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Accounting Policies of Kaiser Corporation Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act') including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. Further, the guidance notes/ announcements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India are also considered, wherever applicable.

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principle of a going concern.The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

b) Presentation of financial statements:

The Balance Sheet and the Statement of Profit and Loss are prepared and presented in the format prescribed in the Schedule III to the Act. The Cash Flow Statement has been prepared and presented as per the requirements of the Accounting Standard (AS) 3 Cash Flow Statements. The disclosure requirements with respect to items in the Balance Sheet and the Statement of Profit and Loss, as prescribed in the Schedule III to the Act, are presented by way of notes forming part of accounts along with the other notes required to be disclosed under the notified Accounting Standards.

c) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

d) Fixed assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all cost incidental to acquisition, installation, commissioning and pre-operative expenses allocated to such assets.

e) Depreciation:

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided on straight-line method on pro-rata basis in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 up to 31 March, 2014. From 1 April, 2014, the Company has provided depreciation on the basis of useful life of fixed assets specified by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013

f) Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

g) Investments:

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the values when the decline is other than temporary.

h) Inventories:

i) Inventories are valued at weighted average method or net realizable value whichever is lower. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for, whenever required.

ii) Work in process includes material cost, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition.

i) Retirement benefits:

i) Defined contribution plan:

The Company contributes on a defined contribution basis to Employees' Provident Fund, towards post employment benefits, which is administered by the respective government authorities and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution, which is expensed in the year to which it pertains. The contributions towards provident fund/ pension scheme are accounted on accrual basis.

ii) Defined benefit plans:

a) Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan namely Gratuity for all its employees in the form of Group Gratuity -cum- Life Assurance Scheme. The liability for the defined benefit is determined on the basis of valuation made under the scheme at year end, which is calculated using the projected unit credit method.

b) Employee leave entitlement:

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of unutilized leave balances is provided at the end of year and charged to the statement of profit and loss.

j) Accounting for taxes on income:

i) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable / virtual certainty that these would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

iii) The Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

k) Lease:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis over the lease term.

l) Impairment of fixed assets:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

m) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

n) Earnings per share:

The basic earnings per share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year available for the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit after tax for the year available for equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and Cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash on hand and cash at bank including fixed deposit with original maturity period of three months or less and short term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.




Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with all material aspects of the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September 2013 of Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013.

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principle of a going concern.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

b) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all cost incidental to acquisition, installation, commissioning and pre-operative expenses allocated to such assets.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions / deletions during the year is calculated on pro-rata basis form the date of such additions / deletions.

Tangible fixed assets individually costing Rs 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

f) Investments:

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the values when the decline is other than temporary.

g) Inventories:

i) Inventories are valued at weighted average method or net realizable value whichever is lower. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for, whenever required.

ii) Work in process includes material cost, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition.

h) Retirement benefits:

i) Defined contribution plan:

The Company contributes on a defined contribution basis to Employees'' Provident Fund, towards post employment benefits, which is administered by the respective government authorities and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution, which is expensed in the year to which it pertains. The contributions towards provident fund/ pension scheme are accounted on accrual basis.

ii) Defined benefit plans:

a) Gratuity

The Company has a defined benefit plan namely Gratuity for all its employees in the form of Group Gratuity -cum- Life Assurance Scheme. The liability for the defined benefit is determined on the basis of valuation made under the scheme at year end, which is calculated using the projected unit credit method.

b) Employee leave entitlement

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of unutilized leave balances is provided at the end of year and charged to the statement profit and loss.

i) Accounting for taxes on income:

i) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable / virtual certainty that these would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

j) Impairment of fixed assets:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

k) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

l) Earnings per share:

The basic earnings per share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year available for the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit after tax for the year available for equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting

b) Useofestimates:

c) Fixed assets:

d) Depreciation:

e) Revenue recognition:

f) Investments:

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the values when the

g) Inventories:

ii) Work in process includes material cost, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to

h) Retirement benefits:

i) Defined contribution plan:

ii) Defined benefit plans:

a) Gratuity

b) Employee leave entitlement

i) Accountingfortaxeson income:

j) Impairment of fixed assets:

k) Provisions and contingent liabilities:


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with all material aspects of the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principle of a going concern.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

b) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all cost incidental to acquisition, installation, commissioning and pre-operative expenses allocated to such assets.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions / deletions during the year is calculated on pro-rata basis form the date of such additions / deletions.

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

f) Investments:

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the values when the decline is other than temporary.

g) Inventories:

i) Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost is determined on specific identification method. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for, whenever required.

ii) Work in process includes material cost, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition.

h) Retirement benefits:

i) Defined contribution plan:

The Company contributes on a defined contribution basis to Employees' Provident Fund, towards post employment benefits, which is administered by the respective government authorities and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution, which is expensed in the year to which it pertains. The contributions towards provident fund/ pension scheme are accounted on accrual basis.

ii) Defined benefit plans:

a) Gratuity

Gratuity liability is provided at the year end as per "The payment of Gratuity Act, 1972" and charged to profit and loss account.

b) Employee leave entitlement

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of unutilized leave balances is provided at the end of year and charged to the profit and loss account.

i) Accounting for taxes on income:

i) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable / virtual certainty that these would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

j) Impairment of fixed assets:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the management estimates the recoverable amount ofthe asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

k) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with all material aspects of the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principle of a going concern.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

b) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all cost incidental to acquisition, installation, commissioning and pre-operative expenses allocated to such assets.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions / deletions during the period is calculated on pro-rata basis form the date of such additions / deletions.

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

f) Investments:

Long-term investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in the values when the decline is other than temporary.

g) Inventories:

i) Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost is determined on specific identification method. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for, whenever required.

ii) Work in process includes material cost, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their present location and condition.

h) Retirement benefits:

i) Defined contribution plan:

The Company contributes on a defined contribution basis to Employees' Provident Fund, towards post employment benefits, which is administered by the respective government authorities and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution, which is expensed in the year to which it pertains. The contributions towards provident fund/ pension scheme are accounted on accrual basis.

ii) Defined benefit plans:

i) Gratuity

Gratuity liability is provided at the year end as per "The payment of Gratuity Act, 1972" and charged to profit and loss account.

ii) Employee leave entitlement

The employees of the Company are entitled to leave as per the leave policy of the Company. The liability in respect of unutilized leave balances is provided at the end of year and charged to the profit and loss account.

i) Accounting for taxes on income:

i) Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) The deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits for the period is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable / virtual certainty that these would be realised in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

j) Impairment of fixed assets:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the management estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

k) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

 
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