Mar 31, 2015
1. Background and nature of operations
Monte Carlo Fashions Limited (the Company) is a public company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 on 1 July 2008. The company is engaged in manufacturing of designer woolen/cotton readymade apparels under its brand "MONTE CARLO" which has also been recognised as a "SUPERBRAND".
a) Basis of preparation
These financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on a going concern basis, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). Indian GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act'), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014(as amended) and other accounting pronouncements of The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current/ non- current classification of its assets and liabilities.
b) Use of estimates
In preparing the Company's financial statements in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future years.
c) Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
i) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and the Company retains no effective control of the goods transferred to a degree usually associated with ownership; and
ii) No significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of goods.
Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the interest rate applicable.
Benefit under duty drawback scheme
Revenue in respect of duty drawback scheme is recognized when the entitlement to receive the benefit is established.
Insurance and other claims
Revenue in respect of claims is recognized when no significant uncertainty exists with regard to the amount to be realized and the ultimate collection thereof.
d) Employee benefits
Short term employee benefits
All employee benefits payable/available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, bonus, etc.are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the employee renders the related service.
Defined contribution plan
The company makes specified contribution towards employee provident fund to Employees Provident Fund administered by the Regional Provident Commissioner. The Company's contribution to provident fund, being a defined contribution plan, is recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the financial year to which it relates.
Defined benefit plan Gratuity
Gratuity is a post-employment defined benefit plan. The present value of obligation for gratuity is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, less the fair value of plan assets, together with adjustments for unrecognized actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. Gratuity fund is administered by trustee of independently constituted trust. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which such gains or losses arise.
e) Fixed assets Tangible assets
Fixed assets are stated at historic cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization and impairment losses (if any). Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition for their intended use.
Software which is not an integral part of the related hardware is classified as an intangible asset.
f) Depreciation and amortisation
Pursuant to the notification of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs effective 01 April 2014, the management has reassessed and changed, wherever necessary the useful lives to compute depreciation, to conform to the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation on fixed assets for year ended 31 March 2015 is provided on written down value method as per the rates prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2103.
Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments; all other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term investment is carried at cost less provision (if any) for decline in value which is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.
Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. The cost in respect of the various items of inventory is computed as under:
- Raw material cost includes direct expenses and is determined on the basis of weighted average method.
- Stores and spares cost includes direct expenses and is determined on the basis of weighted average method.
- In case of work in process-at raw material cost plus conversion costs depending upon the stage of completion.
- In case of manufactured finished goods- appropriate percentage of gross margin is reduced from the sale value which approximates costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other attributable costs.
- In case of traded finished goods - stated at the lower of cost or market value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost basis and includes the purchase price and attributable direct costs.
Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all related conditions will be complied with. Government subsidy in the nature of promoter's contribution is credited to capital reserve.
When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.
Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.
j) Borrowing costs
Borrowing cost which are not relatable to the qualifying asset are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. Borrowing cost on specific loans, used on acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to be ready for their intended use, are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.
Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term on a straight line basis.
l) Impairment of assets
The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.
If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists then the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.
m) Foreign currency conversion Initial recognition
Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.
Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.
Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of the Company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year/period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year/period in which they arise.
n) Accounting for taxes on income
The tax expense comprises of current taxes and deferred taxes. Current tax is the amount of income tax determined to be payable in respect of taxable income for a period as per the provisions of Income Tax, 1961. Deferred tax is the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and recognized/derecognized only to the extent that there is reasonable/virtual certainty, depending on the nature of the timing differences, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
o) Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year/period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year/period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year/period is adjusted for events of bonus issue and share split.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year/period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year/period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
p) Provision and contingent liabilities
The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made where there is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or where reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made.
q) Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and deposit with banks. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.