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Accounting Policies of Jagsonpal Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/ materialised.

C. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production, net charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the fixed assets are capitalised.

D. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition.

E. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their useful life. Leasehold land is not amortised.

F. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

G. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction or that approximates the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

(b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognised over the life of the contract.

(c) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Profit and Loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

H. Investments

Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

I. Inventories

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs including manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials, process chemicals, packing materials, trading and other products are determined on weighted average basis.

J. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized only when it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection. Revenue from operations includes sale of goods, excise duty, adjusted for discounts (net), goods returned and breakages and expiry. Dividend income is recognized when received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable. m,

K. Excise Duty

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of both, payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouses.

L. Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognised at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss account.

M. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to Profit and Loss account.

N. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax resulting from timing difference between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

O. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/ materialised.

C. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production, net charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the fixed assets are capitalised.

D. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition.

E. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their useful life. Leasehold land is not amortised.

F. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

G. Foreign Currency Transactions

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction or that approximates the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

(b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognised over the life of the contract.

(c) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Profit and Loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

H. Investments

Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

I. Inventories

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs including manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials, process chemicals, packing materials, trading and other products are determined on weighted average basis.

J. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized only when it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection. Revenue from operations includes sale of goods, excise duty, adjusted for discounts (net), goods returned and breakages and expiry. Dividend income is recognized when received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

K. Excise Duty

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of both, payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouses.

L. Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognised at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss account.

M. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to Profit and Loss account.

N. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax resulting from timing difference between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

O. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/ materialised.

C. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production, net of charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the fixed assets are capitalised.

D. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition.

E. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their useful life. Leasehold land is not amortised.

F. ImpairmentofAssets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

G. Foreign Currency Transactions

(i) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction or that approximates the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognised over the life of the contract.

(iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognised in the Profit and Loss account except in. case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

H. Investments

Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

I. Inventories

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence, if any. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs including manufacturing overheads incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of raw materials, process chemicals, packing materials, trading and other products are determined on weighted average basis.

J. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized only when it can be reliably measured and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection. Revenue from operations includes sale of goods, excise duty, adjusted for discounts (net), goods returned and breakages and expiry. Dividend income is recognized when received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

K. Excise Duty '

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of both, payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouse.

L. Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognised at the present value ofthe amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss account.

M. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to Profit and Loss account.

N. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Provision for current tax is made after taking into consideration benefits admissible under the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax resulting from timing difference between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

O. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

I. The Accounts have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and are in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

II. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition and subsequent improvements thereto including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses to acquisition and installation. In case of write up due to revaluation, the fixed assets are shown at such higher amounts. The carrying amount of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. Where the carrying value exceeds the estimated recoverable amount, provision for impairment is made to adjust the carrying value to the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets estimated net realizable value and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using an appropriate discounting rate.

III. The Company follows the straight line method (S.L.M.) of charging depreciation on all assets. Consequent to the insertion of schedule XIV in Companies Act, 1956 with effect from 2nd April, 1987, depreciation has been provided at the S.L.M. rates prescribed in schedule XIV in respect of additions to fixed assets from and after the said date and in respect of additions to fixed assets prior to said date, the depreciation has been provided at older rates. Pursuant to the notification of department of Company affairs dated 16.12.1993, depreciation on assets acquired on and after the said date is provided at new rates. Leasehold land is not amortised.

IV. Capital work in progress, if any, is stated at cost.

V. Long term investments are stated at cost.

VI. Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value after providing for cost of obsolescence and other anticipated losses, wherever considered necessary. Finished goods and work in process include costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

VII. Revenue is recognised on completion of sale of goods.

VIII. Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Current assets and current liabilities (other than relating to fixed assets) are restated at the rates prevailing at year end or at the forward rates where forward cover has been taken and the difference between the year end rates/forward rate and exchange rates at the date of transaction is recognised as income or expense.

IX. Research and Development costs, (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

X. Contribution to Provident Fund is made monthly at a pre-determined rate to the provident fund authorities and accounted on an accrual basis.

XI. Company has affected an arrangement with Life Insurance Corporation of India under Group Gratuity cum Life Assurance Scheme so as to cover future payment of Gratuity to retiring and other employees and is making the contribution to them as perthepremium sought.

XII. a) Sales comprise of sale of goods, net of trade discount, goods returns, breakages and expiry. b) Dividend on Shares, Insurance and other claims as and when received.

 
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