhawan Executive Chairman

Shri Sarang Wadhawan Vice Chairman & Managing Director

Shri K. P. Devassy Chief Financial Officer (Up to 13/02/2014) and Group

Chief Financial Officer (w.e.f. 14/02/2014) Shri Darshan D. Majmudar Vice President - Company Secretary and Legal (Up to

13/02/2014) and Chief Financial Officer and Company Secretary (w.e.f. 14/02/2014)


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of preparation

a) These financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under historical cost convention and in compliance, in all material aspects, with the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3C) and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalent, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 5 years for the purpose of current - non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

B. Fixed assets

a) Tangible assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalised and includes financing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

b) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

C. Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Intangible assets are amortised as follows: Computer softwares: Over a period of three years.

D. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

E. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost formula used are ''First-in-First-out''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, aterials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.

(ii) Projects in progress are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost formula used are ''First-in-First-out''. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred/items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred/received.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale,

(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice.

F. Revenue recognition

The Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting"). Allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account. The income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed. The revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale:

i) Unit in real estate:

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.

ii) Sale/trading of goods and materials:

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and sales taxes.

b) Rent:

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) Interest:

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable,

ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividend:

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established by the Balance Sheet date.

e) Share of profit from joint ventures:

Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the Balance Sheet date.

f) Share in revenue of entertainment vertical: Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) Profit on sale of investment:

It is recognised on its liquidation/redemption. G. Employees benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident Fund etc., are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans - The present value of the obligation under such plan, is determined based on an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses arising on such valuation are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of funded defined benefit plans, the fair value of the plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognise the obligation on net basis. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any.

c) Other Long-term Employee Benefits are recognised in the same manner as Defined Benefit Plans.

d) Termination benefits are recognised as and when incurred. H. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the qualifying asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred. I. Foreign currency transaction

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

J. Leases

a) As a lessor

Lease income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) As a lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. K. Impairment

(i) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date when required to assess whether they are recorded in excess of their recoverable amounts, and where carrying values exceed this estimated recoverable amount, assets are written down to their recoverable amount,

(ii) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the assets revised carrying amount over its remaining useful life,

(iii) A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased depending on change in circumstances. However, an impairment loss is not decreased to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined has no impairment loss been recognised.

L. Income taxes

a) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

b) Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

M. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS - 17) on "Segment Reporting". The Company through it''s subsidiary Company HDIL Entertainment Private Limited is engaged into entertainment segment. Since it''s revenue/activities are not significant the same is not reported separately.

N. Earnings per equity share

Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or (loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

0. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of preparation

a) The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the mandatory Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government of India in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards and as amended from time to time. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. Projects construction activities where normal operating cycle is approximately of 4-5 years depending on the size of the project.

b) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with the generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

c) use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

d) During the year ended 31st March, 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

B. Fixed assets and depreciation

a) Tangible assets

Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of expenses incidental thereto. Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Intangible assets and amortisation

Intangible assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are amortised as follows:

Computer softwares: Over a period of three years.

C. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

D. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(ii) Projects in progress are valued at cost. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred/items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred/received.

(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice.

E. Revenue recognition

The Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting"). Allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account. The income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed. The revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale: -

i) Unit in real estate: -

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.

ii) Sale/trading of goods and materials : -

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and sales taxes.

b) Rent: -

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) interest: -

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividends: -

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the Balance Sheet date.

e) Share of profit from joint ventures:-

Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the Balance Sheet date.

f) share in revenue of entertainment vertical: -

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) profit on sale of investment: -

It is recognised on its liquidation/redemption.

F. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred.

G. employees benefits

a) Short-term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related service is rendered.

b) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognised at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H. income taxes

(i) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

(ii) Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

i. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS - 17) on "Segment Reporting". All it's subsidiary Companies are engaged into similar activities except HDIL Entertainment Private Limited which is into entertainment segment. Since it's revenue/activities are not significant the same is not reported separately.

J. Earnings per equity share

Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

K. impairment

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the current accounting period in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in earlier accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 28) on impairment of assets.

L. Foreign currency transaction

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

M. provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

N. Leases

a) Where the Company is the lessor

Lease income is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) Where the Company is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

o. other Notes: -

Nature of operations: -

Housing Development and Infrastructure Limited (HDIL) is a leading real estate and infrastructure development Company. Besides core activities of construction, subsidiary of HDIL is also involved in Entertainment sector.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation

a) The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply in all material aspects with the mandatory Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous period.

b) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with the generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

2. Fixed assets and depreciation

a) Tangible assets

Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of expenses incidental thereto. Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Intangible assets and amortisation

Intangible assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are amortised as follows:

Computer sofitwares: Over a period of three years.

3. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

4. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(ii) Projects in progress are valued at cost. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred/items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred/received.

(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice.

5. Revenue recognition

The Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting"). Allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account. The income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed. The revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale:

i) Unit in real estate:

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the buyer.

ii) Sale/trading of goods and materials:

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of returns, trade discounts, rebates and sales taxes.

b) Rent:

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) Interest:

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividends:

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

e) Share of profit from joint ventures:

Share of profit/(loss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the balance sheet date.

f) Share in revenue of entertainment vertical: Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) Profit on sale of investment:

It is recognised on its liquidation/redemption.

6. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to the profit and loss account as and when they are incurred.

7. Employees benefits

a) Short-term employee benefit:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave and sickness leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees recognised as an expense during the period.

b) Long-term employee benefit:

(i) Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the period when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Gratuity

Retirement gratuity liability of employees is a defined benefit obligation and reflects the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability.

(iii) Leave encashment Long-term compensated absences are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

(iv) Actuarial gains/losses

Actuarial gains/losses, if any, are immediately taken to the profit and loss account and are not deferred.

8. Income taxes

(i) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

(ii) Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

9. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS-17) on "Segment Reporting". The Company through its subsidiary companies have forayed into entertainment and hospitality sectors. Since their revenue/activities are not significant these are not reported separately.

10. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (afiter deducting attributable taxes) by average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Impairment

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the current accounting period in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in earlier accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount as specified in Accounting Standard (AS-28) on impairment of assets.

12. Foreign currency transaction

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the profit and loss account.

13. Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

14. Leases

a) Where the Company is the lessor

Lease income is recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the profit and loss account.

b) Where the Company is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership during the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are charged to Profit and Loss account.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of preparation

a) The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply in all material aspects with the mandatory Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous period.

As per the Press Release dated 04/05/2010 from Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Companies covered in Phase I of implementation of IFRS will prepare their financial statements for financial year 2011-12 in accordance with the first set of Accounting Standards (i.e. the converged Accounting Standards) but will show previous years figures as per the financial statements for the financial year 2010-11 i.e. as per non-converged accounting standards.

b) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with the generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

2. Fixed assets and depreciation

a) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of expenses incidental thereto. Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Intangible assets and amortisation

Intangible assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably. Intangible assets are amortised as follows:

Computer software : Over a period of three years.

3. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments and are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis whereas all other investments are classified as long-term investments and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value of long-term investment is made to recognize a decline other than temporary as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 13) on "Accounting for Investments".

4. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Inventory comprises of completed property for sale, transferable development rights and projects in progress.

(i) Completed property for sale and transferable development rights are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, acquisition of tenancy rights, materials, services, borrowing costs and other related overheads as the case may be.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(ii) Projects in progress are valued at cost. Cost includes cost of land, land development rights, materials, services, borrowing costs, acquisition of tenancy rights and other related overheads. Cost incurred / items purchased specifically for projects are taken as consumed as and when incurred/received.

(iii) In the case of acquisition of land for development and construction, the rights are acquired from the owners of the land and the conveyance and registration thereof will be executed between the original owners and the ultimate purchasers as per trade practice.

5. Revenue recognition

The Company follows completed project method of accounting ("Project Completion Method of Accounting"). Allocable expenses incurred during the year are debited to work-in-progress account. The income is accounted for as and when the projects get completed or substantially completed. The revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable and the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale:

Unit in real estate:

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the units in real estate have passed to the

buyer.

b) Rent:

Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

c) Interest:

i) Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. ii) Interest due on delayed payments by customers is accounted for on receipts basis due to uncertainty of recovery of the same.

d) Dividends:

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

e) Share of profit - Partnership firms: -

Share of profit/floss) from partnership firms is accounted for in respect of the financial year ending on or before the balance sheet date.

f) Share in revenue of entertainment vertical: Revenue is recognised on accrual basis.

g) Profit on sale of investment:

It is recognised on its liquidation/redemption.

6. Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset (including real estate projects) are considered as part of the cost of the asset. Other borrowing costs are treated as period costs and charged to the profit and loss account as and when they are incurred.

7. Employees benefits

a) Short-term employee benefit:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave and sickness leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees recognised as an expense during the year.

b) Long-term employee benefit:

(i) Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Gratuity

Retirement gratuity liability of employees is a defined benefit obligation and reflects the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability.

(iii) Leave encashment

Long-term compensated absences are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation as at the end of the year. (iv) Actuarial gains/losses

Actuarial gains/losses, if any, are immediately taken to the profit and loss account and are not deferred.

8. Income taxes

(i) Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

(ii) Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

9. Segment reporting policies

The main business of the Company is real estate development and construction of residential and commercial properties, infrastructure facilities and all other related activities which revolve around the main business and as such there are no separate reportable segments as specified in Accounting Standard (AS-17) on "Segment Reporting". The Company through its subsidiary companies have forayed into entertainment and hospitality sectors. Since their revenue/activities are not significant these are not reported separately.

10. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit/(loss) for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for event of fresh issue of shares to the public.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Impairment

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the current accounting period in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in earlier accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount as specified in Accounting Standard (AS 28) on impairment of assets.

12. Foreign currency transaction

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates.

c) Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

d) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recongnised in the profit and loss account.

13. Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

14. Leases

Where the Company is the lessor

Lease income is recognised in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Recurring costs are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognised in the profit and loss account.

 
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