Home  »  Company  »  Indraprastha Gas Ltd  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Indraprastha Gas Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1 COMPANY OVERVIEW

Indraprastha Gas Limited (the ''Company'') was incorporated on 23 December 1998 under the Companies Act, 1956. The Company is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE).

The Company is a joint venture between GAIL (India) Limited and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. The Company''s business consists of sale of Natural Gas.

2.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the relevant provision of the 2013 Act as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Inventories

i. Stores and spares are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

ii. Stock of Natural Gas in pipelines and cascades is valued at the lower of cost computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis and net realisable value.

2.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term (with original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

2.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method at rates prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except for the following assets where depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis over the estimated useful life of the assets based on technical advice taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support etc.:

2.7 Revenue recognition

i. Revenue on sale of natural gas is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Revenue includes excise duty but excludes central sales tax and value added tax.

ii. Income from bank deposits is recognised on a time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

2.8 (a) Fixed assets

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any.

ii. Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation and are net of recoveries from Piped Natural Gas (PNG) customers towards the cost of installation of PNG pipeline network, if any.

iii. Gas distribution systems are commissioned when ready for commencement of supply of gas to consumers. In the case of commissioned assets where final payment to the contractors is pending, capitalisation is made on an estimated basis pending receipt of fnal bills from the contractors and subject to adjustment in cost and depreciation in the year of final settlement.

iv. Insurance spares are capitalised with the cost of plant and machinery and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant asset.

v. Intangible assets comprise computer software/license.

vi. The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(b) Capital Work in Progress

Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets. Capital Work in Progress includes capital inventory.

2.9 Foreign currency transactions and translations i. Initial Recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of transaction.

ii. Measurement at the Balance Sheet Date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company, outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items of the company are carried at historical cost.

iii. Treatment of Exchange Difference

Exchange gains or losses arising out of fluctuation in exchange rates on settlement during the year and/or translation at year end are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

iv. Accounting of Forward Contracts

Premium on forward contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortized over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the balance sheet date.

2.10 Investments

Non-Current investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, pension fund, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and pension fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using ''the Projected Unit Credit method'', with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

2.12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.13 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis.

2.14 Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax by weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti dilutive.

2.15 Taxes on income

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current Tax is amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realisation in the future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses under tax laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised in future.

2.16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised in the financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligations at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.18 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between purchase of natural gas and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the company has determined its operation cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2015

1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 2013/ Companies Act, 1956 as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

3 Inventories

i. Stores and spares are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

ii. Stock of Natural Gas in pipelines and cascades is valued at the lower of cost computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value.

4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash in hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term (with original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method at rates prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except for the following assets where depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis over the estimated useful life of the assets based on technical advice taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc.:

Asset class Depreciation/ Amortisation

Tangible Fixed Assets

- Mother Compressors, Online Compressors and Booster Compressors 10 years (Forming part of plant and equipment)

- Pipeline (Forming part of plant and equipment) 25 Years

- Signages 10 years

(Forming part of buildings)

Intangible Assets

- Computer Software & Licences 5 years

Cost associated with lease hold land is depreciated over the period of lease.

7 Revenue recognition

i. Revenue on sale of natural gas is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Revenue include excise duty but exclude central sales tax and value added tax.

ii. Income from deposits is recognised on a time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

8 (a) Fixed assets

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any.

ii. Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation and are net of recoveries from Piped Natural Gas (PNG) customers towards the cost of installation of PNG pipeline network, if any.

iii. Gas distribution systems are commissioned when ready for commencement of supply of gas to consumers. In the case of commissioned assets where final payment to the contractors is pending, capitalisation is made on an estimated basis pending receipt of final bills from the contractors and subject to adjustment in cost and depreciation in the year of final settlement.

iv. Insurance spares are capitalised with the cost of plant and machinery and depreciated over the useful life of the respective asset.

v. Intangible assets comprise computer software/license.

vi. The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(b) Capital Work in Progress

Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets. Capital Work in Progress includes capital inventory.

9 Foreign currency transactions and translations

i. Initial Recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of transaction.

ii. Measurement at the Balance Sheet Date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company, outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items of the company are carried at historical cost.

iii. Treatment of Exchange Difference

Exchange gains or losses arising out of fluctuation in exchange rates on settlement during the year and/or translation at year end recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

iv. Accounting of Forward Contracts

Premium on forward contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortized over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the balance sheet date.

10 Investments

Non-Current investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, pension fund, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and pension fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using ''the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

13 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis.

14 Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax by weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti dilutive.

15 Taxes on income

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current Tax is amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in the future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses under tax laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised in future.

16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised in the financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligations at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

18 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between purchase of natural gas and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the company has determined its operation cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known /materialise.

1.3 Inventories

i. Stores and spares are valued at cost on weighted average basis. Provision for obsolescence is made where necessary.

ii. Stock of CNG in cascades and Natural Gas in pipelines is valued at the lower of cost computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value.

iii. Closing stock of Natural Gas in pipelines and cascades is estimated on a volumetric basis.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash in hand. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method over the estimated useful life of assets, determined as follows:

Assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

1.7 Revenue recognition

i. Revenue on sale of PNG is recognised based on consumption by the customers.

ii. Revenue on sale of CNG is recognised on sale of gas to customers from CNG stations.

iii. Income from deposits is recognised on a time proportion basis. Dividend income from investment in mutual funds is recognised when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

1.8 Fixed assets

i. Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation and are net of recoveries from PNG customers towards the cost of installation of PNG pipeline network, if any.

ii. Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets.

iii. Gas distribution systems are commissioned on commencement of supply of gas to consumers. In the case of commissioned assets where final payment to the contractors is pending, capitalisation is made on an estimated basis pending receipt of final bills from the contractors and subject to adjustment in cost and depreciation in the year of final settlement.

iv. Insurance spares are capitalised with the cost of plant and machinery and depreciated over the useful life of the respective asset.

v. Capital inventory represents items of capital nature lying in the stores and valued at cost.

vi. Intangible assets comprise computer software/license.

vii. The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognised.

1.9 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates prevailing as at the year-end. Exchange gains or losses arising out of fluctuation in exchange rates on settlement during the year and/or translation at year-end are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. The premium paid on forward contracts to hedge foreign currency exposure is recognised over the life of the contract.

1.10 Investments

Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight- line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

1.12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

1.13 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.14 Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti dilutive.

1.15 Taxes on income

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current Tax is amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in the future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses under tax laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised in future.

1.16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised in the financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the enterprise, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

1.18 Deposits with Government Agencies, Local Authorities and Other Electricity Companies

Deposits given to Government agencies, local authorities and other electricity companies which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known/ materialise.

1.3 Inventories

i. Stores and spares are valued at cost on weighted average basis. Provision for obsolescence is made where necessary.

ii. Stock of CNG in cascades and Natural Gas in pipelines is valued at the lower of cost, on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value.

iii. Closing stock of Natural Gas in pipelines and cascades is estimated on a volumetric basis.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis on the straight line method over the estimated useful life of assets, determined as follows:

1.7 Revenue recognition

i. Revenue on sale of PNG is recognised based on consumption by the customers.

ii. Revenue on sale of CNG is recognised on sale of gas to customers from CNG stations.

iii. Income from deposits is recognised on a time proportion basis. Dividend income from investment in mutual funds is recognised when the Company's right to receive payment is established.

1.8 Fixed assets

i. Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation and are net of recoveries from PNG customers towards the cost of installation of PNG pipeline network, if any.

ii. Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets.

iii. Gas distribution systems are commissioned on commencement of supply of gas to consumers. In the case of commissioned assets where final payment to the contractors is pending, capitalisation is made on an estimated basis pending receipt of final bills from the contractors and subject to adjustment in cost and depreciation in the year of final settlement.

iv. Insurance spares are capitalised with the cost of plant and machinery and depreciated over the useful life of the respective asset.

v. Capital inventory represents items of capital nature lying in the stores and valued at cost.

vi. Intangible assets comprise computer software/license.

vii. The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognised.

1.9 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates prevailing as at the year-end. Exchange gains or losses arising out of fluctuation in exchange rates on settlement during the year and/or translation at year-end are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. The premium paid on forward contracts to hedge foreign currency exposure is recognised over the life of the contract.

1.10 Investments

Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.11 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, gratuity and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company's contribution to provident fund is considered as defined contribution plan and is charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

Short term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of such compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled. Long Service Awards are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the

Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

1.13 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.14 Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti dilutive.

1.15 Taxes on income

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current Tax is amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in the future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses under tax laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised in future.

1.16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised in the financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the enterprise, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

1.18 Deposits with Government Agencies, Local Authorities and Other Electricity Companies

Deposits given to Government agencies, local authorities and other electricity companies which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.


Mar 31, 2011

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company. The significant accounting policies are as follows:

a. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements. Actual results in future could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

b. Fixed assets

I. Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation and are net of recoveries from PNG customers towards the cost of installation of PNG pipeline network.

ii. Expenditure incurred during the period of construction, including all direct and indirect expenses, incidental and related to construction, is carried forward and on completion, the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets.

iii. Gas distribution systems are commissioned on commencement of supply of gas to consumers. In the case of commissioned assets where final payment to the contractors is pending, capitalisation is made on an estimated basis pending receipt of final bills from the contractors, and subject to adjustment in cost and depreciation in the year of final settlement.

iv. Insurance spares are capitalised with the cost of plant and machinery and depreciated over the useful life of the respective asset.

v. Capital inventory represents items of capital nature lying in the stores and valued at cost.

vi. Intangible assets comprise Computer software/license.

vii. The carrying amount of assets, including those assets that are not yet available for use, are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, recoverable amount of asset is determined. An impairment loss is recognised in the profit and loss account whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognised.

d. Investments

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.

e. Inventories

i. Stores and spares are valued at cost on weighted average basis. Provision for obsolescence is made where necessary.

ii. Stock of CNG in cascades and Natural Gas in pipelines is valued at the lower of cost, on First in First out (FIFO) basis or net realisable value.

iii. Closing stock of Natural Gas in pipelines and cascades is estimated on a volumetric basis.

f. Revenue recognition

i. Revenue on sale of PNG is recognised based on consumption by the customer.

ii. Revenue on sale of CNG is recognised on sale of gas to customers from CNG stations.

iii. Income from deposits is recognised on a time proportion basis. Dividend income from investment in mutual funds is recognised when the Companys right to receive payment is established.

g. Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates prevailing as at the year-end. Exchange gains or losses arising out of fluctuation in exchange rates on settlement during the year and/or translation at year end are recognised in the profit and loss account.The premium paid on forward contracts to hedge foreign currency exposure is recognised over the life of the contract.

h. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of an eligible capital asset is capitalised as a part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

i. Employee benefits

Incremental liabilities in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and sick leave are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date and are charged to the profit and loss account. Contributions for provident fund are charged to the profit and loss account as incurred. Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

j. Operating leases

Lease rentals are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

k. Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax. Current Tax is amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or deferred tax asset are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in the future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess realisation. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses under tax laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised in future.

l. Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti dilutive.

m. Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised in the financial statements where there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event, the amount of which can be reliably estimated, and it is probable that an outflow of resources would be necessitated in order to settle the obligation. Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the enterprise, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

n. Deposits with Government Agencies, Local Authorities and Other Electricity Companies

Deposits given to Government agencies, local authorities and other electricity companies which are perennial in nature are charged to revenue in the year of payment.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!