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Accounting Policies of MEP Infrastructure Developers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 CORPORATE INFORMATION

MEP Infrastructure Developers Limited (Formerly known as MEP Infrastructure Developers Private Limited) (‘MEPIDL’ or ‘the Company’) having its registered office at A 412, boomerang, Chandivali Farm Road, Near Chandivali Studio, Andheri (E), Mumbai-400072, was incorporated on August 8, 2002 vide certificate of incorporation No L45200MH2002PLC136779 issued by the Registrar of Companies, Maharashtra, Mumbai.

The Company’s equity shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE) with effect from 6 May, 2015. The Company is into the business of collection of toll and construction of roads along with other ancillary activities such as road repairs and maintenance of flyovers, roads and allied structures.

2 STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

2.1 Basis of preparation

These financial statements of the Company for the year ended March 31, 2017 along with comparative financial information for the year March 31, 2016 and Opening Balance Sheet as at April 1, 2015 have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Ind AS’) as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘Act’) read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules,2015 as amended and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2017 are the first year the Company has prepared in accordance with Ind AS and are covered by Ind AS 101, first-time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. For all periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (Indian GAAP). The transition to Ind AS has been carried out from the accounting principles generally accepted in India ("Indian GAAP") which is considered as the "Previous GAAP" for purposes of Ind AS 101.

The accounting policies are applied consistently to all the periods presented in the financial statements, including the preparation of the opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as at 1st April, 2015 being the date of transition to Ind AS.

Historical Cost Convention

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value;

- assets held for sale - measured at fair value less cost to sell;

- defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value

Current non-current classification

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or noncurrent as per the Company’s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of business and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Functional and presentation currency

These standalone financial statements are presented in Indian rupees, which is the Company’s functional currency. All amounts have been rounded to the nearest lakhs, unless otherwise indicated.

2.3 Critical accounting judgments and key sources of estimation uncertainty

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Ind AS requires use of estimates and assumptions for some items, which might have an effect on their recognition and measurement in the (standalone) balance sheet and (standalone) statement of profit and loss. The actual amounts realized may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and assumptions are required in particular for:

a) Property, plant and equipment :

Determination of the estimated useful lives of tangible assets and the assessment as to which components of the cost may be capitalized. Useful lives of tangible assets are based on the life prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. In cases, where the useful lives are different from that prescribed in Schedule II, they are based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers’ warranties and maintenance support. Assumptions also need to be made, when the Company assesses, whether an asset may be capitalized and which components of the cost of the asset may be capitalized.

b) Recognition and measurement of defined benefit obligations :

The obligation arising from defined benefit plan is determined on the basis of actuarial assumptions. Key actuarial assumptions include discount rate, trends in salary escalation and vested future benefits and life expectancy. The discount rate is determined based on the prevailing market yields of Indian Government Securities as at the Balance Sheet Date for the estimated term of the obligations.

c) Recognition of deferred tax assets :

A deferred tax asset is recognized for all the deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary difference can be utilized. The management is reasonably certain that taxable profits will be available to absorb carried forward losses while recognizing deferred tax assets.

d) Recognition and measurement of other provisions :

The recognition and measurement of other provisions are based on the assessment of the probability of an outflow of resources, and on past experience and circumstances known at the balance sheet date. The actual outflow of resources at a future date may therefore vary from the figure included in other provisions.

e) Discounting of long-term financial instruments :

All financial instruments are required to be measured at fair value on initial recognition. In case of financial instruments which are required to subsequently measured at amortized cost, interest is accrued using the effective interest method.

2.4 Measurement of fair values

The Company’s accounting policies and disclosures require the measurement of fair values for financial instruments. When measuring the fair value of a financial asset or a financial liability, fair values are categorized into different levels in a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used in the valuation techniques as follows.

Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (i.e. as prices) or indirectly (i.e. derived from prices).

Level 3: inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

The Company recognizes transfers due to change between levels of the fair value hierarchy at the end of the reporting period.

2.5 Significant accounting policies

i) Property, Plant, Equipment

a) Recognition and measurement

Property, Plant, Equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price, any costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management and the initial estimate of the costs of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located, the obligation for which an entity incurs. either when the item is acquired or as a consequence of having used the item during a particular period for purposes other than to produce inventories during that period.

Income and expenses related to the incidental operations, not necessary to bring the item to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by management, are recognized in profit or loss.

If significant parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, then they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment. Any gain or loss on disposal of an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized in profit or loss.

b) Transition to IND AS

On transition to Ind AS, Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as at April1, 2015 measured as per the Previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment."

c) Depreciation / amortization

Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis on the written down value method over the estimated useful life of the assets. Depreciation on addition/deletion of fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / to the date of addition/ deletion. Fixed assets costing up to Rs. 5,000 individually are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Useful life of the asset is taken, as specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013"

d) Subsequent expenditure

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only if it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the Company

e) Impairment of fixed assets

The carrying values of assets at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment if any indication of impairment exists.

If the carrying amount of the assets exceed the estimated recoverable amount, an impairment is recognized for such excess amount. The impairment loss is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the asset is carried at revalued amount, in which case any impairment loss of the revalued asset is treated as a revaluation decrease to the extent a revaluation reserve is available for that asset.

The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset (other than a revalued asset) in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such Reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, to the extent the amount was previously charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of revalued assets such Reversal is not recognized.

ii) Intangible assets

Toll Collection Rights

a) Recognition and Measurement

Toll collection rights are stated at cost, less accumulated amortization and impairment losses. Cost includes:

Contractual Upfront / monthly /fortnightly payments towards acquisition

b) Amortization

Intangible assets i.e. toll collection rights are amortized over the tenure of the respective toll collection contract.

iii) Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs are interest and other costs related to borrowing that the Company incurs. in connection with the borrowing of funds and is measured with reference to the effective interest rate applicable to the respective borrowing. Borrowing costs include interest costs measured at Effective Interest Rate (EIR) and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Ancillary borrowing costs are amortized over the tenure of the loan.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets till the time the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying assets is the one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. Other borrowing costs are recorded as an expense in the year in which they are incurred. Ancillary borrowing costs are amortized over the tenure of the loan.

iv) Investment in associates, joint venture and subsidiaries

a) Recognition & Measurement

The Company has accounted for its investment in subsidiaries and associates, joint venture at cost.

b) Transition to IND AS

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of its investment in subsidiaries recognized as at 1 April 2015, measured as per previous GAAP and hence the carrying value is considered to be the deemed cost of such investment.

v) Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

A Financial assets Classification

The Company shall classify financial assets as subsequently measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income or fair value through profit or loss on the basis of its business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset

Initial recognition and measurement

Financial assets are recognized when the Company becomes a party to a contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity or equity instrument of another entity. Financial assets are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets , other than those designated as fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets , as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets at FVTPL are recognized immediately in statement of profit and loss.

Debt instruments at amortized cost

A ‘debt instrument’ is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

a) The asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets for collecting contractual cash flows, and

b) Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included in finance income in the profit or loss. The losses arising from impairment are recognized in the profit or loss. This category generally applies to trade and other receivables.

Debt instruments at FVOCI

A ‘debt instrument’ is measured at the Fair value through other comprehensive income(FVOCI) if both the following conditions are met:

a) The asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets., and

b) Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

For assets classified as subsequently measured at FVOCI, interest revenue, expected credit losses, and foreign exchange gains or losses are recognized in profit or loss. Other gains and losses on re measurement to fair value are recognized in OCI. On de recognition, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit or loss.

Debt instrument at fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL)

Any debt instrument, which does not meet the criteria for categorization as at amortized cost or as FVOCI, is classified as at FVTPL. In addition, the group may elect to classify a debt instrument, which otherwise meets amortized cost or FVOCI criteria, as at FVTPL. Debt instruments included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the profit and loss.

Equity investments

All equity investments in scope of Ind-AS 109 are measured at fair value. Equity instruments which are held for trading are classified as at FVTPL. For all other equity instruments, the Company decides to classify the same either as at FVOCI or FVTPL. The group makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis. The classification is made on initial recognition and is irrevocable.

If the Company decides to classify an equity instrument as at FVOCI, then all fair value changes on the instrument, excluding dividends, are recognized in the OCI. There is no recycling of the amounts from OCI to profit and loss, even on sale of investment. However, the group may transfer the cumulative gain or loss within equity.

Equity instruments included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the profit and loss.

Further, the Company has elected the policy to account to continue the carrying value for its investments in subsidiaries and associates as recognized in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind ASs, measured as per the previous GAAP as at the date of transition (April 1, 2015) as per the exemption available under Ind AS 101. Also, in accordance with Ind AS 27 Company has elected the policy to account investments in subsidiaries and associates at cost.

De recognition

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognized (i.e. removed from the Company’s balance sheet) when:

- The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or

- The Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a ‘pass-through’ arrangement; and either

(a) the Company has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or

(b) the Company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset

When the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from an asset or has entered into a pass-through arrangement, it evaluates if and to what extent it has retained the risks and rewards of owners.hip. When it has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the asset, nor transferred control of the asset, the Company continues to recognize the transferred asset to the extent of the Group’s continuing involvement. In that case, the Company also recognizes an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Company has retained.

Continuing involvement that takes the form of a guarantee over the transferred asset is measured at the lower of the original carrying amount of the asset and the maximum amount of consideration that the Company could be required to repay.

Impairment of financial assets

Financial assets of the Company comprise of trade receivable and other receivables consisting of debt instruments e.g., loans, debt securities, deposits, and bank balance. Trade and other receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment. An impairment loss for trade and other receivables is established when there is objective evidence that the Company will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of the receivables. Impairment losses if any, are recognized in profit or loss for the period."

B Financial liabilities

Financial instruments with a contractual obligation to deliver cash or another financial assets is recognized as financial liability by the Company.

Classification

The Company classifies all financial liabilities as subsequently measured at amortized cost, except for financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss. Such liabilities, including derivatives that are liabilities, shall be subsequently measured at fair value.

Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings or payables

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable and incremental transaction cost.

Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts and financial guarantee contracts

De recognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the consolidated balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

vi) Leases

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the group, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of owners.hip are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at the lease’s inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowings or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the profit or loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of owners.hip are not transferred to the group as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease.

vii) Trade Receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost, less provision for impairment.

viii) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalent in the balance sheet comprise cash at banks and on hand and short-term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short-term deposits, as defined above

ix) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements

Further, long term provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows specific to the liability. The unwinding of the discount is recognized as finance cost. A provision for onerous contracts is measured at the present value of the lower of the expected cost of terminating the contract and the expected net cost of continuing with the contract. Before a provision is established, the Company recognizes any impairment loss on the assets associated with that contract.

x) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company, the revenue can be reliably measured and no significant uncertainty as to the measurability and collectability exists.

Toll collection

Revenue from toll collection is recognized on actual collections of toll and in case of contractual terms with certain customers. the same is recognized on an accrual basis.

Revenue from Construction Contracts with Joint Ventures

Contract revenue and contract cost associated with the construction of road are recognized as revenue and expenses respectively by reference to the stage of completion of the projects at the balance sheet date. The stage of completion of project is determined by the proportion that contract cost incurred for work performed up to the balance sheet date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Where the outcome of the construction cannot be estimated reliably, revenue is recognized to the extent of the construction costs incurred if it is probable that they will be recoverable.

If total cost is estimated to exceed total contract revenue, the Company provides for foreseeable loss. Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected as unbilled revenue and billing in excess of contract revenue has been reflected as unearned revenue.

Road repair and maintenance

Revenue from road repair and maintenance work is recognized upon completion of services as per contractual terms.

Other income

- Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the effective rate of interest.

- Dividend income is recognized in profit or loss on the date on which the Company’s right to receive payment is established.

xi) Retirement and other employee benefits

a) Short term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages etc. and the expected cost of ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders. the related service. A liability is recognized for the amount expected to be paid if the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation to pay this amount as a result of past service provided by the employee and the obligation can be estimated reliably.

b) Post Employment Employee Benefits

Retirement benefits to employees comprise payments to government provident funds, gratuity fund and Employees State Insurance

Defined contribution plans

The Company’s contribution to defined contributions plans such as Provident Fund, Employee State Insurance and Maharashtra Labour Welfare Fund are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective Funds.

Defined benefit plans

Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligation. The Company’s net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation by an independent actuary, using the projected unit credit method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance Sheet date.

Re-measurement of the net defined benefit liability, which comprise actuarial gains and losses, the return on plan assets (excluding interest) and the effect of the asset ceiling (if any, excluding interest), are recognized immediately in Other Comprehensive Income. Net interest expense (income) on the net defined liability (assets) is computed by applying the discount rate, used to measure the net defined liability (asset), to the net defined liability (asset) at the start of the financial year after taking into account any changes as a result of contribution and benefit payments during the year. Net interest expense and other expenses related to defined benefit plans are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss.

When the benefits of a plan are changed or when a plan is curtailed, the resulting change in benefit that relates to past service or the gain or loss on curtailment is recognized immediately in Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company recognizes gains and losses on the settlement of a defined benefit plan when the settlement occurs..

Actuarial gains/losses are recognized in the other comprehensive income.

xii) Income taxes

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes and Reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized for unused tax losses, unused tax credits and deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which they can be used. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized; such reductions are reversed when the probability of future taxable profits improves Unrecognized deferred tax assets are reassessed at each reporting date and recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will be available against which they can be used

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset only if:

a) the entity has a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities; and

b) the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority on the same taxable entity

Deferred tax asset / liabilities in respect of on temporary differences which originate and reverse during the tax holiday period are not recognized. Deferred tax assets / liabilities in respect of temporary differences that originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period are recognized. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the year-end based on the tax rates and laws enacted or substantially enacted on the balance sheet date.

Minimum alternate tax credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each balance sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit is written down to the extent there is no longer a convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

xiii) Earnings Per Share

a) Basic earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing:

- the profit attributable to owners. of the Company

- by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year

b) Diluted earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

-the after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

-the weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the convers.ion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xiv) Inventories

Construction materials, components, stores, spares and tools

They are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on first in first out basis and comprise all cost of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Work-in-progress and finished goods

They are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. Net realizable value is the estimated contract price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to complete the contract.

Raw materials and other supplies held for use in the production of finished products are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realizable value.

Incase if any payment for inventory is deferred beyond normal credit terms then cost is determined by discounting the future cash flows at an interest rate determined with reference to market rates. The difference between the total cost and the deemed cost in such cases are recognized as interest expense over the period of financing under the effective interest method.

xv) Recent Accounting Pronouncements Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, Statement of Cash Flows and Ind AS 102, Share-Based Payment. These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to Ind AS 7, Statement of Cash Flows and IFRS 2, Share-Based Payments, respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the Balance Sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company had evaluated the disclosure requirements of the amendment and the effect on the Standalone Financial Statements is not expected to be material.

Amendment to Ind AS 102

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance for the measurement of the cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

It clarifies that the fair value of the cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ‘fair values’ but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transactions are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirely. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.

The Company does not have share-based payments and hence no impact on financial statements.


Mar 31, 2015

1 COMPANY OVERVIEW

MEP Infrastructure Developers Limited ('MEPIDL' or 'the Company') (formerly known as MEP Infrastructure Developers Private Limited) was incorporated on 8 August 2002 under Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act'). The Company is into the business of collection of toll as per the contracts entered with various authorities and also in providing road, repair and maintenance service to its subsidiary

The Company has undertaken following contracts for toll collection:

Rajasthan State Road Development & Construction Corporation Limited, 'RSRDC' at Gazipur & Phulwada.

Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation Limited , 'MSRDC' at Katai & Gove

Road Infrastructure Development Company of Rajasthan Limited, 'RIDCOR' at:

a) Alwar - Bhiwadi

b) Lalsot - Kota

c) Alwar - Sikandara

National Highways Authority of India, 'NHAI' at:

Toll Name

Athur Gurau (Semra-Atikabad)

Bankapur Manoharabad

Beliyad Paduna

Brijghat Palsit

Chamari Panikoli

Chirle - Karanjade Pudukottai

Dankuni Surajbari

Dasna Tendua

Dastan Tundla

The Company is a subsidiary of Ideal Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited ('the Holding Company'), a company incorporated in India.

Subsequent event

Subsequent to the year end, the Company was listed on the National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange on 6 May 2015 pursuant to the initial Public Offering.

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,2014 and other accounting principles generally accepted in India ('Indian GAAP') and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act'), to the extent notified and applicable. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees in lakhs, rounded off to two decimal points.

2.2 Current/non-current classification

The Schedule III to the Act requires assets and liabilities to be classified as either Current or Non-current An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within twelve months after the Balance Sheet date; or

(d) it is cash or a cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the Balance Sheet date.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in, the entity's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the Balance Sheet date; or

(d) the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the Balance Sheet date.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Operating cycle

Based on the nature of activity and the time between the acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current, non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.3 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

2.4 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Toll collection

Revenue from toll collection is recognised on actual collection of revenue and in case of contractual terms with certain customers the same is recognised on an accrual basis.

Road repair and maintenance

Revenue from road repair and maintenance work is recognised upon completion of services as per contractual terms.

Interest and dividend income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividends are recorded as and when the same is received.

2.5 Fixed assets Tangible fixed assets

Tangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, freight, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Expenditure incurred on acquisition / construction of fixed assets which are not ready for their intended use as at the Balance Sheet date are disclosed under capital work -in -progress.

2.6 Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets up to 31 March 2014 is provided on written down value method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Pursuant to the notification of Schedule II of the Companies Act,2013 by Ministry of Corporate Affairs effective 01 April 2014, the Management has reassessed the useful lives and accordingly depreciation on fixed assets for the year ended 31 March 2015 is provided on the written down value method, at useful lives prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013. As a result of the said change, the depreciation charge for the year is higher by Rs.284.23 lakhs with a corresponding decrease in the written down value of fixed assets and profit before tax for the year. Depreciation on addition/deletion of fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / to the date of addition/deletion. Fixed assets costing up to Rs.5,000 individually are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

2.7 Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the greater of assets value in use and net selling price. After impairment if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life. Previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed on changes in internal /external factors.

2.8 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consists of interest and other cost that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

2.9 Investments

Long term investments are valued at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value, if any. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

2.10 Employee benefits

i) Short term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages etc. and the expected cost of ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans

Provident fund

The Company's contribution to defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund, Employee State Insurance and Maharashtra Labour Welfare Fund are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

Defined benefit plans

Gratuity

The Company's gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation by an independent actuary, using the projected unit credit method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance Sheet date. When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.11 Operating leases

Assets acquired under leases other than finance leases are classified as operating leases. The total lease rentals (including scheduled rental increases) in respect of an asset taken on operating lease are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the benefit.

2.12 Taxation

Income tax and deferred tax

income tax expense comprises current income tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year) and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however; where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT)

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when, and only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period for which the MAT credit can be carried forward or set off against the normal tax liability. MAT credit entitlement is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down to the extent there is no convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

2.13 Earnings per share (EPS)

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period except where the result would be anti dilutive.

2.14 Provisions and contingencies

The Company recognises a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for the contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(b) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares

The Company has a single class of equity shares. Accordingly, all equity shares rank equally with regard to dividends and share in the Company's residual assets. The equity shareholders are entitled to receive dividend as declared from time to time subject to payment of dividend to preference shareholders. The voting rights of an equity shareholder on a poll (not on show of hands) are in proportion to its share of the paid-up equity capital of the Company. Voting rights cannot be exercised in respect of shares on which any call or other sums presently payable have not been paid. Failure to pay any amount called up on shares may lead to forfeiture of the shares.

I) Term loans

A) Term loan includes loan from a bank amounting to Rs. 3,749.34 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 7,495.42 lakhs) which is secured by way of first charge of hypothecation / assignment / security interest on escrow account of the projects financed and also, by pledge of 500,000 equity shares and negative lien on 250,000 equity shares of IRB Infrastructure Developers Private Limited held by the promoters of the Company

Further, the term loan is also secured by corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited, the holding company and personal guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar & Mr. DP. Mhaiskar, Directors of the Company. The term loan carries an interest rate calculated on base rate of the bank plus a spread of 300 basis points. The term loan is repayable in two equal installments ofRs. 3,750.00 lakhs from 1 March 2014.

B) Term loan includes loan from a bank amounting to Rs. 16,975.00 lakhs (previous year : Rs. Nil) which is secured by a first and exclusive charge as under:

a) first exclusive charge on escrow account specifically maintained for maintenance income/receivables from the maintenance contract with MEP Infrastructure Private Limited, a subsidiary;

b) first mortgage and charge on all immovable and movable properties of the Company, (including movable plant and machinery, machinery, spares, tools and accessories, furniture, fixtures, vehicles, inventories and all other movable properties); except as specifically charged;

c) exclusive charge on specific account opened to route the proceeds from the loan and interest thereon extended to the Idea Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited, the holding company by MEP Infrastructure Private Limited, subsidiary company;

d) pledge of 15 lakhs shares of IRB Infrastructure Developers Limited, held by the promoters of the company;

e) pledge of 49% of the issued, paid up and voting equity share capital of Ideal Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited, the holding company;

f) first charge over the all bank accounts including but not limited to escrow account opened by MEP Highway Solutions Private Limited, subsidiary company;

g) corporate guarantees jointly given by Ideal Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited, the holding Company; and personal guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar , Director of the Company

The term loan carries an interest rate calculated on base rate of the bank plus a spread of 275 basis points. The term loan is repayable in 127 unequal monthly installments commencing from 1 September 2014.

C) Term loan includes a loan from a bank amounting to Rs. 610.00 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 850.00 lakhs ) which is secured by way of assignment / hypothecation of receivables to be generated from the Toll collection account of the projects financed.

Further, the term loan is also secured by corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll & Infrastructure Private Limited, the holding company and personal guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar , Director of the Company. The term loan carries an interest rate of 13% p.a. The term loan is repayable in 35 unequal monthly installments commencing after one month from the date of first disbursement.

As at 31 March, 2015 the Company has delayed the repayment of principal amounting to Rs.. 3,749.34 lakhs which was overdue for a period of 31 days. The delayed amount has been paid subsequently

II) Vehicle loans

A) Vehicle loans from banks ofRs. 314.74 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 383.71 lakhs) carry interest rates ranging from 9.89% - 12.38% p.a. The loans are repayable in 36 monthly installments along with interest. The loans are secured by way of hypothecation of the respective vehicles.

B) Vehicle loans from various financial institutions ofRs. 28.31 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 13.58 lakhs) carry interest rate ranging from 10.83% - 12.34% p.a. The loans are repayable in 35 monthly installments along with interest. The loans are secured by way of hypothecation of the respective vehicles.

III) Unsecured loans from related parties

A) Unsecured loan from Raima Ventures Private Limited a subsidiary, of Rs. Nil (previous year : 461.32 lakhs) was taken on 31 October 2013 and is repayable in three equal installments at the end of the 8th, 9th and 10th years from the date of disbursement. However repayment can be made prior to repayment schedule and no prepayment penalty will be charged for such repayment. The loan carries an interest rate of 12.5% p.a.

B) Unsecured loan from MEP RGSL Toll Bridge Private Limited a subsidiary, of Rs. Nil (previous year : 2,244.78) was taken on 24 March 2014 and is repayable in three equal installments at the end of the 8th, 9th and 10th years from the date of disbursement. However repayment can be made prior to repayment schedule and no prepayment penatly will be charged for such repayment. The loan carries an interest rate of 9.5% p.a.

C) Unsecured loan from MEP IRDP Solapur Toll Road Private Limited, a subsidiary, ofRs. Nil (previous year : Rs. 11.23 lakhs) was taken on 2 June 2013 and is repayable in three equal installments at the end of the 8th, 9th and 10th years from the date of disbursement. However repayment can be made prior to repayment schedule and no prepayment penalty will be charged for such repayment.

Mobilisation Advance from MEP Infrastructure Private Limited (subsidiary company) Rs. 12,756.00 lakhs (previous year; Rs. Nil) pursuant to a contract for maintenance of structures, flyovers etc at five Mumbai Entry Points. ** Margin Money aggregating Rs. 594.00 lakhs (previous year;Rs. Nil) received from MEP Chennai Bypass Toll Road Private Limited (subsidiary company) for the purpose of issuing Bank guarantee to the authority.

I) Term loans

A) Term Loans from bank amounting to Rs. Nil (previous year : 236.75 lakhs) is secured as below :

a) assignment / hypothecation of receivables to be generated from the Toll collection account of the projects financed;

(b) Personal Guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar & Mr. D.P. Mhaiskar, directors of the Company;

(c) Corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll and Infrastructure Private Limited, (Holding Company);

The term loan carries an interest rate of 2.35% p.a. below the Bank's Prime Lending Rate subject to minumum of 13% p.a. The loan is repayable in 12 equal monthly installments from the date of first drawdown.

B) Term Loans from bank amounting to Rs. 5,000 lakhs (previous year : Rs. Nil) is secured as below :

(a) First and pari passu charge on entire fixed/current assets of the Company which are not exclusively charged to other Banks/ Lenders.

(b) First charge / hypothecation / assignment of security interest on Escrow account of the projects financed;

(c) First charge by way of hypothecation of all the movable assets, present and future, of the projects financed.

(d) Debt Service Reserve Account (DSRA) to be maintained for an amount equivalent to the next 3 months of interest servicing.

(e) Corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll and Infrastructure Private Limited, (Holding Company);

(f) Personal Guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar director of the Company;

The term loan carries an interest rate calculated on base rate of the bank plus a spread of 2.30% p.a. The loan is repayable in bullet upon release of Bid/Performance Security by the Authority of the project financed.

C) Term Loans from bank amounting toRs. 1,028.36 lakhs (previous year : Rs. Nil) is secured as below :

(a) Hypothecation / assignment of receivables to be generated from the Toll collection account of the projects financed. ;

(b) Hypothecation of other movable assets, like toll equipment and performance security deposit receivable.

(c) Corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll and Infrastructure Private Limited, (Holding Company);

(d) Personal Guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar, Director of the Company;

The term loan carries an interest rate calculated on base rate of 13.% p.a. The loan is repayable in 4 equal weekly installments during 12th and last month from the date of first disbursement.

II) Loans repayable on demand

A) Loans repayable on demand include an overdraft facility from a bank amounting to Rs. 4,998.27 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 5,000.00 lakhs) which is secured as below:

(a) First charge / hypothecation / assignment of security interest on Escrow account;

(b) Personal guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar & Mr. D.P. Mhaiskar, directors of the Company;

(c) Corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll and Infrastructure Private Limited, (Holding Company); Loan carries an interest rate calculated on the base rate of the bank plus a spread of 3% p.a.

B) Loans repayable on demand include an overdraft facility from a bank amounting to Rs. 6,717.22 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 4,994.60 lakhs) which is secured as below:

(a) First charge / hypothecation / assignment of security interest on Escrow account;

(b) First charge by way of hypothecation of all the movable assets, present and future, of the projects financed.

(c) First charge on receivable of the projects financed.

(d) Personal Guarantee given by Mr. J.D. Mhaiskar, director of the Company;

(e) Corporate guarantee given by Ideal Toll and Infrastructure Private Limited, (Holding Company);

(f) Loan carries an interest rate calculated on the base rate of the bank plus a spread of 2.50% p.a.

Notes

*Other bank balances includes fixed deposits with Bank of Rs. 1703.61 lakhs (previous year : Rs. Nil) which are provided as a lien for maintenance of Debt Service Reserve Account. Bank deposits ofRs. 375.00 lakhs (previous year :Rs. 250.00 lakhs) with a bank is provided as cash margin for bank overdraft. Bank deposits ofRs. 2,199.96 lakhs (previous year : Rs. 1,030.19 lakhs) with various banks are provided as a lien for bank guarantee given to authorities.

26.6 Segment reporting

The segment information has been disclosed in the consolidated financial statements of the Company in accordance with paragraph 4 of AS 17 'Segment reporting' as specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule, 2014.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of preparation offinancial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India ('Indian GAAP') and comply with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act1) to the extent applicable. The financials are presented in Indian rupees, rounded off to nearest lakhs, with two decimals except earnings per share data and where mentioned otherwise. '

2.2 Current/non-current classification

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) It is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is expected to be realised within twelve months after the Balance Sheet date; or {c- 11 IS cash or a casl1 equivalent unless tt is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for atleast twelve months after the Balance Sheet date.

AN other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in, the entity's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the Balance Sheet date; or

(c) the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for atleast twelve months after the Balance Sheet date.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Operating cycle

Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current, non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could dif fer from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

2.4 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised io the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Toll collection

Revenue from toll collection is recognised on actual collection of revenue and in case of contractual terms with certain customers the same is recoumsed on an accrual basis

Road repair and maintenance

Revenue fiom toad repair and maintenance work is recognised upon completion of services as per contractual terms.

Interest income

Interest income is recognised on a lime proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividends are recorded as and when the same is received.

2.5 Fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets

Tangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cosl comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, height, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Expendituie incurred on acquisition / construction of fixed assets which are not ready for their intended use as at the Balance Sheet date are disclosed under capital work -in -progress.

2.6 Depreciation

Depreciation is provided pro-rata to the period of use on the written down value method, at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Act. Depreciation on addition/deletion of fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / to the date of addition/deletion. Fixed Asset costing up lo Rs. 5.000 individually are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. " '

2.7 Impairment of assets

I lie cai tying amounts ot assets are renewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on imemal/external factors. An impairment loss IS lecogmscd wherever the carrying amouni of an assei exceeds its recoverable amount Recoverable amount is the greater of asseis value in use and net selling puce. Aliet impairment il any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amouni of the asset over its remaining useful life Previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed on changes in internal /external factors. "

2.8 Borrowing costs

Bonowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use ot sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consists of interest and other cost that an entity incurs in connection with the bonowing of funds.

2.9 Investments

Long tenn investments are valued at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value, if any. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value.

2.10 Employee benefits

Short term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages elc. and the expected cost of ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Post employment benefits Defined contribution plans Provident fund

The Companys contribution to defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund, Employee Stale Insurance and Maharashtra Labour Welfare Fund are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

Defined benefit plans Gratuity

I he Company s gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan asset is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using (he projected unit credit method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of (lie estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of [lie obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance Sheet date.

When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and pasl setvice costs and the present value ol any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan. Actuarial gams and losses are recognized immediately in the.S'talenjent of Profit and Loss. '

2.11 Operating leases

Assets acquired under leases other than finance leases are classified as operating leases. The total lease rentals (including scheduled rental increases) in respect of an asset taken on operating lease are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the benefit. .

2.12 Taxation

Income tax and deferred tax

Income tax expense comprises current income tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year) and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however; where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to retlect the amount that is reasonably/vinually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT)

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when, and only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period for which the MAT credit can be carried forward or set off against the normal tax liability. MAT credit entitlement is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down to the extent there is no convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

2.13 Earning per share (EPS)

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/loss for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period except where the result would be anti dilutive.

2.14 Pro visions and contingen cies

The Company recognises a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for the contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

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