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Accounting Policies of Narendra Properties Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act'2013 ("Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ('GAAP') requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from services is recognized as per the terms of the contract with the customer using the proportionate completion method.

Income from fixed price construction contracts is recognized by reference to the estimated overall profitability of the contract under the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the costs incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated contract costs. Provision for expected loss is recognized immediately when it is probable that the total estimated contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.

Revenues under cost plus contracts are recognized as services are rendered on the basis of an agreed mark-up on costs incurred in accordance with arrangement entered.

Revenue recognition is postponed in circumstances when significant uncertainty with respect to collectability exists.

Maintenance revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

Interest income is recognized on accrual or receipt, whichever is earlier.

d. Fixed assets, Borrowing Costs and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, taxes, duties etc.) or construction, or their corresponding revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized.

Depreciation on assets are provided on Straight Line Method over the useful life of the assets.

Useful Life as provided under Schedule II of the Companies Act' 2013 is considered.

Residual value for all assets is considered as 'NIL'.

e. Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost had no impairment been recognized.

f. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held but not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of long-term investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

The cost of investment includes acquisition costs such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g. Inventories

Inventories comprise Work-in-Progress on ongoing projects and Land held by the company as on the last day of the financial year. Work-in-Progress and Land are valued at actual cost.

h. Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Ta x Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes- down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

i. Earnings per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for unless a reliable estimate of probable outflow to the company exists as at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

In accordance with "Accounting Standard 22", the Company has recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss a sum of Rs. 19,924 /- as Deferred Ta x Asset (Net) for the Year.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, issued by the Central Government, in consultation with National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (''NACAS'') and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), to the extent applicable.

The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from services is recognised as per the terms of the contract with the customer using the proportionate completion method.

Income from fixed price construction contracts is recognised by reference to the estimated overall profitability of the contract under the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the costs incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated contract costs. Provision for expected loss is recognized immediately when it is probable that the total estimated contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.

Revenues under cost plus contracts are recognised as services are rendered on the basis of an agreed mark-up on costs incurred in accordance with arrangement entered.

Revenue recognition is postponed in circumstances when significant uncertainty with respect to collectability exists.

Maintenance revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

Interest income is recognized on accrual or receipt, whichever is earlier.

d. Fixed assets, Borrowing Costs and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, taxes, duties etc.) or construction, or their corresponding revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Depreciation is provided, based on the Straight Line Method (''SLM''). The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of useful life/ remaining life.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition.

e. Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost had no impairment been recognised.

f. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held but not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of long-term investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

The cost of investment includes acquisition costs such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g. Inventories

Inventories comprise Work-in-Progress on ongoing projects and Land held by the company as on the ast day of the financial year. Work-in-Progress and Land are valued at actual cost.

h. Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Ta x Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

i. Earnings per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for unless a reliable estimate of probable outflow to the company exists as at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, issued by the Central Government, in consultation with National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (''NACAS'') and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), to the extent applicable.

The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from services is recognised as per the terms of the contract with the customer using the proportionate completion method.

Income from fixed price construction contracts is recognised by reference to the estimated overall profitability of the contract under the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the costs incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated contract costs. Provision for expected loss is recognized immediately when it is probable that the total estimated contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.

Revenues under cost plus contracts are recognised as services are rendered on the basis of an agreed mark-up on costs incurred in accordance with arrangement entered.

Revenue recognition is postponed in circumstances when significant uncertainty with respect to collectability exists.

Maintenance revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

Interest income is recognized on accrual or receipt, whichever is earlier.

d. Fixed assets, Borrowing Costs and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, taxes, duties etc.) or construction, or their corresponding revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Depreciation is provided, based on the Straight Line Method (''SLM''). The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of useful life/ remaining life.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition.

e. Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost had no impairment been recognised.

f. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held but not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long-term investments are earned at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of long-term investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

The cost of investment includes acquisition costs such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g. Inventories

Inventories comprise Work-in-Progress on ongoing projects and Land held by the company as on the last day of the financial year. Work-in-Progress and Land are valued at actual cost.

h. Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

i. Earnings per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for unless a reliable estimate of probable outflow to the company exists as at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, issued by the Central Government, in consultation with National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards ('NACAS') and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act'), to the extent applicable.

The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles ('GAAP') requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from services is recognised as per the terms of the contract with the customer using the proportionate completion method.

Income from fixed price construction contracts is recognised by reference to the estimated overall profitability of the contract under the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the costs incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated contract costs. Provision for expected loss is recognized immediately when it is probable that the total estimated contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.

Revenues under cost plus contracts are recognised as services are rendered on the basis of an agreed mark-up on costs incurred in accordance with arrangement entered.

Revenue recognition is postponed in circumstances when significant uncertainty with respect to collectability exists.

Maintenance revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

Interest income is recognized on accrual or receipt, whichever is earlier.

d. Fixed assets, Borrowing Costs and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, taxes, duties etc.) or construction, or their corresponding revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Depreciation is provided, based on the Straight Line Method ('SLM'). The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as the minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of useful life/ remaining life.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition.

e. Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost had no impairment been recognised.

f. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held but not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of long-term investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

The cost of investment includes acquisition costs such as brokerage, fees and duties.

g. Inventories

Inventories comprise completed, unsold flats, Work-in-Progress on ongoing projects and Land held by the company as at 31st March, 2012. Completed, unsold flats are valued at estimated cost. Work-in- Progress and Land are valued at actual cost.

h. Income Taxes:

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

i. Earnings per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for unless a reliable estimate of probable outflow to the company exists as at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, issued by the Central Government, in consultation with National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (NACAS) and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), to the extent applicable.

The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c. Fixed assets, Borrowing Costs and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition (including directly attributable costs such as freight, installation, taxes, duties etc.) or construction, or their corresponding revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

Depreciation is provided, based on the Straight Line Method (SLM). The depreciation rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of useful life/ remaining life.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition.

d. Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or cash generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash- generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost had no impairment been recognised.

e. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held but not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of long-term investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

The cost of investment includes acquisition costs such as brokerage, fees and duties.

f. Inventories

Inventories comprise finished stock of completed Real estate projects. These are valued at estimated cost.

g. Projects - in - Progress

Projects - in - Progress comprise Work in progress on ongoing projects and Land held by the company as at 31 st March, 2010. Projects - in - Progress are valued at cost.

h. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from services is recognised as per the terms of the contract with the customer using the proportionate completion method.

Income from fixed price construction contracts is recognised by reference to the estimated overall profitability of the contract under the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the costs incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated contract costs. Provision for expected loss is recognized immediately when it is probable that the total estimated contract costs will exceed total contract revenue.

Revenues under cost plus contracts are recognised as services are rendered on the basis of an agreed mark-up on costs incurred in accordance with arrangement entered.

Revenue recognition is postponed in circumstances when significant uncertainty with respect to collectability exists.

Maintenance revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

Interest income is recognized on accrual or receipt, whichever is earlier.

i. Foreign currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded in the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the profit and loss account of the year.

Translation

Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding as at the year-end, are translated at the year-end at the closing exchange rate. Non monetary items are stated in the balance sheet using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting companys monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

j. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risk and benefits of ownership of the leased items are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under an operating lease, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Leases under which the Company assumes subsequently all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charaed directly against income.

k. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current, deferred and fringe benefit tax.

Current income tax and fringe benefit tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income tax reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets and recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become virtually certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Provision for fringe benefit tax (FBT) is made on the basis of applicable FBT on the taxable value of specified expenses of the Company as prescribed under the Income Tax Act, 1961. However, in view of the abolition of FBT in The Finance Bill, 2009 and circular issued by the CBDT, advance FBT paid has been considered as Advance Income Tax paid for the year.

l. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liabilities are not provided for unless a reliable estimate of probable outflow to the company exists as at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

m Earnings per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

 
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