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Accounting Policies of Kavveri Telecom Products Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

1. Background

M/s Kavveri Telecom Products Limited (''company'' or ''Kaweri'') was incorporated in 1996 and is engaged in the design, development and manufacture of Radio Frequency products and antennae for telecom, defense and space applications in India and abroad. Kavveri enjoys the status of being the largest manufacturer of wireless subsystem products like, Radio frequency products and antenna and Radio Frequency products in India. Kavveri also provides total turnkey solutions for coverage and capacity enhancement requirements for GSM 3G and CDMA carriers in India. .

2. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year and in case of any such variation in the accounting policy as compared to the previous year; such variations are disclosed separately as a part of notes to accounts.

3. Change in Accounting Policy:

During the year ended March31, 2012, the revised schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of financials .The adaptation of revised schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed , by the Company for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

4. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of the operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

5. Tangible and Intangible Fixed Assets:

Tangible Fixed Assets:

- Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (Net of Cenvat and VAT) plus subsequent improvements thereto including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation including finance charges which are directly attributable to the Fixed assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

- Capital Worl^ in Progress comprises of the cost of fixed assets that are not put to use as at the Balance Sheet date and advance paid towards acquisition of Fixed Assets an d relevant financial charges incurred thereon.

Intangible Fixed Assets:

- Technical knowhow acquired to be used to upgrade and develop new products and used for enhancement of features & functionalities of the products are capitalized under fixed asset as Technical Knowhow .

- Software which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as Intangibles and is stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Software''s are being amortized over the estimated useful life which is estimated as3 Years.

6. Depreciation:

- Depreciatipn on Fixed Assets is provided using Straight-line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the companies Act, 1956 on proportionate basis.

- Cost of Technical knowhow is being written off over a period of 10 years.

- Cost of assets wherever less than Rs. 5000 is is written off fully in the year of purchase.

- Depreciation in respect of overseas subsidiaries is provided over the estimated useful life by using the Witten down Value (WDV) method.

- However, the said rates of depreciation, respect of overseas subsidiaries are higher than the rates prescribed vide Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

7. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date, whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

8. Leases:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

9. Inventory Valuation: .

Raw Materials, Stores and spares and Traded Goods are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined based on first in first out basis and are net of provisions.

Work in Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses.

10. Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a diminution other than temporary in the value of investments.

11. Research and Development:

Expenditure on Research and Development other than capital items is charged to revenue. Cost incurred on any generation of intangible/tangible asset out of the Research and development activity is amortized/written off over the estimated life of the asset.

12. Revenue Recognition:

- Sales are recognized when the significant risks attached to the goods are passed on to the buyer and are recorded net of duties, trade discounts, and rebates.

- Sales Returns are recognized as and when ascertained and are reduced from the sales turnover of the year.

- Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

- Export benefits are accounted on accrual basis.

13. Warranty Expenses: Estimated amount of warranty expenses evaluated on a technical basis

on sale of Radio Products wherever it is obligated to cover under warranty, is provided in the year of sale and the expired portion of the Warranty expenses relating to the period/year are transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Unexpired portion of the Warranty expenses is carried over as a liability in the books of account and is written back over the number of years of the coverage of warranty on the basis of estimated warranty expenses for such products. .

14. Exchange Fluctuation:

a. Foreign currency transactions are accounted at exchange rates prevailing on the date

of the transaction. .

b. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of foreign currency transaction and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend rates are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss

c. In case the monetary assets and liabilities are covered by forward contract, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract.

15. Employee Benefits:

In respect of Parent Company including Indian Subsidiaries

- Provident Fund: Eligible employees receive benefits from a Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon, are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Government administered Provident Fund. The Company has no obligation beyond its contribution.

- Gratuity: Adefined benefit retirement plan (''the Gratuity Plan") is provided to all employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Gratuity Plan

, provides a lump sum amount to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity plan are determined by actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as of the balance sheet date.

- Expenses on ex-gratia payment to employees, a defined contribution plan, are accounted as and when accepted by the management.

- Provision in respect of Leave encashment is made, based on actuarial valuation.

16. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs not eligible for capitalization are charged to revenue.

17. Taxes:

- Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

- Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

- Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

18. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows. Cash and Cash Equivalents include Cash on hand and balance with banks in current and deposit accounts, with necessary disclosure of cash and cash equivalent balances that are not available for use by the company.

19. Stock Option Plan (2008): The Company instituted the Kavveri ESOS 2008 Plan for all eligible

employees in pursuance of the special resolution approved by the shareholders by Postal ballot on 23rd April 2008. The Kavveri ESOS 2008 Plan covers all employees of the company and its subsidiaries and Directors (excluding Promoter Directors) of the Company and its subsidiaries (collectively, "eligible employees"). Under the Scheme, the Compensation Committee of the Board (''the Committee'') shall administer the Scheme and grant stock options to eligible directors and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries. The Committee shall determine the employees eligible for receiving the options, the number of options to be granted, the exercise price, the vesting period and exercise period. Vesting of employee stock options granted occurs in tranches as under:

Period Vesting proportion

At the end of one year from the date of grant 20%

At the end of two years from the date of grant 30%

At the end of three years from the date of grant 50%

The exercise price for the purpose of exercise of options will be at Rs.10/- per share i.e. at par.

The employee stock options granted shall be capable of being exercised within a period of 5 years from the date of vesting options or such lesser period as may be decided by the Compensation Committee from time to time. .

Under the Scheme 3,07,200 stock options out of the total of 5,00,000 stock options reserved for grant of options having an exercise price equal to the par value of the underlying equity shares on the date of grant (i.e. Rs. 10 per option) are outstanding as at the balance sheet date.

As the number of shares that an individual employee is entitled to receive and the price of the options are known at the grant date, the scheme is considered as a fixed grant.

In the case of termination of employment, all non-vested options would stand cancelled. Options that have been vested but have not been exercised can be exercised within the time prescribed under each option agreement by the Committee or if no time limit is prescribed, within 30 days of the date of employment termination, failing which they would stand cancelled. ''

The Company follows intrinsic method of accounting based on which the compensation cost is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

During the current year, the company under the Kaweri 2008 Plan has granted 76,800 options to eligible employees. .

20 . Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

21. Investments in Subsidiary Companies:

a. Pursuant to the scheme of Amalgamation, Eaicom India Private Limited (EIPL), erstwhile Rs. 100% subsidiary company of Megasonic Telecoms private Limited has become a wholly owned subsidiary of the company.

b. The Company incorporated a 100% subsidiary in the name of KAWERI TECHNOLOGIES INC at Canada during the financial year 2005-06 with an initial investment of 292,000 CAD Dollars .Additional investment of CAD 2,015,000 /- was made during the year 2007-08 in the aforesaid subsidiary by partial conversion of the loan granted to the subsidiary.

22. Contingent Liability:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Background

M/s Kavveri Telecom Products Limited ('Company' or 'Kavveri') was incorporated in 1996 and is engaged in the design, development and manufacture of Radio Frequency products and antennae for telecom, defense and space applications in India and abroad. Kavveri enjoys the status of being the largest manufacturer of Wireless subsystem Products like, Radio Frequency products and antenna and Radio Frequency products in India. Kavveri also provides total turnkey solutions for coverage and capacity enhancement requirements for GSM 3G and CDMA carriers in India.

2. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year and in case of any such variation in the accounting policy as compared to the previous year; such variations are disclosed separately as a part of notes to accounts.

3. Change in Accounting Policy

During the year ended March 31,2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financials. The adaptation of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed by the Company for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

4. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of the operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

5. Tangigble and Intangible Fixed Assets:

Tangible Fixed Assets

- Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (Net of Cenvat and VAT) plus subsequent improvements thereto including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation including finance charges which are directly attributable to the Fixed assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

- Capital Work in Progress comprises of the cost of fixed assets that are not put to use as at the Balance Sheet date and relevant financial charges incurred thereon.

Intangible Fixed Assets:

- Technical knowhow acquired to be used to upgrade and develop new products and used for enhancement of features & functionalities of the products are capitalized under Fixed asset as Technical Knowhow.

- Software which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as Intangibles and is stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Software's are being amortized over the estimated useful life which is estimated as 3 Years.

6. Depreciation:

- Depreciation on tangible Fixed Assets is provided using Straight-line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the companies Act, 1956 on proportionate basis.

- Cost of Technical knowhow is being written off over a period of 10 years.

- Cost of assets wherever less than Rs. 5000 is written off fully in the year of purchase.

- Temporary structures installed at the leased out premises is being written off over the tenure of the lease agreement.

7. Impairment of tangible and intangible Fixed Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date, whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

8. Leases:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

9. Inventory Valuation:

Raw Materials, Stores and spares and Stock in Trade are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined based on first in first out basis and are net of provisions.

Work in Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses.

10. Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a diminution other than temporary in the value of investments.

11. Research and Development:

Expenditure on Research and Development other than capital items is charged to revenue. Cost incurred on any generation of intangible/tangible asset out of the Research and development activity is amortized/written off over the estimated life of the asset.

12. Revenue Recognition:

- Sales are recognized when the significant risks attached to the goods are passed on to the buyer and are recorded net of duties, trade discounts, and rebates.

- Sales Returns are recognized as and when ascertained and are reduced from the sales turnover of the year.

- Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

- Export benefits are accounted on accrual basis.

13. Warranty Expenses:

Estimated amount of warranty expenses evaluated on a technical basis on sale of Radio Products wherever it is obligated to cover under warranty, is provided in the year of sale and the expired portion of the Warranty expenses relating to the period/year are transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Unexpired portion of the Warranty expenses is carried over as a liability in the books of account and is written back over the number of years of the coverage of warranty on the basis of estimated warranty expenses for such products.

14. Exchange Fluctuation:

a. Foreign currency transactions are accounted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of foreign currency transaction and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend rates are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c. In case the monetary assets and liabilities are covered by forward contract, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract.

15. Employee Benefits:

- Provident Fund: Eligible employees receive benefits from a Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon, are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Government administered Provident Fund. The Company has no obligation beyond its contribution.

- Gratuity: A defined benefit retirement plan ('the Gratuity Plan") is provided to all employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum amount to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity plan are determined by actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as of the balance sheet date.

- Expenses on ex-gratia payment to employees, a defined contribution plan, are accounted as and when accepted by the management.

- Provision in respect of Leave encashment is made, based on actuarial valuation.

16. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs not eligible for capitalization are charged to revenue.

17. Taxes:

- Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

- Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

- Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

18. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows. Cash and Cash Equivalents include Cash on hand and balance with banks in current and deposit accounts, with necessary disclosure of cash and cash equivalent balances that are not available for use by the company.

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statement comprise of cash at Bank and in hand and Short Term investments with original maturity of 3 months or less.

19. Stock Option Plan (2008):

The Company instituted the Kavveri ESOS 2008 Plan for all eligible employees in pursuance of the special resolution approved by the shareholders by Postal ballot on 23rd April 2008. The Kavveri ESOS 2008 Plan covers all employees of the company and its subsidiaries and Directors (excluding Promoter Directors) of the Company and its subsidiaries (collectively, "eligible employees"). Under the Scheme, the Compensation Committee of the Board ('the Committee') shall administer the Scheme and grant stock options to eligible directors and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries. The Committee shall determine the employees eligible for receiving the options, the number of options to be granted, the exercise price, the vesting period and exercise period. Vesting of employee stock options granted occurs in tranches as under:

The exercise price for the purpose of exercise of options will be at Rs.10/- per share i.e. at par.

The employee stock options granted shall be capable of being exercised within a period of 5 years from the date of vesting options or such lesser period as may be decided by the Compensation Committee from time to time.

Under the Scheme 388570(139125) stock options out of the total of 5,00,000 stock options reserved for grant of options having an exercise price equal to the par value of the underlying equity shares on the date of grant (i.e. Rs. 10 per option) are outstanding as at the balance sheet date.

As the number of shares that an individual employee is entitled to receive and the price of the options are known at the grant date, the scheme is considered as a fixed grant.

In the case of termination of employment, all non-vested options would stand cancelled. Options that have been vested but have not been exercised can be exercised within the time prescribed under each option agreement by the Committee or if no time limit is prescribed, within 30 days of the date of employment termination, failing which they would stand cancelled.

The Company follows intrinsic method of accounting based on which the compensation cost is recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

During the current year, the company under the Kavveri 2008 Plan has granted 384,000 (Nil) options to eligible employees and 23,595 options lapsed till 31st March 2012.

20. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

21. Investments in Subsidiary Companies:

a. Pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation as referred to in Note 1 above, Eaicom India Private Limited (EIPL, erstwhile 100% subsidiary company of Megasonic Telecoms Private Limited has become a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

b. The Company incorporated a 100% subsidiary in the name of KAVVERI TECHNOLOGIES INC at Canada during the financial year 2005-06 with an initial investment of 292,000 CAD Dollars. Additional investment of CAD 2,015,000/-was made during the year 2007-08 in the aforesaid subsidiary by partial conversion of the loan granted to the subsidiary.

c. The Company incorporated a 100% subsidiary in the name of KAVVERI TELECOM PRODUCTS UK Limited at UK during the financial year 2009-10 with no initial cost of investment.

d. The Company has incorporated a 100% subsidiary in the name of KAVVERI TELECOM ESPANA during the financial year 2011-12 with 1,003,000 Euros as cost of investment.

22. Contingent Liability:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year and in case of any such variation in the accounting policy as compared to the previous year; such variations are disclosed separately as a part of notes to accounts.

2. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of the operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Fixed Assets:

- Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (Net of Cenvat and VAT) plus subsequent improvements thereto including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation including finance charges which are directly attributable to the Fixed assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

- Capital Work in Progress comprises of the cost of fixed assets that are not put to use as at the Balance Sheet date and advance paid towards acquisition of Fixed Assets and relevant financial charges incurred thereon.

- Technical knowhow acquired to be used to upgrade and develop new products and used for enhancement of features & functionalities of the products are capitalised under Fixed asset as Technical Knowhow.

- Software which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as Intangibles and is stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Software's are being amortized over the estimated useful life which is estimated as 3Years.

Temporary structures installed at the leased out premises is being written off over the tenure of the lease agreement.

4. Depreciation:

- Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided using Straight-line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the companies Act, 1956 on proportionate basis.

- Cost of Technical knowhow is being written off over a period of 10 years.

- Cost of assets wherever is less than Rs. 5000 is written off fully in the year of purchase.

5. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date, whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

6. Leases:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

7. Inventory Valuation:

Raw Materials, Stores and spares and Traded Goods are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined based on first in first out basis and are net of provisions.

Work in Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses.

8. Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a diminution other than temporary in the value of investments.

9. Research and Development:

Expenditure on Research and Development other than capital items is charged to revenue. Cost incurred on any generation of intangible/tangible asset out of the Research and development activity is amortized/written off over the estimated life of the asset.

10. Revenue Recognition:

- Sales are recognized when the significant risks attached to the goods are passed on to the buyer and are recorded net of duties, trade discounts, and rebates.

- Sales Returns are recognized as and when ascertained and are reduced from the sales turnover of the year.

- Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

- Export benefits are accounted on accrual basis.

11 .Warranty Expenses:

Estimated amount of warranty expenses evaluated on a technical basis on sale of Radio Products wherever it is obligated to cover under warranty, is provided in the year of sale and the expired portion of the Warranty expenses relating to the period/year are transferred to the Profit and Loss account. Unexpired portion of the Warranty expenses is carried over as a liability in the books of account and is written back over the number of years of the coverage of warranty on the basis of estimated warranty expenses for such products.

12. Exchange Fluctuation:

a. Foreign currency transactions are accounted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of foreign currency transaction and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend rates are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

c. In case the monetary assets and liabilities are covered by forward contract, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract.

13. Employee Benefits:

- Provident Fund: Eligible employees receive benefits from a Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon, are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Government administered Provident Fund. The Company has no obligation beyond its contribution.

- Gratuity: A defined benefit retirement plan ('the Gratuity Plan") is provided to all employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum amount to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation ortermination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity plan are determined by actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as of the balance sheet date.

- Expenses on ex-gratia payment to employees, a defined contribution plan, are accounted as and when accepted by the management.

- Provision in respect of Leave encashment is made, based on actuarial valuation.

14. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete.A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use.AII other borrowing costs not eligible for capitalization are charged to revenue.

15. Taxes:

- Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current IncomeTax is measured based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

- Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

- Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

16.Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows. Cash and Cash Equivalents include Cash on hand and balance with banks in current and deposit accounts, with necessary disclosure of cash and cash equivalent balances that are not available for use by the company.

17.Stock Option Plan (2008):

The Company instituted the Kaweri ESOS 2008 Plan for all eligible employees in pursuance of the special resolution approved by the shareholders by Postal ballot on 23rd April 2008The Kaweri ESOS 2008 Plan covers all employees of the company and its subsidiaries and Directors (excluding Promoter Directors) of the Company and its subsidiaries (collectively, "eligible employees"). Under the Scheme, the Compensation Committee of the Board ('the Committee') shall administer the Scheme and grant stock options to eligible directors and employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries. The Committee shall determine the employees eligible for receiving the options, the number of options to be granted, the exercise price, the vesting period and exercise period. Vesting of employee stock options granted occurs in tranches as under:

Period

Vesting proportion

At the end of one year from the date of grant 20%

At the end of two years from the date of grant 30%

At the end of three years from the date of grant 50%

The exercise price for the purpose of exercise of options will be at Rs. 10/- per share i.e.at par.

The employee stock options granted shall be capable of being exercised within a period of 5 years from the date of vesting options or such lesser period as may be decided by the Compensation Committee from time to time.

Under the Scheme 139,125 (80,400) stock options out of the total of 5,00,000 stock options reserved for grant of options having an exercise price equal to the par value of the underlying equity shares on the date of grant (i.e. Rs. 10 per option) are outstanding as at the balance sheet date.

As the number of shares that an individual employee is entitled to receive and the price of the options are known at the grant date, the scheme is considered as a fixed grant.

In the case of termination of employment, all non-vested options would stand cancelled. Options that have been vested but have not been exercised can be exercised within the time prescribed under each option agreement by the Committee or if no time limit is prescribed, within 30 days of the date of employment termination, failing which they would stand cancelled.

The Company follows intrinsic method of accounting based on which the compensation cost is recognised in the Profit and Loss account.

During the current year, the company under the Kaweri 2008 Plan has granted Nil (80,400) options to eligible employees and 14,200 options lapsed till 31st March 2011.

l8.Earningspershare:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share.the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

19.Contingent Liability:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.












Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year and in case of any such variation in the accounting policy as compared to the previous year; such variations are disclosed separately as a part of notes to accounts.

2. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of the operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Fixed Assets:

- Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition (Net of Cenvat and VAT) plus subsequent improvements thereto including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation including finance charges which are directly attributable to the Fixed assets less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

- Capital Work in Progress comprises of the cost of fixed assets that are not put to use as at the Balance Sheet date and advance paid towards acquisition of Fixed Assets and relevant financial charges incurred thereon.

- The Company had acquired technical knowhow during earlier years and also during the year acquired technical knowhow at a cost of Rs. 2.032 Million. Such technical knowhow acquired is being used to upgrade and develop new products and for enhancement of features & functionalities of the products to be developed out of the same. This expenditure is considered under Fixed asset as Technical Knowhow.

- Software which are not integral part of the hardware are classified as Intangibles and is stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Softwares are being amortized over the estimated useful life which is estimated as 3 Years.

- Temporary structures installed at the leased out premises is being written off over the tenure of the lease agreement.

4. Depreciation:

- Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided using Straight-line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the companies Act, 1956 on proportionate basis.

- Cost of Technical knowhow is being written off over a period of 10 years.

5. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date, whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired based on internal/external factors. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

6. Leases:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

7. Inventory Valuation:

Raw Materials, Stores and spares are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined based on first in first out basis and are net of provisions.

Work in Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and labor and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses.

8. Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term investments are carried at cost However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a diminution other than temporary in the value of investments.

9. Research and Development:

Expenditure on Research and Development other than capital items is charged to revenue. Cost incurred on any generation of intangible/tangible asset out of the Research and development activity is amortized/written off over the estimated life of the asset

10.Revenue Recognition:

- Sales are recognized when the significant risks attached to the goods are passed on to the buyer and are recorded net of duties, trade discounts, and rebates.

- Sales Returns are recognized as and when ascertained and are reduced from the sales turnover of the year.

- Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

- Export benefits are accounted on accrual basis.

11 .Warranty Expenses:

Estimated amount of warranty expenses evaluated on a technical basis on sale of Radio Products wherever it is obligated to cover under warranty is provided in the year of sale and the expired portion of the Warranty expenses relating to the period/year are transferred to the Profit and Loss account Unexpired portion of the Warranty expenses is carried over as a liability in the books of account and is written back over the number of years of the coverage of warranty on the basis of estimated warranty expenses for such products.

12. Exchange Fluctuation:

a. Foreign currency transactions are accounted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of foreign currency transaction and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the yearend rates are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

c. In case the monetary assets and liabilities are covered by forward contract, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract.

13. Employee Benefits:

- Provident Fund: Eligible employees receive benefits from a Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon, are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Government administered Provident Fund. The Company has no obligation beyond its contribution.

- Gratuity: A defined benefit retirement plan (the Gratuity Plan") is provided to all employees. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Gratuity Plan provides a lumpsum amount to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees salary and the tenure of employment. Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity plan are determined by actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, as of the balance sheet date.

- Expenses on ex-gratia payment to employees, a defined contribution plan, are accounted as and when accepted by the management.

- Provision in respect of Leave encashment is made, based on actuarial valuation.

14. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs not eligible for capitalization are charged to revenue.

15.Taxes:

- Tax expense comprises of current, deferred and fringe benefit tax. Current Income Tax and Fringe benefit tax is measured based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

¦ Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

- Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

16.Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and items income or expense associated with investing or financing cash flows. Cash and Cash Equivalents include Cash on hand and balance with banks in current and deposit accounts, with necessary disclosure of cash and cash equivalent balances that are not available for use by the company.

18. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

19.Contingent Liability:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Jun 30, 2000

A) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, as adopted consistently by the company.

b) FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are carried forward at cost less accumulated depreciation.

c) INVENTORIES:

Closing stock of raw materials and consumables are valued at cost and that of finished goods and semi-finished goods are at material cost.

d) DEPRECIATION:

Depreciation is provided on straight line method as per the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 ( as amended). Depreciation on addition to fixed assets has been provided on prorata basis.

e) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

The foreign exchange transanctions are accounted at their rupee equivalent on the basis of bank advice. The difference in foreign exchange transactions are recognised in the profit and loss account

f) SALES:

Sale is recognised on despatch of products and is inclusive of excise duty

g) TECHNICAL KNOW-HOW FEES:

Expenditure on technical know fees is being amortised over a period of 6 years.

h) MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE :

The following expenditure shown under Miscellaneous expenditure are amortised as follows:

a. Public issue expenses are amortised over a period often years.

b. Preliminary expenses on incorporation are amortised over a period of ten years.

i) RETIREMENT BENEFITS :

It is management policy to account for retirement benefits in the year of actual incurrence and no provisions would be made in the books of Account.

j) GRATUITY:

There are no employees who have put up the required period of service stipulated under the payments of Gratuity Act, 1972 and hence no provision has been made in respect of gratuity for the year.

k) LEAVE SALARY:

The estimated liability on account of encashment of earned leave salary is Rs. 500000/- and the same will be accounted for in the year of payment.

 
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