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Accounting Policies of I P Rings Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

. Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in . India (“Indian GAAP”) including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The Financial Statements have been prepared on Accrual basis under the Historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized as and when risks and rewards are passed on to the buyer. Service income is recognized as and when the services are performed. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established and where no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectability exists.

4. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalized to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are -payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 as amended from time to time. In respect of certain machines extended useful life of 30 years is adopted for claiming depreciation under Schedule II to Companies Act, 2013 based on technical justification obtained by the Company.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortized over a period of 3 years. Technical knowhow fee is amortized over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalized as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

5. Investments

Investments which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such Investments are made, are classified as Current Investments. Ail other investments are classified as Long-term investments.

Non-current investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution in value of such investments which is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

6. Trade Receivable

Trade Receivable amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under “Contingent Liabilities.”

7. Excise Duty

Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions .

(a) All foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. At the year-end, all foreign currency assets and liabilities are restated at the closing exchange rates. Foreign currency assets and liabilities covered by forward contracts are stated at contracted rates. Premium or discount on forward exchange contracts taken against committed transactions are amortized and recognized in the profit and loss account over the period of contract.

(b) In the case of Current Assets/Liabilities the difference (Gain or Loss) between the actual payment and the amount recognized in the books is accounted as Exchange Gain or Loss. Where the transaction is not settled within the year, profit/loss arising on the restatement at the year-end rates is recognized as exchange gain or loss in the profit and loss account.

(c) In case of Depreciable Capital assets having long term foreign currency monetary arrangement the Company opts to add or deduct the exchange differences to the cost of the depreciable capital assets and depreciate it over the balance life of the asset. In case of other long term foreign currency monetary items the company opts to accumulate the exchange differences in a “foreign currency monetary translation difference account” which are amortized over the balance period of such long term asset or liability not beyond 31sl March 2020, by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods.

9. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan

The Company’s Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Company’s contribution paid/payable is recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.

2. Defined Benefit Plan/Other long term employee benefits

(a) The Company’s Gratuity and Long-Term compensated absences are Defined Benefit Plans / other long term employee benefits respectively. The Company’s liability towards Gratuity are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of Employee Benefit Entitlement. The Gratuity scheme is operated through Group Gratuity Scheme of LIC.

(b) The Gratuity liabilities are provided based on Actuarial Valuation certified by LIC. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

(c) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on independent Actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

3. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the employee render the services/vesting period of the benefit.

10. Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets at each Balance sheet date are. reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use.

11. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed . in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

12. Product Warranty Expenses

Product Warranty expenses are accounted based on the claims received and accepted during the year and estimates in accordance with the warranty policy of the company.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting norms, except insurance claims, which are accounted when accepted by the insurance company.

2. Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised at the point of despatch of goods to the customers and include excise duty but exclude Sales Tax and other levies.

3. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalised to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortised over a period of 3 years. Technical know-how fee is amortised over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalised as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

4. Investments

Investments are categorised into Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are normally valued at cost, unless there is a permanent fall in value. Current Investments are valued at cost or Market Value whichever is lower. Dividend on Investments is accounted as and when the right to receive the payment is established.

5. Trade Receivable

Trade Receivable amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under “Contingent Liabilities."

6. Excise Duty

Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

7. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Foreign Currency T ransactions are recognised in the books at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

(b) In the case of Current Assets/Liabilities the difference (Gain or Loss) between the actual payment and the amount recognised in the books is accounted as Exchange Gain or Loss. Where the transaction is not settled within the year, profit/loss arising on the restatement at the year-end rates is recognised as exchange gain or loss in the profit and loss account

7. Foreign Currency Transactions - (Contd.)

(c) In case of Depreciable Capital assets having long term foreign currency monetary arrangement the Company opts to add or deduct the exchange differences to the cost of the depreciable capital assets and depreciate it over the balance life of the asset. In case of other long term foreign currency monetary items the company opts to accumulate the exchange differences in a “foreign currency monetary translation difference account" which are amortised over the balance period of such long term asset or liability not beyond 31st March 2020, by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods.

8. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan

The Company''s Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Company''s contribution paid/payable is recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.

2. Defined Benefit Plan / Other long term employee benefits

(a) The Company''s Gratuity and Long-Term compensated absences are Defined Benefit Plans / other long term employee benefits respectively. The Company''s liability towards Gratuity are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of Employee Benefit Entitlement. The Gratuity scheme is operated through Group Gratuity Scheme of LIC.

(b) The Gratuity liabilities are provided based on Actuarial Valuation certified by LIC. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

(c) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on independent Actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

3. Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the employee render the services/vesting period of the benefit.

9. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

10. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

11. Product Warranty Expenses

Product Warranty expenses are accounted based on the claims received and accepted during the year and estimates in accordance with the warranty policy of the company.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Accounting The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting norms, except insurance claims, which are accounted when accepted by the insurance company.

2. Revenue Recognition Sales are recognized at the point of dispatch of goods to the customers and include excise duty but exclude Sales Tax and other levies.

3. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalized to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortized over a period of 3 years. Technical know-how fee is amortized over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalized as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

4. Investments are categorized into Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are normally valued at cost, unless there is a permanent fall in value. Current Investments are valued at cost or Market Value whichever is lower. Dividend on Investments is accounted as and when the right to receive the payment is established.

5. Trade Receivable Trade Receivable amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under "Contingent Liabilities."

6. Excise Duty Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

7. Foreign Currency Transactions *

(a) Foreign Currency Transactions are recognized in the books at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

(b) In the case of Current Assets/Liabilities the difference (Gain or Loss) between the actual payment and the amount recognized in the books is accounted as Exchange Gain or Loss. Where the transaction is not settled within the year, profit/loss arising on the restatement at the year-end rates is recognized as exchange gain or loss in the profit and loss account .

8. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan i The Company''s Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Company''s contribution paid/payable is recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.

2. Defined Benefit Plan I Other long term employee benefits

(a) The Company''s Gratuity and Long-Term compensated absences are Defined Benefit Plans I other long term employee benefits respectively. The Company''s liability towards Gratuity are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of Employee Benefit Entitlement. The Gratuity scheme is operated through Group Gratuity Scheme of LIC. (b) The Gratuity liabilities are provided based on Actuarial Valuation certified by LIC. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

(c) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on independent Actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

3. Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the employee render the services/vesting period of the benefit.

9. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

10. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

11. Product Warranty Expenses Product Warranty expenses are accounted based on the claims received and accepted during the year and estimates in accordance with the warranty policy of the company.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting norms, except insurance claims, which are accounted when accepted by the insurance company.

2. Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised at the point of despatch of goods to the customers and include excise duty but exclude Sales Tax and other levies.

3. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalised to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortised over a period of 3 years. Technical know-how fee is amortised over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalised as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

4. Investments

Investments are categorised into Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are normally valued at cost, unless there is a permanent fall in value. Current Investments are valued at cost or Market Value whichever is lower. Dividend on Investments is accounted as and when the right to receive the payment is established.

5. Trade Receivable

Trade Receivable amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under "Contingent Liabilities."

6. Excise Duty

Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

7. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Foreign Currency Transactions are recognised in the books at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

(b) In the case of Current Assets/Liabilities the difference (Gain or Loss) between the actual payment and the amount recognised in the books is accounted as Exchange Gain or Loss. Where the transaction is not settled within the year, profit/loss arising on the restatement at the year-end rates is recognised as exchange gain or loss in the profit and loss account

(c) In case of Depreciable Capital assets having long term foreign currency monetary arrangement the Company opts to add or deduct the exchange differences to the cost of the depreciable capital assets and depreciate it over the balance life of the asset. In case of other long term foreign currency monetary items the company opts to accumulate the exchange differences in a "foreign currency monetary translation difference account" which are amortised over the balance period of such long term asset or liability not beyond 31st March 2011, by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods.

8. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan

The Company's Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Company's contribution paid/payable is recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.

2. Defined Benefit Plan / Other long term employee benefits

(a) The Company's Gratuity and Long-Term compensated absences are Defined Benefit Plans / other long term employee benefits respectively. The Company's liability towards Gratuity are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of Employee Benefit Entitlement. The Gratuity scheme is operated through Group Gratuity Scheme of LIC.

(b) The Gratuity liabilities are provided based on Actuarial Valuation certified by LIC. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

(c) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on independent Actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

3. Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the employee render the services/vesting period of the benefit.

9. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

10. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

11. Product Warranty Expenses

Product Warranty expenses are accounted based on the claims received and accepted during the year and estimates in accordance with the warranty policy of the company.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting norms, except insurance claims, which are accounted when accepted by the insurance company.

2. Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised at the point of despatch of goods to the customers and include excise duty but exclude Sales Tax and other levies.

3. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalised to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortised over a period of 3 years. Technical know-how fee is amortised over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalised as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

4. Investments

Investments are categorised into Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are normally valued at cost, unless there is a permanent fall in value. Current Investments are valued at cost or Market Value whichever is lower. Dividend on Investments is accounted as and when the right to receive the payment is established.

6. Sundry Debtors

Sundry Debtors amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under "Contingent Liabilities."

7. Excise Duty

Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Foreign Currency Transactions are recognised in the books at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

(b) In the case of Current Assets/Liabilities the difference (Gain or Loss) between the actual payment and the amount recognised in the books is accounted as Exchange Gain or Loss. Where the transaction is not settled within the year, profit/loss arising on the restatement at the year-end rates is recognised as exchange gain or loss in the profit and loss account.

(c) In case of Depreciable Capital assets having long term foreign currency monetary arrangement the Company opts to add or deduct the exchange differences to the cost of the depreciable capital assets and depreciate it over the balance life of the asset. In case of other long term foreign currency monetary items the company opts to accumulate the exchange differences in a "foreign currency monetary translation difference account" which are amortised over the balance period of such long term asset or liability not beyond 31st March 2011, by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods.

9. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan

The Companys Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Companys contribution paid/payable is recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting norms, except insurance claims, which are accounted when accepted by the insurance company.

2. Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised at the point of despatch of goods to the customers and include excise duty but exclude Sales Tax and other levies.

3. Fixed Assets

a) Fixed Assets including Assets for Research and Development other than Land are accounted at Cost Less Depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

(b) Assets acquired under Hire Purchase Agreements / Financial Lease Agreements are capitalised to the extent of their Principal Value, while Hire charges / Finance charges on Lease are charged to revenue in the years in which they are payable.

(c) Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

(d) Application Software, Die and Core and New Product Development are amortised over a period of 3 years. Technical know-how fee is amortised over a period of 5 years.

(e) Borrowing Costs, if any are capitalised as part of qualifying fixed assets when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits. Other borrowing costs are expensed.

4. Investments

Investments are categorised into Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are normally valued at cost, unless there is a permanent fall in value. Current Investments are valued at cost or Market Value whichever is lower. Dividend on Investments is accounted as and when the right to receive the payment is established.

5. Sundry Debtors

Sundry Debtors amount is exclusive of the value of Bills Discounted, the liability for which is disclosed under "Contingent Liabilities."

6. Excise Duty

Excise Duty on goods manufactured is accounted only at the time of removal of goods from the factory except in respect of year end inventory of finished goods, excise duty is included as part of inventory.

7. Employee Benefits

1. Defined Contribution Plan

The Companys Provident Fund Scheme, Superannuation Scheme and ESI plans are Defined Contribution Plans and the Companys contribution paid/payable is recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employees render the related service.

8. Defined Benefit Plan / Other long term employee benefits

(a) The Companys Gratuity and Long-Term compensated absences are Defined Benefit Plans/ other long term employee benefits respectively. The Companys liability towards Gratuity are determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of Employee Benefit Entitlement. The Gratuity scheme is operated through Group Gratuity Scheme of LIC.

(b) The Gratuity liabilities are provided based on Actuarial Valuation certified by LIC. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

(c) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on independent Actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to Profit and Loss account.

9. Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the employee render the services/vesting period of the benefit.

10. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

11. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

12. Product Warranty Expenses

Product Warranty expenses are accounted based on the claims received and accepted during the year and estimates in accordance with the warranty policy of the company.

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