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Accounting Policies of Liberty Shoes Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation are recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (The "Act").

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current and non- current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria as set out in Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.

b) Revenue Recognition

- Sales revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer on dispatch or delivery of goods, net of sales returns, trade discount and VAT/Sales tax but inclusive of excise duty and do not include the cost of materials used for captive consumption.

- Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis and include the estimated value of incentives receivable under the DEPB Scheme, the DutyDrawback Scheme and the Focus Product Scheme. Any difference at the time of actual receipt is accounted for in the year of receipt. The amount of export incentives has been adjusted with the cost of raw materials consumed.

- Gain/Loss on transfer of Duty Credit Entitlements received under the DEPB Scheme is accounted for in the year of transfer.

c) Inventory Valuation

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, other than for manufactured finished goods and goods in process, is determined on Weighted Average Cost Method (net of CENVAT credit availed) of stock accounting. Cost of manufactured finished goods and goods in process include cost of raw materials consumed on weighted average basis and appropriate portion of allocable overheads and Excise Duty and Taxes, wherever applicable. Scrap, if any, at the year-end does not form part of the closing inventory.

d) Fixed Assets and Capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at original cost (net of CENVAT credit availed, wherever eligible) but including freight inward, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation thereof. Capital work in progress includes cost of fixed assets under installation and other incidental expenses. Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains and losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

e) Depreciation

The useful lives of the assets are based on technical estimates approved by the Management and lower than or the same as the useful lives prescribed under schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 in order to reflect the period over which depreciable assets are expected to be used by the Company. Depreciation is provided on a pro rata basis on the Straight Line Method (SLM) on the estimated useful lives of the assets as stated below:

Assets Useful Life

Factory Building 30 Years

Plant & Equipment 15 Years

Dies & Moulds 15 Years

Electric Installation & Equipments 10 Years

Furniture & Fixtures 10 Years

Office Equipment 5 Years

Computers 3 Years

Servers & Networks 6 Years

Motor Cars & Buses 8 Years

Motor Cycles 10 Years

Assets individually costing less than Rs.5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

f) Impairment of Assets

Usually the Company reviews the carrying value of assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. However, the assets that are subject of amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing the recoverable amount, higher of the assets' fair value less cost to sell and value in use is considered.

g) Operating Lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risk and benefits of ownership of the lease term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

h) Valuation of Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost and Short Term Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value, calculated individually for each investment.

i) Excise Duty

Excise Duty, wherever applicable, is accounted for at the time of manufacture of finished goods.

j) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

The Company recognizes a provision where there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation and accordingly all known liabilities wherever material are provided for. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.

k) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected method made at the end of the financial year. The Company has created a trust under the Group Gratuity Scheme with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and amount paid/payable in respect of the present value of liability for past services is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss every year. The difference, if any, between the actuarial valuation of the gratuity of employees at the year end and the balance of funds with LIC is provided for as liability in the books.

l) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which they are incurred.

m) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are converted into Indian rupees at closing rates and any gain or loss arisen is adjusted in Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Gains/losses arising out of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates between the transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Exchange Rate Fluctuation".

(iii) The difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on date of inception of a forward contract in respect of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities is recognized as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract.

(iv) Forward exchange contracts entered to hedge the foreign currency risk are marked to market as at the year end and the resultant exchange gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(v) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost and accordingly the investment in foreign subsidiary is expressed in Indian Currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.

n) Provision for Taxation

Provision for taxation is made taking into consideration the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Wealth Tax Act, 1957. Adjustment, if any, arising out of the assessment is made in the year the assessment is completed.

o) Provision for Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax has been provided for all timing differences as required under the provisions of Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements. The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India [Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C] of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting under the historical cost convention.

b) Revenue Recognition

- Sales revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer on dispatch or delivery of goods, net of sales returns, trade discount and VAT/Sales tax but inclusive of excise duty and do not include the cost of materials used for captive consumption.

- Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis and include the estimated value of incentives receivable under the DEPB Scheme, the Duty Drawback Scheme and the Focus Product Scheme. Any difference at the time of actual receipt is accounted for in the year of receipt. The amount of export incentives has been adjusted with the cost of raw materials consumed.

- Gain/Loss on transfer of Duty Credit Entitlements received under the DEPB Scheme is accounted for in the year of transfer.

c) Inventory Valuation

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, other than for manufactured finished goods and goods in process, is determined on Weighted Average Cost Method (net of CENVAT credit availed) of stock accounting. Cost of manufactured finished goods and goods in process include cost of raw materials consumed on weighted average basis and appropriate portion of allocable overheads and

Excise Duty and Taxes, wherever applicable. Scrap, if any, at the year-end does not form part of the closing inventory.

d) Fixed Assets and Capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at original cost (net of CENVAT credit availed, wherever eligible) but including freight inward, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation thereof. Capital work in progress includes cost of fixed assets under installation and other incidental expenses.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed assets is provided on pro rata basis by Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at the rates determined based on management''s estimate of economic useful life of particular asset, whichever is higher. Fixed assets costing below Rs.5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

f) Operating Lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risk and benefits of ownership of the lease term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

g) Valuation of Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost and Short Term Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value, calculated individually for each investment.

h) Excise Duty

Excise Duty, wherever applicable, is accounted for at the time of manufacture of finished goods.

i) Contingent Liabilities

All known liabilities wherever material are provided for and liabilities, which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes to the Accounts.

j) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected method made at the end of the financial year. The Company has created a trust under the Group Gratuity Scheme with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and amount paid/payable in respect of the present value of liability for past services is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss every year. The difference, if any, between the actuarial valuation of the gratuity of employees at the year end and the balance of funds with LIC is provided for as liability in the books.

k] Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which they are incurred.

l) Foreign Exchange Transactions

[i] Assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are converted into Indian rupees at closing rates and any gain or loss arisen is adjusted in Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Gains/losses arising out of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates between the transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Exchange Rate Fluctuation".

[iii] The difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on date of inception of a forward contract in respect of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities is recognized as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract.

(iv) Forward exchange contracts entered to

hedge the foreign currency risk are marked to market as at the year end and the resultant exchange gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(v) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost and accordingly the investment in foreign subsidiary is expressed in Indian Currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.

m) Provision for Taxation

Provision for taxation is made taking into consideration the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Wealth Tax Act, 1957. Adjustment, if any, arising out of the assessment is made in the year the assessment is completed.

n) Provision for Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax has been provided for all timing differences as required under the provisions of Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

o) Impairment of Assets

Usually the Company reviews the carrying value of assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. However the assets that are subject of amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing the recoverable amount, higher of the assets'' fair value less cost to sell and value in use is considered.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements.

- The accompanying Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Historical Cost Conventions.

- Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted Accounting Principles followed by the Company, applicable accounting standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

- The items of income & expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

b) Revenue Recognition

- Sales revenue is recognized on dispatch of goods, net of sales returns, trade discount and VAT/Sales tax but inclusive of excise duty and do not include the cost of materials used for captive consumption.

- Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis and include the estimated value of incentives receivable under the DEPB Scheme, the Duty Drawback Scheme and the Focus Product Scheme. Any difference at the time of actual receipt is accounted for in the year of receipt. The amount of export incentives has been adjusted with the cost of raw materials consumed.

- Gain/Loss on transfer of Duty Credit Entitlements received under the DEPB Scheme is accounted for in the year of transfer.

c) Inventory Valuation

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, other than for manufactured finished goods and goods in process, is determined on Weighted Average Cost Method (net of CENVAT credit availed) of stock accounting. Cost of manufactured finished goods and goods in process include cost of raw materials consumed on weighted average basis and appropriate portion of allocable overheads and Excise Duty wherever applicable. Scrap, if any, at the year end does not form part of the closing inventory.

d) Fixed Assets and Capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at original cost (net of CENVAT credit availed) but including freight inward, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation thereof. Capital work in progress includes cost of fixed assets under installation and other incidental expenses.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

f) Valuation of Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost. Short Term Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value, calculated individually for each investment.

g) Excise Duty

Excise Duty, wherever applicable, is accounted for at the time of manufacture of finished goods.

h) Contingent Liabilities

All known liabilities wherever material are provided for and liabilities, which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes to the Accounts.

i) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected method made at the end of the financial year. The Company has created a trust under the Group Gratuity Scheme with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and amount paid/payable in respect of the present value of liability for past services is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss every year. The difference, if any, between the actuarial valuation of the gratuity of employees at the year end and the balance of funds with LIC is provided for as liability in the books.

j) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which they are incurred.

k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are converted into Indian rupees at closing rates and any gain or loss arisen is adjusted in Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Gains/losses arising out of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates belween the transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Exchange Rate Fluctuation".

(iii) The difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on date of inception of a forward contract in respect of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities is recognised as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract.

(iv) Forward exchange contracts entered to hedge the foreign currency risk are marked to market as at the year end and the resultant exchange gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(v) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost and accordingly the investment in foreign subsidiary is expressed in Indian Currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.

I) Provision for Taxation

Provision for taxation is made taking into consideration the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Wealth Tax Act, 1957. Adjustment, if any, arising out of the assessment is made in the year the assessment is completed.

m) Provision for Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax has been provided for all timing differences as required under the provisions of Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

n) Impairment of Assets

The Company reviews the carrying value of assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing the recoverable amount, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at appropriate discount rates.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements.

- The accompanying Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Historical Cost Conventions.

- Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted Accounting Principles followed by the Company, applicable accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The items of income & expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

b) Revenue Recognition

Sales revenue is recognized on dispatch of goods, net of sales returns, trade discount and VAT/Sales tax but inclusive of excise duty and do not include the cost of materials used for captive consumption.

- Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis and include the estimated value of incentives receivable under the DEPB Scheme, the Duty Drawback Scheme and the Focus Product Scheme. Any difference at the time of actual receipt is accounted for in the year of receipt. The amount of export incentives has been adjusted with the cost of raw materials consumed.

- Gain/Loss on transfer of Duty Credit Entitlements received under the DEPB Scheme is accounted for in the year of transfer.

c) Inventory Valuation

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, other than for manufactured finished goods and goods in process, is determined on Weighted Average Cost Method (net of CENVAT credit availed) of stock accounting. Cost of manufactured finished goods and goods in process include cost of raw materials consumed on weighted average basis and appropriate portion of allocable overheads and Excise Duty wherever applicable. Scrap, if any, at the year end does not form part of the closing inventory.

d) Fixed Assets and Capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at original cost (net of CENVAT credit availed) but including freight inward, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation thereof. Capital work in progress includes cost of fixed assets under installation and other incidental expenses.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

f) Valuation of Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost. Short Term Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value, calculated individually for each investment.

g) Excise Duty

Excise Duty, wherever applicable, is accounted for at the time of manufacture of finished goods.

h) Contingent Liabilities

All known liabilities wherever material are provided for and liabilities, which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes to the Accounts.

i) Employee Benefits

i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected method made at the end of the financial year. The Company has created a trust under the Group Gratuity Scheme with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and amount paid/payable in respect of the present value of liability for past services is charged to the Profit & Loss Account every year. The difference, if any, between the actuarial valuation of the gratuity of employees at the year end and the balance of funds with LIC is provided for as liability in the books.

j) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which they are incurred.

k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are converted into Indian rupees at closing rates and any gain or loss arisen is adjusted in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Gains/losses arising out of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates between the transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head "Exchange Rate Fluctuation".

(iii) The difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on date of inception of a forward contract in respect of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities is recognised as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract.

(iv) Forward exchange contracts entered to hedge the foreign currency risk are marked to market as at the year end and the resultant exchange gain or loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(v) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost and accordingly the investment in foreign subsidiary is expressed in Indian Currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.

I) Provision for Taxation

Provision for taxation is made taking into consideration the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Wealth Tax Act, 1957. Adjustment, if any, arising out of the assessment is made in the year the assessment is completed.

m) Provision for Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax has been provided for all timing differences as required under the provisions of Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

n) Impairment of Assets

The Company reviews the carrying value of assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing the recoverable amount, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at appropriate discount rates.

During the year no remuneration has been paid to Non-Executive Directors except for the sitting fees of Rs.25,000/- (Previous Year Rs.20,00Q/-).


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

- The accompanying Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Historical Cost Conventions.

- Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles followed by the Company, applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

- The items of income & expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

b) Revenue Recognition

- Sales revenue is recognized on dispatch of goods, net of sales returns, trade discount and VAT/Sales tax but inclusive of Excise Duty and do not include the cost of materials used for captive consumption.

- Export Incentives are accounted on accrual basis and include the estimated value of incentives receivable under the DEPB Scheme and the Duty Drawback Scheme. Any difference at the time of actual receipt is accounted for in the year of receipt. The amount of export incentives has been adjusted with the cost of raw materials consumed.

- Gain/Loss on transfer of Duty Credit Entitlements received under the DEPB Scheme is accounted for in the year of transfer.

c) Inventory Valuation

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories, other than for manufactured finished goods and goods in process, is determined on Weighted Average Cost Method (net of CENVAT credit availed) of stock accounting. Cost of manufactured finished goods and goods in process include cost of raw materials consumed on weighted average basis and appropriate portion of allocable overheads and Excise Duty wherever applicable. Scrap, if any, at the year end does not form part of the closing inventory.

d) Fixed Assets and Capital work in progress

Fixed Assets are stated at original cost (net of CENVAT credit availed) but including freight inward, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation thereof. Capital work in progress includes cost of fixed assets under installation and other incidental expenses.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

f) Valuation of Investments

Long term Investments are valued at cost. Short Term Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value, calculated individually for each investment.

g) Excise Duty

Excise Duty, wherever applicable, is accounted for at the time of manufacture of finished goods.

h) Contingent Liabilities

All known liabilities wherever material are provided for and liabilities, which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes to the Accounts.

i) Employee Benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss Account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected method made at the end of the financial year. The Company has created a trust under the Group Gratuity Scheme with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and amount paid/payable in respect of the present value of liability for past services is charged to the Profit & Loss Account every year. The difference, if any, between the actuarial valuation of the gratuity of employees at the year end and the balance of funds with LIC is provided for as liability in the books.

j) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which they are incurred.

k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are converted into Indian rupees at closing rates and any gain or loss arisen is adjusted in profit and loss account.

(ii) Gains/losses arising out of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates between the transaction date and settlement date are recognized in the profit and loss account under the head "Exchange Rate Fluctuation".

(iii) The difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate on date of inception of a forward contract in respect of forward contracts with underlying assets or liabilities is recognised as income or expense and is amortized over the life of the contract.

(iv) Forward exchange contracts entered to hedge the foreign currency risk are marked to market as at the year end and the resultant exchange gain or loss is recognised in the Profit & Loss Account.

(v) Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost and accordingly, the investment in foreign subsidiary is expressed in Indian Currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction.

l) Provision for Taxation

Provision for taxation is made taking into consideration the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and Wealth Tax Act, 1957. Adjustment, if any, arising out of the assessment is made in the year the assessment is completed.

m) Provision for Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax has been provided for all timing differences as required under the provisions of Accounting Standards issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

n) Impairment of Assets

The Company reviews the carrying value of assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. In assessing the recoverable amount, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at appropriate discount rates.