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Accounting Policies of Jeevan Scientific Technology Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with all material respects with the accounting standard notified under section 133 of the Companies act 2013 read with rule 7 of the companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The accounting policies adopted in preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in previous year unless otherwise stated below.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized only when there is no significant uncertainty as to the measurability / collectability of the amounts. Export Revenue in foreign currency is accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of sale or service. Gain/Loss arising out of variances in the exchange rates is recognized as income / expenditure of the year.

d. Fixed assets and capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to put to use.

e. Depreciation

The Company provides depreciation for tangible assets on straight line method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the management. Depreciation for assets purchased and sold during a period proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, commencing form the date the asset is available to the company for its use. The management estimates the useful lives for the following class of assets, based on internal assessment and independent technical evaluation carried out by external valuers , the management believes that useful lives as given below best represents the period over which the management expects to use these assets. Hence the useful lives for these assets is different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part - C of schedule II of the companies act 2013.

f. Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

Components and consumables are valued at lower of cost. Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

h. Retirement and other employee benefits

The Company's liability towards retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is provided in accordance with the payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to all the employees other than the whole time Directors.

i. Income taxes

An amount of Rs. 44.73 lakhs Deferred Tax asset which was recognized in the earlier year is being continued.As a measure of prudence and in the absence of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available, the company has not recognized Deferred Tax asset during the current financial year.

j. Foreign currency transaction

i. Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend are restated at year end rates. In case of monetary items which are covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the original entry dates to forward contract date is recognized as an exchange difference.

iii. Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, or on reporting such monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

k. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus Issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. Earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the number of equity shares outstanding on the balance sheet date.

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

m. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence of non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

The contingent liability is Rs. NIL during the financial year.

n. Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with all material respects with the accounting standard notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in previous year unless otherwise stated below.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized only when there is no significant uncertainty as to the measurability / collectability of the amounts. Export Revenue in foreign currency is accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of sale or service. Gain/Loss arising out of variances in the exchange rates is recognized as income / expenditure of the year.

d. Fixed assets and capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to put to use.

e. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, other than additions in lease hold buildings. Additions in lease hold buildings are written off over the lease period. All individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

f. Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

Components and consumables are valued at lower of cost. Work-in-progress and finished goods are

valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

h. Retirement and other employee benefits

The Company''s liability towards retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is provided in accordance with the payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to all the employees other than the whole time Directors.

i. Income taxes

An amount of Rs. 44.73 lakhs Deferred Tax asset which was recognized in the earlier year is being continued. As a measure of prudence and in the absence of virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available, the company has not recognized Deferred Tax asset during the current financial year.

j. Foreign currency transaction

i. Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend are restated at year end rates. In case of monetary items which are covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the original entry dates to forward contract date is recognized as an exchange difference.

iii. Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items, or on reporting such monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

K. Earnings per Share :

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing Net profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. Earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the number of equity shares outstanding on the balance sheet date.

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determinedbased on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

m. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence of non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements. The contingent liability is Rs. NIL during the financial year.

n. Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

b. Rights attached to equity shares

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

d. Shares reserved for issue under options

The company has not reserved any shares for issue under employee stock option (ESOP), loan agreements or contracts for supply of capital goods, etc.

24. Accounting for Lease (AS-19):

The Company has taken two premises on operating lease. In respect of one property, in the absence of non-cancellable lease agreement, the requirements of the Accounting Standard – 19 are not given. In respect of the other premises, the particulars are given below:

b) Lease payments recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Lease rentals of Building recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss - Rs.18,00,000/-.

c) General description of the company''s significant leasing arrangements.

The Company has entered into a long term non-cancellable leasing arrangement in respect of its Registered Office situated at 3rd Floor, North Block, Raghava Ratna Towers, Chirag Ali Lane, Abids, Hyderabad- 500001.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention and on accrual basis in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 1956.

b. Fixed Assets:

The Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of depreciation.

c. Depreciation:

Depreciation is calculated on the fixed assets, other than additions in lease hold buildings, on straight line method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act. 1956. Additions in lease hold buildings are written off over the lease period.

d. Valuation of Inventory:

Components and consumables are valued at cost. Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and realizable value.

e. Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized only when there is no significant uncertainty as to the measurability / collectability of the amounts. Export Revenue in foreign currency is accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of sale or service. Gain/Loss arising out of variances in the exchange rates is recognized as income / expenditure of the year.

f. Employee benefits:

The Company''s liability towards retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is provided in accordance with the payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to all the employees other than the whole time Directors.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention and on accrual basis in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 1956.

b. Fixed Assets:

The Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of depreciation.

c. Depreciation:

Depreciation is calculated on the fixed assets, other than additions in lease hold buildings, on straight line method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act. 1956. Additions in lease hold buildings are written off over the lease period.

d. Valuation of Products:

Components and consumables are valued at cost. Work-in-progress is valued at lower of cost and realizable value.

e. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized only when there is no significant uncertainty as to the measurability / collectability of the amounts. Export Revenue in foreign currency is accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of sale or service. Gain/Loss arising out of variances in the exchange rates is recognized as income / expenditure of the year.

f. Employee benefits:

The Company''s liability towards retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is provided in accordance with the payment of Gratuity Act, to all the employees other than the whole time Directors.

b. Rights attached to equity shares

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

d. Shares reserved for issue under options

The company has not reserved any shares for issue under employee stock option (ESOP), loan agreements or contracts for supply of capital goods, etc.

 
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