Home  »  Company  »  Kiran Vyapar  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Kiran Vyapar Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

(All amounts in unless specified otherwise)

1. Background

Kiran VyaparLimited (“the Company”) is a public limited company domiciled in India and registered under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The company is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and the Calcutta Stock Exchange. The Company is anon-deposit taking Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial Company (“NBFC”) registered with Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) and is engaged in the business of giving loans and making investments.

2. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (“Indian GAAP”) and comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards (“AS”) prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended), and with the relevant provisions of the Act, pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (“ICAI”)and guidelines issued by the RBI as applicable to non-banking financial company..The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis except for interest on non-performing loans which is accounted on cash basis based on the guidelines issued by the RBI from time to time. The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the prior period.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of the work, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as up to twelve months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

3. Significant accounting policies

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful loans and advances, income taxes, classification of assets and liabilities into current and noncurrent and the useful lives of fixed assets.

Although these estimates are based upon management’s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

(b) Tangible Fixed assets

Tangible Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price and any cost directly attributable for bringing the asset to its working condition and location for its intended use. Subsequent expenditures, if any, related to an item of fixed assets are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

(c) Depreciation

Depreciation on all tangible assets is provided on written down value method over the useful lives of assets prescribed under Schedule II of the Act. In respect of additions, depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis from the date of acquisition/installation. Written down value of all assets acquired prior to 1st April 2014 are being depreciated over their remaining useful life as prescribed in Schedule II of the Act.

(d) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists then the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

(e) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the long-term investments.

(f) Inventories

Inventories of shares and securities are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(g) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably estimated and collectability is reasonably assured.

- Interest on loans is recognized on accrual basis, except in the case of Non-Performing Assets (“NPAs”), where interest is recognized upon realization, in accordance with the directives of the Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015.

- Interest income on deposits/investments is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

- Profit/Loss on sale of investments is recognized on sale/redemption of respective investments.

- Revenue from investment in Venture Capital Fund (“VCF”) is accounted on accrual basis on the basis of statements/information received from the VCF.

- Dividend income is recognized when the Company’s right to receive dividend is established.

(h) Asset classification and provisioning

Loan asset classification of the Company is given in the table below:

(i) Employee retirement benefits

The employees of the Company are eligible for gratuity and compensated absences. Liability for gratuity is recognized for eligible employees in accordance with The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, for every completed year of service with the Company. Liability for compensated absences is recognized in accordance with the leave policy of the Company for the accumulated leave balance based on last drawn salary.

(j) Leases

Leases of assets under which significant risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as Operating Leases. Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

(k) Tax expense

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 (“IT Act”). The Company accounts for tax credit in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (“MAT”) in situations where the MAT payable is higher than tax payable under normal provisions of the IT Act. The credit so availed is adjusted in future years when the tax under normal provisions is higher than MAT payable to the extent of the said difference.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier periods.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

(l) Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent Assets

a. A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer probable that an outflow of resources would be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed.

b. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood on outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

c. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

(m) Transactions in foreign currency

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. (n) Borrowing costs

Interest on borrowing is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable on the borrowing. Ancillary expenditure incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings is amortized over the tenure of the respective borrowings. An unamortized borrowing cost remaining, if any, is fully expensed off as and when the related borrowing is prepaid /cancelled.

(o) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and deposit with banks. The Company considers all highly liquid investments at the time of purchase with a remaining maturity of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

(p) Earnings per equity share

Basic earnings per equity share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purposes of diluted earnings per equity share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

* 25,920,000 equity shares of Rs. 10 each was allotted for consideration other than cash pursuant to a Scheme of Arrangement sanctioned by the Hon’ble High Court at Calcutta vide its order dated 21 August 2013 by virtue of which all assets and liabilities of the investment division of Maharaja Shree Umaid Mills Limited were transferred and vested with the Company with effect from 1 April 2012.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Preparation

The financial statement of the company has been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act,1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

b) Use of estimate

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and action, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c) Recognition of Income & Expenditure

Revenues/Income and Costs/Expenditure are generally accounted for on accrual basis, as these are earned or incurred.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses up to the date of installation/commissioning of assets.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided for on written down value method at the rates in force from time to time as per the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

f) Investments

Investments are generally shown at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made if the fall is other than temporary in nature.

g) Inventories

Inventories of stock in trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

h) Taxes on Income

Provision for current tax made in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, and after taking into consideration, benefits admissible therein. Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that the asset will be realized in future.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit entitlement as a separate line item. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and write down the carrying amount of MAT Credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal tax during the specified period.

i) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is made when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. The Company does not recognized assets which are of contingent nature until there is virtual certainty of reliability of such assets. However, if it has become virtually certain that an inflow of economic benefits will arise, asset and related income is recognized in then financial statements of the period in which the change occurs.