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Accounting Policies of Khandwala Securities Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

Basis of preparation of consolidated financial statements

The financial statement of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India to comply with Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2013. The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in previous year.

Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from the estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

Revenue recognition

Income from capital market operations (non-delivery based transactions) is accounted for on sale of securities. Income from Merchant Banking services, Brokerage and income from corporate advisory services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Interest income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the recovery is uncertain, in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

Fixed assets (Tangible & Intangible) and depreciation/ Amortisation

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly refl ect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives prescribed under Schedule II. Hence, this change in accounting policy did not have any material impact on financial statements of the company.

Depreciation on tangible assets is calculated on a straight- line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management, or those prescribed under the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, whichever is higher.

Intangible assets are amortized over their useful life. The management follows a rebuttable assumption that the useful lives of the assets would not exceed 6 years.

The company has used the following rates to provide depreciation on its non-current assets.

Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and non- current investments. Investments, which are intended to be held for one year or more, are classified as non-current investments and investments, which are intended to be held for less than one year, are classified as current investments.

Non-current investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each investment.

Inventories

Stock-in-trade is valued at lower of cost and market value. While determining market value, due consideration has been given to shares which have become ex-rights/ex-bonus at the year end for which rights/bonus shares have been received subsequent to year end.

Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences, if any arising out of transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss of the year.

Employee benefits

The accounting policy followed by the company in respect of its employee benefit schemes in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 (Revised 2005), is set out below:

Provident fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund, which is a defi ned contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Gratuity

The Company's gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that the employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods, that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets, if any, is deducted. The present value of the obligation under such benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and change in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

Taxation

Tax expense comprises income tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961), deferred tax charge or benefit (refl ecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year)

Income tax

Provision for income tax is recognized based on estimated tax liability computed after adjusting for allowances, disallowances and exemptions in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realized in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain, as the case may be, to be realized.

Derivative Instruments

Initial / additional margin paid for futures / options is included under the head current assets. Contracts are marked to market in accordance with the prevalent regulations and the amount receivable or payable is disclosed under the head current assets or current liabilities, as the case may be. The profit or loss on settlement of derivative contracts is recognized in

the Profit and Loss account. As on the balance sheet date, provision for loss on futures contracts is made to the extent of mark to market margins paid, while for open options, to the extent premium paid exceeds premium prevailing on that date.

Provisions:

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outfl ow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

Cash & Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash fl ow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and fixed deposits.

Current / Non Current Classification

An asset shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:—

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting date; or

(d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date.

All other assets shall be classified as non-current.

A liability shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:—

(a) it is expected to be settled in the company's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting date; or

(d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

All other liabilities shall be classified as non-current.


Mar 31, 2014

Basis of preparation of consolidated financial statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act'') and the Revised Schedule VI to the Act,.Figures of the previous year have been redrawn to conform to the Revised Schedule VI classification. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from the estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

Revenue recognition

Income from capital market operations (non-delivery based transactions) is accounted for on sale of securities. Income from Merchant Banking services, Brokerage and income from corporate advisory services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Interest income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the recovery is uncertain, in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

Fixed assets and depreciation Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Depreciation is provided on the straight line method from the date the asset is ready for its intended use or put to use, whichever is earlier. In respect of assets sold, depreciation is provided up-to the date of disposal.

Depreciation is charged at the rates prescribed in the Schedule XIV to the Act, as given below:

All fixed assets individually costing less than '' 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Investments

Investments are classified into current investments and non- current investments. Investments, which are intended to be held for one year or more, are classified as non-current investments and investments, which are intended to be held for less than one year, are classified as current investments.

Non-current investments are carried at cost.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of eachinvestment.

Inventories

Stock-in-trade is valued at lower of cost and market value. While determining market value, due consideration has been given to shares which have become ex-rights/ex-bonus at the year end for which rights/bonus shares have been received subsequent to year end.

Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences, if any arising out of transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss of the year. Employee benefits

The accounting policy followed by the company in respect of its employee benefit schemes in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 (Revised 2005), is set out below:

Provident fund

The Company contributes to a recognized provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions are accounted for on an accrual basis and recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Gratuity

The Company''s gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that the employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods, that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets, if any, is deducted. The present value of the obligation under such benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and change in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise. Taxation

Tax expense comprises income tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961), deferred tax charge or benefit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year)

Income tax

Provision for income tax is recognized based on estimated tax liability computed after adjusting for allowances, disallowances and exemptions in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax

The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realized in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain, as the case may be, to be realized.

Derivative Instruments

Initial / additional margin paid for futures / options is included under the head current assets. Contracts are marked to market in accordance with the prevalent regulations and the amount receivable or payable is disclosed under the head current assets or current liabilities, as the case may be. The profit or loss on settlement of derivative contracts is recognized in the Profit and Loss account. As on the balance sheet date, provision for loss on futures contracts is made to the extent of mark to market margins paid, while for open options, to the extent premium paid exceeds premium prevailing on that date.


Mar 31, 2012

Basis of Accounting

The Company follows the accrual basis accounting.

Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation

Assets are depreciated on the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, when there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long- term investments, the carrying amount is reduced to recognize the decline. In case of diminution in the value of investment recorded in earlier years is no longer necessary it is reversed and credited to Profit & Loss accounts.

Inventories

Stock-in-trade is valued at lower of cost and market value. While determining market value, due consideration has been given to shares which have become ex-rights/ex-bonus at the year end for which rights/bonus shares have been received subsequent to year end.

Revenue recognition

Income from capital market operations (non-delivery based transactions) is accounted for on sale of securities. Income from Merchant Banking services, Brokerage and income from corporate advisory services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Interest income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the recovery is uncertain, in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

Retirement benefits

Liability in respect of employees' gratuity is calculated on the basis of Revised AS-15 on Accounting for Retirement Benefits in the Financial Statements of Employers

Derivative Instruments

Initial / additional margin paid for futures / options is included under the head current assets. Contracts are marked to market in accordance with the prevalent regulations and the amount receivable or payable is disclosed under the head current assets or current liabilities, as the case may be. The profit or loss on settlement of derivative contracts is recognized in the Profit and Loss account. As on the balance sheet date, provision for loss on futures contracts is made to the extent of mark to market margins paid, while for open options, to the extent premium paid exceeds premium prevailing on that date.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of such transactions. Current assets and current liabilities in foreign currency at the year-end are translated at the rates prevailing on that date. Differences arising on settlement of such transactions/year end restatements are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax has been provided after taking into the account depreciation as per Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realization.

The Company has issued Equity as well as Preference Share having a par value of Rs. 10 per Share. Each holder of Equity / Preferance share is entitled to one vote per Share. The Company Declares and pays dividend in Indian Rupees.


Mar 31, 2011

Basis of Accounting

The Company follows the accrual basis accounting.

Accounting Convention The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention.

Fixed Assets Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation Assets are depreciated on the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, when there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments, the carrying amount is reduced to recognize the decline. In case of diminution in the value of investment recorded in earlier years is no longer necessary it is reversed and credited to Profit & Loss accounts.

Inventories Stock-in-trade is valued at lower of cost and market value. While determining market value, due consideration has been given to shares which have become ex-rights/ex- bonus at the year end for which rights/bonus shares have been received subsequent to year end.

Revenue recognition

Income from capital market operations (non-delivery based transactions) is accounted for on sale of securities. Income from Merchant Banking services, Brokerage and income from corporate advisory services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Interest income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the recovery is uncertain, in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

Retirement benefits

Liability in respect of employees' gratuity is calculated on the basis of Revised AS-15 on Accounting for Retirement Benefits in the Financial Statements of Employers

Derivative Instruments Initial / additional margin paid for futures / options is included under the head current assets. Contracts are marked to market in accordance with the prevalent regulations and the amount receivable or payable is disclosed under the head current assets or current liabilities, as the case may be. The profit or loss on settlement of derivative contracts is recognized in the Profit and Loss account. As on the balance sheet date, provision for loss on futures contracts is made to the extent of mark to market margins paid, while for open options, to the extent premium paid exceeds premium prevailing on that date.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of such transactions. Current assets and current liabilities in foreign currency at the year- end are translated at the rates prevailing on that date. Differences arising on settlement of such transactions/ year end restatements are charged to the Profit and LossAccount.

Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax has been provided after taking into the account depreciation as per Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realisation.


Mar 31, 2010

Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation

Assets are depreciated on the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, when there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments, the carrying amount is reduced to recognize the decline. In case of diminution in the value of investment recorded in earlier years is no longer necessary it is reversed and credited to Proft & Loss accounts.

Inventories

Stock-in-trade is valued at lower of cost and market value. While determining market value, due consideration has been given to shares which have become ex-rights/ex- bonus at the year end for which rights/bonus shares have been received subsequent to year end.

Revenue recognition

Income from capital market operations (non-delivery based transactions) is accounted for on sale of securities. Income from Merchant Banking services, Brokerage and income from corporate advisory services are accounted for as and when the relevant services are rendered except where the recovery is uncertain in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Interest income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the recovery is uncertain, in which case it is accounted for on receipt. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive dividend is established.

Retirement benefits

Liability in respect of employees gratuity is calculated on the basis of Revised AS-15 on Accounting for Retirement benefits in the Financial Statements of Employers. Liability in respect of leave encashment is provided for on the basis of total accumulated earned leave calculated at year-end on an arithmetical basis.

Derivative Instruments

Initial / additional margin paid for futures / options is included under the head current assets. Contracts are marked to market in accordance with the prevalent regulations and the amount receivable or payable is disclosed under the head current assets or current liabilities, as the case may be. The proft or loss on settlement of derivative contracts is recognized in the Proft and Loss account. As on the balance sheet date, provision for loss on futures contracts is made to the extent of mark to market margins paid, while for open options, to the extent premium paid exceeds premium prevailing on that date.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of such transactions. Current assets and current liabilities in foreign currency at the year- end are translated at the rates prevailing on that date. Differences arising on settlement of such transactions/ year end restatements are charged to the Proft and Loss Account.

Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Provision for current tax has been provided after taking into the account depreciation as per Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty of realisation.

As at the balance sheet date Company is in arrears of Rs. 45.50 Lacs towards stamp duty relating to the period October 2001 to August 2002.

 
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