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Accounting Policies of Inventure Growth & Securities Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern and on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles , the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 and Companies Act 2013, to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues & expenses and disclosure of contingent assets & liabilities. The estimates & assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the Financial Statements, Actual results may defer from the estimates & assumptions used in preparing the accompanying Financial Statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognised in the year in which the results are known / materialised.

(c) Revenue Recognition

1 Income from brokerage activities is recognized as income as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients.

2 Income from arbitrage operations and trading in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/loss on sale of securities

held as stock-in-trade and profit/loss on equity derivative instruments.

3 Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

4 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established,

5 In respect of other heads of income, the Company accounts the same on accrual basis.

(d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(e) Depreciation / Amortization

Tangible fixed assets are depreciated on straight line basis as per useful life prescribed in schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over a period having regard to their useful economic life and estimated residual value in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 26 "Intangible Assets".

Computer Softwares are amortized over a period of 4 years.

Bombay Stock Exchange Membership is amortized over a period of 15 years, having regard to the nature and long term economic life of the asset.

MCX Membership is amortized over a period of 4 years, having regard to the nature and useful economic life of the asset.

(f) Inventories

Shares and Securities acquired for sale in the ordinary course of business are considered as stock - in - trade, and are valued at lower of cost or market value as at the year end.

(g) Investments

Non-Current Investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non-Current Investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

On disposal of investments the difference between its carrying amounts and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and, Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a First-in-First-out (FIFO) basis.

(h) Securities Transaction Tax

Securities Transaction Tax related to the company's own transactions in shares & securities are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(i) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to reveriue.

(j) Share Issue Expense

Expenses incurred in connection with issue of shares are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which shares are issued.

(k) Employees Retirement Benefits

1 Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Gratuity

The employees of the Company are eligible for Gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, and is a Defined Employee Benefit. The above benefit is not funded but provision is made in the accounts

The present value of the obligation under such benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service that give rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to built up the final obligation.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

3 Compensated Leave

Unutilized leave of staff lapses as at the year end and is not encashable. Accordingly, no provision is made for compensated absences.

(l) Equity Index/Stock — Futures :

Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balance disclosed under Loans and advances or Current liabilities, respectively, in the "Mark-to-Market Margin —Equity Index/Stock Futures Account', represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock Futures till the balance sheet date.

As on the Balance Sheet date, the profit/ loss on open position in Index/Stock futures are accounted for as follows:

1 Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account', being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account', being anticipated loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

On final settlement or squaring up of contracts for equity index/stock futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement/squaring up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settlement/squared up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin Equity Index/Stock Futures Account' is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss upon expiry of the contracts.

"Initial Margin —Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, representing initial margin paid, for entering into contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement/squaring-up of underlying contracts, is disclosed as under Loans and advances.

(m) Equity Index/Stpck — Options :

"Equity Index/Stock Option Premium Account represents premium paid or "received for buying or selling the options, respectively.

(n) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

Deferred Taxation

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(o) Impairment of Assets

The Company assessat each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generated unit to which the asset belongs, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount.

(p) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets .

Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes, contingent assets are not recognized or diseclosed in the financial statements. A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation.




Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern and on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles , the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956, to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues & expenses and disclosure of contingent assets & liabilities. The estimates & assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the Financial Statements. Actual results may defer from the estimates & assumptions used in preparing the accompanying Financial Statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognised in the year in which the results are known / materialised.

(c) Revenue Recognition

1 Income from brokerage activities is recognized as income as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients.

2 Income from arbitrage operations and trading in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/loss on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade and profit/loss on equity derivative instruments.

3 Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

4 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

5 In respect of other heads of income, the Company accounts the same on accrual basis.

(d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(e) Depreciation / Amortization

Tangible fixed assets are depreciated on straight line basis in accordance with the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over a period having regard to their useful economic life and estimated residual value in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 26 "Intangible Assets".

Computer Softwares are amortized over a period of 4 years.

Bombay Stock Exchange Membership is amortized over a period of 15 years, having regard to the nature and long term economic life of the asset.

MCX Membership is amortized over a period of 4 years, having regard to the nature and useful economic life of the asset.

(f) Inventories

Shares and Securities acquired for sale in the ordinary course of business are considered as stock - in -trade, and are valued at lower of cost or market value as at the year end.

(g) Investments

Non-Current Investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non-Current Investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

On disposal of investments the difference between its carrying amounts and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a First-in- First-out (FIFO) basis.

(h) Securities Transaction Tax

Securities Transaction Tax related to the company''s own transactions in shares & securities are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(i) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(j) Share Issue Expense

Expenses incurred in connection ''with issue of shares are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which shares are issued.

(k) Keyman Insurance

Keyman Insurance premium paid during the financial year is ''written off as expenditure in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(l) Employees Retirement Benefits

1 Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Gratuity

The employees of the Company are eligible for Gratuity in accordance ''with the Payment of Gratuity Act, and is a Defined Employee Benefit. The above benefit is not funded but provision is made in the accounts.

The present value of the obligation under such benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method ''which recognizes each period of service that give rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to built up the final obligation.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

3 Compensated Leave

Unutilized leave of staff lapses as at the year end and is not encashable. Accordingly, no provision is made for compensated absences.

(m) Equity Index/Stock -Futures :

Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked -to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balance disclosed under Loans and advances or Current liabilities, respectively, in the "Mark-to-Market Margin -Equity Index/Stock Futures Account , represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock Futures till the balance sheet date.

As on the Balance Sheet date, the profit/ loss on open position in Index/Stock futures are accounted for as follows.

1 Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" , being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account ", being anticipated loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

On final settlement or squaring up of contracts for equity index/stock futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement/squaring up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settlement/squared up contract in "Mark -to-Market Margin Equity Index/Stock Futures Account is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss upon expiry of the contracts.

"Initial Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" , representing initial margin paid, for entering into contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement/squaring -up of underlying contracts, is disclosed as under Loans and advances.

(n) Equity Index/Stock -Options :

Equity Index/Stock Option Premium Account represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively.

(o) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

Deferred Taxation

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written -up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(p) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generated unit to which the asset belongs, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount.

(q) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes, contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements. A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of ''which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern and on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles , the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956, to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues & expenses and disclosure of contingent assets & liabilities. The estimates & assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the Financial Statements. Actual results may defer from the estimates & assumptions used in preparing the accompanying Financial Statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognised in the year in which the results are known / materialised.

(c) Revenue Recognition

1. Income from brokerage activities is recognized as income as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients.

2. Income from arbitrage operations and trading in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/loss on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade and profit/loss on equity derivative instruments.

3. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

4. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

5. In respect of other heads of income, the Company accounts the same on accrual basis.

(d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(e) Depreciation / Amortization

Tangible fixed assets are depreciated on straight line basis in accordance with the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over a period having regard to their useful economic life and estimated residual value in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 26 "Intangible Assets".

Computer Softwares are amortized over a period of 4 years.

Bombay Stock Exchange Membership is amortized over a period of 15 years, having regard to the nature and long term economic life of the asset.

MCX Membership is amortized over a period of 4 years, having regard to the nature and useful economic life of the asset.

(f) Inventories

Shares and Securities acquired for sale in the ordinary course of business are considered as stock - in – trade, and are valued at lower of cost or market value as at the year end.

(g) Investments

Non-Current Investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non- Current Investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments. On disposal of investments the difference between its carrying amounts and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a First-in-First-out (FIFO) basis.

(h) Securities Transaction Tax

Securities Transaction Tax related to the company''s own transactions in shares & securities are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(i) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(j) Share Issue Expense

Expenses incurred in connection with issue of shares are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which shares are issued.

(k) Keyman Insurance

Keyman Insurance premium paid during the financial year is written off as expenditure in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(l) Employees Retirement Benefits

1 Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Gratuity

The employees of the Company are eligible for Gratuity in accordance with the

Payment of Gratuity Act, and is a Defined Employee Benefit. The above benefit is not funded but provision is made in the accounts.

The present value of the obligation under such benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service that give rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to built up the final obligation.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

3 Compensated Leave

Unutilized leave of staff lapses as at the year end and is not encashable. Accordingly, no provision is made for compensated absences.

(m) Equity Index/Stock – Futures :

Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balance disclosed under Loans and advances or Current liabilities, respectively, in the "Mark-to-Market Margin – Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock Futures till the balance sheet date.

As on the Balance Sheet date, the profit/ loss on open position in Index/Stock futures are accounted for as follows:

1 Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

2 Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", being anticipated loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

On final settlement or squaring up of contracts for equity index/stock futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement/squaring up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settlement/squared up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss upon expiry of the contracts.

"Initial Margin – Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", representing initial margin paid, for entering into contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement/squaring-up of underlying contracts, is disclosed as under Loans and advances.

(n) Equity Index/Stock – Options :

"Equity Index/Stock Option Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively.

(o) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

Deferred Taxation

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(p) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generated unit to which the asset belongs, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount.

(q) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes, contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements. A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern and on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles , the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956, to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues & expenses and disclosure of contingent assets & liabilities. The estimates & assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the Financial Statements. Actual results may defer from the estimates & assumptions used in preparing the accompanying Financial Statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognised in the year in which the results are known / materialised.

(c) Presentation and disclosure in financial statements

For the year ended 31 March 2012, the Revised schedule VI notified under Companies Act, 1956 is applicable to the Company for presentation and disclosures in financial statements.

(d) Revenue Recognition

1 Income from brokerage activities is recognized as income as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients.

2 Income from arbitrage operations and trading in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/loss on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade and profit/loss on equity derivative instruments.

3 Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

4 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

5 In respect of other heads of income, the Company accounts the same on accrual basis.

(e) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of fixed assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(f) Depreciation / Amortization

Tangible fixed assets are depreciated on straight line basis in accordance with the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over a period having regard to their useful economic life and estimated residual value in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 26 "Intangible Assets".

Computer Softwares are amortized over a period of 4 years.

Bombay Stock Exchange Membership is amortized over a period of 15 years, having regard to the nature and long term economic life of the asset.

(g) Inventories

Shares and Securities acquired for sale in the ordinary course of business are considered as stock - in - trade, and are valued at lower of cost or market value as at the year end.

(h) Investments

Non-Current Investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non-Current Investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

On disposal of investments the difference between its carrying amounts and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a First-in-First-out (FIFO) basis.

(i)Securities Transaction Tax

Securities Transaction Tax related to the company's own transactions in shares & securities are charged to Profit & Loss account.

(j)Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(k)Share Issue Expense

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of share capital are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which shares are issued.

(l)Keyman Insurance

Keyman Insurance premium paid during the financial year is written off as expenditure in the profit and loss account.

(m) Employees Retirement Benefits

1 Provident Fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the profit and loss account.

2 Gratuity

The employees of the Company are eligible for Gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, and is a Defined Employee Benefit. The above benefit is not funded but provision is made in the accounts.

The present value of the obligation under such benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service that give rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to built up the final obligation.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account

3 Compensated Leave

Unutilized leave of staff lapses as at the year end and is not encashable. Accordingly, no provision is made for compensated absences.

(n) Equity Index/Stock - Futures:

Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or credit balance disclosed under Loans and advances or Current liabilities, respectively, in the ''Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock Futures till the balance sheet date.

As on the Balance Sheet date, the profit/ loss on open position in Index/Stock futures are accounted for as follows:

1 Credit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", being anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit is taken in the profit & loss account.

2 Debit balance in the "Mark-to-Market Margin-Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", being anticipated loss, is recognized in the profit & loss account.

On final settlement or squaring up of contracts for equity index/stock futures, the profit or loss is calculated as difference between settlement/squaring up price and contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settlement/squared up contract in "Mark-to-Market Margin Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" is recognized in the profit & loss account upon expiry of the contracts.

"Initial Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account", representing initial margin paid, for entering into contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, which are released on final settlement/squaring-up of underlying contracts, is disclosed as under Loans and advances.



(o) Equity Index/Stock - Options :

"Equity Index/Stock Option Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively.

(p) Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year).

Deferred Taxation

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(q) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generated unit to which the asset belongs, is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount.

(r)Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes, contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements. A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation.

 
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