Home  »  Company  »  Kanco Tea & Industri  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Kanco Tea & Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards sepcified under section 133 of the Companies Act,2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule, 2014 as amended and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost and net of subsidies less accumulated depreciation/impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalisation criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from sale/discard of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is sold/discarded.

d. Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

In respect of assets acquired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

e. Impairment of Tangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

f. Intangible Fixed Assets

Intangible fixed assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at cost less any accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairement loss. Subsequent expenditure is capitalised only when it increases the future economic benefits from the specified asset to which it relates.

Intangible assets are amortised in profit & loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset.

g. Investments

Investments, which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and direct attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

h. Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis.

Finished Tea i.e. Black Tea is valued at net realisable value.

i. Exchange fluctuations Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognised:

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Other Items of Income

Other items of Income are accounted as and when the right to receive arises.

k. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Capital grants and subsidy relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets. Revenue grants and subsidies are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses. i. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution Plan:

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Super Annuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contribution payable to the respective funds.

Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of acturial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of acturial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by LIC of India. The present value of obligation is determined using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlements.The Compensated absences are unfunded.

m. Research & Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged as an expense through the normal heads of account in the year in which the same is incurred. Capital expenditure incurred on equipment and facilities that are acquired for research and development activities is capitalised and is depreciated according to the policy followed by the Company.

n. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period untill the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

o. Taxes on Income

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of MAT under section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax arising on account of "timing differences and which are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods is recognised, using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantively enacted. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The Company recognises MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognises MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

p. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognised when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

r. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

s. Prior Period Items

Prior Period and Extra Ordinary items and Changes in Accounting Policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

t. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated stated at cost and net of subsidies less accumulated depreciation/impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from sale/discard of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is sold/discarded.

d. Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. No write off is made in respect of leasehold land as these are long term leases.

In respect of assets acquired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

e. Impairment of Tangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

f. Investments

Investments, which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and direct attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

g. Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis. Finished Tea i.e. Black Tea is valued at net realisable value.

h. Exchange fluctuations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transcations are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

i. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognised:

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Other Items of Income

Other items of Income are accounted as and when the right to receive arises.

j. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Capital grants and subsidy relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets. Revenue grants and subsidies are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses.

k. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution Plan:

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Super Annuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contribution payable to the respective funds.

Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of acturial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of acturial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by LIC of India. The present value of obligation is determined using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlements.The Compensated absences are unfunded.

l. Research & Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged as an expense through the normal heads of account in the year in which the same is incurred. Capital expenditure incurred on equipment and facilities that are acquired for research and development activities is capitalised and is depreciated according to the policy followed by the Company.

m. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period untill the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

n. Taxes on Income

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of MAT under section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company wil pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax arising on account of timing differences and which are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent peiods is recognised, using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantively enacted. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The Company recognises MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognises MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as “MAT Credit Entitlement”. The company reviews the “MAT credit entitlement” asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

o. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

p. Provisions

A provision is recognised when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

q. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

r. Prior Period Items

Prior Period and Extra Ordinary items and Changes in Accounting Policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

s. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost and net of subsidies less accumulated depreciation/impairment losses, if any. The cost comparises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitatisation criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition to the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from sale/discard of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is sold/discarded.

d. Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. No write off is made in respect of leasehold land as these are long term leases.

In respect of assets acquired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

e. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets like preliminary expenses are written off in the year in which they are incurred.

f. Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

g. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and direct attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

h. Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis. Finished Tea i.e. Black Tea is valued at net realisable value.

i. Exchange fluctuations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transcations are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognised :

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Other Items of Income

Other items of Income are accounted as and when the right to receive arises.

k. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Capital grants and subsidies relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets. Revenue grants and subsidies are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses.

l. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution Plan :

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Super Annuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contribution payable to the respective funds.

Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of actuarial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by LIC of India. The present value of obligation is determined using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlements.The Compensated absences are unfunded.

m. Research & Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged as an expense through the normal heads of account in the year in which the same is incurred. Capital expenditure incurred on equipment and facilities that are acquired for research and development activities is capitalised and is depreciated according to the policy followed by the Company.

n. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period untill the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

o. Taxes on Income

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of MAT under section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company wil pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax arising on account of timing differences and which are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods is recognised, using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantively enacted. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The Company recognises MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognises MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement". The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

p. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognised when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

r. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

s. Prior Period Items

Prior Period and Extra Ordinary items and Changes in Accounting Policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

t. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these as- sumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost and net of subsidies less accumulated depreciation/impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalisation criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from sale/discard of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is sold/discarded.

d. Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. No write off is made in respect of leasehold land as these are long term leases.

In respect of assets acquired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

e. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets like preliminary expenses are written off in the year in which they are incurred.

f. Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

g. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and direct attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

h. Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis. Finished Tea i.e. Black Tea is valued at net realisable value.

i. Exchange fluctuations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transcations are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

j. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized :

Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Other Items of Income

Other items of Income are accounted as and when the right to receive arises.

k. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Capital grants and subsidy relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets.

Revenue grants and subsidies are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses.

l. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution Plan:

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Super Annuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contribution payable to the respective funds.

Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of actuarial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by LIC of India. The present value of obligation is determined using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlements.The Compensated absences are unfunded.

m. Research & Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged as an expense through the normal heads of account in the year in which the same is incurred. Capital expenditure incurred on equipment and facilities that are acquired for research and development activities is capitalized and is depreciated according to the policy followed by the Company.

n. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period untill the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

o. Taxes on Income

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of MAT under section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company wil pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax arising on account of ''timing differences and which are capable of reversal in one or more subse- quent peiods is recognised, using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantively enacted. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as ''MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the ''MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

p. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These esti- mates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reim- bursement.

r. Contigent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

s. Prior Period Items

Prior Period and Extra Ordinary items and Changes in Accounting Policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

t. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and cash in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2011

1) Basis of Accounting

(a) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and on principles of going concern. The accounting policies are consistently applied by the Company.

(b) The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(c) The preparation of the financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

2) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(a) Fixed Assets :

Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accummulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price (net of CENVAT / duty credits availed or available thereon) and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

(b) Depreciation :

(i)Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of the assets estimated by the management, or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. No write off is made in respect of leasehold land as these are long term leases.

(ii) In respect of assets acquired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

(iii) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined by the present value of the estimated future cash flows.

(iv) Cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use at the Balance Sheet date together with all related expenses are shown as Capital Work-in-progress.

3) Investments :

(i) Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-tern investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

(ii) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value.

4) Inventories :

(a) Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis.

(b) Finished Tea is valued at net realisable value.

5) Exchange Fluctuations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

6) Sales

a) Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Sale of goods is recognised in the accounts on passing of title of goods, i.e. delivery as per terms of sales.

b) Purchases are net of VAT credit, Trade Discounts and claims.

c) Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

7) Government Grants and Subsidy

Capital grants and subsidy relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets. Other revenue grants and subsidy are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses.

8) Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan :

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Superannuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contribution payable to the respective funds.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan :

The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of acturial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of acturial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense. The Company has an Employees Gratuity Fund managed by LIC of India. The present value of obligation is determined using the projected unit credit method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlements.The Compensated absences are unfunded.

9) Research & Development Expenses

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged as an expense through the normal heads of account in the year in which the same is incurred. Capital expenditure incurred on equipment and facilities that are acquired for research and development activities is capitalized and is depreciated according to the policy followed by the Company.

10) Borrowing Cost

a) Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period untill the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.

b) Other Borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

11 ) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax

a) Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, computed in accordance with the applicable tax rates and tax laws. In case of tax payable as per provisions of MAT under section 115JB of he Income Tax Act, 1961, MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company wil pay normal income tax during the specified period.

b) Deferred Tax arising on account of "timing differences" and which are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods is recognised, using the tax rates and tax laws that are enacted or substantively enacted. Deferred tax asset is recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty with respect to reversal of the same in future years as a matter of prudence.

12) Earnings per Share (EPS)

a) Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

b) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13) Provisions & Contingent Liabilities

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurements is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

Contingent Liabilities are shown by way of notes to the Accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.

A Contingent Asset is not recognized in the Accounts.

14) Share Issue Expenses

Share Issue Expenses are amortised over a period of 5 years U/s 35D of the Income Tax Act, 1961

15) Prior Period Items

Prior Period and Extraordinary items and Changes in Accounting Policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.


Mar 31, 2010

1) Basis of Accounting

(a) The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting unless otherwise stated and recognises income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

(b) The accounts have been prepared in accordance with historical cost convention method These costs are not adjusted to reflect the impact of the changing value in the purchasing power of money.

2) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(a) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition / book value and net of cenvat'subsidy less accumulated depreciation except on Land & Plantation.

(b) Depreciation :

(i) Depreciation is being provided on Straight Line Method in terms of Section 205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the said Act.

(ii) In respect of assets acpuired/sold during the year, depreciation has been provided on pro-rata basis.

3) Investments :

(i) Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-tern investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary. (ii) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value.

4) Inventories:

(a) Stores and spares are valued at Weighted Average Cost basis.

(b) Finished Tea is valued at net realisable value.

5) Exchange Fluctuations

i) Foreign Curreny Transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the dates when the relevant transactions take place.

(ii) Year end balances of foreign currency transactions are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the end of the year.

{iii) Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or translation is recognised in the profit & loss account.

6) Sales

Sale of goods is recognised in the accounts on passing of title of goods, i.e. delivery as per terms of sales.

7) Government Grants and Subsidy

Capital grants and subsidy relating to specific assets are reduced from the gross value of the fixed assets. Other revenue grants and subsidy are credited to Profit & Loss Account or deducted from the related expenses.

8) Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan:

The Company has defined contribution plans in the form of Provident Fund, Pension Scheme, EDLI, Super Annuation Fund and Labour Welfare Fund and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due. There are no other contributions other than the contributions payable to the respective funds.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan:

(a) Fund Plan: The Company has defined benefit plans in the form of Gratuity and Leave Encashment, the liability for which is determined on the basis of acturial valuation at the end of the year. Gains and losses arising out of acturial valuation are recognised immediately to the Profit & Loss account as income or expense.

(b) Unfunded Plan: The Company has unfunded Defined Benefit Plans in the form of Compensated Absences, as per Company Policy.

(iii) Other Defined Benefits

Provision for other defined benefit for long term leave encashment is made based on an independent actuarial valuation on projetced unit credit method at the end of each financial year. Acturial gain & losses are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss Account as income or expenses. Company recognised the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits during the accounting period based on service rendered by an employee, 14.

9) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs in relation to acquisition and construction of assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are ready for intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

10) Segment Reporting

As the Company is having one segment only i.e. manufacturing of Black Tea, the reporting required as per AS - 19 "Segment Reporting" is not applicable.

11) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

12) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying amounts of assets are reveiwed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An Impairment loss will be recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value bv using weighted average cost of capital.

13) Provisions and Contigent Liabilities

The Company recognised a provision when there is apresent obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the obligation A disclosure for a contigent is made when there is a possible obligation or apresent obligation that may.but probably will not.require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contigent liability is made.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!