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Accounting Policies of Incon Engineers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the'' results of operations during'' the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

c) Depreciation

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Written down Value/Straight Line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Fixed Assets costing rupees Five thousand or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

d) Intangible Assets:

Computer Software : Costs incurred towards purchase of Computer software are amortised using straight line method based on Management''s estimate of useful lives of such software, which ranges from 3 to 5 years.

e) Prior period items

All items of income/expenditure pertaining to prior period, which are material, are accounted through "prior period adjustments" and the others are shown under respective heads of account in the Profit and Loss Account.

f) Inventories

i. Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, raw materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

ii. Finished goods, Work in progress, Scrap, by-products, loose tools and other stock in trade are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

iii. Cost includes direct materials, labor and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis and Cost of finished goods includes excise duty wherever applicable. Cost of traded goods includes purchase and allied costs incurred to bring inventory to its present condition and location.

iv. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated selling costs.

g) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Specifically the following basis is adopted:

I. Sale of Goods: Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and value added tax/sales tax and is net of sales returns and discounts.

II. Income from Services: Revenue is recognized as and the Services rendered as per the terms of individual Service Contract. Income from Services is accounted inclusive of service tax.

III. Interest: Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

h) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

i. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

ii. The Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided on an estimated basis. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation on project unit credit method carried by an actuary as at the end of the year.

iv. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

i) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Other Borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

j) Segment Reporting Policies

i. Identification of Segments:

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

The analysis of geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customers. The geographical segments considered for disclosure are as follows:

" Sales within India include sales to customers located within India.

" Sales outside India include sales to customers located outside India.

ii. Allocation of Common Costs:

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

iii. Unallocated Items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment:

k) Leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term and vice versa.

l) Earnings per Share (Basic and Diluted)

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method. Cash and Cash equivalents in the Cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash/cheques in hand and Fixed Deposits with Banks

n) Taxes on Income

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only, if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

o) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Reversal of impairment losses recognised in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the asset are no longer exist or have decreased.

p) Provisions

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

q) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the'' results of operations during'' the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

c) Depreciation

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Written down Value/Straight Line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Fixed Assets costing rupees Five thousand or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

d) Prior period items

All items of income/expenditure pertaining tp prior period, which are material, are accounted through "prior period adjustments" and the others are shown under respective heads of account in the Profit and Loss Account.

e) Inventories

i. Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, raw materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

ii. Finished goods, Work in progress, Scrap, by-products, loose tools and other stock in trade are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

iii. Cost includes direct materials, labor and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis and Cost of finished goods includes excise duty wherever applicable. Cost of traded goods includes purchase and allied costs incurred to bring inventory to its present condition and location.

iv. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated selling costs.

f) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Specifically the following basis is adopted:

I. Sale of Goods: Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and value added tax/sales tax and is net of sales returns and discounts.

II. Income from Services: Revenue is recognized as and the Services rendered as per the terms of individual Service Contract. Income from Services is accounted inclusive of service tax.

III. Interest: Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

i. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

ii. The Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided on an estimated basis. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation on project unit credit method carried by an actuary as at the end of the year.

iv. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

h) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Other Borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

i) Segment Reporting Policies

i. Identification of Segments :

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

The analysis of geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customers. The geographical segments considered for disclosure are as follows: " Sales within India include sales to customers located within India. " Sales outside India include sales to customers located outside India.

ii. Allocation of Common Costs:

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

iii. Unallocated Items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment:

j) Leases Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term and vice versa.

k) Earnings per Share (Basic and Diluted)

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

I) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows reported using indirect method. Cash and Cash equivalents in the Cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash/cheques in hand and Fixed Deposits with Banks

m) Taxes on Income

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only, if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

n) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Reversal of impairment losses recognised in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the asset are no longer exist or have decreased.

o) Provisions

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Change in accounting policy: Presentation and disclosure of financial statements: During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during' the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Written down Value/Straight Line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Fixed Assets costing rupees Five thousand or less are fully depredated in the year of acquisition.

e) Inventories

i. Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, raw materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

ii. Finished goods. Work in progress. Scrap, by-products, loose tools and other stock in trade are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

iii. Cost includes direct materials, labor and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis and Cost of finished goods includes excise duty wherever applicable. Cost of traded goods includes purchase and allied costs incurred to bring inventory to its present condition and location.

iv. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated selling costs.

f) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Specifically the following basis is adopted:

I. Sale of Goods : Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and value added tax/sales tax and is net of sales returns and discounts.

II. Income from Services : Revenue is recognized as and the Services rendered as per the terms of individual Service Contract. Income from Services is accounted inclusive of service tax.

III. Interest: Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

g) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

i. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

ii. The Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided on an estimated basis. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation on project unit credit method carried by an actuary as at the end of the year.

iv. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

h) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Other Borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

i) Segment Reporting Policies

i. Identification of Segments:

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

The analysis of geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customers. The geographical segments considered for disclosure are as follows:

- Sales within India include sales to customers located within India.

- Sales outside India include sales to customers located outside India.

ii. Allocation of Common Costs:

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

iii. Unallocated Items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment:

j) Leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term and vice versa.

k) Earnings per Share (Basic and Diluted)

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

l) Taxes on Income

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only, if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

m) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Reversal of impairment losses recognised in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the asset are no longer exist or have decreased.

n) Provisions

A provision is recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

o) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

p) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method. Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash/cheques in hand and Fixed Deposits with Banks.

q) Prior period items

All items of income/expenditure pertaining to prior period, which are material, are accounted through "prior period adjustments" and the others are shown under respective heads of account in the Profit and Loss Account.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Notified accounting standards by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 (as amended) and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted Accounting Principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made and revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assests are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost to bring the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation

i. Depreciation of Fixed Assets except Technical Know-how and Library is provided on Written down Value / Straight Line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Technicial know-how fees and cost of Library are written off over a period of 10 years equally commencing from the year in which they are acquired.

ii. Fixed Assets costing rupees Five thousand or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquistion.

e) Prior period items

All items of income / expenditure pertaining to prior period, which are material, are accounted through "Prior period adjustments" and the others are shown under respective heads of account in the Profit and Loss Account.

f) Contingent Liabilities

The contingent liabilities are indicated by way of a note and will be provided / paid on crystalisation.

g) Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use.

In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the? revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

ii. Reversal of impairment losses recognised in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the asset are no longer exist or have decreased.

h) Inventories

i. Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. However, raw materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

ii. Finished goods, Work in progress, Scrap, by-products, loose tools and other stock in trade are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

iii. Cost includes direct materials, labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis and cost of finished goods includes excise duty wherever applicable. Cost of traded goods includes purchase and allied costs incurred to bring inventory to its present condition and location.

iv. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated selling costs.

i) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Specifically the following basis is adopted.

i. Sale of Goods : Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and value added tax / sales tax and is net of sales returns and discounts.

ii. Interest: Revenue is recognised on a time proporation basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

j) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of Fixed Assets, which take substaintial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

k) Segment Reporting Policies

i. Identification of Segments:

The Companys operating businesses are organized and managed seperately according to the nature of products, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

The analysis of geographical segment is based on the geographical location of the customers. The geographical segments considered for disclosure are as follows.

. Sales within india include sales to customers located within indja

. Sales outside india include sales to customers located outside india.

ii. Allocation of Common Costs :

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.

iii. Unallocated Items :

Includes general corporate income and expense items which arenot allocated to any business segment.

I) Retirement and Other Employee itenefits

i. Gratuity liabilty is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

ii. The Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided on an estimated basis. Long term compensated absencees are provided for based on actuarial valuation on project unit credit method carried by an actuary as at the end of the year.

iv. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

m) Leases :

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight - line basis over the lease term.

n) Taxes on income :

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authoritites in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act 1961 enacted in india. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Defferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deffered tax assets can be realised. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only, if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

o) Provisions :

A provision is recognsied when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p) Earnings per Share (Basic and Diluted) :

Basic earnings per share are calcuated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per-share, the net profit or loss for the period attribuatble to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q) Cash Flow Statement;

Cash flows are reported using indirect method. Gash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank, cash/cheques in hand and Fixed Deposits with Banks.

 
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