Home  »  Company  »  Kaushalya Infrastruc  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Kaushalya Infrastructure Development Corpn.Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013('the Act') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provisions of the Act(to the extent notified) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

1.3 Inventories

The stock of raw materials, stores and spares, other construction materials and fuel are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Work-in-progress is valued at cost.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short- term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraor- dinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation

i) Tangible Fixed Assets

a) Depreciation is provided from the date the assets are ready to be put to use, on straight line method as per the useful life of the assets as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except for the Plant & Machinery and Cycles purchased before FY 2004-05 where the management has estimated that there were no useful life of the aforementioned assets and thus differs from the useful life prescribed under the Act.

For the aforementioned assets, the company has charged amount of Rs. 40,43,060/- as depreciation in statement of profit & loss instead of deducting it from retained earnings for fair & better presentation of financial statements.

1.7 Revenue recognition

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognized when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognized over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognized when probable.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract.

Contract Income

a. The company follows the policy of recognizing the revenue as soon as the work is completed, irrespective of the certification. However, whenever the work gets certified, the company takes the certified portion of the previously uncertified revenue in the turnover and deducts the same amount from the uncertified portion of the revenue of the respective financial year.

b. It is to be noted that out of the total revenue of Rs. 6,08,33,560/- in the financial year 2014- 15, an amount of Rs. 5,94,17,000/- is pending for certification.

Income from Hotel

Income from hotel is recognized on accrual basis. Profit before depreciation from hotel business is recognized as income in statement of profit and loss. Depreciation and Taxes related to Hotel Business is shown under respective heads of statement of profit and loss.

1.8 Other income

Interest: Interest income is generally recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Maintenance & Hire Charges : Income from Maintenance and Hire Charges is recognized on accrual basis.

1.9 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price, directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying fixed assets, up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure on fixed assets after its purchase/completion is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

1.10 Investments

a. Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Investment in Lands are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any.

1.11 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, ESI and gratuity. Contribution to Provident fund, ESI, Medical reimbursement etc. is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred.

The provision for gratuity has been made, without any actuarial valuation, and also not paid to any gratuity fund.

1.12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets is added to the cost up to the date when such assets are ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

1.13 Segment reporting

As per Accounting Standard (AS) 17 on "Segment Reporting", segment information has been provided under the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

1.14 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.15 Taxes on income

"Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961".

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realized. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets.

1.16 Joint Venture Operations

In respect of contracts executed in Integrated Joint Ventures under profit sharing arrangement (assessed as AOP under Income tax laws), the services rendered to the Joint Ventures are accounted as income on accrual basis. The profit / loss is accounted for, as and when it is determined by the Joint Venture and the net investment in the Joint Venture is reflected as investments, loans & advances or current liabilities.

1.17 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.18 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

1.19 Service Tax Input Credits

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received.

1.20 Operating Cycle:

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 36 months for real estate & infrastructure projects and 12 months for others for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

1.21 Advances to Subsidiaries :

The amount of Rs. 482,462,888/- in aggregate is standing as advance to its subsidiaries & associates at the balance sheet date out of which advances to the tune of Rs. 480,986,485/- is outstanding, which was advanced for purchase of land by the subsidiaries & associates made under agreement. The Company had entered into agreements with Kaushalya Township (P) Ltd., Kaushalya Nirman (P) Ltd. and Orion Abasaan (P) Ltd. that whenever they will sell land or developed land or project on the land the Company's interest shall be safeguarded as per the terms of the agreement.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

2.3 Inventories

The stock of raw materials, stores and spares, other construction materials and fuel are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value whichever is lower. Work-in-progress is valued at cost.

2.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.6 Depreciation

Depreciation is charged on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

2.7 Revenue recognition

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract.

Contract Income

a. The company follows the policy of recognizing the

revenue as soon as the work is completed, irrespective of the certification. However,

whenever the work gets certified, the company takes the certified portion of the previously uncertified revenue in the turnover and deducts the same amount from the uncertified portion of the revenue of the respective financial year.

b. It is to be noted that out of the total revenue of Rs.15,77,35,831/- in the financial year 2013-14, an amount of Rs. 2,75,00,000/- is pending for certification.

Income from Hotel:

Income from hotel is recognized on accrual basis.

2.8 Other income

Interest: Interest income is generally recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

2.9 Tangible Fixed Assets

a. ''Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on

restatement/settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalized and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalized and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident.

''Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

b. However, few machines are lying idle, though depreciation has been charged on them in the usual manner.

2.10 Investments

a. Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalized and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

b. Investment in Private companies :

The company has investment to the tune of Rs. 12,34,10,000/- in the equity shares of few Private companies, by way of conversion of advances into investment, (details of which has been shown in Note 12 under "Trade Investments" in the ''Others'' category), which has ersulted to a share holding of more than 20% voting power in each of such private companies.

However, the company has confirmed that it does not have the right to exercise any sort of influence in those companies, event if it holds a substantial percentage of voting power.

2.11 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, ESI and gratuity. Contribution to Provident fund, ESI, Medical reimbursement etc. is charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred.

The provision for gratuity has been made, without any actuarial valuation, and also not paid to any gratuity fund.

2.12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets is added to the cost up to the date when such assets are ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

2.13 Segment reporting

The Company is solely engaged in construction contracts for infrastructure development. The other business i.e. hotel is insignificant in terms of risk as well as rewards since it does not constitutes even 1% in terms of revenue, expenses and profit as given in table below.

As such there are no separately identifiable primary segments.

In so far as geographical segment is concerned, the company is carrying out its business only in domestic markets. Therefore, there are no separately identifiable geographical segments.

2.14 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.15 Taxes on income

"Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognized in equity is recognized in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.16 Joint Venture Operations

The accounts of the Company reflect its share of the Assets, Liabilities, Income and Expenditure of the Joint Venture Operations which are accounted on the basis of

the audited accounts of the Joint Ventures on line-by-line basis with similar items in the Company''s accounts to the extent of the participating interest of the Company as per the Joint Venture Agreements.

In respect of contracts executed in Integrated Joint Ventures under profit sharing arrangement (assessed as AOP under Income tax laws), the services rendered to the Joint Ventures are accounted as income on accrual basis. The profit / loss is accounted for, as and when it is determined by the Joint Venture and the net investment in the Joint Venture is reflected as investments, loans & advances or current liabilities.

2.17 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.18 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

2.19 Service Tax Input Credits

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received.

2.20 Advances to Subsidiaries :

The Company has advance Rs. 517,833,183/- in aggregate to its subsidiaries, out of which advances to the tune of Rs. 516,319,945/- has been made under agreements to purchase land. Amount to Rs. 513,541,675/- had already been utilized by the subsdiaries for the purchase of land. However, transfer of land to the parent company is yet to be made as acquisition of land is under progress.

Notes:

(i) Includes deposits amounting to Rs. 17,941,708/- (As at 31 March, 2013Rs.14,367,250/-) which have an original maturity of more than 12 months.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

1.3 Inventories

The stock of raw materials, stores and spares, other construction materials and fuel are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Work-in-progress is valued at cost.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation

Depreciation is charged on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.7 Revenue recognition income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro- rata over the period of the contract.

Contract Income

a. The company follows the policy of recognizing the revenue as soon as the work is completed, irrespective of the certification. However, whenever the work gets certified, the company takes the certified portion of the previously uncertified revenue in the turnover and deducts the same amount from the uncertified portion of the revenue of the respective financial year.

b. It is to be noted that out of the total revenue of Rs. 26,37,05,308/- in the financial year 2012-13, an amount of Rs. 22,59,25,079/- is pending for certification.

c. An amount of Rs. 20,06,43,402/- is included in the contract revenue, on which TDS is not reflected in FORM 26AS.

Income from Hotel

Income from hotel is recognized on accrual basis.

1.8 Other income

Interest: Interest income is generally recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

1.9 Tangible Fixed Assets

a. ''Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement/ settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalized and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalized and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

b. However, at some of the sites, fixed assets are lying idle, though depreciation has been charged on them in the usual manner.

1.10 Investments

a. Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value.

Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalized and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

b. Investment in Private companies:

The company has invested a sum of Rs. 12,34,10,000/- in the equity shares of few Private companies, by way of conversion of advances into investment, (details of which has been shown in Note 12 under "Trade Investments" in the ''Others'' category), which has resulted to a share of more than 20% voting power in each of such private companies.

However, the company has confirmed that it does not have the right to exercise any sort of influence in those companies, even if it holds a substantial percentage of voting power

1.11 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, ESI and gratuity. Contribution to Provident fund, ESI, Medical reimbursement etc. is charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred.

The provision for gratuity has been made, without any actuarial valuation, and also not paid to any gratuity fund.

1.12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets is added to the cost up to the date when such assets are ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

1.13 Segment reporting

The Company is solely engaged in construction contracts for infrastructure development. The other business i.e. hotel is insignificant in terms of risk as well as rewards since it does not constitutes even 1% in terms of revenue, expenses and profit as given in table below:

As such there are no separately identifiable primary segments.

In so far as geographical segment is concerned, the company is carrying out its business only in domestic markets. Therefore, there are no separately identifiable geographical segments.

1.14 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.15 Taxes on income

"Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognized in equity is recognized in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.16 Joint Venture Operations

The accounts of the Company reflect its share of the Assets,

Liabilities, Income and Expenditure of the Joint Venture Operations which are accounted on the basis of the audited accounts of the Joint Ventures on line-by-line basis with similar items in the Company''s accounts to the extent of the participating interest of the Company as per the Joint Venture Agreements.

In respect of contracts executed in Integrated Joint Ventures under profit sharing arrangement (assessed as AOP under Income tax laws), the services rendered to the Joint Ventures are accounted as income on accrual basis. The profit / loss is accounted for, as and when it is determined by the Joint Venture and the net investment in the Joint Venture is reflected as investments, loans & advances or current liabilities.

1.17 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.18 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.19 Service Tax Input Credits

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received.

1.20 Prior Period Items

An amount of Rs. 19,67,006/-, as disclosed in the contract revenue of the current year is appearing to be the revenue of the prior period as per the records and other documents, referred by us.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

1.3 Inventories

The stock of raw materials, stores and spares, other construction materials and fuel are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Work-in-progress is valued at cost.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation

Depreciation is charged on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.7 Revenue recognition

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised pro- rata over the period of the contract.

Contract Income

a. The company follows the policy of recognizing the revenue as soon as the work is completed, irrespective of the certification. However, whenever the work gets certified, the company takes the certified portion of the previously uncertified revenue in the turnover and deducts the same amount from the uncertified portion of the revenue of the respective financial year.

b. An amount of Rs. 10,35,55,161/- as disclosed by the company, as the revenue of the prior periods and considered to be doubtful, during the limited review for the quarter ending 31st March''2012, has now been revalued to Rs. 37,71,475/- only, which has been written off as Unrecoverable Contract expenses, during the current financial year.

c. An amount of Rs. 53,19,36,351/- is included in the contract revenue, on which TDS is not reflected in FORM 26AS.

1.8 Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

1.9 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Fixed assets acquired in full or part exchange for another asset are recorded at the fair market value or the net book value of the asset given up, adjusted for any balancing cash consideration. Fair market value is determined either for the assets acquired or asset given up, whichever is more clearly evident. Fixed assets acquired in exchange for securities of the Company are recorded at the fair market value of the assets or the fair market value of the securities issued, whichever is more clearly evident.

Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

1.10 Investments

long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

1.11 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, ESI and gratuity. Contribution to Provident fund, ESI, Medical reimbursement etc. is charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred.

The provision for gratuity has been made, but not paid to any gratuity fund.

1.12 Borrowing Costs

AS-16: Borrowing Costs is not applicable to the company during the current year.

1.13 Segment reporting

The Company is solely engaged in construction contracts for infrastructure development. The other business i.e. hotel is insignificant in terms of risk as well as rewards since it does not constitutes even 1% in terms of revenue, expenses and profit as given in table below:

As such there are no separately identifiable primary segments.

In so far as geographical segment is concerned, the company is carrying out its business only in domestic markets. Therefore, there are no separately identifiable geographical segments.

1.14 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.15 Taxes on income

"Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognized in equity is recognized in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.16 Joint Venture Operations

The accounts of the Company reflect its share of the Assets, Liabilities, Income and Expenditure of the Joint Venture Operations which are accounted on the basis of the audited accounts of the Joint Ventures on line-by-line basis with similar items in the Company''s accounts to the extent of the participating interest of the Company as per the Joint Venture Agreements.

In respect of contracts executed in Integrated Joint Ventures under profit sharing arrangement (assessed as AOP under Income tax laws), the services rendered to the Joint Ventures are accounted as income on accrual basis. The profit / loss is accounted for, as and when it is determined by the Joint Venture and the net investment in the Joint Venture is reflected as investments, loans & advances or current liabilities.

1.17 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.18 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.19 Service Tax Input Credits

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received.

1.20 Sundry Debtors

Sundry Debtors, to the tune of Rs. 37,71,475/- , are considered to be doubtful, the recovery of which has ceased to be probable. Hence, the management has decided to write off the same as "Unrecoverable Contract Expenses", in accordance with the Paragraph 27 of the Accounting Standard 7.


Mar 31, 2010

Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with Accounting Principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP) and comply with the applicable accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 except where otherwise stated.

For recognition of Income and Expenses mercantile system of accounting is followed except in case of insurance claims. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known.

Inventories

The stock of raw materials, stores and spares, other construction materials and fuel are valued at cost under FIFO method or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Work-in-Progress is valued at cost.

Depreciation/Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is charged on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule -XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

Revenue Recognition

On Construction Contracts

The contract revenue is recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of percentage completion method. Further, it is recognized whether completed works are certified by the principal or not.

The revenue from hotel business is recognized on completion of service rendered.

Interest income is recognized on an accrual basis.

Income from plant and Machinery/Equipments on hire contract are recognized on accrual basis over the contract period.

Price escalation claims and other additional claims including those under arbitration are recognized as revenue when:

- They are realized or receipts thereof are mutually settled or reasonably ascertained.

- Negotiations with the client have reached an advanced stage such that client will accept the claim.

- Amount that is probable, if accepted by the client can be measured reliably by the Company.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental costs for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any.

Capital work in progress is stated at amounts spent up to the date of the Balance Sheet.

Investment

Long-term investments are stated at cost, provision is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long term investments.

Current investments are carried at cost or market rates whichever is less, on individual investment basis.

Employee Benefit (Retirement and Post Employment Benefit)

Contribution to defined benefit schemes such as Provident Fund, ESI, Medical reimbursement etc. are charged to profit and loss account as incurred. The contributions are made to Government administered Provident Fund and ESI towards which the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions.

Gratuity

The present value of the obligation is determined based on an acturial valuation. The provision made but not paid.

Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are capitalized as part of the cost of those assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net Profit or Loss for the year attributable to the equity share holders and weighted average number of share outstanding if any are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

Taxation

Tax expenses comprise of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is determined in respect of taxable income for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing difference being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originates in one period and one capable of set off in one on more subsequent year and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to re-assess excess realization.

Impairment of Assets

On annual basis the Company makes an assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of assets. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds the recoverable value. Recoverable amount is higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

Transaction in Foreign Exchange

Transaction in respect of foreign exchange are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Prior period and Extraordinary items and changes in Accounting policies:

Prior period and Extraordinary items and changes in Accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the company are disclosed.



 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!