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Accounting Policies of Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. Corporate information

Kirloskar Brothers Limited (“KBL'' or “the Company”) is a public limited company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Indian Companies Act. KBL is engaged in providing global fluid management solutions. The core products of the Company are Engineered Pumps, Industrial Pumps, Agriculture and Domestic Pumps, Valves, and Hydro turbines.

2. Significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind-AS) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

For all periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) notified under section 133 of the Act and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These are the Company''s first financial statements prepared in accordance with Ind AS and Ind AS 101 First-time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS 101) has been applied. An explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the reported Balance Sheet, Profit or Loss and Cash Flows of the Company is provided in note 43.

The financial statements were authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on 17 May, 2017.

2.2 Basis of measurement

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following items, which are measured on an alternative basis on each reporting date.

Items Measurement basis

Share based payment transactions Fair value

Defined benefit plan - plan assets Fair value

2.3 Functional and presentation currency

These financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR), which is the Company''s functional currency. All financial information is presented in INR rounded to the nearest Millions, except share and Earning per share data, unless otherwise stated.

2.4 Use of judgments, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, current assets, noncurrent assets, current liabilities, noncurrent liabilities and disclosure of the contingent liabilities at the end of each reporting period. The estimates are based on management''s best knowledge

of current events and actions, however, due to uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates, actual results may differ from the estimates.

This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity and of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized prospectively.

Critical estimates and judgments

The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

- Estimation of defined benefit obligation - The cost of the defined benefit gratuity and pension plan, and the present value of the gratuity/pension obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates.

- Estimation of leave encashment provision - The cost of the leave encashment and the present value of the leave encashment obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates.

- Impairment of receivables - The impairment provisions for financial receivables disclosed are based on assumptions about risk of default and expected loss rates.

- Decommissioning liability - Initial estimate of dismantling and restoration liability requires significant judgment about cost inflation index and other factors as discussed in note.

- Estimation of provision for warranty claims - key assumptions about likelihood and magnitude of an outflow of resources.

2.5 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is calculated on moving weighted average method.

Costs incurred in bringing each product to its present location and condition are accounted for as follows:

- Raw materials: cost includes cost of purchase excluding taxes subsequently recoverable from tax authorities and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

- Finished goods and work in progress: cost includes cost of direct materials, labour and a systematic allocation of fixed and variable production overhead that are incurred in converting raw material into finished goods based on the normal operating capacity. Excise duty is considered as part of cost at the end of reporting period.

- Traded goods: Cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

- Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.6 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks, cash on hand and highly liquid short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.7 Property, plant and equipment Measurement

Freehold land is carried at historical cost. All other items of property, plant and equipment are measured at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any.

The cost of an item of property, plant and equipment comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use; any discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the construction or acquisition of a qualifying asset up to completion or acquisition are capitalized as part of the cost. The present value of the expected cost for the decommissioning of an asset after its use is included in the cost of the respective asset if the recognition criteria for a provision are met.

When parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment.

Property, plant and equipment under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of property, plant and equipment outstanding at each reporting date are disclosed under “Other non-current assets”.

Subsequent costs

The cost of replacing a part of an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized in the carrying amount of the item if it is probable that the future economic benefits embodied within the part will flow to the Company and its cost can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognized. The costs of the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognized in the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

Disposal

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Gains and losses on disposal of an item of property, plant and equipment are determined by comparing the proceeds from disposal with the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment, and are recognized net within other income/expenses in the statement of profit and loss.

Depreciation

Depreciation is calculated over the depreciable amount, which is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value. Depreciation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013 except in the cases mentioned below where the management based on the technical evaluation have estimated the life to be lower than the life prescribed in schedule II.

2.8 Investment properties

Investment property is a property, being land or building or part of it, that is held to earn rental income or for capital appreciation or both but not held for sale in ordinary course of business, use in manufacturing or rendering services or for administrative purposes.

Upon initial recognition, investment property is measured at cost. The cost of investment property includes its purchase price and directly attributable expenditure, if any. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset''s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with expenditure will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred.

Subsequent to initial recognition, investment property is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any.

Investment property in the form of land is not depreciated.

Investment properties are derecognized either when they have been disposed off or when they are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefit is expected from their use. The difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period of derecognition.

2.9 Intangible assets Recognition and measurement

Intangible assets are recognized when the asset is identifiable, is within the control of the Company, it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and cost of the asset can be reliably measured.

Intangible assets acquired by the Company that have finite useful lives are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses (if any).

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives (Goodwill) are not amortized, but are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level.

Subsequent measurement

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits embodied in the specific asset to which it relates.

Amortization

Amortization is calculated over the cost of the asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value. Amortization is recognized in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of intangible assets from the date that they are available for use, since this most closely reflects the expected pattern of consumption of the future economic benefits embodied in the asset.

Computer software is amortized over the period of three years.

Research and development costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditures on an individual project are recognized as an intangible asset when Company can demonstrate:

- The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that the asset will be available for use or sale

- Its intention to complete and its ability and intention to use or sell the asset

- How the asset will generate future economic benefits

- The availability of resources to complete the asset

- The ability to measure reliably the expenditure during development

Following initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the asset is carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortisation of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized over the period of expected future benefit. Amortisation expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

2.10 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs are interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences in relation to the foreign currency borrowings to the extent those are regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized in the cost of that asset. Qualifying assets are those assets which necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

2.11 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made.

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts included in revenue are inclusive of excise duty and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, value added taxes.

In case of multiple deliverable arrangements where two or more revenue generating activities or deliverables are provided under a single contract, each deliverable that is considered to be a separate component is accounted for separately. Revenue recognition criteria are applied for each separately identifiable component of transaction in order to reflect the substance of the transaction and revenue is recognized separately for each component as and when the recognition criteria for the component is fulfilled.

Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

Customer loyalty programs

Within its product segment, the Company operates loyalty points programs, which allows customers to accumulate points and utilize in subsequent year. The fair value of the consideration received or receivable in respect of initial sale is allocated between the loyalty points issued and pumps sold. The amount allocated to loyalty points is deferred and is recognized as revenue when the loyalty points are redeemed and the Company has fulfilled its obligation towards loyalty points or when time period to redeem its loyalty points is expired.

Rendering of services

Revenue from services is recognized when services are rendered.

Construction Contracts

Contract revenue includes initial amount agreed in the contract plus any variations in contract work, claims and incentive payments, to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and can be measured reliably.

Contract revenue and contract cost arising from fixed price contract are recognized in accordance with the percentage completion method (POC). The stage of completion is measured with reference to cost incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated cost of each contract. Until such time (25% of Project Cost) where the outcome of the contract cannot be ascertained reliably, the Company recognizes revenue equal to actual cost.

Full provision is made for any loss estimated on a contract in the year in which it is first foreseen.

Where the Company is involved in providing operation and maintenance services under a single construction contract, then the consideration is allocated on a relative fair value basis between various components of a contract.

2.12 Other income

Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis determined by the amount outstanding and the rate applicable using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. Dividend income and export benefits in the form of duty draw back claims are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on the date that the Company''s right to receive payment is established

2.13 Foreign currencies transactions

Transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies which are outstanding, as at the reporting period are translated at the closing exchange rates and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies that are measured in terms of historical cost are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

2.14 Employee benefits Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post-employment benefits Defined contribution plans

The company''s superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas,Kainiyur ,Sanand factories and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans.

The company has no further payment obligations once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are recognized as employee benefit expenses when they are due.

Defined Benefit Plans

The employees'' gratuity fund schemes and provident fund scheme managed by a trust and pension scheme are the Company''s defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Re-measurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability and the return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability), are recognized immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through other comprehensive income (OCI) in the period in which they occur. Re-measurements are not reclassified to the statement of profit and loss in subsequent periods.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan''s assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

When the benefits of the plan are changed or when a plan is curtailed, the resulting change in benefits that relates to past service or the gain or loss on curtailment is recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss. Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset. The company recognizes gains/ losses on settlement of a defined plan when the settlement occurs.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of above mentioned PF schemes.

Other long term employee benefit

The liabilities for earned leave that are not expected to be settled wholly within twelve months after the end of the reporting period in which the employee render the related service. They are therefore measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating the terms of the related obligation. Re-measurements as a result of experience adjustments and change in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

2.15 Income taxes

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. It is recognized in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent that it relates to a business combination or items recognized directly in equity or in OCI.

Current tax

Current tax assets and liabilities are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted at the reporting date in the country where the Company operates and generates taxable income. Current tax assets and liabilities are offset only if certain criteria are met.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the Balance Sheet method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset only if certain criteria are met.

2.16 Share-based payments

Share based compensation benefits are provided to the employees (including senior executives) of the company under the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme, whereby employees render services as consideration for equity instruments (equity-settled transactions).

Equity-settled transactions

The fair value of the options granted to employees is recognized as an employee benefit expense with a corresponding increase in equity. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted.

That cost is recognized, together with a corresponding increase in share-based payment (SBP) reserves in equity, over the period in which the performance and/or service conditions are fulfilled in employee benefits expense. The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company''s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The statement of Profit and Loss expense or credit for a period represents the movement in cumulative expense recognized as at the beginning and end of that period and is recognized in employee benefits expense.

When the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, the minimum expense recognized is the expense had the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. An additional expense is recognized for any modification that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification. Where an award is cancelled by the entity or by the counterparty, any remaining element of the fair value of the award is expensed immediately through Profit or Loss.

The dilutive effect of outstanding options is reflected as additional share dilution in the computation of diluted earnings per share.

2.17 Provisions

A Provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost in the statement of Profit and Loss.

Warranty provisions

Provisions for warranty is recognized when the underlying products and services are sold to the customer based on historical warranty data and at its best estimate using expected value method. The initial estimate of warranty-related costs is revised annually.

Provision for decommissioning and site restoration

The Company has a legal obligation for decommissioning of windmills and restoring the site back to its original condition. Decommissioning and restoration costs are measured initially at it best estimate using expected value method. The present value of initial estimates is provided as a liability and corresponding amount is capitalized as a part of the windmill. The estimated future costs of decommissioning are reviewed annually and adjusted as appropriate. Changes in the estimated future costs or in the discount rate applied are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset.

Contingent liability is disclosed when company has:

- a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation; or

- present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible; or

- a possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is not remote.

Provisions and contingent liabilities are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

2.18 Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

For arrangements entered prior to 1 April 2015, the Company has determined whether the arrangement contains lease based on facts and circumstances existing on the date of transition.

- Company as a lessee

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or an operating lease. A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the Company is classified as a finance lease.

Finance leases are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at the inception date fair value of the leased asset or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized in finance costs in the statement of Profit and Loss.

A leased asset is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of Profit and Loss.

- Company as lessor

Leases in which the company does not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of an asset are classified as operating leases. Rental income from operating lease is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease unless the payments to the lessor are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases or another systematic basis is available. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognized over the lease term on the same basis as rental income. Contingent rents are recognized as revenue in the period in which they are earned.

Leases are classified as finance leases when substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership transfer from the company to the lessee. Amounts due from lessees under finance leases are recorded as receivables at the company''s net investment in the leases. Finance lease income is allocated to accounting periods to reflect a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment outstanding in respect of the lease.

2.19 Impairment of non-financial assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or Cash Generating Unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or CGU''s fair value less costs of disposal or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount.

Impairment losses are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss.

An impairment loss in respect of goodwill is not reversed. For other assets, an impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

2.20 Fair value measurement

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

- In the principal market for the asset or liability, or

- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability

The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the Company. The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.

A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset considers a market participant''s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another.

The Company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

- Level 1 —Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

- Level 2 — Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable.

- Level 3 — Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

For assets and liabilities that are recognized in the financial statements on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorization (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period.

For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the company has determined classes of assets and liabilities based on the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above.

2.21 Financial instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Financial assets Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value. Purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within a time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place (regular way trades) are recognized on the trade date, i.e., the date that the Company commits to purchase or sell the asset.

Subsequent measurement

For purposes of subsequent measurement, financial assets are classified in four categories:

1) Debt instruments at amortized cost.

2) Debt instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI).

3) Debt instruments, derivatives and equity instruments at fair value through Profit or Loss (FVTPL).

4) Equity instruments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI).

De recognition

The Company de recognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire, or it transfers the rights to receive the contractual cash flows in a transaction in which substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset are transferred or in which the Company neither transfers nor retain substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership and it does not retain control of the financial asset.

Impairment of financial asset

Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the following financial assets and credit risk exposure:

a. Financial assets that are debt instruments, and are measured at amortized cost e.g. loans, debt securities, deposits, trade receivables and bank balance.

b. Financial assets that are debt instruments and are measured as FVTOCI.

c. Lease receivables.

d. Trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 11 and Ind AS 18.

e. Loan commitments which are not measured as FVTPL.

f. Financial guarantee contracts which are not measured as FVTPL.

The Company follows ''simplified approach'' for recognition of impairment loss allowance on:

a. Trade receivables or contract revenue receivables; and

b. All lease receivables resulting from transactions within the scope of Ind AS 17

The application of simplified approach does not require the group to track changes in credit risk. Rather, it recognizes impairment loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition. For recognition of impairment loss on other financial assets and risk exposure, the Company determines that whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If credit risk has not increased significantly, 12-month ECL is used to provide for impairment loss. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime ECL is used.

Financial liabilities Initial recognition and measurement

The Company initially recognizes loans and advances, deposits, debt securities issued and subordinated liabilities on the date on which they are originated. All other financial instruments (including regular-way purchases and sales of financial assets) are recognized on the trade date, which is the date on which the company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

A financial asset or financial liability is measured initially at fair value plus, for an item not at fair value through Profit or Loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to its acquisition or issue.

Financial guarantee contracts

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are those contracts that require a payment to be made to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because the specified debtor fails to make a payment when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument. Financial guarantee contracts are recognized initially as a liability at fair value, adjusted for transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of the guarantee. Subsequently, the liability is measured at the higher of the amount of loss allowance determined and the amount recognized less cumulative amortization.

De recognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of Profit or Loss.

Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the consolidated Balance Sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

Derivative financial instruments Initial recognition and subsequent measurement

The Company uses derivative financial instruments, such as forward currency contracts to hedge its foreign currency risks. Such derivative financial instruments are initially recognized at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured at fair value. Derivatives are carried as financial assets when the fair value is positive and as financial liabilities when the fair value is negative.

2.22 Earnings per share (EPS)

Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit for the year attributable to equity holders of the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year, adjusted for bonus elements in equity shares issued during the year and excluding treasury shares.

Diluted EPS adjust the figures used in the determination of basic EPS to consider:

- The after-income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

- The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares (if any).

2.23 Segment reporting

Operating segments are reporting in a manner consistent with the internal reporting to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM).

The Board of Directors of the Company assesses the financial performance and position of the Company and makes strategic decisions. The Board of Directors, which are identified as a CODM, consists of Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and all other Executive Directors.

2.24 Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ''Statement of cash flows'' and Ind AS 102, ''Share-based payment.'' These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ''Statement of cash flows'' and IFRS 2, ''Share-based payment,'' respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from 1 April 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7:

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the Balance Sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on the financial statements is being evaluated.

Amendment to Ind AS 102:

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ''fair values'', but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement. Since company has not entered into share based payment arrangement, amendments to Ind AS 102 are not applicable to Company.


Mar 31, 2016

B-1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted
accounting principles in India and comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards
specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts)
Rules, 2014 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 2013

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual
basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous
year.

B-2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to
make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses,
current assets, non-current assets, current liabilities, non-current liabilities and disclosure of
the contingent liabilities at the end of each reporting period. Although these estimates are based
on management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions
and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount
of assets or liabilities in future periods.

B-3 Inventories

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and estimated net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on moving weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the
inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty,
as applicable.

B-4 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly
liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash which are subject to an
insignificant risk of changes in value.

B-5 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets
over their estimated useful lives on straight line method as per the useful life prescribed under
Schedule- II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in the cases mentioned below where the management
based on a technical evaluation have estimated the life to be lower than the life prescribed in
Schedule - II


B-6 Construction Contracts

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in
accordance with the percentage completion method. Revenue is recognized only to the extent of
actual cost incurred till such time the outcome of the contract cannot be ascertained reliably.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of
total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss estimated on a contract in the year in which it is first
foreseen.

B-7 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the
company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership
of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the
time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved.
In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection
will be made.

c) Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis determined by the amount outstanding and the
rate applicable.

d) Dividend from investments in shares is not recognized in the profit and loss statement until a
right to receive payment is established in the reporting period.

e) Income from royalties is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the
relevant agreement.

B-8 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment (if any).
The cost of a fixed asset comprises its purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the
asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to construction
or acquisition of qualifying fixed assets for the period up to the completion of construction or
acquisition of such fixed assets are included in the gross book value of the asset to which they
relate.

B-9 Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition: A foreign currency transaction is recorded on initial recognition in the
reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the
reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are converted into
rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.


c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts,
the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate (premium) at the date of the
transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign
currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Statement.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of non-integral foreign entities are translated into
rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated
monthly at average exchange rates.

B-10 Investments

Investments are classified as trade when investment is made in the shares or debentures of another
company for the purpose of promoting the trade or business of the company.

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the
date on which such investment is made are classified as current investments. All other investments
are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual
investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to
recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of such investments.

B-11 Employee Benefits

The actuarial valuations in respect of post-employment defined benefit plans and long term employee
benefit as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified
as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short
term compensated absences, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the
employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory
and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable
under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

The employees'' gratuity fund schemes, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme
are the Company''s defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined
benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method,
which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit
entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.


The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount
rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is
based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity
periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Statement.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan''s assets is reduced from the gross obligation
under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when
the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a
straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations
except Dewas factory.

III. Long Term Employee Benefit

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences is recognized
in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

Accumulated leaves that are expected to be utilized within the next 12 months are treated as short
term employee benefits.

B-12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a
qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. It also includes exchange
differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an
adjustment to interest costs. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in
which they are incurred.

B-13 Segment Accounting

The company''s business segment is a distinguishable component that is engaged in providing an
individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to
risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. The company''s
geographical segment is based on the location of its customers.

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the
company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price
agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired
margins.

B-14. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period
attributable to equity shareholders after deducting any attributable tax thereto for the period is
divided by weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the period.


Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period
attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during
the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

B-15 Taxes on Income

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after
considering the various deductions available under The Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable
income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end
of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

c) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are
recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that
sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be
realized. At each reporting date the company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets and
reviews the deferred tax assets recognized.

B-16 Intangible Assets

The company has only computer software as acquired intangible asset. It is amortized over a period
of 3 years on straight line method.

Research and development costs are expensed out as and when incurred, except for development costs
which relate to the design and testing of new or improved material, products or processes which are
recognized as an asset, when it is expected that such assets will generate future economic
benefits.

B-17 Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures

Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly controlled Operations

Company''s share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses,
Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution
in value, if applicable. Income on investments in; incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is
recognized when the right to receive the same is established in the reporting period.

B-18 Impairment Policy

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or
cash generating unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates
the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or CGU''s
net selling price or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its
recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.


B-19 Provisions and contingent liabilities

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event
and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of
which a reliable estimate can be made.

Provision for warranty related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Provision is based on
historical experience.

Contingent liability is disclosed in case of

a) a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of
resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible

c) a possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is
not remote. Contingent assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.

Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

B-20 Employee Stock Ownership Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme, the
intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the
option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2015

Kirloskar Brothers Limited (KBL) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. KBL is engaged in providing global fluid management solutions and is the largest manufacturer and exporter of centrifugal pumps and valves from India. The core products of the company are Engineered Pumps, Industrial Pumps, Agriculture and Domestic Pumps, Valves, Motors and Hydro turbines.

B-1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 2013

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B-2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, current assets, non-current assets, current liabilities, non-current liabilities and disclosure of the contingent liabilities at the end of each reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in future periods.

B-3 Inventories

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and estimated net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on moving weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty, as applicable.

B-4 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

B-5 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives on straight line method as per the useful life prescribed under Schedule-II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in the cases mentioned below where the management based on a technical evaluation have estimated the life to be lower than the life prescribed in Schedule-II

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage completion method. Revenue is recognized only to the extent of actual cost incurred till such time the outcome of the contract cannot be ascertained reliably.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss estimated on a contract in the year in which it is first foreseen.

B-7 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

c) Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis determined by the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

d) Dividend from investments in shares is not recognized in the profit and loss statement until a right to receive payment is established in the reporting period.

e) Income from royalties is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the relevant agreement.

B-8 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment (if any). The cost of a fixed asset comprises its purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to construction or acquisition of qualifying fixed assets for the period up to the completion of construction or acquisition of such fixed assets are included in the gross book value of the asset to which they relate.

B-9 Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition: A foreign currency transaction is recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate (premium) at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Statement.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of non-integral foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

B-10 Investments

Investments are classified as trade when investment is made in the shares or debentures of another company for the purpose of promoting the trade or business of the company.

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investment is made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of such investments.

B-11 Employee Benefits

The actuarial valuations in respect of post-employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefit as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

The employees'' gratuity fund schemes, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme are the Company''s defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Statement.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan''s assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of actuarial valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Company''s actuary have expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Company''s recognized provident fund. Accordingly, the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefit

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences is recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

Accumulated leaves that are expected to be utilized within the next 12 months are treated as short term employee benefits.

B-12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. It also includes exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

B-13 Segment Accounting

The company''s business segment is a distinguishable component that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. The company''s geographical segment is based on the location of its customers.

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

Assets taken on lease where significant portion of risk and rewards incidental to the ownership are not transferred are treated as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss Statement on straight line basis over the lease term.

B-15 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders after deducting any attributable tax thereto for the period is divided by weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

B-16 Taxes on Income

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under The Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

c) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. At each reporting date the company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets and reviews the deferred tax assets recognized.

B-17 Intangible Assets

The company has only computer software as acquired intangible asset. It is amortized over a period of 3 years on straight line method.

Research and development costs are expensed out as and when incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved material, products or processes which are recognized as an asset, when it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

B-18 Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures Type of Joint Venture A. Jointly controlled Operations

Company''s share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses, Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in; incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established in the reporting period.

B-19 Impairment Policy

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or cash generating unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or CGU''s net selling price or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

B-20 Provisions and contingent liabilities

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Provision for warranty related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Provision is based on historical experience.

Contingent liability is disclosed in case of

a) a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible

c) a possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is not remote. Contingent assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.

Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

B-21 Employee Stock Ownership Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2014

B-1 Basis of preparation of financial statements:

a) The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India. The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the CompaniesAct, 1956.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B-2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumption that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, current assets, non-current assets, current liabilities, non-current liabilities and disclosure of the contingent liabilities at the end of reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in future periods.

B-3 Inventories:

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on moving weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

B-4 Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

B-5 Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives as detailed below:

a) On assets acquired prior to 01.08.1987, on a straight-line method at the rates determined in the year of acquisition under section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. No depreciation is provided on assets scrapped or sold during the year.

b) On assets other than patterns, acquired on or after 01.08.1987, on straight line method at the rates prescribed in scheduleXIVtothe Companies Act, 1956.

B-6 Construction Contracts:

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage completion method.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss in the year in which it is first foreseen

B - 7 Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

c) Interest accrues on the time basis determined by the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

d) Dividend from investments in shares is not recognized in the profit and loss statement until a right to receive payment is established in the reporting period.

e) Income from royalties is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the relevant agreement.

B - 8 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment (if any). The cost of a fixed asset comprises its purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to construction or acquisition of qualifying fixed assets for the period up to the completion of construction or acquisition of such fixed assets are included in the gross book value of the asset to which they relate.

B-9. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a) Initial Recognition: A foreign currency transaction is recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate (premium) at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Statement.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of non-integral foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

B-10 Investments:

Investments are classified as trade when investment is made in the shares or debentures of another company for the purpose of promoting the trade or business of the Company.

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investment is made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of such investments.

B-11 Employee Benefits:

Short term compensated absence benefits (both vesting and non-vesting) are accounted for on the basis of the actual valuation of the leave entitlement as on the balance sheet date.

The actuarial valuations in respect of post-employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefit as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, leave travel allowance etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid / payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

The employees'' gratuity fund schemes, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme are the Company''s defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Statement.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan''s assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of actuarial valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Company''s actuary have expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Company''s recognized provident fund. Accordingly, the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefit

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences is recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

Accumulated leaves that are expected to be utilized within the next 12 months are treated as short term employee benefits.

B -12 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. It also includes exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

B-13 Segment Accounting:

The Company''s business segment is a distinguishable component that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. The Company''s geographical segment is based on the location of its customers.

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the Company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

B-14 Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders after deducting any attributable tax thereto for the period is divided by weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

B -15 Taxes on Income:

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

c) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. At each reporting date the Company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets and reviews the deferred tax assets recognized.

B-16 Intangible Assets:

The Company has only computer software as acquired intangible asset. It is amortized over a period of 3 years on straight line method.

Research and development costs are expensed out as and when incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved material, products or processes which are recognized as an asset, when it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

B -17 Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures: Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly controlled Operations

Company''s share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses, Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established in the reporting period.

B-18 Impairment Policy:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or cash generating unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or CGU''s net selling price or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

B -19 Provisions and contingent liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Provision for warranty related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Provision is based on historical experience.

Contingent liability is disclosed in case of

a) a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation,

b) a present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible,

c) a possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is not remote.

Contingent assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.

Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

B - 20 Employee Stock Ownership Scheme:

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2013

A-1 Basis of preparation of financial statements :

a) The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India. The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

A-2 Use of estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumption that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, current assets, non- current assets, current liabilities, non-current liabilities and disclosure of the contingent liabilities at the end of reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in future periods.

A-3 Inventories :

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on moving weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

A-4 Cash and cash equivalents :

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

A-5 Depreciation :

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives as detailed below:

a) On assets acquired prior to 01.08.1987, on a straight-line method at the rates determined in the year of acquisition under section 205 (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. No depreciation is provided on assets scrapped or sold during the year.

b) On assets other than patterns, acquired on or after 01.08.1987, on straight line method at the rates prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act ,1956.

c) On patterns, on straight line method on the basis of estimated useful life as given below:

A-6 Construction Contracts :

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage completion method.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss in the year in which it is first foreseen

A-7 Revenue Recognition :

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

c) Interest accrues on the time basis determined by the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

d) Dividend from investments in shares is not recognized in the profit and loss statement until a right to receive payment is established in the reporting period.

e) Income from royalties is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the relevant agreement.

A-8 Tangible Fixed Assets :

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment (if any). The cost of a fixed asset comprises its purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to construction or acquisition of qualifying fixed assets for the period up to the completion of construction or acquisition of such fixed assets are included in the gross book value of the asset to which they relate.

A-9 Foreign Currency Transactions :

a) Initial Recognition: A foreign currency transaction is recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount, the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate (premium) at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Statement.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of non-integral foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

A-10 Investments :

Investments are classified as trade when investment is made in the shares or debentures of another company for the purpose of promoting the trade or business of the company.

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investment is made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of such investments.

A-11 Employee Benefits :

Short term compensated absence benefits (both vesting and non-vesting) are accounted for on the basis of the actual valuation of the leave entitlement as on the balance sheet date.

The actuarial valuations in respect of post-employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefits as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company''s superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

The employees'' gratuity fund schemes, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and Pension scheme are the Company''s defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Statement.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan''s assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of actuarial valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Company''s actuary have expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Company''s recognized provident fund. Accordingly, the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefits

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences and leave travel allowances (LTA) are recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

Accumulated leave and leave travel allowances that are expected to be utilized within the next 12 months are treated as short term employee benefits.

IV. Termination Benefits

Expenses of voluntary retirement scheme are charged to Profit and Loss Statement immediately.

A-12 Borrowing Costs :

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. It also includes exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

A-13 Segment Accounting :

The company''s business segment is a distinguishable component that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. The company''s geographical segment is based on the location of its customers.

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

A-14 Earnings per share :

Basic earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders after deducting any attributable tax thereto for the period is divided by weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

A-15 Taxes on Income :

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under The Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

c) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. At each reporting date the company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets and reviews the deferred tax assets recognized.

A-16 Intangible Assets :

The company has only computer software as acquired intangible asset. It is amortized over a period of 3 years on straight line method.

Research and development costs are expensed out as and when incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved material, products or processes which are recognized as an asset, when it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

A-17 Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures :

Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly controlled Operations

Company''s share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses, Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established in the reporting period.

A-18 Impairment Policy :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or cash generating unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or CGU''s net selling price or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

A-19 Provisions :

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

Provision for warranty related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Provision is based on historical experience. The estimate of such warranty related costs is revised annually.

A-20 Employee Stock Option Scheme :

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India. The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

2. Change in Accounting Policy:

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended March 31, 2012 the revised schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the company for preparation of its financial statements. Except accounting for dividend on investment in subsidiary companies the adoption of revised schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with requirements applicable in current year.

Dividend on investment in subsidiary companies

Till the year end March 31, 2011 the company in accordance with the pre-revised schedule VI requirement, was recognizing dividend declared by the subsidiary companies after reporting date in the current year's financial statement of profit and loss if such dividend pertained to the period ending on or before the reporting date. The revised schedule VI applicable for financial year commencing from April 1, 2011 does not contain this requirement. Hence to comply with AS 9 Revenue Recognition, the company has changed its accounting policy for recognition of dividend from subsidiary companies. In accordance with the revised policy the company recognizes dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date.

If the company had accrued dividend from subsidiary companies as per pre-revised schedule VI, its other income and other current assets for the current year would have been more by Rs. 9,934,500/-.

3. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumption that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, current assets, non- current assets, current liabilities, non-current liabilities and disclosure of the contingent liabilities at the end of reporting period. Although these estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities in future periods.

4. Inventories

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5. Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

6. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives as detailed below:

a) On assets acquired prior to 01.08.1987, on a straight-line method at the rates determined in the year of acquisition under section 205 (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. No depreciation is provided on assets scrapped or sold during the year.

b) On assets other than patterns, acquired on or after 01.08.1987, on straight line method at the rates prescribed in schedule XIV to the Company's Act 1956.

7. Construction Contracts

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage completion method.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss in the year in which it is first foreseen.

8. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

c) Interest accrues on the time basis determined by the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

d) Dividend from investments in shares is not recognized in the statement of profit and loss until a right to receive payment is established in the reporting period.

e) Royalties on an accrual basis in accordance with the terms of the relevant agreement.

9. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment (if any). The cost of a fixed asset comprises its purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs attributable to construction or acquisition of qualifying fixed assets for the period up to the completion of construction or acquisition of such fixed assets are included in the gross book value of the asset to which they relate.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition: A foreign currency transaction is recorded, on initial recognition in the reporting currency,

by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate (premium) at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

e) Foreign Entities: Assets and liabilities of non-integral foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as trade when investment is made in the shares or debentures of another company, for the purpose of promoting the trade or business of the company.

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date on which such investment is made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of such investments.

12. Employee Benefits

Short term compensated absence benefits (both vesting and non-vesting) are accounted for on the basis of the actual valuation of the leave entitlement as on the balance sheet date.

The actuarial valuations in respect of post-employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefits as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company's superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

The employees' gratuity fund schemes, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme are the Company's defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Account.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plan's assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of actuarial valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Company's actuary have expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Company's recognized provident fund. Accordingly, the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefits:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences and leave travel compensations are recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

Accumulated leave that is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months is treated as short term employee benefits.

IV. Termination Benefits:

Expenses of voluntary retirement scheme are charged to profit and loss account immediately.

13. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. It also includes exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

14. Segment Accounting

The company's business segment is a distinguishable component that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. The company's geographical segment is based on the location of its customers.

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

15. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders after deducting any attributable tax thereto for the period is divided by weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

16. Taxes on Income

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under The Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

c) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. At each reporting date the company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets and reviews the deferred tax assets recognized.

17. Intangible Assets

The company has only computer software as acquired intangible asset. It is amortized over a period of 3 years on straight line method.

Research and development costs are expensed out as and when incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved material, products or processes which are recognized as an asset, when is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

18. Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly controlled Operations

Company's share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in the reporting period in incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

19. Impairment Policy:

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or cash generating unit (CGU) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or CGU's net selling price or its value in use. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

20. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

Provision for warranty related costs are recognized when the product is sold. Provision is based on historical experience. The estimate of such warranty related costs is revised annually.

21. Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company's Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2011

1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises the purchase price and any other attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Financing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

3 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives as detailed below:

a) On assets acquired prior to 01.08.1987, on a straight-line method at the rates determined in the year of acquisition under section 205 (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. No depreciation is provided on assets scrapped or sold during the year.

b) On assets other than patterns, acquired on or after 01.08.1987, on straight line method as per Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) On patterns, on straight line method on the basis of estimated useful life as given below:

Sr. Particulars Rate of No. Depreciation

1 Patterns with estimated useful life of less than one year & one time use. 100%

2 Patterns with estimated useful life of more than one year but less than eight years. 20%

3 Patterns with estimated useful life of more t han eight years. 11.31%

4 Intangible Assets

Computer Software

Computer software is amortized on straight line method over a period of three years.

5 Inventories

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

6 Construction Contracts

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage of completion method.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss in the year in which it is first foreseen. /

7 Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved materials, products or processes which are recognized as an asset to the extent that it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

8 Revenue Recognition

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

9 Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition: Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies other than those covered by forward contracts are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

10 Leases

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

11 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

12 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

13 Employee Benefits

Short term compensated absence benefits (both vesting and non vesting) are accounted for on the basis of the actual valuation of the leave entitlement as on the balance sheet date.

The actuarial valuations in respect of post employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefits as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Companys superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

The employees gratuity fund scheme, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme are the Companys defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Account.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plans assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as per issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of Actuarial Valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Companys actuary has expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Companys recognized provident fund. Accordingly the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefits:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences, and leave travel compensations are recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

IV. Termination Benefits:

Where termination benefits such as compensation under voluntary retirement scheme is payable within a year of the balance sheet date, the actual amount of termination benefits is accounted as expense in year of accrual. Where termination benefits are payable beyond one year of the balance sheet date, the discounted amount of termination benefits is amortised over a definite period.

14 Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Companys Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.

15 Taxes on Income

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

16 Segment Accounting

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

17 Accounting for interests in Joint Ventures Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly Controlled Operations

Companys share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses, Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

18 Provisions

A Provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.


Mar 31, 2010

1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

a) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

c) The accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises the purchase price and any other attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Financing costs relating to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period tiil such assets are ready to be put to use.

3 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided in a manner that amortizes the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives as detailed below:

a) On assets acquired prior to 01.08.1987, on a straight-line method at the rates determined in the year of acquisition under section 205 (b) of the Companies Act, 1956. No depreciation is provided on assets scrapped or sold during the year.

b) On assets other than patterns, acquired on or after 01.08.1987, on straight line method as perSchedule-XIVto the Companies Act, 1956.

4 Intangible Assets

Computer Software

Computer software is amortized on straight line method overa period of three years.

5 Inventories

a) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

b) The cost is calculated on weighted average method.

c) Cost comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

6 Construction Contracts

a) Contract revenue and contract costs arising from fixed price contracts are recognized in accordance with the percentage of completion method.

b) The stage of completion is measured by reference to costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated costs for each contract.

c) Full provision is made for any loss in the year in which it is first foreseen.

7 Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred, except for development costs which relate to the design and testing of new or improved materials, products or processes which are recognized as an asset to the extent that it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits.

8 Revenue Recognition

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer and when services are rendered.

b) Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved. In such cases revenue is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

9 Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition: Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion: At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies other than those covered by forward contracts are converted into rupee equivalents at the year-end exchange rates.

c) Forward Exchange Contracts: In respect of transactions covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the date of the transaction is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

d) Exchange Differences: All exchange differences arising on settlement/conversion on foreign currency transactions are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

e) Foreign entities: Assets and liabilities of foreign entities are translated into rupee equivalents using year-end spot foreign exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated monthly at average exchange rates.

10 Leases

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

11 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

12 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

a) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

b) Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in vafae is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

13 Employee Benefits

Short term compensated absence benefits (both vesting and non vesting) are accounted for on the basis of the actual valuation of the leave entitlement as on the balance sheet date.

The actuarial valuations in respect of post employment defined benefit plans and long term employee benefits as at the balance sheet date are measured using Projected Unit Credit Method.

I. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, expected cost of bonus and short term compensated absences, etc. are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

II. Post-Employment Benefits:

a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Companys superannuation scheme, state governed provident fund scheme related to Dewas factory and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the scheme is recognized during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Benefit Plans:

The employees gratuity fund scheme, provident fund scheme managed by a Trust and pension scheme are the Companys defined benefit plans. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plans is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Account.

In case of funded plans, the fair value of the plans assets is reduced from the gross obligation under the defined benefit plans, to recognize the obligation on net basis.

Gains or losses on the curtailment or settlement of any defined benefit plan are recognized when the curtailment or settlement occurs. Past service cost is recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested.

The Company pays contribution to a recognized provident fund trust in respect of all locations except Dewas factory. The guidance note on implementing AS 15, Employees Benefits (Revised 2006) as issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) states that provident funds set up by employer, which requires interest shortfall to be met by the employer, needs to be treated as a defined benefit plan. In the absence of clear guidelines on the issue of Actuarial Valuation related to the interest shortfall to be made good by the employer, the Companys actuary has expressed their inability to reliably measure the provident fund liability of the Companys recognized provident fund. Accordingly, the Company is unable to exhibit the related disclosures.

III. Long Term Employee Benefits:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences, and leave travel compensations are recognized in the same manner as in the case of defined benefit plans as mentioned in note II (b) above.

IV. Termination Benefits:

Where termination benefits such as compensation under voluntary retirement scheme is payable within a year of the balance sheet date, the actual amount of termination benefits is accounted as expense in year of accrual. Where termination benefits are payable beyond one year of the balance sheet date, the discounted amount of termination benefits is amortised over a definite period.

14 Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Companys Employee Stock Option Scheme, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period.

15 Taxes on Income

a) Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income after considering the various deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or subsequently enacted regulations.

16 SegmentAccounting

a) The accounting policies for individual segments are in line with accounting policies of the company.

b) Segment revenue from inter segment transactions is accounted on the basis of transfer price agreed between the segments. Such transfer prices are determined with reference to the desired margins.

17 Accounting forinterests in Joint Ventures Type of Joint Venture

A. Jointly Controlled Operations

Companys share of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are included in Revenues, Expenses, Assets and Liabilities respectively.

B. Jointly Controlled Entities

Investment in such Joint ventures is carried at cost after providing for any permanent diminution in value, if applicable. Income on investments in incorporated Jointly Controlled Entities is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

18 Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

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