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Accounting Policies of MindTree Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1.1 Basis of preparation and presentation

a) Statement of compliance

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (“Ind AS”) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016 as applicable.

For all the periods upto the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company had earlier prepared and presented its financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (Indian GAAP). Reconciliations and description of the effect of the transition to Ind AS from Indian GAAP is given in Note 38.

b) Basis of measurement

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost convention and on an accrual basis, except for the following material items that have been measured at fair value as required by relevant Ind AS:

i. Derivative financial instruments;

ii. Certain financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value (refer accounting policy on financial instruments);

iii. Share based payment transactions and

iv. Defined benefit and other long-term employee benefits

c) Use of estimates and judgment

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on a periodic basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected. In particular, information about significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements is included in the following notes:

i) Revenue recognition: The Company uses the percentage of completion method using the input (cost expended) method to measure progress towards completion in respect of fixed price contracts. Percentage of completion method accounting relies on estimates of total expected contract revenue and costs. This method is followed when reasonably dependable estimates of the revenues and costs applicable to various elements of the contract can be made. Key factors that are reviewed in estimating the future costs to complete include estimates of future labor costs and productivity efficiencies. Because the financial reporting of these contracts depends on estimates that are assessed continually during the term of these contracts, recognized revenue and profit are subject to revisions as the contract progresses to completion. When estimates indicate that a loss will be incurred, the loss is provided for in the period in which the loss becomes probable.

ii) Income taxes: The Company’s two major tax jurisdictions are India and the U.S., though the Company also files tax returns in other foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgments are involved in determining the provision for income taxes, including the amount expected to be paid or recovered in connection with uncertain tax positions. Also refer to note 16.

iii) Other estimates: The preparation of financial statements involves estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses for the reporting period. Specifically, the Company estimates the probability of collection of accounts receivable by analyzing historical payment patterns, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness and current economic trends. If the financial condition of a customer deteriorates, additional allowances may be required. The stock compensation expense is determined based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest.

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements of the Company are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which these entities operate (i.e. the “functional currency”). The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee, the national currency of India, which is the functional currency of the Company.

(ii) Foreign currency transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currency are translated into the respective functional currencies using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the respective transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at the exchange rates prevailing at reporting date of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the statement of profit and loss and reported within foreign exchange gains/ (losses).

Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.

(iii) Investment in subsidiaries

Investment in subsidiaries is measured at cost. Dividend income from subsidiaries is recognised when its right to receive the dividend is established.

(iv) Financial instruments

All financial instruments are recognised initially at fair value. Transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset (other than financial assets recorded at fair value through profit or loss) are included in the fair value of the financial assets. Purchase or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within a time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place (regular way trade) are recognised on trade date. While, loans and borrowings and payables are recognised net of directly attributable transaction costs.

For the purpose of subsequent measurement, financial instruments of the Company are classified in the following categories: non-derivative financial assets comprising amortised cost, debt instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI), equity instruments at FVTOCI or fair value through profit and loss account (FVTPL), non derivative financial liabilities at amortised cost or FVTPL and derivative financial instruments (under the category of financial assets or financial liabilities) at FVTPL.

The classification of financial instruments depends on the objective of the business model for which it is held. Management determines the classification of its financial instruments at initial recognition.

a) Non-derivative financial assets

(i) Financial assets at amortised cost

A financial asset shall be measured at amortised cost if both of the following conditions are met:

(a) the financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and

(b) the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

They are presented as current assets, except for those maturing later than 12 months after the reporting date which are presented as non-current assets. Financial assets are measured initially at fair value plus transaction costs and subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment loss.

Amortised cost are represented by trade receivables, security deposits, cash and cash equivalents, employee and other advances and eligible current and non-current assets.

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand and in banks and demand deposits with banks which can be withdrawn at any time without prior notice or penalty on the principal.

For the purposes of the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, in banks and demand deposits with banks, net of outstanding bank overdrafts that are repayable on demand, book overdraft and are considered part of the Company’s cash management system.

(ii) Debt instruments at FVTOCI

A debt instrument shall be measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if both of the following conditions are met:

(a) the objective of the business model is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and

(b) the asset’s contractual cash flow represent SPPI

Debt instruments included within FVTOCI category are measured initially as well as at each reporting period at fair value plus transaction costs. Fair value movements are recognised in other comprehensive income (OCI). However, the Company recognises interest income, impairment losses & reversals and foreign exchange gain/(loss) in statement of profit and loss. On derecognition of the asset, cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit and loss. Interest earned is recognised under the effective interest rate (EIR) model.

(iii) Equity instruments at FVTOCI

All equity instruments are measured at fair value. Equity instruments held for trading is classified as FVTPL. For all other equity instruments, the Company may make an irrevocable election to present subsequent changes in the fair value in OCI. The Company makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis.

If the Company decides to classify an equity instrument as at FVTOCI, then all fair value changes on the instrument, excluding dividend are recognised in OCI which is not subsequently recycled to statement of profit and loss.

(iv) Financial assets at FVTPL

FVTPL is a residual category for financial assets. Any financial asset which does not meet the criteria for categorization as at amortised cost or as FVTOCI, is classified as FVTPL.

In addition the Company may elect to designate the financial asset, which otherwise meets amortised cost or FVTOCI criteria, as FVTPL if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency. The Company has not designated any financial asset as FVTPL.

Financial assets included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair values with all changes in the statement of profit and loss.

b) Non-derivative financial liabilities

(i) Financial liabilities at amortised cost

Financial liabilities at amortised cost represented by borrowings, trade and other payables are initially recognized at fair value, and subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

(ii) Financial liabilities at FVTPL

Financial liabilities at FVTPL represented by contingent consideration are measured at fair value with all changes recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

c) Derivative financial instruments

The Company holds derivative financial instruments such as foreign exchange forward contracts to mitigate the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates on foreign currency assets or liabilities and forecasted cash flows denominated in foreign currencies. The counterparty for these contracts is generally a bank.

Derivatives are recognized and measured at fair value. Attributable transaction costs are recognized in statement of profit and loss.

(i) Cash flow hedges: Changes in the fair value of the derivative hedging instrument designated as a cash flow hedge are recognized in other comprehensive income and presented within equity in the cash flow hedging reserve to the extent that the hedge is effective. To the extent that the hedge is ineffective, changes in fair value are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. The cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in the cash flow hedging reserve is transferred to the statement of profit and loss upon the occurrence of the related forecasted transaction.

(ii) Others: Changes in fair value of foreign currency derivative instruments not designated as cash flow hedges and the ineffective portion of cash flow hedges are recognized in the statement of profit and loss and reported within foreign exchange gains/ (losses).

(v) Property, plant and equipment

a) Recognition and measurement: Property, plant and equipment are measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost includes expenditures directly attributable to the acquisition of the asset.

b) Depreciation: The Company depreciates property, plant and equipment over the estimated useful life on a straight-line basis from the date the assets are ready for intended use. Assets acquired under finance lease and leasehold improvements are amortized over the lower of estimated useful life and lease term. The estimated useful lives of assets for the current and comparative period of significant items of property, plant and equipment are as follows:

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

When parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment. Subsequent expenditure relating to property, plant and equipment is capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. Repairs and maintenance costs are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when incurred. The cost and related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the financial statements upon sale or disposition of the asset and the resultant gains or losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Amounts paid towards the acquisition of property, plant and equipment outstanding as of each reporting date and the cost of property, plant and equipment not ready for intended use before such date are disclosed under capital work- in-progress.

(vi) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, from the date that they are available for use. The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset is based on a number of factors including the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition and other economic factors (such as the stability of the industry and known technological advances) and the level of maintenance expenditures required to obtain the expected future cash flows from the asset.

(vii) Leases

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. When acquired, such assets are capitalized at fair value or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term except where the lease payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation.

(viii) Impairment

a) Financial assets

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss. The Company follows ‘simplified approach’ for recognition of impairment loss allowance on trade receivable.

The application of simplified approach does not require the Company to track changes in credit risk. Rather, it recognises impairment loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition.

For recognition of impairment loss on other financial assets and risk exposure, the Company determines that whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If credit risk has not increased significantly, 12-month ECL is used to provide for impairment loss. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime ECL is used. If in subsequent period, credit quality of the instrument improves such that there is no longer a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, then the entity reverts to recognising impairment loss allowance based on 12-month ECL.

Lifetime ECLs are the expected credit losses resulting from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument. The 12-month ECL is a portion of the lifetime ECL which results from default events that are possible within 12 months after the reporting date. ECL is the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the entity expects to receive (i.e. all shortfalls), discounted at the original EIR. When estimating the cash flows, an entity is required to consider:

(i) All contractual terms of the financial instrument (including prepayment, extension etc.) over the expected life of the financial instrument. However, in rare cases when the expected life of the financial instrument cannot be estimated reliably, then the entity is required to use the remaining contractual term of the financial instrument.

(ii) Cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.

As a practical expedient, the Company uses a provision matrix to determine impairment loss on portfolio of its trade receivable. The provision matrix is based on its historically observed default rates over the expected life of the trade receivable and is adjusted for forward-looking estimates. At every reporting date, the historically observed default rates are updated and changes in forward-looking estimates are analysed.

ECL impairment loss allowance (or reversal) recognised during the period is recognised as income/expense in the statement of profit and loss. The balance sheet presentation for various financial instruments is described below:

Financial assets measured at amortised cost, contractual revenue receivable: ECL is presented as an allowance, i.e. as an integral part of the measurement of those assets in the balance sheet. The allowance reduces the net carrying amount. Until the asset meets write off criteria, the Company does not reduce impairment allowance from the gross carrying amount.

b) Non-financial assets

The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is any objective evidence that a non financial asset or a group of non financial assets is impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the amount of impairment loss.

An impairment loss is calculated as the difference between an asset’s carrying amount and recoverable amount. Losses are recognised in profit or loss and reflected in an allowance account. When the Company considers that there are no realistic prospects of recovery of the asset, the relevant amounts are written off. If the amount of impairment loss subsequently decreases and the decrease can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment was recognised, then the previously recognised impairment loss is reversed through profit or loss.

The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit (as defined below) is the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. For the purpose of impairment testing, assets are grouped together into the smallest group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets (the “cash-generating unit”).

(ix) Employee benefits

The Company participates in various employee benefit plans. Post-employment benefits are classified as either defined contribution plans or defined benefit plans. Under a defined contribution plan, the Company’s only obligation is to pay a fixed amount with no obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay all employee benefits. The related actuarial and investment risks fall on the employee. The expenditure for defined contribution plans is recognized as expense during the period when the employee provides service. Under a defined benefit plan, it is the Company’s obligation to provide agreed benefits to the employees. The related actuarial and investment risks fall on the Company. The present value of the defined benefit obligations is calculated using the projected unit credit method.

The Company has the following employee benefit plans:

a) Social security plans

Employees contributions payable to the social security plan, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the employee renders services.

b) Gratuity

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company provides for a lump sum payment to eligible employees, at retirement or termination of employment based on the last drawn salary and years of employment with the Company. The gratuity fund is managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company and SBI Life Insurance Company. The Company’s obligation in respect of the gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, is provided for based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains or losses are recognized in other comprehensive income. Further, the profit or loss does not include an expected return on plan assets. Instead net interest recognized in profit or loss is calculated by applying the discount rate used to measure the defined benefit obligation to the net defined benefit liability or asset. The actual return on the plan assets above or below the discount rate is recognized as part of re-measurement of net defined liability or asset through other comprehensive income.

Remeasurements comprising actuarial gains or losses and return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability) are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

c) Compensated absences

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences. The employees can carry forward a portion of the unutilised accumulating compensated absences and utilise it in future periods or receive cash at retirement or termination of employment. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increases this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absences as the additional amount that the Company expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the end of the reporting period. The Company recognizes accumulated compensated absences based on actuarial valuation. Non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur. The Company recognizes actuarial gains and losses immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

(x) Share based payments

Employees of the Company receive remuneration in the form of equity settled instruments, for rendering services over a defined vesting period. Equity instruments granted are measured by reference to the fair value of the instrument at the date of grant.

The expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss with a corresponding increase to the share based payment reserve, a component of equity.

The equity instruments generally vest in a graded manner over the vesting period. The fair value determined at the grant date is expensed over the vesting period of the respective tranches of such grants (accelerated amortization). The stock compensation expense is determined based on the Company’s estimate of equity instruments that will eventually vest.

The fair value of the amount payable to the employees in respect of phantom stocks, which are settled in cash, is recognized as an expense with a corresponding increase in liabilities, over the period during which the employees become unconditionally entitled to payment. The liability is remeasured at each reporting date and at settlement date based on the fair value of the phantom stock options plan. Any changes in the liability are recognized in statement of profit and loss.

(xi) Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation.

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, the receivable is recognized as an asset, if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably.

Provisions for onerous contracts are recognized when the expected benefits to be derived by the Company from a contract are lower than the unavoidable costs of meeting the future obligations under the contract. Provisions for onerous contracts are measured at the present value of lower of the expected net cost of fulfilling the contract and the expected cost of terminating the contract.

(xii) Revenue

The Company derives revenue primarily from software development and related services. The Company recognizes revenue when the significant terms of the arrangement are enforceable, services have been delivered and the collectability is reasonably assured. The method for recognizing revenues and costs depends on the nature of the services rendered:

a) Time and materials contracts

Revenues and costs relating to time and materials contracts are recognized as the related services are rendered.

b) Fixed-price contracts

Revenues from fixed-price contracts are recognized using the “percentage-of-completion” method. Percentage of completion is determined based on project costs incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated project costs required to complete the project. The cost expended (or input) method has been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity.

If the Company does not have a sufficient basis to measure the progress of completion or to estimate the total contract revenues and costs, revenue is recognized only to the extent of contract cost incurred for which recoverability is probable.

When total cost estimates exceed revenues in an arrangement, the estimated losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

‘Unbilled revenues’ represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the end of the reporting period.

‘Unearned revenues’ represent billing in excess of revenue recognized. Advance payments received from customers for which no services are rendered are presented as ‘Advance from customers’.

c) Maintenance contracts

Revenue from maintenance contracts is recognized ratably over the period of the contract using the “percentage-of-completion” method. When services are performed through an indefinite number of repetitive acts over a specified period of time, revenue is recognized on a straight line basis over the specified period or under some other method that better represents the stage of completion.

In arrangements for software development and related services and maintenance services, the Company has applied the guidance in Ind AS 18, Revenue, by applying the revenue recognition criteria for each separately identifiable component of a single transaction. The arrangements generally meet the criteria for considering software development and related services as separately identifiable components. For allocating the consideration, the Company has measured the revenue in respect of each separable component of a transaction at its fair value, in accordance with principles given in Ind AS 18.

The Company accounts for volume discounts and pricing incentives to customers by reducing the amount of revenue recognized at the time of sale.

Revenues are shown net of sales tax, value added tax, service tax and applicable discounts and allowances.

The Company accrues the estimated cost of post contract support services at the time when the revenue is recognized. The accruals are based on the Company’s historical experience of material usage and service delivery costs.

(xiii) Warranty provisions

The Company provides warranty provisions on all its products sold. A liability is recognised at the time the product is sold. The Company does not provide extended warranties or maintenance contracts to its customers.

(xiv) Finance income and expense

Finance income consists of interest income on funds invested, dividend income and gains on the disposal of FVTPL financial assets. Interest income is recognized as it accrues in the statement of profit and loss, using the effective interest method.

Dividend income is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on the date that the Company’s right to receive payment is established. Finance expenses consist of interest expense on loans and borrowings. Borrowing costs are recognized in the statement of profit and loss using the effective interest method.

Foreign currency gains and losses are reported on a net basis. This includes changes in the fair value of foreign exchange derivative instruments, which are accounted at fair value through profit or loss.

(xv) Income tax

Income tax comprises current and deferred tax. Income tax expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent it relates to items directly recognized in equity or in other comprehensive income.

a) Current income tax

Current income tax for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities based on the taxable income for the period. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the current tax amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date and applicable for the period. The Company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis or to realize the asset and liability simultaneously.

b) Deferred income tax

Deferred income tax is recognized using the balance sheet approach. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount in financial statements, except when the deferred income tax arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither accounting nor taxable profits or loss at the time of the transaction.

Deferred income tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilized.

Deferred income tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable temporary differences.

The carrying amount of deferred income tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilized.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

(xvi) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic EPS and also weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for bonus shares, as appropriate.

(xvii) Research and development costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Group has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and the costs can be measured reliably.

(xviii) Government grants

Grants from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that:

(i) the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them; and

(ii) the grant will be received.

Government grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants are deducted in reporting the related expense. When the grant relates to an asset, it is recognized as income over the expected useful life of the asset.

Where the Company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost it is recognised at a fair value. When loan or similar assistance are provided by government or related institutions, with an interest rate below the current applicable market rate, the effect of this favourable interest is recognized as government grant. The loan or assistance is initially recognized and measured at fair value and the government grant is measured as the difference between the initial carrying value of the loan and the proceeds received.

New standards and interpretations not yet adopted

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and Ind AS 102, ‘Share-based payment.’ These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows’ and IFRS 2, ‘Share-based payment,’ respectively. The amendments are applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7:

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company is currently evaluating the requirements of the amendment and has not yet determined the impact on the financial statements.

Amendment to Ind AS 102:

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance on measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes.

It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ‘fair values’, but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share-based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity-settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement

The Company is currently evaluating the requirements of the amendment and has not yet determined the impact on the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified and applicable) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

2.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

2.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

2.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are recorded at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

2.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

2.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in- progress.

2.3.5 Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on the straight-line method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Company. Depreciation for assets purchased/ sold during a period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use. The Company estimates the useful lives for fixed assets as follows:

The Company believes that the useful lives as given above best represent the useful lives of these assets based on internal assessment and supported by technical advice where necessary which is different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

2.3.6 The cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortised over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

2.4 Investments

2.4.1 Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

2.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

2.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of investment, determined individually for each investment.

2.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise of cash-in-hand and balance in bank in current accounts and deposit accounts.

2.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

2.7 Employee benefits

2.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees'' gratuity fund managed by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

2.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term employee benefit and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short-term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

2.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

2.8 Revenue recognition

2.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and-material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Maintenance revenue is recognised ratably over the period of the maintenance contract.

2.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers. Revenues are stated net of discount.

2.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

2.8.4 Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

2.9 Foreign exchange transactions

2.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues, receivables and borrowings. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

2.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the period are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the period.

2.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

2.9.4 In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. The differences arising out of the translation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

2.9.5 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard (''AS'') 11, ''The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates''. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/ fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

2.9.6 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard (''AS'') 30, ''Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'' to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where the Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/ gain is debited/ credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments are recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ gain is debited/ credited to statement of profit and loss.

2.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the period of recognition of revenue.

2.11 Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

2.12 Taxation

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credit are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing difference that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements. Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the period in which the timing difference originate. For this purpose the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain to be realised.

Minimum alternate tax (''MAT'') paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant assets can be measured reliably. MAT credit entitlement can be carried forward and utilized for a period of ten years from the period in which such credit is availed.

The Company offsets, on a year-on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

2.13 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary item. The number of equity shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.14 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised. In respect of goodwill, impairment loss will be reversed only when it is caused by specific external events and their effects have been reversed by subsequent external events.

2.15 Employee Stock based Compensation

The Company measures the compensation cost relating to stock options, restricted shares and phantom stock options using the intrinsic value method. The compensation cost is amortised over the vesting/ service period.

2.16Government grants

Grants from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that:

(i) the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them; and

(ii) the grant will be received.

Government grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants are deducted in reporting the related expense. Where the Company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost it is recognised at a nominal value.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Background

Mindtree Limited (''Mindtree'' or ''the Company'') is an international Information Technology consulting and implementation Company that delivers business solutions through global software development. The Company is structured into five verticals – Manufacturing, BFSI, Hitech, Travel & Transportation and Others. The Company offers services in the areas of agile, analytics and information management, application development and maintenance, business process management, business technology consulting, cloud, digital business''s, independent testing, infrastructure management services, mobility, product engineering and SAP services.

The Company is head quartered in Bangalore and has offices in India, United States of America, United Kingdom, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, UAE, Netherlands, Canada, Belgium, France and Republic of China.

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values and comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act'') which as per a clarification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs continue to apply under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (which has superseded section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 w.e.f. 12 September, 2013), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent notified and applicable) and the Companies Act, 1956, (to the extent applicable) and the guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') to the extent applicable.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

2.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

2.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

2.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are recorded at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

2.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

2.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in- progress.

2.3.6 Fixed assets individually costing Rupees five thousand or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ installation. Depreciation on additions and disposals during the year is provided on a pro-rata basis.

2.3.7 The cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortised over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

2.4 Investments

2.4.1 Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

2.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

2.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of investment, determined individually for each investment.

2.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise of cash-in-hand and balance in bank in current accounts and deposit accounts.

2.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

2.7 Employee benefits

2.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees'' gratuity fund managed by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

2.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term employee benefit and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short-term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

2.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

2.8 Revenue recognition

2.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and-material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Maintenance revenue is recognised rateably over the period of the maintenance contract.

2.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers. Revenues are stated net of discount.

2.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

2.8.4 Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

2.9 Foreign exchange transactions

2.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues, receivables and borrowings. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

2.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

2.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

2.9.4 In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. The differences arising out of the translation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

2.9.5 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard (''AS'') 11, ''The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates''. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/ fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

2.9.6 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard (''AS'') 30, ''Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'' to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where the Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/ gain is debited/ credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments are recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ gain is debited/ credited to statement of profit and loss.

2.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the period of recognition of revenue.

2.11Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

2.12 Taxation

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credit are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing difference that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements. Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing difference originate. For this purpose the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain to be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant assets can be measured reliably. MAT credit entitlement can be carried forward and utilized for a period of ten years from the period in which such credit is availed.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

2.13 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary item. The number of equity shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.14 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised. In respect of goodwill, impairment loss will be reversed only when it is caused by specific external events and their effects have been reversed by subsequent external events.

2.15 Employee Stock based Compensation

The Company measures the compensation cost relating to employee stock options, restricted shares and stock appreciation rights using the intrinsic value method. The compensation cost is amortised over the vesting/ service period. 2.16Government grants

Grants from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that:

(I) the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them; and

(ii) the grant will be received.

Government grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants are deducted in reporting the related expense. Where the Company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non- monetary asset is given free of cost it is recognised at a nominal value.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, (the ''Act'') and the guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

1.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

1.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are recorded at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

1.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in- progress.

1.3.5 Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method. The rates specified under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of the useful life/ remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, the management has estimated the useful life as under:

1.3.6 Fixed assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ installation. Depreciation on additions and disposals during the year is provided on a pro-rata basis.

1.3.7 The cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortised over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

1.4 Investments

1.4.1 Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

1.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

1.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of investment, determined individually for each investment.

1.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprises cash in hand and balance in bank in current accounts and deposit accounts.

1.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.7 Employee benefits

1.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees'' gratuity fund managed by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

1.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term employee benefit and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short-term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

1.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

1.8 Revenue recognition

1.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and-material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the period of the maintenance contract.

1.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers. Revenues are stated net of discount.

1.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

1.8.4 Interest income is recognised using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

1.9 Foreign exchange transactions

1.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues and receivables. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

1.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

1.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.9.4 In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. The differences arising out of the translation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

1.9.5 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard (''AS'') 11, ''The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates''. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/ fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

1.9.6 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard (''AS'') 30, ''Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'' to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where the Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) is debited/ credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments are recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) is debited/ credited to statement of profit and loss.

1.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the year of recognition of revenue.

1.11 Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

1.12 Taxation

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credit are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing difference that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements. Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing difference originate. For this purpose the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain to be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant assets can be measured reliably. MAT credit entitlement can be carried forward and utilized for a period of ten years from the period in which such credit is availed.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

1.13 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary item. The number of equity shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.14 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized. In respect of goodwill, impairment loss will be reversed only when it is caused by specific external events and their effects have been reversed by subsequent external events.

1.15 Employee Stock based Compensation

The Company measures the compensation cost relating to employee stock options/ restricted shares using the intrinsic value method. The compensation cost is amortized over the vesting/ service period.

1.16 Government grants

Grants from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that:

(i) the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them; and

(ii) the grant will be received.

Government grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants are deducted in reporting the related expense. Where the Company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost it is recognised at a nominal value.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ('ICAI') and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, (the 'Act') to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles ('GAAP') in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

1.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

1.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are recorded at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

1.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in- progress.

1.3.5 Fixed assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ installation. Depreciation on additions and disposals during the year is provided on a pro-rata basis.

1.3.6 The cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortised over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

1.4 Investments

1.4.1 Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

1.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

1.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of investment, determined individually for each investment.

1.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprises cash in hand and balance in bank in current accounts, deposit accounts and in margin money deposits.

1.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non- cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.7 Employee benefits

1.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees' gratuity fund managed by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

1.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term employee benefit and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short-term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

1.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

1.8 Revenue recognition

1.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and- material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers at a mark-up.

Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the period of the maintenance contract.

1.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers and is shown as reduction of revenues.

1.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

1.8.4 Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

1.9 Foreign exchange transactions

1.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues and receivables. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

1.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

1.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.9.4 In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. The differences arising out of the translation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

1.9.5 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard ('AS') 11, 'The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates'. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

1.9.6 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard ('AS') 30, 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement' to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/(gain) is debited/credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments are recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) is debited/ credited to statement of profit and loss.

1.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the year of recognition of revenue.

1.11 Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

1.12 Taxation

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credit are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing difference that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements. Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing difference originate. For this purpose the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain to be realised.

Minimum alternate tax ('MAT') paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant assets can be measured reliably. MAT credit entitlement can be carried forward and utilized for a period of ten years from the period in which such credit is availed.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

1.13 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary item. The number of equity shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.14 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized. In respect of goodwill, impairment loss will be reversed only when it is caused by specific external events and their effects have been reversed by subsequent external events.

1.15 Employee stock options

The Company measures the compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. The compensation cost is amortized over the vesting period of the option.


Mar 31, 2011

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, (the Act) to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

1.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

1.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are stated at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

1.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired on or after April 1, 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date and the cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

1.3.5 Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method. The rates specified under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, the management has estimated the useful life as under:

1.3.6 Fixed assets individually costing Rs 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ installation. Depreciation on additions and disposals during the year is provided on a pro-rata basis.

1.3.7 The cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortised over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

1.4 Investments

1.4.1 Long-term investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

1.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost (determined on the specific identification basis) and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

1.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on the specific identification basis.

1.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprises cash in hand and balance in bank in current accounts, deposit accounts and in margin money deposits.

1.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.7 Employee benefits

1.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees gratuity fund managed by

ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the profit and loss account.

1.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term employee benefit and is accrued based on actuarial valuations at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short-term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

1.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the profit and loss account.

1.8 Revenue recognition

1.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and-material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers at a mark-up.

Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the period of the maintenance contract.

1.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers and is shown as reduction of revenues.

1.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

1.8.4 Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

1.9 Foreign exchange transactions

1.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues and receivables. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

1.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account for the year.

1.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the profit and loss account. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.9.4 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard (AS) 11, The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

1.9.5 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement which is recommendatory with effect from April 1, 2009. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/(gain) is debited/credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments are recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) is debited/ credited to profit and loss account.

1.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the year of recognition of revenue.

1.11 Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Mar 31, 2010

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values and comply with the Accounting Standards (AS) prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, (the Act) to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation

1.3.1 Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, etc.) or construction less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

1.3.2 Acquired intangible assets are capitalised at the acquisition price. Internally generated intangible assets are stated at cost that can be measured reliably during the development phase and when it is probable that future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company.

1.3.3 Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired on or after April 1, 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.3.4 Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date and the cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

1.3.5 Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method. The rates specified under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, the management has estimated the useful life as under:

Asset classification Useful life

Computer systems (including software) 2-3 years

Furniture and fixtures 5 years

Electrical installations 3 years

Office equipment 4 years

Motor vehicles 4 years

Buildings 30 years

1.3.6 Fixed assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase/ installation. Depreciation on additions and disposals during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

1.3.7 The cost of leasehold land is amortized over the period of the lease. Leasehold improvements and assets acquired on finance lease are amortized over the lease term or useful life, whichever is lower.

1.4 Investments

1.4.1 Long-term investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

1.4.2 Current investments are carried at the lower of cost (determined on the specific identification basis) and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is carried out separately in respect of each investment.

1.4.3 Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on the specific identification basis.

1.5 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprises cash in hand and balance in bank in current accounts, deposit accounts and in margin money deposits.

1.6 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.7 Employee benefits

1.7.1 Gratuity is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company has an employees gratuity fund managed by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, SBI Life Insurance Company and Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the profit and loss account.

1.7.2 Compensated absences are a long-term, employee benefit and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company accrues for the expected cost of short - term compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders services.

1.7.3 Contributions payable to the recognised provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are charged to the profit and loss account.

1.8 Revenue recognition

1.8.1 The Company derives its revenues primarily from software services. Revenue from software development on time-and-material basis is recognised as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contracts is recognised using the proportionate completion method, which is determined by relating the actual project cost of work performed to date to the estimated total project cost for each contract. Unbilled revenue represents cost and earnings in excess of billings while unearned revenue represents the billing in excess of cost and earnings. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers at a markup.

Maintenance revenue is accrued ratably over the period of the maintenance contract.

1.8.2 Provision for discounts is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual terms of agreements with customers and is shown as reduction of revenues.

1.8.3 Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

1.8.4 Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

1.9 Foreign exchange transactions

1.9.1 The Company is exposed to foreign currency transactions including foreign currency revenues and receivables. With a view to minimize the volatility arising from fluctuations in currency rates, the Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts and other derivative instruments.

1.9.2 Foreign exchange transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account for the year.

1.9.3 Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the profit and loss account. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

1.9.4 In respect of integral operations, monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate- prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. Non- monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the profit and loss account are translated at the rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. The differences arising out of the translation are recognised in the profit and loss account.

1.9.5 Forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments that are not in respect of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the guidance in Accounting Standard (AS) 11, The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. For such forward exchange contracts and other similar instruments covered by AS 11, based on the nature and purpose of the contract, either the contracts are recorded based on the forward rate/fair value at the reporting date, or based on the spot exchange rate on the reporting date. For contracts recorded at the spot exchange rates, the premium or discount at the inception is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

1.9.6 For forward exchange contracts and other derivatives that are not covered by AS 11 and that relate to a firm commitment or highly probable forecasted transactions, the Company has adopted Accounting Standard (AS) 30, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement which is recommendatory with effect from April t, 2009. In accordance with AS 30, such derivative financial instruments, which qualify for cash flow hedge accounting and where Company has met all the conditions of cash flow hedge accounting, are fair valued at balance sheet date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) is debited/credited to the hedge reserve until the transaction is completed. Other derivative instruments that relate to a firm commitment or a highly probable forecasted transaction and that do not qualify for hedge accounting have been recorded at fair value at the reporting date and the resultant exchange loss/ (gain) has been debited/ credited to profit and loss account for the year. J

1.10 Warranties

Warranty costs (i.e. post contract support services) are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the year of recognition of revenue.

1.11 Provision and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

1.12 Taxation

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credit are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing difference that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements. Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing difference originate. For this purpose, the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably /virtually certain to be realised.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

1.13 Fringe benefit tax

Consequent to the introduction of Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT) effective April 1, 2005, in accordance with the guidance note on accounting for fringe benefits tax issued by the ICAI, the Company has made provision for FBT under income taxes.

The Finance Act, 2007 has introduced Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT) on employee stock options. The Company recovers such FBT from the employees, upon the exercise of the stock options. The FBT liability and related recovery is recorded at the time of exercise of options in the profit and loss account.

The Finance Act, 2009 has withdrawn FBT effective April 1, 2009 and accordingly there is no impact of FBT in the current years financial statements.

1.14 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post-tax effect of any extra-ordinary item. The number of equity shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of equity shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.15 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined if no impairment loss had been recognized.

1.16 Employee stock options

The Company measures the compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. The compensation cost is amortized over the vesting period of the option.

2. Acquisition and amalgamation of TES PV Electronic Solutions Private Limited.

On December 17, 2007, the Company acquired 100% equity in TES PV Electronic Solutions Private Limited (TES PV), a company that delivered a range of services that included hardware product design cycle, system design cycle (board design/development), embedded software services, turnkey silicon design, coverage, IP-ReD, EDA Solutions, embedded system sofutfons, system/ board design and intellectual properties.

TES PV was subsequently renamed as MindTree Technologies Private Limited (MTPL).

Subsequent to the acquisition, the Company vide a scheme of amalgamation (the scheme) approved by the shareholders of the Company in June 2008 proposed to merge MTPL with itself. Approval of Honble High Court of Karnataka was received in January 2009 and the scheme became effective April 1, 2008.

In terms of the scheme, MTPL was amalgamated with the Company with effect from April 1, 2008. The Company has accounted for the amalgamation as amalgamation in the nature of purchase under AS 14 - Accounting for amalgamations.

Following are the salient features of the scheme:

a) . 6,000 equity shares of Rs 100 each held by the Company in

MindTree Technologies Private Limited were cancelled and extinguished, from the effective date of the scheme.

b) All the assets and liabilities of MindTree Technologies Private Limited are recorded in the books of the Company at theircarrying amounts as on April 1, 2008.

c) Pursuant to the scheme of amalgamation approved by the Honble High Court of Karnataka, the goodwill of Rs 223,236,589 resulting from the amalgamation was set-off against the securities premium account of the Company. If the treatment specified by AS-14 had been followed, the goodwill balance of Rs. 223,236,589 would have been amortized as per the Companys accounting policy.

3. Acquisition and amalgamation of Aztecsoft Limited

During the previous year, the Company had acquired 36,441,595 equity shares of Aztecsoft Limited (Aztec), a Company listed on recognized stock exchanges in India for a consideration of Rs 2,919,519,314. Consequent to the acquisition of these shares, Aztec became a subsidiary of the Company. As at March 31, 2009, the Company held 79.9% of equity shares based on outstanding issued equity shares of Aztec.

The Company had filed an application with the Honble High Court of Karnataka for the merger of Aztec with the Company effective April 1, 2009. During the current year approval of the merger was received from the Honble High Court of Karnataka on June 3, 2009.

In terms of the scheme, Aztec was amalgamated with the Company with effect from April 1, 2009. The Company has accounted for the amalgamation as amalgamation in the nature of purchase under AS 14, Accounting for Amalgamations.

Following are the salient features of the scheme:

a) 36,441,595 equity shares held by the Company in Aztec and 2,010,751 equity shares held by Aztec Software and Technology Services Limited Employees Welfare Trust were cancelled and extinguished, from the effective date of the scheme. Further, 1,300,965 equity shares of the Company were issued to the erstwhile minority shareholders of Aztec holding 7,155,306 equity shares in Aztec based on the swap ratio of 2 equity shares in the Company for every 11 equity shares held in Aztec considering the market value of Rs 211.05 per share of the Company as at April 1, 2009. The additional consideration thus paid to the minority shareholders of erstwhile Aztec amounted to Rs 274,568,663. Accordingly, the total consideration for the transaction amounted to Rs 3,194,087,977.

b) All the assets and liabilities of Aztec are recorded in the books of the Company at their carrying amounts as on April 1, 2009. The net worth of the Aztec as at March 31, 2009 amounted to Rs 1,834,143,752.

c) Pursuant to the scheme of amalgamation approved by the Honble High Court of Karnataka, the goodwill of Rs 1,359,944,225 resulting from the aforesaid amalgamation was adjusted against the securities premium account of the Company. If the treatment specified by AS-14 had been followed, the goodwill balance of Rs 1,359,944,225 would have been required to be amortized as per the Companys accounting policy.

4 Purchase of business

During the year, the Company acquired 412,500 equity shares of Kyocera Wireless (India) Private Limited (KWI) representing 100% of equity share capital of KWI at a cost of Rs. 436,793,805.

Consequently, KWI has become a 100% subsidiary of the Company with effect from October 1, 2009. Subsequent to the acquisition, the name of KWI was changed to MindTree Wireless Private Limited (MWPL).

The Company has filed an application with the Honble High Court of Karnataka for the merger of MWPL with the Company effective April 1,2010.

5. Employee stock options

The Company instituted the Employees Stock Option Plan (ESOP) in fiscal 2000, which was approved by the Board of Directors (Board). Under the ESOP, the Company currently administers six stock option programs.

Program 1 [ESOP 1999]

Options under this program are exercisable at an exercise price of Rs 2 per option. All stock options have a four-year vesti ng term and vest at the rate of 15%, 20%, 30% and 35% at the end of 1,2,3 and 4 years respectively from the date of grant and become fully exercisable. Each option is entitled to 1 equity share of Rs 10 each. This program extends to employees who have joined on or before September 30,2001 or have been issued employment offer letters on or before August 7, 2001. This plan was terminated on September 30, 2001. The contractual life of each option is 11 years after the date of grant.

Program 2 [ESOP 2001]

Options under this program have been granted to employees at an exercise price of Rs 50 per option. All stock options have a four-year vesting term and vest at the rate of 15%, 20%, 30% and 35% at the end of 1, 2, 3 and 4 years respectively from the date of grant and become fully exercisable. Each option is entitled to 1 equity share of Rs 10 each. This program extends to employees who have joined on or after October 1,2001 or have been issued employment offer letters on or after August 8, 2001 or options granted to existing employees with grant date on or after October 1, 2001. This plan was terminated on April 30, 2006. The contractual life of each option is 11 years after the dateof grant.

Program 3 [ESOP 2006 (a)]

Options under this program have been granted to employees at an exercise price ofRs. 250 per option. All stock options have a four-year vesting term and vest at the rate of 15%, 20%, 30% and 35% at the end of 1, 2, 3 and 4 years respectively from the date of grant and become fully exercisable. Each option is entitled to 1 equity share of Rs 10 each. This program extends to employees to whom the options are granted on or after May 1, 2006. This plan was terminated on October 25, 2006. The contractual life of each option is 5 years after the date of grant.

Program 5 [ESOP 2008A]

Options under this program are granted to employees of erstwhile Aztecsoft Limited as per swap ratio of 2:11 as specified in the merger scheme. All stock options have a four- year vesting term and vest at the rate of 15%, 20%, 30% and 35% at the end of 1, 2, 3 and 4 years respectively from the date of grant and become fully exercisable. Each option is entitled to 1 equity share of Rs 10 each. The contractual life of each option is 5 years after the date of grant.

Directors Stock Option Plan, 2006 (DSOP 2006) Options under this program have been granted to independent directors at an exercise price ranging from Rs 238 to Rs 355 per option. All stock options vest equally over three year vesting term at the end of 1, 2 and 3 years respectively from the date of the grant and become fully exercisable. Each option is entitled to 1 equity share of Rs 10 each. The contractual life of each option is 4 years after the date of the grant.

The weighted average exercise price is Rs 10 under program 1, Rs 50 under program 2, Rs 250 under program 3, Rs 345.60 under program 4, Rs 406.50 under program 5, Rs 292.21 under DSOP 2006.

The weighted average exercise price for stock options exercised during the year ended March 31, 2010 was Rs 231.55 The options outstanding at March 31, 2010 bad a weighted average exercise price of Rs 325.40 and a weighted average remaining contractual life of 3.87 years.

The Company has recorded compensation cost for all grants using the intrinsic value-based method of accounting, in line with prescribed SEBI guidelines

Had compensation been determined under the fair value approach described in the Guidance Note on, "Accounting for employee share based payments" issued by ICAI, the Companys net profit and basic and diluted earnings per share would have reduced to the proforma amounts as indicated:

6. Provision for taxation

The Company has STPI units at Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune which are registered as a 100 percent Export Oriented Unit and entitled to a tax holiday under Section 10B and Section 10Aof the Income Tax Act, 1961. However, some of the units have completed the 10 year tax holiday period and are not eligible for deduction of profits under Section 10A of the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also has units at Bangalore and Chennai registered as Special Economic Zone (SEZ) units which are entitled to a tax holiday under Section 10AAof the Income TaxAct, 1961.

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