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Accounting Policies of Kothari Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

CORPORATE OVERVIEW

Kothari Sugars and Chemicals Limited (referred to as “KSCL” or the “Company”) are the Manufacturers of Sugar, Alcohol and Power generation having units at Kattur and Sathamangalam, Tamilnadu.

Parvathi Trading & Finance Co.Pvt.Ltd.owns 70.20% of the Company''s equity share capital and hence its holding Company.

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements of “the Company “have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (”the 2013 Act”) / Companies Act, 1956 (“the Act 1956”), as applicable. The statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

(b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financials and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes different from the estimates.

(c) TANGIBLE / INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

(i) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production.

(ii) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets acquired after 01st April 2014 are provided under straight line method based on the useful life of the assets and in accordance with Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 and reckoning the maximum residual value @ 5% of the original cost of the asset. Assets acquired prior to 01st April 2014, the carrying amount as on 01st April 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset.

In respect of assets costing up to Rs.5,000/- the Company has fully depreciated considering the materiality aspect in the year of acquisition.

(iii) Intangible assets are amortized equally over their estimated useful life not exceeding 5 years.

(d) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end closing rate. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

(e) INVESTMENTS

Investments which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments. Current Investments are carried at the lower of cost and Fair Value.

(f) INVENTORIES

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

ii) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and Excise Duty) or net realizable values whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

iii) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

iv) Modvat / Cenvat / Service Tax credits on materials / services / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilized for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilized credit is carried forward in the books. ,

(g) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash in hand, cash at bank, demand deposits with banks.

(h) REVENUE RECOGNITION

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will low to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer. Sales are disclosed net of Value Added Tax (VAT), trade discounts and returns as applicable. Excise Duty recovery from customer is deducted from turnover (gross). The excise duty differential between closing and opening stocks of excisable goods is included under “Change in inventories”

(iii) Revenue from services is recognized (net of service tax, as applicable) pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

(iv) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established by the Balance Sheet date.

(i) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees'' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for a section of the workmen for whom it is considered as a long term benefit is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded. Liability for unavailed leave for other employees considered as short term benefits and provided accordingly in the books of accounts.

(j) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(k) SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

i) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

ii) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under “unallocated corporate expenses”.

(l) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment, if any, already carried out.

(m) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing cost directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of a asset which takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets, until such time the asset is substantially ready for its intended use. All other borrowing cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit or Loss in the period they occur. Borrowing cost consists of interest and other costs incurred in connection with borrowing of funds.

(n) PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(o) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutive potential equity shares.

(p) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income Tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date.

(q) Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Rental payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In the case of leased tangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease Income on such operating leases is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(r) Classification of Current / Non-Current Assets and Liabilities

All assets and liabilities are presented as Current or Non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of Current / Non-current classification of assets and liabilities.


Mar 31, 2015

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements of "the Company "have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act")/Companies Act, 1956 ("the Act 1956"), as applicable. The statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

(b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financials and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment.

(c) FIXED ASSETS & DEpRECIATION

(i) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalized.

(ii) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets acquired after 01st April 2014 are provided under straight line method based on the useful life of the assets and in accordance with Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 and reckoning the maximum residual value @ 5% of the original cost of the asset. Assets acquired prior to 01st April 2014, the carrying amount as on 01st April 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset.

In respect of assets costing up to Rs.5,000/- the Company has fully depreciated considering the materiality aspect in the year of acquisition.

(iii) Intangible assets are amortized equally over their estimated useful life not exceeding 5 years.

(d) FOREIGN CuRRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

(e) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long term Investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and Fair Value. Long term Investments are valued at Cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of Investments.

(f) INVENTORIES

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

ii) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and Excise Duty) or net realizable values whichever is lower.

iii) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

iv) Modvat / Cenvat / Service Tax credits on materials / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilized for payment of Excise Duty on goods manufactured and the unutilized credit is carried forward in the books.

(g) REVENuE AND EXpENDITuRE RECOGNITION

i) All revenues and expenses are accounted on accrual basis

ii) Sales are net of trade discounts and Sales Tax and Excise Duty. Excise duty recovery from customer is deducted from turnover (gross). The excise duty differential between closing and opening stocks of excisable goods is included under "Change in inventories"

(h) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for a section of the workmen for whom it is considered as a long term benefit is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded. Liability for unavailed leave for other employees considered as short term benefits and provided according in the books of accounts.

(i) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(j) segment reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

i) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

ii) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "unallocated corporate expenses".

(k) IMpAIRMENT of ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

(l) provision of contingent liabilities

A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(m) EARNINGS PER Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

(n) TAXES oN INCoME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income Tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(o) Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Rental payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In the case of leased tangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease Income on such operating leases is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as applicable to a going concern, as adopted consistently by the company.

(b) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financials and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment.

(c) BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with principles and procedures for the preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements as laid down in Accounting Standard 21 (AS 21).

(d) FIxed ASSETS & DEpRECIATION

(i) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalized.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at Straight Line Method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on technical opinion, plant and machinery have been classified as continuous process plant and depreciation has been provided at 5.28% on the original cost. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are fully depreciated.

(e) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

(f) investments

Investments are classified into current and long term Investments in line with the revised schedule VI requirement. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and Fair Value. Long term Investments are valued at Cost .A provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of Investments.

(g) INVENTORIES

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

ii) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and excise duty) or net realizable values whichever is lower.

iii) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

iv) Modvat / Cenvat / Service Tax credits on materials / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilized for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilized credit is carried forward in the books.

(h) REVENUE RECOGNITION

i) All revenues are accounted on accrual basis

ii) Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

(i) RETIREMENT BENEFITS

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees'' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for Kattur & Sathamangalam plant workmen is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded.

(j) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(k) SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

i) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

ii) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "unallocated corporate expenses".

(l) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

(m) PROVISION OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(n) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

(o) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(p) LEASES

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Rental payments made under operating leases are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company has leased certain tangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease Income on such operating leases is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Debentures/Zero Coupon Bonds are secured by the first charge on all movable and immovable properties situated in the state of Gujarat and Kattur unit in Tamilnadu, except book debts of the company.


Mar 31, 2013

(A) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The fnancial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as applicable to a going concern, as adopted consistently by the company.

(B) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of fnancial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the fnancials and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fxed assets and provision for impairment.

(C) BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION

The fnancial statements are prepared in accordance with principles and procedures for the preparation and presentation of consolidated fnancial statements as laid down in Accounting Standard 21 (AS 21).

(D) FIXED ASSETS & DEPRECIATION

(i) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalized.

(ii) Depreciation on fxed assets is provided at Straight Line Method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on technical opinion, plant and machinery have been classified as continuous process plant and depreciation has been provided at 5.28% on the original cost. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are fully depreciated

(E) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

(F) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long term Investments in line with the revised schedule VI requirement. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and Fair Value. Long term Investments are valued at Cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of Investments.

(G) INVENTORIES

(i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

(ii) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and excise duty) or net realizable values whichever is lower.

(iii) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of fnished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

(iv) Modvat/Cenvat/Service Tax credits on materials / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilized for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilized credit is carried forward in the books.

(H) REVENUE RECOGNITION

i) All revenues are accounted on accrual basis ii) Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

(i) RetiRement BeneFits

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees'' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for Kattur & Sathamangalam plant workmen is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded.

(J) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(K) SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

(i) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

(ii) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "unallocated corporate expenses".

(L) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

(M) PROVISION OF CONTINGENT LI ABILITIES

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and

a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(N) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

(O) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income Tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(P) LEASES

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the Lessor are classified as operating leases. Rental payments made under operating leases are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company has leased certain tangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially retained all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as operating leases. Lease Income on such operating leases is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as applicable to a going concern, as adopted consistently by the company.

(b) BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with principles and procedures for the preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements as laid down in Accounting Standard 21 (AS 21).

(c) FIXED ASSETS & DEPRECIATION

(i) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalized.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at Straight Line Method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on technical opinion, plant and machinery have been classified as continuous process plant and depreciation has been provided at 5.28% on the original cost. Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- are fully depreciated.

(d) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

(e) INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long term Investments in line with the revised schedule VI requirement. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and Fair Value. Long term Investments are valued at Cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of Investments.

(f) INVENTORIES

(i) Raw Materials and Stores & Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

(ii) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and excise duty) or net realizable values whichever is lower.

(iii) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

(iv) Modvat/Cenvat/Service Tax credits on materials/capital items are availed on purchases/installation of assets respectively and utilized for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilized credit is carried forward in the books.

(g) REVENUE RECOGNITION

(i) All revenues are accounted on accrual basis.

(ii) Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

(iii) Dividend income is accounted when the right to receive is established.

(h) RETIREMENT BENEFITS

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme, 1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for Kattur & Sathamangalam plant workmen is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded.

(i) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(j) SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

(i) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

(ii) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "unallocated corporate expenses".

(k) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

(l) CONTINGENT LIABILITIES & PROVISIONS

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation/event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(m) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

(n) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.


Mar 31, 2011

(1) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as applicable to a going concern, as adopted consistently by the Company.

(2) FIXED ASSETS & DEPRECIATION

(a) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalised.

(b) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at Straight Line Method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on technical opinion, plant and machinery have been classified as continuous process plant and depreciation has been provided at 5.28% on the original cost. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are fully depreciated.

(3) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

(4) INVESTMENTS

All Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value other than Long Term Investments is made to reflect its quoted / fair value. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

(5) INVENTORIES

(a) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

(b) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and excise duty) or net realisable value whichever is lower.

(c) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

(d) Modvat /Cenvat / Service Tax credits on materials / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilised for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilised credit is carried forward in the books.

(6) REVENUE RECOGNITION

(a) All revenues are accounted on accrual basis

(b) Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

(7) RETIREMENT BENEFITS Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident Fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees' Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme with the underwriters, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for Kattur & Sathamangalam plant workmen is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded.

Short Term Compensated absence

Leave encashment benefit for all employees except Kattur & Sathamangalam plant work men is in the nature of short term compensated absence and accounted on accrual basis.

(8) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

(9) SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

(a) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

(b) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated corporate expenses".

(10) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identi- fied as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

(11) PROVISION OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelyhood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(12) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

(13) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.


Mar 31, 2010

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as applicable to a going concern, as adopted consistently by the company.

2. FIXED ASSETS & DEPRECIATION

(a) Fixed assets are recorded at cost and cost includes appropriate direct and allocated expenses including interest on specified borrowings for acquisition of assets up to the date of commencement of commercial production. Technical know-how fees in respect of specific turnkey projects are capitalised.

(b) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at Straight Line Method in accordance with Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on technical opinion, plant and machinery have been classified as continuous process plant and depreciation has been provided at 5.28% on the original cost. Assets costing less than Rs.5000/- are fully depreciated.

3. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognized at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expense in that period.

4. INVESTMENTS

All Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value other than Long Term Investments is made to reflect its quoted / fair value. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

5. INVENTORIES

(a) Raw Materials and Stores and Spares are valued at weighted average cost.

(b) Finished Stocks are valued at cost (including applicable overheads and excise duty) or net realisable values whichever is lower.

(c) Work-in-Process value is derived from the value of finished goods less estimated cost of work still to be completed.

(d) Closing Stock of Molasses including own production is valued at average purchase cost.

(e) Modvat /Cenvat / Service Tax credits on materials / capital items are availed on purchases / installation of assets respectively and utilised for payment of excise duty on goods manufactured and the unutilised credit is carried forward in the books.

6. REVENUE RECOGNITION

(a) All revenues are accounted on accrual basis

(b) Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

7. RETIREMENT BENEFITS Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident fund and Superannuation contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit plans for qualifying employees. Under the Provident Fund scheme, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to the Employees Provident Fund Scheme,1952 to fund the benefits. The interest as declared by the Government from time to time accrues to the credit of the employees under the scheme. Under the Superannuation scheme, the company is required to contribute a specified percentage of payroll cost to underwriters to enable them to make the settlement to the qualifying employees.

Defined benefit plans

The Company makes annual contributions to the Employees’ Group Gratuity-cum-Life Assurance Scheme of an Insurance Company, a funded defined benefit plan for qualifying employees. The scheme provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment. Liability for unavailed leave for Kattur & Sathamangalam plant workmen is actuarially valued and provided for but is not funded.

Short Term Compensated absence

Leave encashment benefit for all employees except Kattur & Sathamangalam plant work men is in the nature of short term compensated absence and accounted on accrual basis.

8. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and Development expenditure, other than capital, as and when incurred are charged to revenue.

9. SEGMENT REPORTING

The accounting policies adopted for segmental reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the company with the following additional policies:

(a) Inter-segment adjustments are carried out on estimated basis having regard to current trends wherever the actual cost is unascertainable.

(b) Revenues and expenses have been identified to segments wherever relatable on the basis of their relationship to specific operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the enterprise as a whole and are not specifically allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under “unallocated income / expense”.

10. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired, after considering adjustment if any already carried out.

11. PROVISION OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligation / event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require immediate outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likely hood of outflow of resources is very remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

12. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining earnings per share comprises of the net profit after tax before exceptional items. The number of shares used in computing earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per share comprises of weighted average share considered for deriving basic earnings per share as well as dilutively potential equity shares.

13. TAXES ON INCOME

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current income tax is provided on the taxable income for the period as per the provision of Income Tax Act 1961. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

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