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Accounting Policies of Impex Ferro Tech Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

2.1 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

(a) The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ( Indian GAAP). These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('Act') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The accounting policy adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those used in previous year except for the change in accounting policy with regard to depreciation on Fixed Assets.

(b) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(c) Transactions and balances with values below the rounding off norms adopted by the Company have been reflected as "0.00" in the relevant notes in these financial statements.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

(a) Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

(b) Sales are recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects Sales Taxes and Value Added Taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Sales are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties .

(c) Export Incentives arising out of Export Sales under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme/Duty Drawback are accounted for on accrual basis. Profit or Loss on sale of DEPB Licenses is accounted for in the year of such sale.

(d) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interst income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

(e) Purchases are inclusive of freight and net of CENVAT/Duty Credit, trade discount and claims.

2.4 Tangible Assets, Intangible Assets and Capital Work-in-Progress

a) Tangible fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning/trial run expenses and interest etc, up to the date the assets are ready for intended use. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of tangible fixed assets and whose use, as per technical assessment, is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of tangible fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing tangible fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

(b) Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Computer software not being part of hardware operating system are capitalised as intangible asset.

(c) Depreciation on fixed asset is calculated on the straight line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation on assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal. Software is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) The carrying amount of fixed assets is assessed at each balance sheet date. If there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors, an impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of a fixed asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the fixed asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

(e) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses is shown as Capital Work-in-progress/Intangible Assets under Development.

2.5 Inventories

Raw materials and Stores, Spares & Consumables are valued at lower of cost (computed on First In First Out basis) and net realisable value.Goods under Process and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes direct materials, labour cost and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on average basis. Saleable scrap, scrap usable as raw materials and by- products are valued at estimated net realisable value. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.6 Investments

Long Term Investment are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value to recognize a decline, if any other than of temporary in nature.

2.7 Foreign Currency Translation

(a) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency as at the date of the transaction.

(b) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(c) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(d) Forward Exchange Contracts

The Company enters into Forward Exchange Contracts which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of foreign exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

2.8 Government Grants

Government Grants are recognized on a prudent basis when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached thereto and the grants will be received.

Government grants in the form of promoters' contribution is credited to capital reserve. Capital grant relating to specific assets is reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Government grants related to revenue are recognized by credit over the period to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it intended to compensate.

2.9 Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plan:

Contribution as per the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 towards provident fund and family pension fund are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period when contributions to the respective funds are due. There is no other obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan:

Liability with regard to long-term employee benefits is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gain / loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by the SBI Life Insurance Company Limited.

(c) Short-term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates.

2.10 Borrowing Costs

(a) Borrowing cost includes interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

(b) Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

2.11 Expenditure on New Projects & Substantial Expansion

Preliminary project expenditure, capital expenditure, indirect expenditure incidental and related to construction/ implementation, interest on term loans to finance fixed assets and expenditure on start-up of the project are capitalised upto the date of commercial production to the cost of the respective assets.

2.12 Taxes on Income

(a) Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

(b) Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) under Section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, deferred MAT Credit entitlement is separately recognised under the head ' Short Term Loans and Advances'. Deferred MAT Credit Entitlement is recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

(c) Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(d) Deferred Tax asset is recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which temporary differences can be utilised. If the Company has carry forward unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty backed by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier periods are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

2.13 Earnings per Share (EPS)

(a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

(b) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.14 Prior Period Items

Significant items of income and expenditure which relate to prior accounting periods, other than those occasioned by events occurring during or after the close of the year and which are treated as relatable to the current year, are accounted for in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Prior Period Items".

2.15 Provisions/Contingencies

(a) Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

(b) Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

(c) Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.16 Preliminary & Share Issue Expenses

As the future economic benefit of Preliminary & Public issue expenses is not ascertainable & thus the same is adjusted with the share premium.

2.17 Segment Reporting

(a) The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the preparation and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole. Further, Inter Segment revenue has been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market based.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "Un-allocated corporate expenses net of un-allocated income".

2.18 Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents as indicated in the Cash Flow Statement comprise of cash in hand, cash at bank and short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

2.19 Excise Duty & Custom Duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the Balance Sheet date. Similarly, Customs duty on imported materials in transit/lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import/bonding of materials




Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

(a) The Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and on principles of going concern. The accounting policies are consistently applied by the Company. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI (Revised) to the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(c) The preparation of the Financial Statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialize.

1.2 Revenue Recognition

(a) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

(b) Sales are recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer which generally coincides with the time when goods are despatched to the buyer. Sales are inclusive of excise duty but net of trade discounts and VAT. However, excise duty relating to sales is reduced from gross turnover for disclosing net turnover.

(c) Export Incentives arising out of Export Sales under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme/Duty Drawback are accounted for on accrual basis. Profit or loss on sale of DEPB Licenses is accounted for in the year of such sale.

(d) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(e) Purchases are inclusive of freight and net of CENVAT/Duty Credit, trade discount and claims.

1.3 Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price (net of CENVAT / duty credits availed or available thereon) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

(b) Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful life of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher. Software is amortized over a period of five years.

(c) The carrying amount of fixed assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors, an impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of a fixed asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the fixed asset''s net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

(d) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses is shown as Capital Work-in-Progress/Intangible Assets under Development.

1.4 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and Net Realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises material cost on FIFO basis, labour & manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, if payable.

1.5 Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Initial Recognition :

Foreign Currency Transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the Foreign Currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency as at the date of the transaction.

(b) Conversion :

Foreign Currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(c) Exchange Differences :

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(d) Forward Exchange Contracts :

The Company enters into Forward Exchange Contracts which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of foreign exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

1.6 Government Grants

Government Grants are recognized on a prudent basis when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached thereto and the grants will be received.

Government Grants in the form of promoters'' contribution is credited to capital reserve. Capital grant relating to specific assets is reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Government Grants related to revenue are recognized by credit over the period to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it intended to compensate.

1.7 Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plan :

Contribution as per the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 towards provident fund and family pension fund are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period when contributions to the respective funds are due. There is no other obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan :

Liability with regard to long-term employee benefits is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gain / loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by the SBI Life Insurance Company Limited.

(c) Short-term Compensated Absences are provided for based on estimates.

1.8 Borrowing Costs

(a) Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

(b) Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

1.9 Expenditure on New Projects & Substantial Expansion

Preliminary project expenditure, capital expenditure, indirect expenditure incidental and related to construction/ implementation, interest on term loans to finance fixed assets and expenditure on start-up of the project are capitalized upto the date of commercial production to the cost of the respective assets.

1.10 Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) under Section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 deferred MAT Credit entitlement is separately recognised under the head '' Short Term Loans and Advances''. Deferred MAT Credit Entitlement is recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred Tax Asset is recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which temporary differences can be utilised.

1.11 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

(a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

(b) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.12 Prior Period Items

Significant items of income and expenditure which relate to prior accounting periods, other than those occasioned by events occurring during or after the close of the year and which are treated as relatable to the current year, are accounted for in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Prior Period Items".

1.13 Provisions / Contingencies

(a) Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

(b) Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

(c) A Contingent Asset is not recognized in the accounts.

1.14 Preliminary & Share Issue Expenses

Preliminary & Share Issue expenses are adjusted with the balance available in Securities Premium in accordance with Section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

(a) The Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and on principles of going concern. The accounting policies are consistently applied by the Company.

(b) The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(c) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI (Revised) to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(d) The preparation of the Financial Statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialise.

1.2 Revenue Recognition

(a) Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

(b) Sales are recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer which generally coincides with the time when goods are despatched to the buyer. Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty but net of trade discounts and VAT. However, Excise Duty relating to sales is reduced from gross turnover for disclosing net turnover.

(c) Export Incentives arising out of Export Sales under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme/Duty Drawback are accounted for on accrual basis. Profit or loss on sale of DEPB Licenses is accounted for in the year of such sale.

(d) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(e) Purchases are inclusive of freight and net of CENVAT/Duty Credit, trade discount and claims.

1.3 Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price (net of CENVAT/duty credits availed or available thereon) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

(b) Deprecation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful life of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher. Software is amortised over a period of five years.

(c) The carrying amount of fixed assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of a fixed asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the fixed asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

(d) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses is shown as Capital Work-in-Progress/intangible Assets under Development.

1.4 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of material cost on FIFO basis, labour & manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, if payable.

1.5 Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency as at the date of the transaction.

(b) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are earned in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(c) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(d) Forward Exchange Contracts

The Company enters into Forward Exchange Contracts which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of foreign exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

1.6 Government Grants

Government Grants are recognised on a prudent basis when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached thereto and the grants will be received.

Government grants in the form of promoters' contribution is credited to capital reserve. Capital grant relating to specific assets is reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Government grants related to revenue are recognised by credit over the period to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it intended to compensate.

1.7 Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plan :

Contribution as per the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 towards provident fund and family pension fund are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period when contributions to the respective funds are due. There is no other obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan :

Liability with regard to long-term employee benefits is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gain/loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by the SBI Life Insurance Company Limited.

(c) Short-term Compensated Absences are provided for based on estimates.

1.8 Borrowing Costs

(a) Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

(b) Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

1.9 Expenditure on new projects & substantial expansion

Preliminary project expenditure, capital expenditure, indirect expenditure incidental and related to construction/implementation, interest on term loans to finance fixed assets and expenditure on start-up of the project are capitalised upto the date of commercial production to the cost of the respective assets.

1.10 Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) under Section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred MAT Credit entitlement is separately recognised under the head 'Short Term Loans and Advances'. Deferred MAT Credit Entitlement is recognised and earned forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised at substantively enacted rates on timing difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

1.11 Earnings per Share (EPS)

(a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the period.

(b) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential Equity Shares.

1.12 Prior Period Items

Significant items of income and expenditure which relate to prior accounting periods, other than those occasioned by events occurring during or after the close of the year and which are treated as relatable to the current year, are accounted for in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Prior Period Items".

1.13 Provisions/Contingencies

(a) Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

(b) Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

(c) A Contingent Asset is not recognised in the accounts.

1.14 Preliminary & Share Issue Expenses

Preliminary & Share Issue expenses are adjusted with the balance available in Securities Premium in accordance with Section 78 of the Companies Act, 1956.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and on principles of going concern. The accounting polices are consistently applied by the Company.

b) The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

c) The preparation of the financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialise.

2. Revenue Recognition

a) Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

b) Sales are recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer which generally coincides with the time when goods are despatched to the buyer. Sales are inclusive of excise duty but net of trade discounts and VAT. However, excise duty relating to sales is reduced from gross turnover for disclosing net turnover.

c) Export Incentives arising out of Export Sales under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis. Profit or loss on sale of DEPB Licenses is accounted for in the year of such sale.

d) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

e) Purchases are inclusive of freight and net of Cenvat Credit, trade discount and claims.

3. Fixed Assets

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated deprecation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price (net of CENVAT/duty credits availed or available thereon) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

b) Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher.

Software is amortised over a period of five years.

c) The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

d) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses is shown as capital work-in-progress.

4. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and Net Realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of material cost on FIFO basis, labour & manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, if payable.

5. Foreign Currency Transactions

a) lnitial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency as at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are earned in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

c) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

d) Forward Exchange Contracts

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of foreign exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

6. Government Grants

Government grants are recognised on a prudent basis when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached thereto and when the grants are received.

Government Grants in the form of promoter's contribution are credited to Capital Reserve. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Government Grants related to revenue are recognised on receipt under "Other Income" in the Profit and Loss Account over the periods to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

7. Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution as per the Employees' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 towards provident fund and family pension fund are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the period when contributions to the respective funds are due. There is no other obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

Liability with regard to long-term employee benefits is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gain/loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by the SBI Life Insurance Company Ltd.

c) Short-term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates.

8. Borrowing Costs

a) Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

b) Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

9. Expenditure on new projects & substantial expansion

Preliminary project expenditure, capital expenditure, indirect expenditure incidental and related to construction/implementation, interest on term loans to finance fixed assets and expenditure on start-up of the project are capitalised upto the date of commercial production to the cost of the respective assets.

10. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognised at substantively enacted rates on timing difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

11. Earnings per Share (EPS)

a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

b) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

12. Prior Period Items

Significant items of income and expenditure which relate to prior accounting periods, other than those occasioned by events occurring during or after the close of the year and which are treated as relatable to the current year, are accounted for in the Profit and Loss Account under the head "Prior Period Items".

13. Provisions/Contingencies

a) Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

b) Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

c) A Contingent Asset is not recognised in the accounts.

14. Preliminary & Share Issue Expenses

Preliminary & Share Issue expenses are being amortised over a period of 5 years under Section 35D of the Income Tax Act, 1961.


Mar 31, 2010

1) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

(a) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and on principles of going concern. The accounting policies are consistently applied by the Company.

(b) The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(c) The preparation of the financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialize.

2) Revenue Recognition

(a) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

(b) Sales are recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer which generally coincides with the time when goods are despatched to the buyer. Sales are inclusive of excise duty but net of trade discounts and VAT. However, excise duty relating to sales is reduced from gross turnover for disclosing net turnover.

(c) Export Incentives arising out of Export Sales under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis. Profit or loss on sale of DEPB Licenses is accounted for in the year of such sale.

(d) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(e) Purchases are inclusive of freight and net of Cenvat Credit, trade discount and claims.

3. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price (net of CENVAT / duty credits availed or available thereon) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

(b) Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 whichever is higher.

Software is amortized over a period of five years.

(c) The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the assets net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

(d) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses is shown as Capital Work-in- progress.

. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of costand Net Realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of material cost on FIFO basis, labour & manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, if payable.

. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency as at the date of the transaction.

(b) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(c) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(d) Forward Exchange Contracts

The Company enters into Forward Exchange Contracts which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of

profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of foreign exchange contract is recognised as income or expense for the year.

6. Government Grants

Government grants are recognized on a prudent basis when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached thereto and when the grants are received. Government Grants in the form of promoters contribution are credited to Capital Reserve. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Government Grants related to revenue are recognized on receipt under "Other Income" in the Profit and Loss Account over the periods to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

7. Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution as per the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 towards provident fund and family pension fund are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the period when contributions to the respective funds are due. There is no other obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

(b) Defined Benefit Plan

Liability with regard to long-term employee benefits is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gain / loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by the SBI Life Insurance Company Limited

(c) Short-term Compensated Absences are provided for based on estimates.

8. Borrowing Costs

(a) Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

(b) Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

9. Expenditure on new projects & substantial expansion

Preliminary project expenditure, capital expenditure, indirect expenditure incidental and related to construction/implementation, interest on term loans to finance fixed assets and expenditure on start-up of the project are capitalized upto the date of commercial production to the cost of the respective assets.

10. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized at substantively enacted rates on timing difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

11. Earnings per Share (EPS)

(a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

(b) Forthe purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit orlossforthe period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

12. Prior Period Items

Significant items of income and expenditure which relate to prior accounting periods, otherthan those occasioned by events occurring during or after the close of the year and which are treated as relatable to the current year, are accounted for in the Profit and Loss Account under the head "Prior Period Items".

13. Provisions/Contingencies

(a) Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

(b) Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the Accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

(c) A Contingent Asset is not recognized in the Accounts.

14. Preliminary & Share Issue Expenses Preliminary & Share Issue expenses are being amortized over a period of 5 years under Section 35D of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

 
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