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Accounting Policies of HSIL Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

Note 1 - CORPORATE INFORMATION

HSIL Limited (the ''Company'') is a public limited company incorporated in India. The registered office of the Company is situated in Kolkata and the corporate office is in Gurugram. The Company is into the business of manufacturing, selling and trading of building products, glass products, consumer products, plastic products and retail business. The Company''s shares are listed on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and BSE Limited.

Note 2 - APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INDIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARD (“IND AS")

All the Ind AS issued and notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (as amended) till the standalone financial statements are authorized have been considered in preparing these standalone financial statements.

2.1 Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ''Statement of cash flows'' and Ind AS 102, ''Share-based payments.'' The amendments are applicable to the Company from 1 April 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7 The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on the standalone financial statements is being evaluated.

Amendment to Ind AS 102 The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

The Company has not issued any share options plans, hence this amendment will have no effect on the Company''s standalone financial statements.

Note 3 - SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND OTHER EXPLANATORY INFORMATION

3.1 Statement of compliance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS)

The standalone financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS notified by the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016. Accordingly, the standalone financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2017 are the Company''s first Ind AS standalone financial statements. For periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company prepared its standalone financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (Indian GAAP). Refer note 4 for the explanation of transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS.

The standalone financial statements of HSIL Limited as at and for the year ended 31 March 2017 (including comparatives) were approved and authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on 18 May 2017.

3.2 Overall considerations and first time adoption of Ind AS

The standalone financial statements have been prepared using the significant accounting policies and measurement bases summarized below.

These accounting policies have been used throughout all periods presented in the standalone financial statements, except where the Company has applied certain accounting policies and exemptions upon transition to Ind AS.

In accordance with Ind AS 101, the Company presents three balance sheets, two statement of profit and loss, two statements of cash flows and two statements of changes in equity and related notes, including comparative information for all statements presented, in its first Ind AS standalone financial statements.

3.3 Historical cost convention

These standalone financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost convention except where certain financial assets and liabilities have been measured at fair value.

3.4 Business combinations

Business combinations involving entities under common control are accounted for using the pooling of interests method. The net assets of the transferor entity or business are accounted at their carrying amounts on the date of the acquisition subject to necessary adjustments required to harmonies accounting policies. Any excess or shortfall of the consideration paid over the share capital of transferor entity or business is recognized as capital reserve under equity.

3.5 Goodwill

Goodwill represents the future economic benefits arising from a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized. Goodwill is carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Refer Note 6 for a description of impairment testing procedures.

3.6 Revenue recognition

Revenue arises from sale of goods and rendering of services. It is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable excluding sales tax and reduced by any rebates and trade discount allowed.

Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when all the following conditions are satisfied

- the Company has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods,

- the Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold,

- the amount of revenue can be measured reliably,

- it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the entity, and

- the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

Rendering of services

Revenue from a contract to provide services is recognized in the accounting period in which such services are rendered. For fixed price contracts, revenue is recognized based on the actual service provided to the end of the reporting period as a proportion of the total services to be provided.

Interest and dividends

Interest income and expenses are reported on an accrual basis using the effective interest method. Dividends are recognized at the time the right to receive payment is established.

3.7 Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is, or contains, a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception date, whether fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets or the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

Company as the lessor

Finance leases that transfer substantially all of the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and a reduction in the lease liability sc as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized in finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

Company as the lessee

A leased asset is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lesser are recognized as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

3.8 Foreign currency transactions and translations Initial recognition

The Company’s standalones financial statements are presented in INR, which is also the Company’s functional currency. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded on initial recognition in the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Measurement at the balance sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company, outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried at historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value is determined.

Treatment of exchange difference

Exchange differences that arise on settlement of monetary items or on reporting at each balance sheet date of the Company''s monetary items at the closing rate are recognized as income or expenses in the period in which they arise.

3.9 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are capitalized during the period of time that is necessary to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale.

All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred and reported in finance cost.

3.10 Government grants

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has availed exemption under Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards in respect of interest free government loan (in form of deferred Sales Tax liability). Accordingly, the Company has not separately accounted for government grant for the difference between proceeds received and the fair value of the liability based on prevailing market interest rates.

Government grants are not recognized until there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attaching to them and that the grants will be received.

3.11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, pension fund, gratuity and compensated absences

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and pension fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees. The Company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay contribution in addition to its fixed contribution.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using ''the Projected Unit Credit method'', with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Re-measurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Re-measurements are not reclassified to the statement of profit and loss in subsequent periods. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognized during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are allowed to carried forward over a period in excess of 12 months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognized as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

3.12 Taxation

Tax expense recognized in the statement of profit or loss comprises the sum of deferred tax and current tax not recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

Current tax

Current income tax assets and/or liabilities comprise those obligations to, or claims from, fiscal authorities relating to the current or prior reporting periods, that are unpaid at the reporting date. Current tax is payable on taxable profit, which differs from profit or loss in the financial statements. Calculation of current tax is based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. Deferred income taxes are calculated using the liability method on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT Credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT Credit as an asset, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of Profit and Loss and shown as ''MAT Credit Entitlement".

The Company reviews the ''MAT Credit Entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period. The MAT Credit Entitlement is disclosed under the head ''Deferred tax liabilities (net)''.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that the underlying tax loss or deductible temporary difference will be utilized against future taxable income. This is assessed based on the Company''s forecast of future opening results, adjusted for significant non-taxable income and expenses and specific limits on the use of any unused tax loss or credit.

Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized in full, although Ind AS 12, Income Taxes, specifies limited exemptions.

Changes in deferred tax assets or liabilities are recognized as a component of tax income or expense in the statement of profit or loss, except where they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income (such as the revaluation of land) or directly in equity, in which case the related deferred tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or equity, respectively.

3.13 Operating cycle

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between purchase of raw material and their realization in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operation cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

3.14 Operating expenses

Operating expenses are recognized in statement of profit or loss upon utilization of the service or as incurred. Expenditure for warranties is recognized when the Company incurs an obligation, which is typically when the related goods are sold.

3.15 (a) Property, plant and equipment

Freehold land is carried at historical cost except for certain class of land which had been revalued in Financial year 2009-10 and 2011-12. All other items of Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any.

Property, plant and equipment are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation.

The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognized.

When significant parts of property, plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company recognizes the new part and is depreciated accordingly. Further, when major overhauling/ repair are performed, the cost associated with this is capitalized, if the recognition criteria are satisfied, and is then and depreciated over remaining useful life of asset or over the period of next overhauling due whichever is earlier. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in the statement of profit and loss as and when incurred.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

(b) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses (if any), cost related to technical assistance for new projects are capitalized.

(c) Capital work-in-progress

Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective property, plant and equipment. Capital work-in-progress includes capital inventory.

(d) Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plant and equipment as at 1April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of property, plant and equipment.

3.16 Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method at rates prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 and is charged to the statement of profit and loss. Freehold land is not depreciated.

* Furnaces, part of the glass plant of the Company, includes in plant and machinery, are depreciated over a life of 6.5 years which is different from life prescribed in Schedule II of the Act, based on independent chartered engineer certificate.

** Vehicles are being depreciated using written down value method as per life of 8 years mentioned in Schedule II of the Act.

3.17 Impairment of property, plant and equipment

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable and impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset''s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets (cash generating units). If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and the same is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

3.18 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and demand deposits, together with other short-term, highly liquid investments maturing within 90 days from the date of acquisition. Cash and cash equivalent are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

3.19 Cash flow statement

Cash flaws are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts 0r payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

3.20 Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost of inventories comprises of all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

Costs of inventories are determined on weighted average basis. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less any applicable selling expenses.

3.21 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognized in the standalones financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pretax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes unless the outflow of resources is considered to be remote. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the standalone financial statements.

3.22 Equity, reserves and dividend payments

Equity shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

Retained earnings include current and prior period retained profits. All transactions with owners of the Company are recorded separately within equity.

Dividend distribution payable to equity shareholders are included in other liabilities when the dividends have been approved in a general meeting prior to the reporting date.

3.23 Earnings per share

Basic earnings or loss per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings or loss per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

3.24 Fair value measurement

The Company measures financial instruments such as investments in mutual funds, investment in certain equity shares etc. at fair value at each balance sheet date.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability at the measurement date.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the standalone financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole

- Level 1 — Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

- Level 2 — Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable

- Level 3 — Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the Company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above.

3.25 Financial instruments

I. Financial assets

a. Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset, which are not at fair value through profit and loss, are added to fair value on initial recognition. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in statement of profit and loss.

b. Subsequent measurement

(i) Financial assets carried at amortized cost

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

(ii) Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI)

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

(iii) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently fair valued through statement of profit and loss.

c. Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses (ECL) associated with its assets measured at amortized cost and assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. Note 44 details how the Company determines whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

d. De-recognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognized when

- The Company has transferred the right to receive cash flows from the financial assets or

- Retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial assets, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the entity transfers the financial asset, it evaluates the extent to which it retains the risk and rewards of the ownership of the financial assets. If the entity transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the entity shall derecognize the financial asset and recognize separately as assets or liabilities any rights and obligations created or retained in the transfer. If the entity retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the entity shall continue to recognize the financial asset.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of the ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognized if the Company has not retained control of the financial assets. Where the Company retains control of the financial assets, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

II. Financial liabilities

a. Initial recognition and subsequent measurement

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and in case of borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable cost.

Financial liabilities are subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments. Changes in the amortized value of liability are recorded as finance cost.

III. Fair value of financial instruments

In determining the fair value of its financial instruments, the Company uses a variety of methods and assumptions that are based on market conditions and risks existing at each reporting date. The methods used to determine fair value include discounted cash flow analysis, available quoted market prices. All methods of assessing fair value result in general approximation of value, and such value may vary from actual realization on future date.

IV. Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

3.26 Derivative financial instruments

The Company enters into a variety of derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to interest rate and foreign exchange rate risks, including foreign exchange forward contracts, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps. Further details of derivative financial instruments are disclosed in Note 45.

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss immediately unless the derivative is designated and effective as a hedging instrument, in which event the timing of the recognition in profit or loss depends on the nature of the hedging relationship and the nature of the hedged item.

3.27 Significant accounting judgments, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the Company''s standalone financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in customers that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Estimates and assumptions

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. The Company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the standalones financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the Company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

(i) Estimation of defined benefit obligation

The cost of the defined benefit plan and other post-employment benefits and the present value of such obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases, mortality rates and attrition rate. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date.

(ii) Estimation of current tax and deferred tax

Management judgment is required for the calculation of provision for income - taxes and deferred tax assets and

Note 4 - FIRST-TIME ADOPTION OF IND-AS

These standalones financial statements, for the year ended 31 March 2017, are the first financial statements prepared by the Company in accordance with Ind-AS. For periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company prepared its standalones financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (''Indian GAAP'' or ''previous GAAP'').

Accordingly, the Company has prepared standalones financial statements which comply with Ind-AS applicable for periods ended 31 March 2017, together with the comparative period data as at and for the year ended 31 March 2016, as liabilities. The Company reviews at each balance sheet date the carrying amount of deferred tax assets. The factors used in estimates may differ from actual outcome which could lead to adjustment to the amounts reported in the standalones financial statements.

(iii) Useful lives of depreciable assets

Management reviews its estimate of the useful lives of depreciable assets at each reporting date, based on the expected utility of the assets. Uncertainties in these estimates relate to technological obsolescence that may change the utility of certain property, plant and equipment.

(iv) Impairment of trade receivables

Trade receivables dc not carry any interest and are stated at their normal value as reduced by appropriate allowances for estimated irrecoverable amounts. Individual trade receivables are written off when management deems them not to be collectible. Impairment is recognized based cn the expected credit losses, which are the present value of the cash shortfall over the expected life of the financial assets.

(v) Fair value measurement

Management uses valuation techniques to determine the fair value of financial instruments (where active market quotes are not available) and non-financial assets. This involves developing estimates and assumptions consistent with how market participants would price the instrument. Management bases its assumptions on observable data as far as possible but this is not always available. In that case management uses the best information available. Estimated fair values may vary from the actual prices that would be achieved in an arm''s length transaction at the reporting date (refer note 45). described in the summary of significant accounting policies. In preparing these financial statements, the Company’s opening balance sheet was prepared as at 1 April 2015, the Company’s date of transition to Ind-AS. This note explains the principal adjustments made by the Company in restating its previous GAAP standalones financial statements, including the balance sheet as at 1 April 2015 and the standalones financial statements as at and for the year ended 31 March 2016.

The Company has applied Ind AS 101 in preparing these first standalones financial statements. The effect of transition to Ind AS on equity, total comprehensive income and reported cash flows are presented in this section and are further explained in the notes that accompany the tables.

Exemptions and exceptions availed

Set out below are the applicable Ind AS 101 optional exemptions and mandatory exceptions applied in the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS.

Ind AS optional exemptions:

1. The Company has elected not to apply Ind AS 103 Business Combinations retrospectively to past business combinations that occurred before the transition date of 1 April 2015. Consequently,

- The Company has kept the same classification for the past business combinations as in its previous GAAP financial statements;

- The Company has not recorded assets and liabilities that were not recognized in accordance with previous GAAP in the balance sheet of the acquirer and would also not qualify for recognition in accordance with Ind AS in the separate balance sheet of the acquire;

- The Company has excluded from its opening balance sheet those items recognized in accordance with previous GAAP that do not qualify for recognition as an asset or liability under Ind AS;

Ind AS 101 also requires that the previous GAAP carrying amount of goodwill must be used in the opening Ind AS statement of financial position (apart from adjustments for goodwill impairment and recognition or de-recognition of intangible assets). In accordance with Ind AS 101, the Company has tested goodwill for impairment at the date of transition to Ind AS. No goodwill impairment was deemed necessary at 1 April 2015.

2. Ind AS 101 permits a first-time adopter to elect to continue with the carrying value for all of its property, plant and equipment as recognized in the standalone financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS, measured as per the previous GAAP and use that as its deemed cost as at the date of transition after making necessary adjustments for de-commissioning liabilities. This exemption can also be used for intangible assets covered by Ind AS 38 Intangible Assets. Accordingly, the Company has elected to measure all of its property, plant and equipment and intangible assets at their previous GAAP carrying value.

3. The Company has availed the optional exemption under Ind AS 101 for the continuance of accounting of capitalization of foreign currency exchange differences as part of eligible assets arising from the translation of the long-term foreign currency monetary items existing on or before 31 March 2016.

4. Appendix C to Ind AS 17, Leases, requires an entity to assess whether a contract or arrangement contains a lease. As per Ind AS 17, this assessment should be carried out at inception of the contract or arrangement. However, the Company has used Ind AS 101 exemption and assessed all arrangements based on conditions in place as at the date of transition.

5. The Company has availed the optional exemption under Ind AS 101 for the continuance of the carrying value of Investments in subsidiaries same as under the previous GAAP.

6. Government Grants - the Company on transition was not doing the recognition and measurement of government loan at below market rate of interest, on transition date carrying amount under previous GAAP of deferred sales tax loans has been considered opening value under Ind AS.

Ind AS mandatory exceptions:

Estimates

An entity''s estimates in accordance with Ind AS at the date of transition to Ind AS shall be consistent with estimates made for the same date in accordance with previous GAAP (after adjustments to reflect any difference in accounting policies), unless there is objective evidence that those estimates were in error. Ind AS estimates as at 1 April 2015 are consistent with the estimates as at the same date made in conformity with previous GAAP

De-recognition of financial assets and liabilities

Ind AS 101 requires a first-time adopter to apply the de-recognition provisions of Ind AS 109 prospectively, for transactions occurring on or after the date of transition to Ind AS. However, Ind AS 101 allows a first-time adopter to apply the de-recognition requirements in Ind AS 109 retrospectively, from a date of the entity''s choosing, provided that the information needed to apply Ind AS 109 to financial assets and financial liabilities derecognized as a result of past transactions was obtained at the time of initially accounting for those transactions.

The Company has elected to apply the de-recognition provisions of Ind AS 109 prospectively from the date of transition to Ind AS.


Mar 31, 2016

NOTE 1 : BASIS OF ACCOUNTING AND PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared to comply with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the ''Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended). The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, as supplemented by revaluation of certain fixed assets. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by HSIL Limited (the ''Company'').

NOTE 2 : USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the current and future periods.

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

NOTE 3 : SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

i Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets (other than those which have been revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenditure on account of restoration/modification/alteration in plant and machinery/building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance/estimated useful life, is capitalised.

Capital expenditure incurred on rented properties is classified as ''Leasehold improvements'' under fixed assets.

Pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction/trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning.

Intangible

Intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard-26.

Capital work-in-progress

Capital work-in-progress includes assets under construction/installation comprising of direct cost and related incidental expenses. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost and not depreciated. Depreciation on capital work-in-progress commences when the assets are ready for their intended use.

ii Depreciation and amortisation

A Tangible

a) Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided as per guidance set out in Schedule

II of the Act on straight line method using the undermentioned indicative lives-

b) Leasehold improvements are being amortised over the lease period or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is lower

c) Leasehold land has been amortized over the period of lease except for leasehold land which is for 99 years where no amortization is done in view of the lease being perpetual.

d) Vehicles are being depreciated using written down value method as per life of 8 years as mentioned in Schedule II of the Act.

B Intangible

a) Technical knowhow is being amortised over a period of ten years.

b) Goodwill arising on merger is amortized over a period of seven years.

iii Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

iv Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost.

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long- term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature.

Profit/loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis.

v Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials including components, packing materials, stores and spares and goods-in-transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work-in-progress - At cost up to estimated stage of completion.

Finished goods and traded goods - At lower of cost and net realisable value.

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis.

Finished goods - traded - On weighted average basis.

Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process determined on weighted average basis and comprises of material, labour, other related production overheads and non-recoverable duties.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion to make the sale.

vi Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalent comprise of balance at bank, cash in hand and short-term deposits with maturity of three months or less.

vii Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company, the revenue can be reliably measured and there is certainty of ultimate collection.

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and the Company retains no effective control of the goods transferred to the buyer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable.

Other income

1. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis at the applicable rates.

2. Insurance claims are recognised on actual realization basis.

viii Export benefit/incentives

Benefit under the advance license scheme and duty free replenishment certificate are accounted for at the time of purchase of imported raw material or sale of the license.

ix Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15, ''Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) (''Revised AS 15'').

a) provident fund

The Company makes contributions to independently constituted trusts recognized by income-tax authorities and regional provident fund. In terms of the Guidance note on implementing the Revised AS 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (the ''ICAI''), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience, adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

c) Compensated absences

The liability in respect of compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year they arise.

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

x Leases

Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on straight line basis over the term of the lease.

xi Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent permitted by the transitional provisions contained in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

Forward exchange contracts and other currency derivative contacts that are not in principle forward contracts in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 11 ''Effect of change in Foreign Exchange Rates'' that are entered to hedge the foreign currency risk of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date and exchange loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss immediately. Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in the notified Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies.

xii Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to statement of profit and loss except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred.

xiii Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 16 ''Borrowing Costs''. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

xiv Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income-tax and deferred income-tax.

Current tax is determined as higher of the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period or tax payable on book profit computed in accordance with the provisions of section 115JB of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred income-tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period.

xv Share issue expenses

The share issue expenses are adjusted against the balance in Securities Premium Account as permitted under Section 52 of the Act.

xvi Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xvii Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

- possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully within the control of the Company;

- present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; and

- present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

When there is a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

xviii Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 (now Schedule III of Companies Act, 2013), the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortisation expense, finance costs and tax expense.

Notes:

1. Foreign currency loans (including current maturities) comprises of:

a) The External commercial borrowings (''ECB'') of USD 16 million from Standard Chartered Bank, London, United Kingdom (''UK'') carries an interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 177 basis points (''bps''), is repayable in 6 yearly installments ranging from USD 0.962 million to USD 4.322 million commencing from September 2010. This ECB is secured by way of hypothecation of first pari passu charge on movable fixed assets (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari-passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties (both present and future) of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 '' Nil (previous year Rs. 2,704.90 lacs).

b) The ECB of USD 17 million from the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Bank Plc, London, UK, carries interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 200 bps, is repayable in 30 installments ranging from USD 0.40 million to USD 1.00 million commencing from September 2011. This ECB is secured by way of hypothecation of first pari passu charge over the Company''s movable fixed assets, plant and machinery, machine spares, tools and accessories (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari-passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties (both present and future) of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. Nil (previous year Rs. 2,128.08 lacs).

c) The ECB of USD 16.75 million from Citibank N.A., London, UK carries an interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 181 bps, is repayable in 9 half yearly installments ranging from USD 1.250 million to USD 1.938 million commencing from September 2011. This ECB is secured by way of hypothecation of first pari passu charge on moveable fixed (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari- passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties (both present and future) of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. Nil (previous year Rs. 1,212.69 lacs).

d) The ECB of USD 8 million from Standard Chartered Bank (Mauritius) Limited carries and interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 225 bps, is repayable in 32 equal installments of USD 0.25 million commencing from September 2012. This ECB is secured by way of hypothecation of first pari passu charge on movable fixed assets including plant and machinery, furniture and fittings, equipments, computer hardware, computer software, machinery spares, tools and accessories (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari-passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties (both present and future) of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. This ECB will be repayable by July 2016. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. 497.50 lacs (previous year Rs. 1,721.25 lacs).

e) The ECB of USD 8.955 million from DBS Bank Limited, Singapore carries an interest @ 3 months LIBOR plus 200 bps, is repayable in 32 installments ranging from USD 0.278 million to USD 0.281 million commencing from October 2012. This is secured by first pari passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable property situated at Sitarampur, Isnapur, PO Medak District, Hyderabad, Telangana. This ECB will be repayable by August 2016. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. 742.47 lacs (previous year Rs. 2,101.77 lacs).

f) The ECB of USD 20 million from Standard Chartered Bank, London, UK carries an interest @ LIBOR plus 250 bps, is repayable in 50 installments ranging from USD 0.225 million to USD 0.90 million commencing from March 2014. This ECB is secured by way of hypothecation of first pari passu charge on movable fixed assets including plant and machinery, furniture and fittings, equipments, computer hardware, computer software, machinery spares, tools and accessories (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari-passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties (both present and future) of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. This ECB will be repayable by March 2019. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 '' 9,137.36 lacs (previous year Rs. 10,499.61 lacs).

g) The ECB of USD 25 million from DBS Bank Limited, Singapore carries an interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 260 bps, is repayable in 50 installments ranging from USD 0.32 million to USD 0.72 million commencing from March 2014. This ECB is secured by way of first pari passu hypothecation and floating charge on movable fixed assets including plant and machinery, furniture and fittings, equipments, computer hardware, computer software, machinery spares, tools and accessories (both present and future) pertaining to the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. Further, this is secured by first pari-passu charge by way of mortgage of deposit of title deeds of immovable properties of the glass plants of the Company situated at Sanathnagar and Bhongir in Telangana. This ECB will be repayable by January 2019. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. 10,958.19 lacs (previous year Rs. 12,843.62 lacs).

h) The ECB of USD 20 million from the HSBC Bank (Mauritius) Limited carries an interest @ 6 months LIBOR plus 300 bps, is repayable in 35 installments ranging from USD 0.09 million to USD 1.14 million starting from November 2014. This ECB is secured by first pari-passu charge over all present and future movable and immovable fixed assets of the Sanitaryware plant situated at Bibinagar, Telangana. This ECB will be repayable by April 2018. Outstanding as at 31 March 2016 Rs. 6,460.80 lacs (previous year Rs. 10,853.23 lacs).


Mar 31, 2015

I Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets (other than those which have been revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use Expenditure on account of restoration/modification/alteration in plant and machinery/ building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance/estimated useful life, is capitalised

Capital expenditure incurred on rented properties is classified as ''Leasehold improvements'' under fixed assets

Pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction/ trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning

Intangible

Intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard-26

Capital work-in-progress

Capital work-in-progress includes assets under

construction/installation comprising of direct cost and related incidental expenses Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost and not depreciated Depreciation on capital work-in-progress commences when the assets are ready for their intended use

ii Depreciation and amortisation A Tangible

a) Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided as per guidance set out in Schedule II of the Act on straight line method using the undermentioned indicative lives-

Block of assets Useful life as per the Act (in years)

1 Plant and machinery 7 5 - 25 years*

2 Building 10 - 60 years

3 Furniture and fixtures 10 years

4 Office equipments 5 years

5 Computer including software 3 - 6 years

* inter-alia, included in the aforementioned block of assets, are furnaces pertaining to the glass plant of the Company amounting to a gross book value of Rs 20,832 99 lacs (previous year Rs 20,743 05 lacs) where the management has adopted a useful life different from what is prescribed under Schedule II of the Act based on independent chartered engineer''s certificate

b) Leasehold improvements are being amortised over the lease period or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is lower

c) Vehicles are being depreciated using written down value method as per life of 8 years mentioned in Schedule II of the Act

B Intangible

a) Technical knowhow is being amortised over a period of ten years

b) Goodwill arising on merger is amortized over a period of seven years

iii Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost

iv Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments All other investments are classified as long- term investments

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value Long-term investments are stated at cost

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long-term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature

Profit/loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis

v Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials including components,packing materials, stores and spares and goods-in-transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost

Work-in-progress - At cost up to estimated stage of completion

Finished goods and traded goods - At lower of cost and net realisable value

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis

Finished goods - traded - On weighted average basis

Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process determined on weighted average basis and comprises of material, labour, other related production overheads and non-recoverable duties

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion to make the sale

vi Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalent comprise of balance at bank, cash in hand and short-term deposits with maturity of three months or less

vii Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company, the revenue can be reliably measured and there is certainty of ultimate collection

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and the Company retains no effective control of the goods transferred to the buyer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable

Other income

1 Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis at the applicable rates

2 Insurance claims are recognised on actual realization basis

viii Export benefit/incentives

Benefit under the advance license scheme and duty free replenishment certificate are accounted for at the time of purchase of imported raw material or sale of the license

ix Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 15, ''Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) (''Revised AS 15'')

a) Provident fund

The Company makes contributions to independently constituted trusts recognized by income tax authorities and regional provident fund In terms of the Guidance note on implementing the Revised AS 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (the ''ICAI''), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognized as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan The liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience, adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses arise

c) Compensated absences

The liability in respect of compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year they arise

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee

x Leases

Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on straight line basis over the term of the lease

xi Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent permitted by the transitional provisions contained in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year

Forward exchange contracts and other currency derivative contacts that are not in principle forward contracts in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 11 ''Effect of change in Foreign Exchange Rates'' that are entered to hedge the foreign currency risk of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date and exchange loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss immediately Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in the notified Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies

xii Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to statement of profit and loss except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred

xiii Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/ or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 16 ''Borrowing Costs'' A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary interruption All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred

xiv Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income-tax and deferred income-tax

Current tax is determined as higher of the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period or tax payable on book profit computed in accordance with the provisions of section II5JB of the Income-tax Act, 1961

Deferred income-tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period

xv Share issue expenses

The share issue expenses are adjusted against the balance in Securities Premium Account as permitted under Section 52 of the Act

xvi Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares

xvii Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

* possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully within the control of the Company;

* present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; and

* present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made

When there is a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made

xviii Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 (now Schedule III of Companies Act, 2013), the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortisation expense, finance costs and tax expense


Mar 31, 2014

Note 1 : Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, as supplemented by revaluation of certain fixed assets. These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of section 642 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''Act'') read with the General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company.

Note 2 : Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the current and future periods.

Note 3 : Summary of significant accounting policies

i Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets (other than those which have been revalued) are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenditure on account of restoration/modification/ alteration in plant and machinery/building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance/estimated useful life, is capitalised.

Pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction/trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning.

Intangible

Intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably in accordance with Accounting Standard-26.

Capital work-in-progress

Capital work-in-progress includes assets under construction/installation comprising of direct cost and related incidental expenses. Capital work-in- progress is stated at cost and not depreciated. Depreciation on capital work-in-progress commences when the assets are ready for their intended use.

ii Depreciation and amortisation

A Tangible

Depreciation on tangible assets have been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV ("schedule") to the Companies Act, 1956, except the following:

a) on assets acquired and put to use on or before 1 July 1987 in the glass division, Sanathnagar, Andhra Pradesh of the Company and on vehicles purchased by the Company, depreciation is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule;

b) on furnaces (included in plant and machinery) having a cost of Rs. 20,743.05 lacs (previous year Rs. 19,890.76 lacs) used in the glass divisions, depreciation is provided on straight line method, as technically assessed from time to time, based on expected useful lives of the furnaces. The rate presently being 16.21% per annum, as prescribed in the schedule;

c) leasehold improvements are amortised over the period of the lease or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is lower.

d) all individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are depreciated over a period of three years.

e) Laptop, mobiles, camera and computer software are depreciated over a period of three years.

f) Desktops are depreciated over a period of four years.

B Intangible

a) Technical knowhow is being amortised over a period of ten years.

b) Goodwill arising on merger is amortised over a period of seven years.

iii Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

iv Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost.

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long- term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature.

Profit/loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis.

v Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials including components, packing materials, stores and spares and goods-in- transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work-in-progress - At cost up to estimated stage of completion.

Finished goods and traded goods - At lower of cost and net realisable value.

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis.

Finished goods - traded - On weighted average basis.

Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process determined on weighted average basis and comprises of material, labour, other related production overheads and non- recoverable duties.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion to make the sale.

vi Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalent comprise of balance at bank, cash in hand and short-term deposits with maturity of three months or less.

vii Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company, the revenue can be reliably measured and there is certainty of ultimate collection.

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and the Company retains no effective control of the goods transferred to the buyer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable.

Other income

1. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis at the applicable rates.

2. Insurance claims are recognised on actual realisation basis."

viii Export benefit/incentives

Benefit under the advance license scheme and duty free replenishment certificate are accounted for at the time of purchase of imported raw material or sale of the license.

ix Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15, ''Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) (''Revised AS 15'') as notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

a) Provident fund

The Company makes contributions to independently constituted trusts recognised by income tax authorities and regional provident fund. In terms of the Guidance note on implementing the Revised AS 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (the ''ICAI''), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience, adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

c) Compensated absence

The liability in respect of compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year they arise.

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

x Leases

a) Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on straight line basis over the term of the lease.

xi Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent permitted by the transitional provisions contained in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

Forward exchange contracts and other currency derivative contacts that are not in principle forward contracts in accordance with the notified Accounting Standard 11 ''Effect of change in Foreign Exchange Rates'' that are entered to hedge the foreign currency risk of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date and exchange loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss immediately. Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in the notified Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies.

xii Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to statement of profit and loss except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred.

xiii Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with Accounting Standard 16 ''Borrowing Costs'' as notified by Company (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

xiv Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred income tax.

Current tax is determined as higher of the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period or tax payable on book profit computed in accordance with the provisions of section 115JB of the Income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

xv Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xvi Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

* possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non- occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully within the control of the Company;

* present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; and

* present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.


Mar 31, 2012

I Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the current and future periods.

ii Revenue recognition Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable.

Other income

1. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis at the applicable rates.

2. Export incentives are recognised on actual realisation basis.

3. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the income is established.

iii Export benefit / incentives

Benefit under the advance license scheme and duty free replenishment certificate are accounted for at the time of purchase of imported raw material or sale of the license.

iv Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. expenditure on account of restoration / modification / alteration in plant and machinery / building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance / estimated useful life, is capitalised.

Intangible

intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

v Depreciation and amortisation

A Tangible

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XiV ("schedule") to the Companies Act, 1956, except the following:

i) On assets acquired and put to use on or before 1 July 1987 in the Glass Division, Sanathnagar, Andhra Pradesh of the Company and on vehicles acquired till date in all the divisions of the Company, depreciation is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule;

ii) On furnaces (included in plant and machinery) having a cost of Rs. 12,054.82 lacs (previous year Rs. 11,604.27 lacs) used in the glass divisions, depreciation is provided on straight line method, as technically assessed from time to time, based on expected useful lives of the furnaces. The rate presently being 16.21% per annum which is the rate as prescribed in the schedule;

iii) Leasehold improvements are amortised over the period of the lease or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is less.

iv) Pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction / trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning.

B Intangible

i) Technical knowhow is being amortised over a period of ten years; and

ii) Computer software (included in Computers in Note 13) are amortised over a period of six years The depreciation and amortisation rates are indicative of the expected useful lives of the assets.

vi Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets, in accordance with Accounting Standard 16 "Borrowing Costs" as notified by Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed due to, other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

vii Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost.

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long-term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature.

Profit / loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis

viii Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials including components, packing materials, stores and spares and goods in transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work- in-process - At cost up to estimated stage of completion.

Finished goods and goods purchased for resale - At lower of cost and net realisable value.

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis.

Finished goods purchased for resale - On weighted average basis.

Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process comprises of material, labour and other related production overheads including depreciation.

ix Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent permitted by the transitional provisions contained in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

Forward exchange contracts and other currency derivative contacts that are not in principle forward contracts in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 'Effect of change in Foreign Exchange Rates' that are entered to hedge the foreign currency risk of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date and exchange loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss immediately. Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies.

x Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred income tax.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, in accordance with the income tax Act, 1961.

Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable / virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Minimum Alternate tax ('Mat') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. in the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the institute of Chartered Accountants of india, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. the Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

xi Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to statement of profit and loss except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred.

xii Leases

a) Operating Lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a straight- line basis over the term of the lease.

b) Finance Lease

Assets acquired on finance lease which transfer risk and rewards of ownership to the Company are capitalised as assets by the Company at the lower of fair value of the leased property or the present value of the related lease payments or where applicable, estimated fair value of such assets. Amortisation of capitalised leased assets is computed on the straight line method over the useful life of the assets. Lease rental payable is apportioned between principal and finance charge using the internal rate of return method. The finance charge is allocated over the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of liability.

xiii Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) "Revised AS 15" as notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006

a) Provident fund

the Company makes contributions to two independently constituted trusts recognised by income tax authorities and regional provident fund. in terms of the Guidance note on implementing the revised AS - 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the institute of Chartered Accountants of india (the 'iCAi'), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan. the liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. the defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

c) Compensated absence

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent Actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year they arise.

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits including performance bonus is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

xiv Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xv Impairment of assets

the Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. if any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. if such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. if at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

xvi Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

- Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence / non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company;

- Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation;

- Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation

The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention, as supplemented by revaluation of certain fixed assets, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in sub section (3C) of section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956 including the Rules framed thereunder, except as specifically stated in note 21 of schedule 20 and also the Scheme of Arrangement as approved by the Hon'ble High Court of Calcutta. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the current and future periods.

3. Revenue recognition

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis at the applicable rates.

4. Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenditure on account of restoration/ modification/ alteration in plant and machinery/ building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance/ estimated useful life, is capitalised.

Intangible

Intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the

assets will flow to the Company.

5. Depreciation and amortisation

A. Tangible

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV (“schedule”) to the Companies Act, 1956, except the following:

i. on assets acquired and put to use on or before 01 July 1987 in the Glass Division, Sanathnagar, Andhra Pradesh of the Company and on vehicles acquired till date in all the divisions of the Company, depreciation is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule;

ii. on furnaces (included in plant and machinery) having a cost of Rs. 11,604.27 lacs (previous year Rs. 11,245.15 lacs) used in the glass divisions, depreciation is provided on straight line method, as technically assessed from time to time, based on expected useful lives of the furnaces. The rate presently being 16.21% per annum which is the rate as prescribed in the schedule;

iii. cost of leasehold improvements is amortised over the period of the lease or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is lower.

iv. pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction/trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning.

B. Intangible

i. Technical knowhow is being amortised over a period of ten years; and

ii. Computer software (included in Computers in Schedule 5) are amortised over a period of six years

The depreciation and amortisation rates are indicative of the expected useful lives of the assets.

6. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost.

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long-term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature.

Profit /loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis.

7. Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Stores and spares, packing materials, raw materials including components and goods in transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work- in-process - At cost up to estimated stage of completion.

Finished goods and goods purchased for resale - At lower of cost and net realisable value.

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis.

Finished goods purchased for resale - On weighted average basis.

Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process comprises of material, labour and other related production overheads including depreciation.

8. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account.

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the profit and loss account except to the extent permitted by the transitional provisions contained in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

Forward exchange contracts and other currency derivative contacts that are not in principle forward contracts in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 ‘Effect of change in Foreign Exchange Rates' that are entered to hedge the foreign currency risk

of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date and exchange loss is recognised in the profit and loss account immediately. Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies.

9. Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred income tax.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (‘MAT') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

10. Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to profit and loss account except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred.

11. Leases

a) Operating Lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

b) Finance Lease

Assets acquired on finance lease which transfer risk and rewards of ownership to the Company are capitalised as assets by the Company at the lower of fair value of the leased property or the present value of the related lease payments or where applicable, estimated fair value of such assets. Amortisation of capitalised leased assets is computed on the straight line method over the useful life of the assets. Lease rental payable is apportioned between principal and finance charge using the internal rate of return method. The finance charge is allocated over the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of liability.

12. Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) “Revised AS 15” as notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006:

a) Provident fund

The Company makes contributions to two independently constituted trusts recognised by income tax authorities and regional provident fund. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS – 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (the ‘ICAI'), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the profit and loss account in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

c) Compensated absence

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent Actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account in the year they arise.

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits including performance bonus is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

13. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

14. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

15. Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

- possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company;

- present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation;

- present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of preparation

The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in sub section (3C) of section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956 including the Rules framed there under, except as specifically stated in note 20 in schedule 20 and also the Scheme of Arrangement as approved by the Honble High Court of Calcutta. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of Financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of Financial statements and reported amount of income and expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the current and future periods.

3. Revenue recognition

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to the customer and is stated inclusive of excise duty and net of trade discounts, sales return and sales tax wherever applicable.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis at the applicable rates.

4. Export beneft/incentive

Benefit under the advance license scheme and duty free replenishment certificate are accounted for at the time of purchase of imported raw materials or sale of the license.

5. Fixed assets

Tangible

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of cenvat credit availed) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenditure on account of restoration/ modification/ alteration in plant and machinery/ building, which increases the future benefit from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance/ estimated useful life, is capitalised.

Intangible

Intangible assets are recognised if and only if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will Dow to the Company.

6. Depreciation and amortisation

A. Tangible

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV ("schedule") to the Companies Act, 1956, except the following:

i. on assets acquired and put to use on or before 1 July 1987 in the glass division of the Company and on vehicles acquired till date in all the divisions of the Company, depreciation is provided on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule;

ii. on furnaces (included in plant and machinery) having a cost of Rs. 11,245.15 lacs used in the glass division, depreciation is provided on straight line method, as technically assessed from time to time, based on expected useful lives of the furnaces. The rate presently being 16.21% per annum which is the rate as prescribed in the schedule;

iii. cost of leasehold improvements is depreciated over the period of the lease or estimated useful life of the leasehold improvements, whichever is lower.

iv. pre-operative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue, where applicable) and foreign exchange differences on specific project loans incurred during the construction/trial run of the project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets upon commissioning.

B. Intangible

i. Trademarks are being amortised over a period of ten years;

ii. Computer software (included in Computers in Schedule 5) are amortised over a period of six years; The depreciation and amortisation rates are indicative of the expected useful lives of the assets.

7. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are stated at cost.

Provision is made for diminution in the value of long-term investments to recognise a decline, if any, other than temporary in nature.

Profit /loss on sale of investments are computed with reference to their cost determined on first in first out basis.

8. Inventories

a) Inventories are valued as follows:

Stores and spares, packing materials, raw materials including components and goods in transit - At lower of cost and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Work- in-process - At cost up to estimated stage of completion. Finished goods and goods purchased for resale - At lower of cost and net realisable value.

b) Cost of inventories is ascertained on the following basis:

Raw materials, stores and spare parts and packing materials - On weighted average basis.

Finished goods purchased for resale - On weighted average basis. Cost of manufactured finished goods and stock in process comprises of material, labour and other related production overheads including depreciation.

9. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Differences arising out of foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account.

Monetary items outstanding at the balance sheet date and denominated in foreign currencies are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Differences arising on such restatement are recognised in the profit and loss account except to the extent permitted by the transitional provision contained in the Companies

(Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009 in respect of long term foreign currency monetary items, in which case the cost of fixed assets are adjusted by the translation differences and amortised over the remaining useful life of the related asset.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

Forward exchange contracts entered to hedge the foreign currency risk of highly probable forecast transactions and firm commitments are marked to market at the balance sheet date if such mark to market results in exchange loss. Such exchange loss is recognised in the profit and loss account immediately. Any gain is ignored and not recognised in the Financial statements, in accordance with the principles of prudence enunciated in Accounting Standard 1- Disclosure of Accounting Policies.

10. Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred income tax.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred income tax refects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that suffcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Minimum Alternate tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent it is not reasonably certain that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

11. Research and development

Research and development expenditure is charged to profit and loss account except capital expenditure, which is added to the cost of respective fixed assets in the year in which it is incurred.

12. Leases

a) Operating Lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the term of lease.

b) Finance Lease

Assets acquired on finance lease which transfer risk and rewards of ownership to the Company are capitalised as assets by the Company at the lower of fair value of the leased property or the present value of the related lease payments or where applicable, estimated fair value of such assets. Amortisation of capitalised leased assets is computed on the straight line method over the useful life of the assets. Lease rental payable is apportioned between principal and finance charge using the internal rate of return method. The finance charge is allocated over the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of liability.

13. Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 Employee Benefits (Revised 2005) "Revised AS 15":

a) Provident fund

The Company makes contributions to two independently constituted trusts and regional provident fund recognised by income tax authorities. In terms of the Guidance on implementing the revised AS – 15, issued by the Accounting Standard Board of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (the ICAI), the provident fund set up by the Company is treated as a defined benefit plan since the Company has to meet the interest shortfall, if any. Accordingly, the contribution paid or payable and the interest shortfall, if any is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recorded as expense or income in the profit and loss account in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

c) Compensated absence

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of actuarial valuation performed by an independent Actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised in the profit and loss account in the year they arise.

d) Other short term benefits

Expenses relating to other short term benefits including performance bonus is recognised on the basis of amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employee.

14. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, share split and any new equity issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

16. Contingent liabilities and provisions

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

* possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company;

* present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation;

* present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

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