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Accounting Policies of KCP Sugar & Industries Corporation Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. GENERAL

The Financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting standards specified under Section 133 of Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,2014 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis.

b. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fixed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

ii. Intangibles will be amortized over a period of five years.

iii. Cenvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

c. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered Office of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rules prescribed under part " C " of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

d. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

e. INVENTORIES

i) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All finished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

ii) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

iii) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

iv) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the finished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

v) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the finished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the finished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

f. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

i) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

ii) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from APSEB.

g. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the difference in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/payment during the year.

ii) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

iii) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract,

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as profit or loss in the period in which they arise

h. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

i. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contributions Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits for employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefits, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company's contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefit for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by LIC of India with regard to the employees for whom the same is funded with LIC. In the case of other employees, the same is provided on the basis of the valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the Balance Sheet date. The actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

j. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

k. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

l. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any, to the carrying amount of its fixed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in

carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

m. PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

The company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Re.1/- each. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the company the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding, however no such preferential amounts exist currently.


Mar 31, 2014

A. GENERAL

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, under the historic cost convention, to comply in all the material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the According Standards notified under section 211 (3C) (which continues to be applicable in terms of general circular 15 /2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013) and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

b. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fixed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

ii. Intangibles will be amortized over a period of five years.

iii. Cenvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

c. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered Office of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rates and rules prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

d. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

e. INVENTORIES

i) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All finished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

ii) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

iii) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

iv) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the finished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

v) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the finished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the finished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

f. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

i) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

ii) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from APSEB.

g. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the diff erence in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/ payment during the year.

ii) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

iii) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract,

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as profit or loss in the period in which they arise

h. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

i. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits for employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefits, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company''s contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefit for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by LIC of India with regard to the employees for whom the same is funded with LIC. In the case of other employees, the same is provided on the basis of the valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the Balance Sheet date. The actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

j. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

k. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

l. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any, to the carrying amount of its fixed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

m. PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

The company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Re.1/- each. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the company the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding, however no such preferential amounts exist currently.


Mar 31, 2013

A. GENERAL

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, under the historic cost convention, to comply in all the material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the According Standards notifi ed under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

b. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fi xed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

ii. Intangibles will be amortised over a period of fi ve years.

iii. Cenvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

c. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered Offi ce of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rates and rules prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

d. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

e. INVENTORIES

i) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All fi nished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

ii) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

iii) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

iv) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the fi nished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

v) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the fi nished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the fi nished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

f. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

i) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

ii) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from APSEB.

g. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the difference in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/ payment during the year.

ii) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

iii) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract.

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as profi t or loss in the period in which they arise.

h. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

i. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefi ts

(a) Defi ned Contributions Plans

The Company has Defi ned Contribution Plans for post employment benefi ts for employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefi ts, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company''s contributions to Defi ned Contribution Plans are charged to the Profi t and Loss Account as incurred.

(b) Defi ned Benefi t Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defi ned Benefi t Plan for post employment benefi t for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefi ts in the form of Gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees. Liability for Defi ned Benefi t Plan is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by LIC of India with regard to the employees for whom the same is funded with LIC. In the case of other employees, the same is provided on the basis of the valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the Balance Sheet date. The actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

j. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profi ts is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

k. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

l. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any, to the carrying amount of its fi xed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

m. PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outfl ow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. GENERAL

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, under the historic cost convention, to comply in all the material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the According Standards notifi ed under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

b. FIXED ASSETS

i. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fixed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

ii. Modvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

c. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered office of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rates and rules prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

d. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

e. INVENTORIES

i) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All finished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value except Levy Sugar which is valued at lower of weighted average cost or levy rate.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

ii) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

iii) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

iv) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the finished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

v) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the fi -nished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the finished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

f. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

i) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

ii) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from other power producers.

g. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the difference in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/payment during the year.

ii) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

iii) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract,

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as Profit or loss in the period in which they arise

h. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

i. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contributions Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefi ts for certain employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefits, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company's contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefit for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by LIC of India with regard to the employees for whom the same is funded with LIC. In the case of other employees, the same is provided on the basis of the valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the Balance Sheet date. The actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

j. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax Profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

k. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

l. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any, to the carrying amount of its fi -xed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

m. PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outfl ow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the fi -nancial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

1. GENERAL

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, under the historic cost convention, to comply in all the material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the Accounting Standards notified under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

2. FIXED ASSETS

a. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fixed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

b. Modvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

3. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered Office of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rates and rules prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

4. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

5. INVENTORIES

a) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All finished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value except Levy Sugar which is valued at lower of weighted average cost or levy rate.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

b) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

c) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

d) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the finished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

e) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the finished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the finished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

6. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

a) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

b) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from other power producers.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

a) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the difference in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/payment during the year.

b) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

c) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract,

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as profit or loss in the period in which they arise

8. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

9. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits for certain employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefits, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Company's contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefit for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation carried out by LIC of India with regard to the employees for whom the same is funded with LIC. In the case of other employees, the same is provided on the basis of the valuation carried out by an independent actuary as at the Balance Sheet date. The actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

10. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

11. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

12. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any to the carrying amount of its fixed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

13. PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

1. GENERAL

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, under the historic cost convention, to comply in all the material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the Accounting Standards notified under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

2. FIXED ASSETS

a. Fixed assets are stated at the values at which they are acquired, less accumulated depreciation. The value at which fixed assets are acquired includes all related expenses upto the date of putting them to use.

b. Modvat Credit availed on acquisition of Fixed Assets is reduced from the cost of the concerned assets.

3. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided under straight line method except in respect of assets appearing in the books of the Registered Office of the Company, which are depreciated under written down value method, in accordance with the rates and rules prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated within the year of acquisition.

4. INVESTMENTS

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost or market value.

5. INVENTORIES

a) Finished goods are valued as follows and increased by Excise Duty thereon as applicable.

- All finished goods are valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value except Levy Sugar which is valued at lower of weighted average cost or levy rate.

- Molasses, a by product is valued at estimated net realisable value.

b) Stock of Scrap is not valued and therefore not recognised in the accounts. Sale of Scrap, as and when made, is accounted for.

c) Crops under cultivation are valued at cost.

d) Work in progress is valued at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value of the finished goods duly adjusted according to the percentage of progress.

e) Raw materials, stores, spares, materials in transit are valued at weighted average cost. However, when the net realisable value of the finished goods they are used in is less than the cost of the finished goods and if the replacement cost of such materials etc. is less than their holding cost in such an event, they are valued at replacement cost.

6. SALES AND OTHER EARNINGS

a) Sales are inclusive of excise duty, freight, insurance etc. recovered thereon.

b) Power generated in Power Plant Units and supplied to the other units of the Company is accounted for at the rate at which the Company purchases power from other power producers.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

a) Transactions in foreign currency are initially accounted at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction, and adjusted appropriately with the difference in the rate of exchange arising on actual receipt/payment during the year.

b) At each Balance Sheet date

- foreign currency monetary items are reported using the rate of exchange on that date

- foreign currency non-monetary items are reported using the exchange rate at which they were initially recognized

c) In respect of forward exchange contracts in the nature of hedges

- Premium or discount on the contract is amortised over the term of the contract,

- Exchange differences on the contract are recognized as profit or loss in the period in which they arise

8. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

In respect of approved Research and Development programmes, expenditure of capital nature is included in the Fixed Assets and the other expenditure is charged off to revenue, in the year in which such expenditure is incurred.

9. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits for certain employees in the form of Superannuation Fund which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and Provident Fund for all employees. These plans constitute insured benefits, as the Company has no further obligation beyond making the contributions. The Companys contributions to Defined Contribution Plans are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Gratuity - The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefit for all employees in the form of Gratuity. For certain employees the post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity Fund, which is recognised by the Income Tax authorities and administered through Trustees and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Liability for Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by LIC of India. The actuarial valuation method used by LIC of India for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Leave Encashment - Entitlement to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves at each Balance Sheet date and the same is charged to revenue accordingly.

10. TAXATION

Provision is made for income tax liability estimated to arise on the results for the year at the current rate of tax in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on other temporary timing differences are recognized only if there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

11. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

12. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

At the date of each Balance Sheet, the company evaluates internally, indications of the impairment if any, to the carrying amount of its fixed and other assets. If any indication does exist, the recoverable amount is estimated at the higher of the realizable value and value in use, as considered appropriate. If the estimated realizable value is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

13. PROVISIONS.CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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