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Accounting Policies of N K Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

I) METHOD OF ACCOUNTING

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted Accounting Principles in India & the Provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the applicable accounting standards notified under the Companies Accounting Standards Rule, 2006.

ii) USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAPP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

iii) RECOGNITION OF INCOME & EXPENDITURE

Revenues/Incomes and costs / expenditures are generally accounted on accrual, as they are earned or incurred. Sales are exclusive of Sales Tax / VAT collected. With regard to sale of product, Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers.

iv) FIXED ASSETS

a) Tangible Fixed assets are stated at revalued amount less accumulated Depreciation. Assets are revalued based on approved valuers report.

b) Capital Work in Progress is stated at cost.

c) Cost Incurred by the company in respect of leased assets is capitalized.

v) INVESTMENTS

Current investment if any are carried at the lower of cost or quoted/fair value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

vi) VALUATION OF INVENTORIES

a) Raw materials, Stores& Spares, Chemicals and Trading Goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value .

b) Work in progress is valued at cost of materials and labor charges together with relevant factory overheads.

c) Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value .

vii) METHOD OF DEPRECIATION

a) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on straight line method in accordance with the provisions of section 205(2)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956, at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation on Plant & Machinery for expansion Project & Vehicles is provided using Written down value Method at the rates Specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) Depreciation in respect of fixed assets put to use during the year/period is charged on pro-rata basis with reference to the installation of the assets.

d) Intangible assets are amortized using straight line method over estimated useful life of 5 years.

e) The incremental depreciation on revalued amount of Assets is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve & Credited to Statement of Profit and Loss account.

f) No depreciation has been provided in respect of Capital Work In Progress.

g) No depreciation has been provided on self generated intangible assets.

viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions in the foreign currency which are covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the contracted rate; the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the date of transaction is recognized in the Statement of profit & loss over the life of the contract. Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated into the relevant functional currency at exchange rates in effect at the Balance Sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such translations are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction. Revenue, expense and cash-flow items denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the relevant functional currencies using the exchange rate in effect on the date of the transaction. Transaction gains or losses realized upon settlement of foreign currency transactions are included in determining net profit for the period in which the transaction is settled.

ix) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the Impairment loss recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment losses been recognized for the asset in prior years.

x) TAXATION

Income-tax expense comprise of current tax, wealth tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable for the relevant assessment year.

The deferred tax asset and deferred tax liability is calculated by applying tax rate and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising mainly on account of brought forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation under tax laws, are recognized, only if there is a virtual certainty of its realization, supported by convincing evidence. Deferred tax assets on account of other timing differences are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of its realization. At each balance sheet date, the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed to reassure realization.

xi) RETIREMENT BENEFITS

a) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

b) Long Term

The company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

c) Defined Contribution Plans

These are the plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contribution to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period under which an employee perform the services that the payment covers.

d) Defined Benefits Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increase, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining terms i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

e) Leave Encashment

The company has Defined Benefit plan for Post employment benefit in the form of Leave Encashment for all the employees.

xii) CONTINGENT LIABILITY / CONTINGENT ASSETS

a) Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note in the Balance Sheet.

b) Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the Financial Statements.

xiii) CASH FLOW STATEMENT

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The Cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Group are segregated.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

xiv) EARNING PER SHARE :

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares in issue during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2013

Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards issued under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable, except in respect of export benefits and employee benefits.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

Fixed assets and depreciation/amortisation

Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price, duties, levies and other directly attributable expenses of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Assets are revalued based on approved valuer''s report.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those tangible fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Advances paid towards acquisition of fixed assets and the cost of assets acquired but not ready for use as at the balance sheet date are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

Cost incurred by the company in respect of leased assets is capitalized.

Assets costing individually Rs 5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on Plant & Machineries for expansion project and Vehicles is provided using the Written down Value Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of fixed assets purchased during the year, depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis from the date on which such asset is ready to be put to use.

The Incremental depreciation on revalued amount of assets is withdrawn from revaluation Reserve and credited to profit and loss account.

Impairment of assets

In accordance with accounting standard 28 on ''Impairment of assets'', the Company assess at each balance sheet date whether there is an indication that assets of the Company may be impaired. Where any such indication exists the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. The recoverable amount of the assets (or where applicable that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated at the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment charge is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the asset or cash-generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount.

Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined under the first-in, first-out method and includes all costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods and Work-in-progress include appropriate proportion of costs of conversion. By product is valued at net realizable value.

Revenue recognition

Revenue from Job Work is recognised on completion of work.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Export sales is recognised on the basis of date of shipment based on date of Bill of Lading.

Income from export benefits is accounted for based on reasonable certainty of receipt.

Employee Benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Profit & Loss Account, in form of:

Provident Fund / Employee''s Pension Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner,

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Unfunded Plan:

(i) The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity for all employees

(ii) The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Leave Encashment for all employees.

Liability for the above Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected-

(iii) The actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account for the year. Foreign currency transactions

In respect of monetary current assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies the overall net gain or loss, if any, on conversion at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the balance sheets charged to revenue.

Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current tax expense and deferred tax expense/credit.

Current tax

Provision for current tax is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income-Tax Act 1961 and is made annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

Assets and liabilities representing current tax is disclosed on a net basis when there is a legally enforceable right to set off and where the management intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax liability or asset is recognised for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income taxes and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Earnings per share (''EPS'')

Basic EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year except where the results would be anti dilutive. The number of equity shares is adjusted for any share splits and bonus shares issued effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2012

Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of * accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards issued under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable, except in respect of export benefits and employee benefits.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

Fixed assets and depreciation/amorfisation

Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price, duties, levies and other directly attributable expenses of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Assets are revalued based on approved valuer''s report.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those tangible fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Advances paid towards acquisition of fixed assets and the cost of assets acquired but not ready for use as at the balance sheet date are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

Cost incurred by the company in respect of leased assets is capitalized.

Assets costing individually Rs 5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on Plant & Machineries for expansion project and Vehicles is provided using the Written down Value Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of fixed assets purchased during the year, depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis from the date on which such asset is ready to be put to use.

The Incremental depreciatoin on revalued amount of asstes is withdrawn from revaluation Reserve and credited to profit and loss account.

Impairment of assets

In accordance with accounting standard 28 on ‘Impairment of assets'', the Company assess at each balance sheet date whether there is an indication that assets of the Company may be impaired. Where any such indication exists the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. The recoverable amount of the assets (or where - applicable that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated at the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment charge is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the asset or cashgenerating unit exceeds its recoverable amount.

Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined under the first-in, first-out method and includes all costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished and Work-in-progress include appropriate proportion of costs of conversion. By product is valued at net realiable value.

Revenue recognition

Revenue from Job Work is recognised on completion of work.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export sales is recognised on the basis of date of shipment based on date of Bill of Lading.

Income from export benefits is accounted for based on reasonable certainty of receipt.

Employee Benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Profit & Loss Account, in form of:

Provident Fund / Employee''s Pension Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner,

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Unfunded Plan:

(i) The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity for all employees.

(ii)The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Leave Encashment for all employees.

Liability for the above Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) The actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account for the year.

Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. The difference between the actual rate of settlement and the rate on the date of the transaction is charged or credited to profit and loss account.

In respect of monetary current assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, the overall net gain or loss, if any, on conversion at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the balance sheet is charged to revenue.

Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current tax expense and deferred tax expense/credit

Current tax

Provision for current tax is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the income-Tax Act, 1961 and is made annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

Assets and liabilities representing current tax is disclosed on a net basis when there is a legally enforceable right to set off and where the management intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basts.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax liability or asset is recognised for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income taxes and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets nly if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at et date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the e realised.

Earnings per share (‘EPS'')

Basic EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year except where the results would be anti dilutive. The number of equity shares is adjusted for any share splits and bonus shares issued effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

Contingencies and provisions

The Company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2010

Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the Accounting Standards issued under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable, except in respect of export benefits and employee benefits.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

Fixed assets and depreciation/amortisation

Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price, duties, levies and other directly attributable expenses of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those tangible fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Advances paid towards acquisition of fixed assets and the cost of assets acquired but not ready for use as at the balance sheet date are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

Cost incurred by the company in respect of leased assets is capitalized.

Assets costing individually Rs 5,000 or less are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets (purchased up to 30th September, 2005), is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets for expansion project is provided using the Written down Value Method at the rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In respect of fixed assets purchased during the year, depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis from the date on which such asset is ready to be put to use.

Impairment of assets

In accordance with accounting standard 28 on Impairment of assets, the Company assess at each balance sheet date whether there is an indication that assets of the Company may be impaired. Where any such indication exists the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. The recoverable amount of the assets (or where applicable that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated at the higher of its net selling price and its value In use. An impairment charge is recognised whenever the carrying amount of the asset or cash- generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount.

Investments

Long-term investments are carried at cost less any other than temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined under the first-in, first-out method and includes all costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods and Work-in-progress include appropriate proportion of costs of conversion. By product is valued at net realizable value.

Revenue recognition

Revenue from Job Work is recognised on completion of work.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export sales is recognised on the basis of date of shipment based on date of Bill of Lading.

Income from export benefits is accounted for based on reasonable certainty of receipt.

Employee Benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits:

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Profit & Loss Account, in form of:

Provident Fund / Employees Pension Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner,

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Unfunded Plan :

(i) The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity for all employees.

(ii) The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of Leave Encashment for all employees.

Liability for (he above Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) The actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit S Loss Account for the year.

Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. The difference between the actual rate of settlement and the rate on the date of the transaction is charged or credited to profit and loss account.

In respect of monetary current assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, the overall net gain or loss, if any, on conversion at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the balance sheet is charged to revenue.

Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current tax expense and deferred tax expense/credit.

Current tax

Provision for current tax is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income-Tax Act, 1961 and is made annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

Assets and liabilities representing current tax is disclosed on a net basis when there is a legally enforceable right to set off and where the management intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax liability or asset is recognised for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income taxes and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Earnings per share (EPS)

Basic EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year except where the results would be anti dilutive. The number of equity shares is adjusted for any share splits and bonus shares issued effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

Contingencies and provisions

The Company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

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