Mar 31, 2015
(a) Basis of preparation
The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ('Indian GAAP') to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the 2013 Act') / Companies Act, 1956 ('the 1956 Act'), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.
IDFC Limited has received in principle approval for Banking business in April 2014. IDFC Bank Limited is a company formed under the Companies Act, 2013 to carry out the banking operations. IDFC Bank Limited is currently not registered as a Bank under the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (the 'RBI Act') and hence compliance and disclosure requirements under the RBI Act for Banks has not been followed.
(b) Use of estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.
Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.
(d) Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. In addition, the following criteria must also be met before revenue is recognised:
* Interest Income is accounted on accrual basis.
* Dividend is accounted on accrual basis when the right to receive is established.
* Profit / loss earned on sale of investments is recognised on trade date basis. Profit / loss on sale of investments is determined based on the FIFO cost for current investments and weighted average cost for long term investments.
(e) Taxes on income
Income tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred tax. Current tax is the amount payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws. The accounting treatment for income-tax in respect of the Company's income is based on Accounting Standard 22 on Accounting for Taxes on Income' as specified under section 133 of Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of Companies Rules, 2014. The provision made for income-tax in the accounts comprises both, the current tax and the deferred tax. The deferred tax assets and liabilities for the year arising on account of timing differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet.
Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.
(f) Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow statement)
Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.
(g) Cash flow statement
Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.
(h) Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax as adjusted for expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.
(i) Provisions and contingencies
A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities if any, are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.
(j) operating cycle
Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.
(k) preliminary expenses
Preliminary expenses incurred before the commencement of the business are expensed in the year in which they are incurred.