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Accounting Policies of Nagarjuna Oil Refinery Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("Indian GAAP") to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act")/Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of the preceeding year.

2.2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known/materialise.

2.3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets which necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

2.4. Depreciation:

Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost less its estimated residual value. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

2.5. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

2.6. Investments:

Investments are classified as Non-Current and Current. Long term

Investments are carried at cost less provision for other than temporary diminution, if any, in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

2.7. Foreign currency transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains and losses resulting from settlement of such transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions incurred to acquire fixed assets remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference arising on such translation and realized gain or loss is adjusted to the cost of respective fixed asset. Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realized gain and loss on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Premium or discount arising on forward exchange contracts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.8. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time i.e. more than twelve months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.9. Employee Benefits:

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 " Employee Benefits".

2.9.1. Gratuity: In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 the Company provides for gratuity covering eligible Employees. Liability on account of gratuity is covered by a policy with Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India and the annual contributions are paid/ provided in accordance with the scheme.

2.9.2. Superannuation: The Company makes monthly contribution to an approved superannuation fund covered by a policy with LIC of India. The Company has no further obligation beyond the monthly contribution.

2.9.3. Compensated Absences: Liability for compensated absence is provided on the basis of valuation by an independent actuary as at the year end.

2.9.4. Provident Fund: The Company's contribution towards provident fund, administered and managed by an approved trust, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.10. Earnings Per Share :

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive.

2.11. Taxes:

2.11.1. Current Tax: Provision for current tax is made based on the taxable income computed for the year under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

2.11.2. Deferred Tax: Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and accounting

income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisabliity.

2.12. Contingencies:

The Company recognises provisions when there is present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or present obligations that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.13. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit/(loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1. Basis of preparation:

The financial statements of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable in India. The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

1.2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

1.4. Impairment of Assets:

Impairment of an asset is reviewed and recognised in the event changes and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset is not recoverable. Difference between such carrying amount of an asset and the recoverable value is recognised as impairment loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of impairment.

1.5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at higher rates as stated below:

Sl. Description Schedule XIV Rates adopted No. Rates by the Company.

1 Computer and IT equipments 16.21% 23.75%

2 Office equipment 4.75% 23.75%

3 Electronic equipments / Air Conditioners 4.75% 19.00%

4 Vehicles 9.50% 19.00%

1.6. Investments:

Investments are classified as Long Term and Current. Long term Investments are carried at cost less provision for other than temporary diminution, if any, in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.7. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains and losses resulting from settlement of such transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions incurred to acquire fixed assets remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference arising on such translation and realized gain or loss is adjusted to the cost of respective fixed asset. Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realized gain and loss on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Premium or discount arising on forward exchange contracts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.8. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time i.e. more than twelve months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.9. Employee Benefits:

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 " Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006.

1.10. Gratuity: In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 the Company provides for gratuity covering eligible Employees. Liability on account of gratuity is covered by a policy with Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India and the annual contributions are paid / provided in accordance with the scheme.

1.11. Superannuation: The Company makes monthly contribution to an approved superannuation fund covered by a policy with LIC of India. The Company has no further obligation beyond the monthly contribution.

1.12. Compensated Absences: Liability for compensated absence is treated as a long term liability and is provided on the basis of valuation by an independent actuary as at the year end.

1.13. Provident Fund: The Company''s contribution towards provident fund, administered and managed by an approved trust, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.14. Earning Per Share :

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 20, "Earnings Per Share" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive.

1.15. Taxes :

1.16. Current Tax: Provision for current tax is made based on the taxable income computed for the year under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

1.17. Deferred Tax: Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of timing differences which arise during the year and reverse in subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such Deferred Tax Assets can be realized.

1.18. Contingencies:

The Company recognises provisions when there is present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or present obligations that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1. Basis of preparation:

The financial statements of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable in India. The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.

1.2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable.Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

1.4. Impairment of Assets:

Impairment of an asset is reviewed and recognised in the event of changes and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset is not recoverable. Difference between the carrying amount of an asset and the recoverable value is recognised as impairment loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of impairment.

1.5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at higher rates as stated below:

1.6. Investments:

Investments are classified as Long term and Current. Long term Investments are carried at cost less provision for other than temporary diminution, if any, in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.7. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign Currency Transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains and losses resulting from settlement of such transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions incurred to acquire fixed assets remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference arising on such translation and realized gain or loss is adjusted to the cost of respective fixed asset.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realized gains and loss on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Premium or discount arising on forward exchange contracts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.8. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time i.e. more than twelve months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.9. Employee Benefits:

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 " Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006.

1.9.1. Gratuity: In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 the company provides for gratuity covering eligible Employees. Liability on account of gratuity is covered by a policy with LIC and the annual contributions are paid / provided in accordance with the scheme.

1.9.2. Superannuation: The Company makes monthly contribution to an approved superannuation fund covered by a policy with LIC of India. The Company has no further obligation beyond the monthly contribution.

1.9.3. Compensated Absences: Liability for compensated absence is treated as a long term liability and is provided on the basis of valuation by an independent actuary as at the year end.

1.9.4. Provident Fund: The Company''s Contribution towards provident fund, administered and managed by an approved trust, is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.10. Earning Per Share :

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 20, "Earnings Per Share" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti-dilutive.

1.11. Taxes :

1.11.1.Current tax: Provision for current tax is made based on the taxable income computed for the year under the Income Tax Act 1961.

1.11.2.Deferred Taxes: Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of timing differences which arise during the year and reverse in subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such Deferred Tax Assets can be realized.

1.12. Contingencies:

The Company recognises provisions when there is present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or present obligations that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1. Basis of preparation:

The financial statements of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) applicable in India. The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statement are consistent with those of previous year. The company has prepared these financial statements including previous year as per the format prescribed by Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India.

1.2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised. Though the management believes that the estimates used are prudent and reasonable, actual results could differ from these estimates.

1.3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

1.4. Impairment of Assets:

Impairment of an asset is reviewed and recognised in the event changes and circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset is not recoverable. Difference between the carrying amount of an asset and the recoverable value is recognised as impairment loss in the statement of profit and loss in the year of impairment.

1.5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

1.5.1. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at higher rates as stated below:

1.6. Investments:

Investments are classified as long term and Current. Long term Investments are carried at cost less provision for other than temporary diminution, if any, in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.7. Foreign currency transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Gains and losses resulting from settlement of such transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions incurred to acquire fixed assets remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference arising on such translation and realized gain or loss adjusted to the cost of respective fixed asset.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realized gains and loss on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Foreign branches are classified as integral foreign operations. Assets and liabilities (both monetary and non monetary) are translated at the closing rate prevailing at the year end. Income and expenses are translated at the monthly average rate at the end of the respective month. Premium or discount arising on forward exchange contracts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.8. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time i.e. more than twelve months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.9. Retirement Benefits:

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 " Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

1.9.1. Gratuity: In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 the company provides for gratuity covering eligible Employees. Liability on account of gratuity is covered by a policy with LIC and the annual contributions are paid / provided in accordance with the scheme.

1.9.2. Superannuation: The Company makes monthly contribution to an approved superannuation fund covered by a policy with LIC of India. The Company has no further obligation beyond the monthly contribution.

1.9.3. Compensated Absences: Liability for compensated absence is treated as a long term liability and is provided on the basis of valuation by an independent actuary as at the year end.

1.9.4. Provident Fund: The Company's Contribution towards provident fund, administered and managed by an approved trust, is charged to revenue.

1.10. Taxes:

1.10.1.Current tax: Provision for current tax is made based on the taxable income computed for the year under the Income Tax Act 1961.

1.10.2.Deferred Taxes: Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of timing differences which arise during the year and reverse in subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such Deferred Tax Assets can be realized.

1.11. Contingencies:

The Company recognises provisions when there is present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or present obligations that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Contingent assets are neither recognised and nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

A. General

I) These Accounts are prepared on the historical cost basis and on a going concern basis.

ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles.

b. Revenue Recognition

Expenses and Income considered payable and receivable respectively are accounted for on accrual basis.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of taxes

d. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided on straight line method as per the classification and on the basis of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

e. Taxes on Income

Current Tax is calculated using prevailing tax rates and tax laws.

 
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