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Accounting Policies of Jayshree Chemicals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1) Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and relevant provisions thereof.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known /materialised.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre-operational expenses (net of revenue) form part of the value of the assets capitalised. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at lower of their written down value or net realizable value.

4) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated in a manner that it depreciates / amortises the depreciable values of fixed assets over their estimated useful lives. The depreciable amount of an asset is the cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value.

5) Investment

Long term investments are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/ charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

6) Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overheads.

Work-in-progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7) Excise Duty

Excise duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8) Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9) Taxation

Current income tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to profit & loss account for the year.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred tax assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10) Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty and Education Cess and exclusive of Value Added Tax and net of brokerage & commission.

11) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions and Forward Contracts are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transactions.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities and unsettled forward contracts are translated on the basis of closing exchange rate.

Foreign currency non-monetary assets and liabilities are carried as per the exchange rate on the date of transaction.

Exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

13) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

14) Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognised to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28 - Impairment of Assets.

15) Segment Reporting

The Company has identified that its business segments are the primary segments. The Company identifies the business segments on the basis of products, risks and returns and internal reporting system.

The geographical segment identification is based on the location of customers of the Company.

The Segment Revenue, Segment Results, Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable basis. Common cost, if any, is allocable on reasonable basis. The revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities which are not allocable are shown as "Unallocated".


Mar 31, 2014

1) Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions thereof.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated.

Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known/materialised.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre-operati''onal expenses (net of revenue) form part of the value of the assets capitalised. Fixed Assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at lower of their written down value or net realizable value.

4) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is calculated in a manner that amortises the cost of the assets after commissioning over their estimated useful lives.

Depreciation has been computed on straight line method under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act,1956 except on (i) Furniture & Fittngs (ii) Motor Cars & Vehicles (iii) Laboratory Equipments (iv) Railway Siding (v) Weighing Machines (vi) Computers and (vii) Fire Extinguishers which are depreciated on written down value basis under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956.

5) Investment

Long-term Investments are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

6) Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overheads and valued as per FIFO method.

Work-in-Progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7) Excise Duty

Excise Duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8) Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9) Taxation

Current Income Tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to Profit & Loss Account for the year.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax Assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such Deferred Tax Assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10) Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty and Education Cess and exclusive of Sales Tax and net of Brokerage & Commission.

11) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions and forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transactions.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities and unsettled forward contracts are translated on the basis of closing exchange rate.

Foreign currency non-monetary assets and liabilities are carried as per the exchange rate on the date of transaction.

Exchange differences arising on settlement/ conversion of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit & loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

13) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

14) Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognised to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Profit & Loss Account as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28 - Impairment of Assets.

15) Segment Reporting

The Company has identified that its business segments are the primary segments. The Company identifies the business segments on the basis of products, risks and returns and internal reporting system.

The geographical segment identification is based on the location of customers of the Company.

The Segment Revenue, Segment Results, Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable basis. Common cost, if any, is allocable on reasonable basis. The revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities which are not allocable are shown as "Unallocated".

Terms of Repayment

Outstanding Rupee Term Loan availed for Wind Mill is repayable in 12 quarterly instalments of Rs. 18,75,000/- each. Outstanding Rupee/FCNR(B) Term Loans are repayable in 18 quarterly instalments of Rs. 3,75,00,000/- each. Outstanding RupeeTerm Loans from UBI are repayable in 9 quarterly instalments of Rs. 30,00,000/- each.

Nature of Security

For Government of Odisha - Subsidised Housing Scheme : Secured by legal mortgage upon the Company''s Leasehold Land measuring 42.79 Acres and Buildings and Structures constructed thereon.

For Modernisation cum Expansion Project : Secured by first pari-passu charge inter-se by way of hypothection of machinery and other fixed assets acquired or to be acquired out of the Term Loans from State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, State Bank of India and Indian Overseas Bank, the Term Lenders, and equitable mortgage of all the piece and parcel of factory land and other land aggregating to 140.80 Acres (lease hold land measuring about 107.41 Acres and free hold land measuring about 33.39 Acres) (excluding Wind Mill Land and Wind Mill receivables) situated at Ganjam District, Kalyanpur, Kanchipur, Jarapadar at Jayshree Nagar where the Company''s registered office is located together with all buildings and structures, plant & machineries erected thereon, both present and future, and second charge on the current assets of the Company.

Out of total land of 140.80 Acres leasehold land measuring 42.79 Acres is presently mortgaged with the Government of Odisha. The Company is to create equitable mortgage thereon in favour of Banks on release of charge by Government of Odisha. At present FDR of Rs. 10.86 Lacs equivalent to amount of dues of Government of Odisha are held under lien with State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, and a mortgage on land purchased from OSFC measuring 2.40 Acres is to be created.

For Wind Mill Project : Exclusively secured by first pari-passu charge by way of hypothecation on the whole movable fixed assets purchased/to be purchased out of the term loans for the wind mill project at Bogampaffi Village, Sulur Taluk, Tirupur, Coimbatore and Wind Mill receivables in favour of State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur (SBBJ) and Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) and second charge on the current assets ranking pari-passu with other term lenders and to be further secured by equitable mortgage of Wind Mill project land measuring 2 Acres in favour of SBBJ and IOB on pari-passu basis.


Mar 31, 2013

1) Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions thereof.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated.

Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known/materialised.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre- operational expenses (net of revenue) form part of the value of the assets capitalised. Fixed Assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at lower of their written down value or net realizable value.

4) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is calculated in a manner that amortises the cost of the assets after commissioning over their estimated useful lives.

Depreciation has been computed on straight line method under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956 except on (i) Furniture & Fittings (ii) Motor Cars & Vehicles (iii) Laboratory Equipments (iv) Railway Siding (v) Weighing Machines (vi) Computers and (vii) Fire Extinguishers which are depreciated on written down value basis under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956.

5) Investment

Long-term Investments are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

6) Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overheads and valued as per FIFO method. Work-in-Progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7) Excise Duty

Excise Duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8) Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9) Taxation

Current Income Tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to Profit& Loss Account for the year.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax Assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10) Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty and Education Cess and exclusive of Sales Tax and Net of Brokerage & Commission.

11) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions and forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transactions.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities and unsettled forward contracts are translated on the basis of closing exchange rate.

Foreign currency non-monetary assets and liabilities are carried as per the exchange rate on the date of transaction.

Exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income overthe life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

13) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

14) Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognized to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Profit & Loss Account as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28-Impairment of Assets.

15) Segment Reporting

The Company has identified that its business segments are the primary segments. The Company identifies the business segments on the basis of products, risks and returns and internal reporting system.

The geographical segment identification is based on the location of customers of the Company.

The Segment Revenue, Segment Results, Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable basis. Common cost, if any, is allocable on reasonable basis. The revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities which are not allocable are shown as "Unallocated".


Mar 31, 2012

1) Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, Accounting Standard notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions thereof.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known/materialised.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre-operational expenses (net of revenue) form part of the value of the assets capitalised. Fixed Assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at lower of their written down value or net realizable value.

4) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is calculated in a manner that amortises the cost of the assets after commissioning over their estimated useful lives.

Depreciation has been computed on straight line method under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956 except on (i) Furniture & Fittings (ii) Motor Cars & Vehicles (iii) Laboratory Equipments (iv) Railway Siding (v) Weighing Machines and (vi) Fire Extinguishers which are depreciated on written down value basis Under Section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956.

5) Investment

Long term investments are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

6) Inventories

Inventories are valued on cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overheads and valued as per FIFO method. Work-in-Progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7) Excise Duty

Excise Duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8) Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9) Taxation

Current income tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss for the year.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred tax assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10) Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty and Education Cess and exclusive of Sales Tax and net of brokerage & commission.

11) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions and forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transactions.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities and unsettled forward contract are translated on the basis of closing exchange rate.

Foreign currency non-monetary assets and liabilities are carried as per the exchange rate on the date of transaction.

Exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

13) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

14) Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognied to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28 - Impairment of Assets.

15) Segment Reporting

The Company has identified that its business segments are the primary segments. The Company identifies the business segments on the basis of products, risks and returns and internal reporting system.

The geographical segment identification is based on the location of customers of the Company.

The Segment Revenue, Segment Results, Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable basis. Common cost, if any, is allocable on reasonable basis. The revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities which are not allocable are shown as "Unallocated".


Mar 31, 2011

1) Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions thereof.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated.

Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known/ materialised.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre-operational expenses (net of revenue) form part of the value of the assets capitalised. Fixed Assets retired from active use and held for disposal are valued at lower of their written down value or net realizable value.

4) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is calculated in a manner that amortises the cost of the assets after commissioning over their estimated useful lives except as disclosed in Note No.13 of this schedule.

5) Investment

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/charged to the Profit & Loss account.

6) Inventories

Inventories are valued on cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overheads and valued as per FIFO method. Work-in-Progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7) Excise Duty

Excise duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8) Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave Liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9) Taxation

Current income tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to profit & loss account for the year.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred tax assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10) Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty, Education Cess and Transportation charges recoverable from customers and exclusive of Sales Tax and net of brokerage & commission.

11) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12) Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions and forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transactions.

Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities and unsettled forward contract are translated on the basis of closing exchange rate.

Foreign currency non-monetary assets and liabilities are carried as per the exchange rate on the date of transaction.

Exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the period.

13) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

14) Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognied to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Profit & Loss Account as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28 - Impairment of Assets.

15) Segment Reporting

The Company has identified that its business segments are the primary segments. The Company identifies the business segments on the basis of products, risks and returns and internal reporting system. The geographical segment identification is based on the location of customers of the Company. The Segment Revenue, Segment Results, Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable basis. Common cost, if any, is allocable on reasonable basis. The revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities which are not allocable are shown as "Unallocated".


Mar 31, 2010

1. Accounting Concept

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the mandatory Accounting Standard (AS) issued by the Instititute of Chartered Accountants of India unless otherwise stated.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the Balance Sheet date and reported amount of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when probable that liability will be incurred and the amount can reasonably be estimated.

Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the year the result are known/materialised.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost excluding excise duty and education cess thereon. In respect of major projects involving construction, erection etc. related pre-operational expenses form part of the value of the assets capitalised.

4. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is calculated in a manner that amortises the cost of the assets after commissioning over their estimated useful lives except as disclosed in Note No.13 of this Schedule.

5. Investment

Long Term Investment are valued at cost. Decline in the value of investment, other than temporary in nature, are provided/charged to the Profit & Loss Account.

6. Inventories

Inventories are valued on cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost comprises, for finished goods, cost of purchase and production overhead and valued as per FIFO method. Work-in-Progress is valued at material cost. All other inventories are valued as per weighted average method.

7. Excise Duty

Excise Duty inclusive of Education Cess is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factory as on the Balance Sheet date.

8. Retirement Benefits

(i) The Company has constituted a separate Gratuity Trust Fund. Yearly contribution towards accrued liability on account of gratuity payable to employees is provided in the accounts on the basis of actuarial valuation and is paid to the Trust from time to time.

(ii) Leave Liability in respect of employees is accounted for on actuarial valuation basis.

9. Taxation

Current Income Tax is estimated at the amount estimated to be paid under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and is charged to Profit & Loss Account for the year.

The Deferred Tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax Assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized on unabsorbed losses only if there is virtual certainty that such Deferred Tax Assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

10. Sales

Sales are inclusive of Excise Duty, Education Cess and Transportation charges recoverable from customers and exclusive of Sales Tax and net of Brokerage & Commission.

11. Recognition of Income & Expenditure

All items of Income & Expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis, unless otherwise stated.

12. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in Foreign Currency are accounted for at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of transaction.

13. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of Fixed Assets are capitalised and (ii) funds borrowed for other purpose are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

14. Impairment of Assets

Impairment is recognised to the extent that the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount and the difference is charged to Profit & Loss Account as prescribed by the ICAI in Accounting Standard 28 - Impairment of Assets.

 
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