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Accounting Policies of Infomedia Press Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Background:

Infomedia Press Limited ('the Company') was incorporated on 30 May 1955. The Company has in the previous year discontinued its business of printing operations and the management is in the process of evaluating various options, including starting a new line of business.

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles generally accepted in India including the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the companies Act, 2013 (the 'Act') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended).The accounting Policies have been consistently applied by the Company.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual result could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future period.

(c) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment loss if any.

(d) Depreciation/amortisation

The Company depreciates/amortises its fixed assets as follows:

i) Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method

ii) Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and the same is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

(f) Employee benefits

Provident fund

The Company's Employees Provident Fund scheme is a defined contribution plan. The Company's contribution to the Employees' Provident Fund is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Gratuity

Provision for gratuity, a defined benefit plan, is made on the basis of last drawn salary and accrued for the number of years of service as per the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

Short term employee benefits

Short term employee benefits expected to be paid or payable in exchange for the services rendered is recognized on undiscounted basis.

(g) Foreign currency transactions

Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences:

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(h) Income tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 as applicable to the financial year. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In a situation, where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax in future years. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year.

(i) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for events including a bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares). For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares except where the results would be anti dilutive

(j) Provisions and contingencies

The Company makes provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

- Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company; or

- Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

- Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

Where there is a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(k) Employee Stock Option Plan

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "Intrinsic Value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortized as 'Deferred employee compensation' on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 'Share Based Payments' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, ("the Act") read with General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of section 642 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the Act") as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual result could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future period.

c) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment loss if any.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation/amortisation

The Company depreciates/amortises its fixed assets as follows.

i. Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method.

ii. Furniture and fixtures, - over the period of the office lease office equipment (in on straight line methodor life of the Leased premises) asset whichever is lower.

iii. Vehicles - on the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iv. Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

v. Software - over a period of two to three years on straight line method or life of the asset whichever is lower.

e) Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and the same is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

f) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis and includes freight and other related incidental expenses.

Work in progress: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Income from printing operations and reimbursement of freight and franking expenses is recognised on completion of the job and is accounted for net of taxes.

ii. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

h) Employee benefits Provident fund

The Company''s Employees Provident Fund scheme is a defined contribution plan. The Company''s contribution to the Employees'' Provident Fund is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Gratuity

Provision for gratuity, a defined benefit plan, is made on the basis of last drawn salary and accrued for the number of years of service as per the provisions of the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

Short term employee benefits

Short term employee benefits expected to be paid or payable in exchange for the services rendered is recognized on undiscounted basis.

i) Voluntary retirement compensation

Voluntary retirement compensation is fully charged off in the year of severance of service of the employee.

j) Foreign currency transactions Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

k) Operating lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased asset are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

l) Income tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 as applicable to the financial year. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situation, where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961, which gives rise to future economic benefit in the form of adjustment from income tax liability, is recognised as an adjustment to current tax when it is certain that the Company will be able to set off the same.

m) Loss per share

The Company reports basic and diluted loss per share in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on Earnings per Share. Basic loss per equity share have been computed by dividing the Net Loss after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the period except where the result would be anti-dilutive.

n) Provisions and contingencies

The Company makes provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a

- Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company; or

- Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

- Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

o) Employee Stock Option Plan

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "Intrinsic Value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortized as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, ("the Act") as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual result could differ from these estimates. Any revision'' to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future period.

c) Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment loss if any.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation/amortisation ,.., The Company depreciates/amortises its fixed assets as follows:

i. Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method

ii. Furniture and fixtures, - overtheperiodoftheofficeleaseonstraightlinemethodorlifeoftheasset whichever office equipment is lower

(in Leased premises)

iii. Vehicles - on the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956;

iv. Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956; r

v. Software - over a period of two to three years on straight line method or life of the asset whichever is lower

e) Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and the same is accordingly reversed in the statement of profit and loss.

f) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Income from printing operations and reimbursement of freight and franking expenses is recognised on completion of the job and is accounted for net of taxes.

ii. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

h) Employee benefits

Provident fund

The Company''s Employees Provident Fund scheme is a defined contribution plan. The Company''s contribution to the Employees'' Provident Fund is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rate used for determining the present value of the obligation is based on the market yields on government securities as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains/losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of profit and loss.

Compensated absences

Benefits comprising long term compensated absences constitute other long term employee benefits. The liability for compensated absences is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, on the basis of an actuarial f valuation at the period end. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of profit and loss.

Short term employee benefits

Short term employee benefits expected to be paid or payable in exchange for the services rendered is recognized on undiscounted basis.

i) Voluntary retirement compensation

Voluntary retirement compensation is fully charged off in the year of severance of service of the employee. j) Foreign currency transactions

Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences:

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

k) Operating lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased asset are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

I) Income tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 as applicable to the financial year. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situation, where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961, which gives rise to future economic benefit in the form of adjustment from income tax liability, is recognised as an adjustment to current tax when it is certain that the Company will be able to set off the same.

m) Earnings/(loss) per share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings/ (loss) per share in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on Earnings per Share. Basic earnings/ (loss) per equity share have been computed by dividing the Net Profit/(Loss) after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earning/(loss) per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the period except where the result would be anti-dilutive.

n) Provisions and contingencies

The Company makes provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. ''

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

- Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company; or

- Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

- Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

o) Employee Stock Option Plan

Accounting value of stock options is determined on the basis of "Intrinsic Value" representing the excess of the market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options granted under the "Employees Stock Option Scheme" of the Company, and is being amortized as "Deferred employee compensation" on a straight-line basis over the vesting period in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note 18 "Share Based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 (as amended). The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

b) Change in accounting policy

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements, The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss if any.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

e) Depreciation

The Company depreciates its fixed assets as follows:

i. Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method

ii. Furniture, Fixtures, Electrical - over the period of the office lease on straight line method And Office Equipment (in or life of the asset whichever is lower

Leased premises)

iii. Vehicles - on the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

iv. Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

v. Major reconditioning expenses - over a period of three years on straight line method or life (Included in Plant, Machinery of the asset whichever is lower and Equipment)

f) Intangibles

Software is capitalized where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalization costs include license fees and costs of implementation / system integration services. The costs are capitalized in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. 'Enterprises Resource Planning (ERP) Software" is depreciated over a period of four years on a straight line basis.

Brands and Trade Marks

Costs relating to Brands and Trade Marks which are acquired, are capitalized and amortized on a straight line basis over a period of five years, as estimated by management.

g) Impairment ,

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating- unit's(CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the assets. Iri determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model »s used.

The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company's cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on (inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

After impairment depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

As assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset's or cash-generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the assets does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

h) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the long-term investments. On disposal of an investment, the difference between the carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

.i) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares: Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and lab our and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. :

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Advertising Revenues

Advertising Revenue from Business Directories is recognized in the period in which the Directories are printed and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

Advertising Revenue from Special Interest Magazines is recognized in the period in which the magazines are published and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

ii. Subscription Revenues

Revenue recognition from subscriptions to the Company's print publications is recognized as earned, prorate on a per issue basis over the subscription period.

iii. Circulation Revenues

Circulation Revenue includes sales to retail outlets/ newsstands, which are subject to returns. The Company records these retail sales upon delivery, net of estimated returns. These estimated returns are based on historical return rates and are revised as necessary based on actual returns.

iv. Print Sales

Revenue from printing jobs is recognized on completion basis and is accounted net of taxes.

v. Traded Products

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the products have passed to the buyer and is stated net of taxes and discounts.

vi. Event Sale

Revenue from event sale is recognized on the completion of the event and on the basis of related service performed.

vii. Agency Commission

Revenue is recognized as per the terms of agreement with the principals, on rendering of relevant services.

viii. Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ix. Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date

k Employee Benefits

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss of the year - when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

ii. The Company operates defined benefit plans for its employees for Gratuity. The cost of providing benefits under this plan is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at each year-end. Actuarial valuation is carried out using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses for both defined benefit plans are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided for on the basis of estimates. Long term compensated absences in the form of Leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

iv. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

l Voluntary Retirement Compensation Voluntary retirement compensation is fully charged off in the year of severance of service of the employee.

m Foreign Currency Transaction initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction. Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences:

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary and non-monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year,

n) Operating Lease

Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term,

o) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets on timing differences are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become virtually reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available,

p) Segment Reporting

i. Identification of Segments:

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

ii. Intersegment Transfers:

Inter segment revenues have been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

iii. Allocation of costs:

a. Direct Revenues and direct expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment

b. Revenues and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis are generally included under 'Unallocated corporate expenses/ income"

c. In view of the Scheme of Arrangement('the Scheme') discussed in Note 28 below, the "Unallocated Corporate expenses/income' have been further allocated by management on the following basis:

- Indirect Revenues and Expenses allocated on appropriate basis as decided by management

- Expenses, relating to Common Facilities - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of Info media Press Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.4 of the Scheme.

- Employees cost - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of Info media Press Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.6 of the Scheme.

- Unallocated Borrowings and related Interest Cost - Allocated on basis of Ratio of assets as at April 1,2010

- Investments and related Dividend Income - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of info media Press Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.6 of the Scheme.

iv. Segment policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

q) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity $hateh6tder$ 3nd the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are _ adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, if any, except where the result would be anti- dilutive.

r) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation as at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

s) Employee Stock Compensation Costs ,

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share based payment plans is done in accordance with the ; SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share Based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Comp arty measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic , value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

t) Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off)

Processing fees paid to various lenders are amortized equally over the period for which the funds are acquired.

u) Cash and cash equivalents in the financial statements comprise of cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss if any.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation

The Company depreciates its fixed assets as follows:

i. Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method

ii.Furniture, Fixtures, - over the period of the office lease on Electrical and Office straight line method or life of the Equipment (in asset whichever is lower Leased premises)

iii.Vehicles - on the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

iv.Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

v.Major reconditioning - over a period of three years on expenses straight line method or

(Included in Plant, life of the asset whichever is lower Machinery and Equipment)

e) Intangibles

Software is capitalized where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalization costs include license fees and costs of implementation / system integration services. The costs are capitalized in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. "Enterprises Resource Planning (ERP) Software" is depreciated over a period of four years on a straight line basis. Brands and Trade Marks

Costs relating to Brands and Trade Marks which are acquired, are capitalized and amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years, as estimated by management.

f) Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/ external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

iii. A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

iv. Reversal of impairment loss is recognized immediately as income in profit and loss account.

g) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the long-term investments. On disposal of an investment, the difference between the carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the profit and loss account.

h) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares: Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

i) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Advertising Revenues

Advertising Revenue from Business Directories is recognized in the period in which the Directories are printed and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

Advertising Revenue from Special Interest Magazines is recognized in the period in which the magazines are published and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

ii. Subscription Revenues

Revenue recognition from subscriptions to the Company's print publications is recognised as earned, prorata on a per issue basis over the subscription period.

iii. Circulation Revenues

Circulation Revenue includes sales to retail outlets/ newsstands, which are subject to returns.The Company records these retail sales upon delivery, net of estimated returns. These estimated returns are based on historical return rates and are revised as necessary based on actual returns.

iv. Print Sales

Revenue from printing jobs is recognized on completion basis and is accounted net of taxes.

v. Traded Products

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the products have passed to the buyer and is stated net of taxes and discounts.

vi. Event Sale

Revenue from event sale is recognized on the completion of the event and on the basis of related service performed.

vii. Agency Commission

Revenue is recognized as per the terms of agreement with the principals, on rendering of relevant services.

viii. Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ix. Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date. Dividend from subsidiaries is recognized even if same is declared after the balance sheet date but pertains to period on or before the date of balance sheet.

j) Employee Benefits

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year - when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

ii. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is charged to the profit and loss account when annual contribution is made to the Trustees on the basis of the Funds' rules. The shortfall between the accumulated fund balance and the liability as determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation is provided for at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided for on the basis of estimates. Long term compensated absences in the form of Leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

iv. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the profit and loss account and are not deferred.

k) Voluntary Retirement Compensation

Voluntary retirement compensation is fully charged off in the year of severance of service of the employee.

I) Foreign Currency Transaction

Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences:

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary and non-monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

m) Operating Lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets on timing differences are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become virtually/ reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

o) Segment Reporting

i. Identification of Segments:

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

ii. Intersegment Transfers:

Inter segment revenues have been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

iii. Allocation of costs:

a. Direct Revenues and direct expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

b. Revenues and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis are generally included under "Unallocated corporate expenses/ income"

c. In view of the Scheme of Arrangement('the Scheme') discussed in Note 3 below, the "Unallocated Corporate expenses/income" have been further allocated by management on the following basis:

-Indirect Revenues and Expenses allocated on appropriate basis as decided by management

-Expenses relating to Common Facilities - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of Infomedia 18 Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.4 of the Scheme.

-Employees cost - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of Infomedia 18 Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.6 of the Scheme.

-Unallocated Borrowings and related Interest Cost - Allocated on basis of Ratio of assets as at April 1,2010

-Investments and related Dividend Income - Allocated as agreed to by the Board of Directors of Infomedia 18 Limited and Network18 Media & Investments Limited as per paragraph 1.6 of the Scheme.

iv. Segment policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

p) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, if any, except where the result would be anti-dilutive.

q) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation as at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

r) Employee Stock Compensation Costs

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share based payment plans is done in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share Based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

s) Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off)

Processing fees paid to various lenders are amortized equally over the period for which the funds are acquired.

t) Cash and cash equivalents in the financial statements comprise of cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Notified Accounting Standard by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their original cost including incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and subsequent additional cost in respect of major reconditioning expenses enhancing the standard of performance of the assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss if any.

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

d) Depreciation

The Company depreciates its fixed assets as follows:

i. Leasehold land - over the period of the lease on straight line method

ii. Furniture, Fixtures, Electrical And Office - over the period of the office lease on straight line method Equipment (in Leased premises) or life of the asset whichever is lower

iii.Vehicles - on the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

iv. Other assets - on straight line method at the rates which are based on the useful life as estimated by the management and are equal to the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956;

v. Major reconditioning expenses (Included - over a period of three years on straight line method or in Plant, Machinery and Equipment) life of the asset whichever is lower



e) Intangibles

Software is capitalised where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalisation costs include license fees and costs of implementation / system integration services. The costs are capitalised in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. "Enterprises Resource Planning (ERP) Software" is depreciated over a period of four years on a straight line basis.

Brands and Trade Marks

Costs relating to Brands and Trade Marks which are acquired, are capitalized and amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years, as estimated by management.

f) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/ external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in profit and loss account.

g) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the long-term investments.

h) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares: Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods: Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

i) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Advertising Revenues

Advertising Revenue from Business Directories is recognised in the period in which the Directories are given for pagination (printing) and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

Advertising Revenue from Special Interest Magazines is recognised in the period in which the magazines are published and are accounted net of commission and discounts.

ii. Subscription Revenues

Revenue recognition from subscriptions to the Companys print publications is recognised as earned, prorata on a per issue basis over the subscription period.

iii. Circulation Revenues

Circulation Revenue includes sales to retail outlets/ newsstands, which are subject to returns. The Company records these retail sales upon delivery, net of estimated returns. These estimated returns are based on historical return rates and are revised as necessary based on actual returns.

iv. Print Sales

Revenue from printing jobs is recognized on completion basis and is accounted net of taxes.

v. Traded Products

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the products have passed to the buyer and is stated net of taxes and discounts.

vi. Event Sale

Revenue from event sale is recognized on the completion of the event and on the basis of related service performed.

vii. Agency Commission

Revenue is recognized as per the terms of agreement with the principals, on rendering of relevant services.

viii. Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

ix. Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date. Dividend from subsidiaries is recognised even if same is declared after the balance sheet date but pertains to period on or before the date of balance sheet.

j) Employee Benefits

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year - when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective trusts.

ii. Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is charged to the profit and loss account when annual contribution is made to the Trustees on the basis of the Funds rules. The shortfall between the accumulated fund balance and the liability as determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation is provided for at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

iii. Short term compensated absences are provided for on the basis of estimates. Long term compensated absences in the form of Leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

iv. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the profit and loss account and are not deferred.

k) Voluntary Retirement Compensation

Voluntary retirement compensation is fully charged off in the year of severance of service of the employee.

l) Foreign Currency Transaction

Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in Indian Rupees by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the Indian Rupee and the foreign currency prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences:

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary and non-monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

m) Operating Lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current, deferred and fringe benefit tax. Current income tax and fringe benefit tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets on timing differences are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the Company has carry forward of unabsorbed depreciation and tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become virtually/ reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

o) Segment Reporting

i. Identification of Segments:

The Companys operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

ii. Intersegment Transfers:

Inter segment revenues have been accounted for based on the transaction price agreed to between segments which is primarily market led.

iii. Allocation of costs:

Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenues and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under "Unallocated corporate expenses/ income".

iv. Segment policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

p) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, if any, except where the result would be anti-dilutive.

q) Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation as at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

r) Employee Stock Compensation Costs

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share based payment plans is done in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share Based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

s) Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off)

Processing fees paid to various lenders are amortised equally over the period for which the funds are acquired.

t) Cash and cash equivalents in the financial statements comprise of cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

 
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