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Accounting Policies of N R International Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

2.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). These financial statements has been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for categories of fixed assets acquired before 1 April, 2011, that are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and the net realisable value which ever is lower after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in- progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

2.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.6 Depreciation and amortisation

'Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on the written down value method. Depreciation is provided based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

2.7 Revenue recognition

Sale of goods

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales are net of excise, sales tax and value added tax.

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

2.8 Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

2.9 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

2.10 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

2.11 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies and integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.12 Investments

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

2.13 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

Defined contribution plans

The Company's contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund , the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

2.14 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.15 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

2.16 Leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

2.17 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.18 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

2.19 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.20 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

2.21 Provision for warranty

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. The timing of outflows will vary as and when warranty claim will arise - being typically upto three years.

2.22 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

2.23 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). These financial statements has been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for categories of fixed assets acquired before 1 April, 2011, that are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year,

1.2 use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and the net realisable value which ever is lower after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in- progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation has been provided on the straight-line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act. 1956 as under:

ASSET RATE

Building 1.63%

Factory Building 3.34%

Plant & Machinery 4.75 %

Office Equipments 4.75 %

Furniture & Fixtures 6.33%

Vehicle 9.50%

Computers 16.21 %

1.7 Revenue recognition

Sale of goods

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales are net of excise, sales tax and value added tax.

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

1.8 Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.9 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

The Company revalued land at Tangi that existed on 1 April, 2001, and Coke Oven Unit at Dhenkanal and Land at Jharsugda that existed 1 April 2005. The revalued assets are carried at the revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Increase in the net book value on such revaluation is credited to "Revaluation reserve account" except to the extent such increase is related to and not greater than a decrease arising from a revaluation / impairment that was previously recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, in which case such amount is credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. However, during the year the company has sold entire piece of land at Tangi and the revaluation reserves related to the sale has subsequently decreased.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest,

1.10 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

1.11 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies and integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.12 Investments

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets,

1.13 Employee Benefits

Employee Benefits include provident fund. superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits

Defined contribution plans

The Company's contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined Contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fail due based on the amount, of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefits plans

For defined benefits plans in the form of gratuity fund . the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit an Loss in the period in which they occur Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. Theretirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of sc assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes

1.14 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition °f qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

1.15 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance

The accounting polices adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies °f the Company Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have be identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market fair value factors.

Revenue expenses. assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are segments on reasonable basis have been included under unallocated revenue expenses assets / liablites

1.16 Leases

Where the Company as a lessor leases assets under finance asses are recognised as receivables at an amount equal to the net Investment in the come is recognised based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net

1.17 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit css post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the post tax effect of extraordinary items,if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest are or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share the weighted average which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares

1.18 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable as in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with me economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability is asset is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. sec as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences being me taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognises Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income soon assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items extern that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against can be realised Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realizability.

1.19 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets

1.20 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes

1.21 Provision for warranty

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. The timing of outflows will vary as and when warranty claim will arise - being typically upto three years

1.22 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

1.23 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). These financial statements has been prepared to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for categories of fixed assets acquired before 1 April, 2011, that are carried at revalued amounts. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and the net realizable value whichever is lower after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including control and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.7 Revenue recognition Sale of goods

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the .buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales are net of excise, sales tax and value added tax.

Income from services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognized when services are rendered and related costs are incurred. Revenues from (turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognized over the life of the corrects using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs, determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognized when probable.

1.8 Other Income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.9 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to '' acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over "t the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalized and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

The Company revalued land at Tangi that existed on 1 April, 2001, and Coke Oven Unit at Dhenkanal and Land at Jharsugda that existed 1 April 2005. The revalued assets are carried at the revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Increase in the net book value on such revaluation is credited to "Revaluation reserve account" except to the extent such increase is related to and not greater than a decrease arising from a revaluation / impairment that was previously recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, in which case such amount is credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Decrease in book value on revaluation is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss except where such decrease relates to a previously recognized increase that was credited to the Revaluation reserve, in which case the decrease is charged to the Revaluation reserve to the extent the reserve has not been subsequently reversed / utilized.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

1.10 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognized as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

1.11 Foreign currency transactions and translations Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies and integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

In the case of integral operations, assets and liabilities (other than non-monetary items), are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items are carried at historical cost. Revenue and expenses are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.12 Investments

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalized and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

1.13 Employee benefits

Employees benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund, compensated absences, lone service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defines contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contributor required to be made. ''

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund , the cost of providing .benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date Actuarial gains and tosses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as.-adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value o1 available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

1.14 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds *to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilized for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction I development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalization of such asset is added to the cost of the assets. Capitalization of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

1.15 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

1.16 Leases

Where the Company as a less or leases assets under finance leases, such amounts are recognized as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease and the finance income is recognized based on a constant rate of return on the outstanding net investment.

1.17 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating . to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.18 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their reliability.

The company does not make any provision for deferred tax asset in the balance sheet.

1.19 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.20 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent [liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.21 Provision for warranty

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and ; management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. The timing. of outflows will vary as and when warranty claim will arise - being typically up to three years.

1.22 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are -accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected of be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

1.23 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is __ accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilizing the credits.


Mar 31, 2010

1. System of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis and in accordance with the Accounting Principles generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India to the extent applicable.

2. Revenue Recognition and Use of Estimates

Sales revenue are recognized upon passage of title in the goods to the buyers which coincides with delivery at a price.

Other revenue items like income from handling, transportation, etc are recognized on completion of the job and raising of commercial invoices on the customers.

Claims and refunds from government authorities and other parties are accounted for as and when ascertained or admitted by the concerned authorities / parties in favour of the company.

In cases where estimates and assumptions are made for determining the amounts of assets and liabilities or amount of revenues and expenditures while preparing the financial statements, the difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets and intangibles are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets including other incidental costs, if any, of bringing the assets to their working condition for their intended use.

Borrowing costs constituting interest on term loan and hire purchase finance from banks/financial institutions are recognized in the financial statements as revenue expenditure for determining the financial results of the company during the reporting period.

Expenditure during the construction period in respect of new projects or existing projects for their renovation or expansion is included under capital work in progress and the same is allocated to the fixed assets on completion of the concerned project.

4. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV (as amended) to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to fixed assets is provided on pro rata basis from the day on which they are put to use.

Depreciation on fixed assets revalued during the earlier years is transferred to revaluation reserves to the extent of Rs. 10,89,575.00

5. Impairment of assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, to those assets. If any such indications exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is revered if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

6. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. In case of diminution in value other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognize the decline. Current investments are carried at cost.

7. Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value which ever is lower. Cost is ascertained on FIFO / weighted average basis on relevant categories of inventories. Net realizable value is ascertained after providing for obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories, wherever necessary.

Cost of inventories includes all cost of purchase and conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on final settlement are adjusted and recognized as income or expense in the profit & loss account. Outstanding balances of monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at closing exchange rates and the difference adjusted as income or expense in the profit and loss account.

9. Employees Benefits

Short term employee benefits (other than termination benefits) which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees rendered service are accounted on accrual basis.

Payments under defined contribution plan such as provident fund and superannuation fund and ESIC are recognized in the profit and loss account.

The company has made provision for its liability under the defined benefit plan only for gratuity. Other retirement benefits like earned leave, etc shall be accounted for during the financial year in which they are incurred.

10. Taxes on Income

Current Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 in respect of taxable income for the year after considering the applicable allowances and deductions.

Deferred Tax assets / liabilities are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods and the same are quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as oh the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets and liabilities are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

11. Provisions and Contingencies

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources.

Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

Provisions and contingencies are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.



 
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