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Accounting Policies of Nath Bio-Genes (India) Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A GENERAL

i) The financial statements are prepared on historical cost basis in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and on accounting principles of a going concern. These financial statements have been prepared to comply with all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (the "Act").

ii) Interest on overdue debtors is accounted for as and when received, as the collection cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty.

iii) Sales return are accounted for / provided for in the year in which they pertain to, as ascertained till finalization of the books of account.

iv) Compensation on account of crop quality discounts are accounted for as and when settled.

v) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current classification of assets and liabilities.

B FIXED ASSETS:

1) Fixed Assets are stated at cost including freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto.

2) New product development expenditure is capitalized to Seed Development Know-how. The same is written off in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year of acquisition / incurring such expenditure.

C CAPITAL WORK-IN-PROGRESS

Expenditure related to and incurred during the implementation of the projects including advances is included under Capital Work-in- Progress and the same are capitalized under the appropriate heads on completion of the projects.

D DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets, except for Intangible Assets, Development and Research Assets (Seed Development Know-How & Gene Development Know-How), is provided for on basis of useful life specified in Schedule II to the Act.

ii) Intangible assets such as Brands, Trade Marks, Marketing Rights, Seed Development Know-How are amortized in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year in which the tangible benefits start accruing to the Company from such assets.

iii) Depreciation is charged as per the provisions of Schedule II to the Act based upon useful life of assets. The useful life is adopted for the purpose of depreciation is as under. Aslo refer Note No..36

Assets Useful life year

i) Factory Building 30

ii) Plant & Machineries 15

iii) Laboratory Equipment 10

iv) Agricultural Equipments 15

v) Office Equipments 15

vi) EDP Equipments 3

vii) Furniture & Fixture 10

viii) Motor Car & Light Vehicle 8

E RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

i) The research expenditure incurred has been charged off to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

ii) Certain expenses to the extent of 20% are transferred to Research and Development expenses as considered expedient by the management. Refer Note No 42

F INVENTORIES:

i) The inventories including sales returns are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is assigned on weighted average basis. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for.

ii) Cost of finished products comprises the cost of processing and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

G FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii) Current Assets and Current Liabilities in foreign currency outstanding as at the year-end are stated at the rates of exchange prevailing at the close of the year. The resultant gains/losses of the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H GOVERNMENT GRANTS

i) Grants are accounted for where it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

ii) Grants relating to Fixed Assets in the nature of Project Capital Subsidy are credited to Capital Reserve.

iii) Others are credited to Statement of Profit and Loss.

I RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

Liability as at the year end in respect of retirement benefits is provided for and/ or funded and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as follows:

i) Provident Fund / Family Pensions:

At a percentage of salary/wages for eligible employees.

ii) Gratuity

The liability in respect of future payment of gratuity is changed and the same is provided based on the actuarial valuation.

iii) Leave Encashment

The liability in respect of accumulated leave of the employees is provided based on the actuarial valuation.

G BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost directly attributable to acquisition, construction, production of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets up to the date of completion. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

K TAXATION

i) Provision for Current Tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per applicable provisions of Income Tax Act 1961.

ii) Deferred tax for timing difference between tax profit and book profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws as have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these assets can be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

L AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES

i) Income from the agricultural activities is accounted for up to the stage of dispatch of goods.

ii) Expenses which are directly related to the agricultural activities have been accounted for in the books of account under the respective activities. Expenses which are not related to the specific activities are allocated on the basis of turnover (net of return and Schemes & Discounts) of Agricultural activities and Trading activities.

iii) Certain unallocable expenses like extra-ordinary items / prior year expenses are not allocated.

M EARNING PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share is the net profit for the year attributable to equity share holders. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year and for all years presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2014

A GENERAL

i)The financial statements are prepared on historical cost basis in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards and on accounting principles of a going concern. These financial statements have been prepared to comply with all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act").

ii) Interest on overdue debtors is accounted for as and when received, as the collection cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty.

iii)Sales return are accounted for / provided for in the year in which they pertain to, as ascertained till finalization of the books of account.

iv) Compensation on account of crop quality discounts and claims for non-fulfillment of supply commitments etc are accounted for as and when settled.

B FIXED ASSETS:

1) Fixed Assets are stated at cost including freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto.

2) New product development expenditure is capitalized to Seed Development Know-how. The same is written off in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year of acquisition / incurring such expenditure.

C CAPITAL WORK-IN-PROGRESS Expenditure related to and incurred during the implementation of the projects including advances is included under Capital Work-in-Progress and the same are capitalized under the appropriate heads on completion of the projects.

D DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets, except for Intangible Assets, Development and Research Assets (Seed Development Know-How & Gene Development Know-How), is provided for on written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Act.

ii) Intangible assets such as Brands, Trade Marks, Marketing Rights, Seed Development Know-How are amortized in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year in which the tangible benefits start accruing to the Company from such assets.

E RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE: i) The research expenditure incurred has been charged off to the Statement of Profit & Loss. ii) Certain expenses to the extent of 20% are transferred to Research and Development expenses as considered expedient by the management. Refer Note No 42

F INVENTORIES: i) The inventories including sales returns are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except as stated here below. Cost is assigned on weighted average basis. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for. ii) Cost of finished products comprises the cost of processing and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

iii) Breeder seeds and seed parental lines are valued by the management on an estimated basis considering their production potentiality and relied upon by the auditors being a technical matter.

G FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS: i) Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. ii) Current Assets and Current Liabilities in foreign currency outstanding as at the year-end are stated at the rates of exchange prevailing at the close of the year. The resultant gains/losses of the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H GOVERNMENT GRANTS i) Grants are accounted for where it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made. ii) Grants relating to Fixed Assets in the nature of Project Capital Subsidy are credited to capital reserve. iii) Others are credited to Statement of Profit and Loss.

I RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

Liability as at the year end in respect of retirement benefits is provided for and/ or funded and charged to Statement of

Profit and Loss as follows:

i ) Pro v i dent Fund / Family Pensions :

At a percentage of salary/wages for eligible employees.

ii) Gratuity

The liability in respect of future payment of gratuity is changed and the same is provided based on the actuarial

valuation.

iii) Leave Encashment

The liability in respect of accumulated leave of the employees is provided based on the actuarial valuation.

J BORROWING COST Borrowing cost directly attributable to acquisition, construction, production of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets up to the date of completion. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

K TAXATION i) Provision for Current Tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per applicable provisions of Income Tax Act 1961.

ii) Deferred tax for timing difference between tax profit and book profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws as have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these assets can be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

L AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES i) Income from the agricultural activities is accounted for up to the stage of dispatch of goods.

ii) Expenses which are directly related to the agricultural activities have been accounted for in the books of account under the respective activities. Expenses which are not related to the specific activities are allocated on the basis of turnover (net of return and Schemes & Discounts) of Agricultural activities and Trading activities. iii) Certain unallowable expenses like extra-ordinary items / prior period expenses are not allocated.


Mar 31, 2013

I) The Financial Statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, on the accounting principles of a going concern and in accordance with the applicable accounting standards. All the expenses and incomes to the extent considered payable and receivable, respectively, unless specifically stated to be otherwise, are accounted for on accrual basis.

ii) Interest on overdue debtors is accounted for as and when received, as the collection cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty.

iii)Sales return are accounted for / provided for in the year in which they pertain to, as ascertained till finalization of the books of account.

iv) Compensation on account of crop quality discounts and claims for non-fulfillment of supply commitments etc are accounted for as and when settled.

B FIXED ASSETS:

1) Fixed Assets are stated at cost including freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto.

2) New product development expenditure is capitalized to Seed Development Know-how. The same is written off in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year of acquisition / incurring such expenditure.

C CAPITAL WORK-IN-PROGRESS

Expenditure related to and incurred during the implementation of the projects including advances is included under Capital Work-in-Progress and the same are capitalized under the appropriate heads on completion of the projects.

D DEPRECIATION / AMORTIZATION

i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets, except for Intangible Assets, Development and Research Assets (Seed Development Know- How & Gene Development Know-How), is provided for on written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 (hereinafter referred to as the "Act")

ii) Intangible assets such as Brands, Trade Marks, Marketing Rights, Seed Development Know-How are amortized in ten equal yearly installments commencing from the year in which the tangible benefits start accruing to the Company from such assets.

E RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

i) The research expenditure incurred has been charged off to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

ii) Certain expenses to the extent of 20% are transferred to Research and Development expenses as considered expedient by the management. Refer Note No 40

F INVENTORIES:

i) The inventories including sales returns are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except as stated here below. Cost is assigned on weighted average basis. Obsolete, defective and unserviceable stocks are provided for.

ii) Cost of finished products comprises the cost of processing and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

iii) Breeder seeds and seed parental lines are valued by the management on an estimated basis considering their production potentiality and relied upon by the auditors being a technical matter.

G FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii) Current Assets and Current Liabilities in foreign currency outstanding as at the year-end are stated at the rates of exchange prevailing at the close of the year. The resultant gains/losses of the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H GOVERNMENT GRANTS

i) Grants are accounted for where it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

ii) Grants relating to Fixed Assets in the nature of Project Capital Subsidy are credited to capital reserve.

iii) Others are credited to Statement of Profit and Loss.

I RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

Liability as at the yearend in respect of retirement benefits is provided for and/ or funded and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss as follows:

i) Provident Fund / Family Pensions:

At a percentage of salary/wages for eligible employees.

ii) Gratuity

The liability in respect of future payment of gratuity is changed and the same is provided based on the actuarial valuation.

iii) Leave Encashment

The liability in respect of accumulated leave of the employees is provided based on the actuarial valuation.

J BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost directly attributable to acquisition, construction, production of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets up to the date of completion. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

K TAXATION

i) Provision for Current Tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per applicable provisions of Income Tax Act 1961.

ii) Deferred tax for timing difference between tax profit and book profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws as have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these assets can be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date.

L AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES

i) Income from the agricultural activities is accounted for up to the stage of dispatch of goods.

ii) Expenses which are directly related to the agricultural activities have been accounted for in the books of account under the respective activities. Expenses which are not related to the specific activities are allocated on the basis of turnover (net of return and Schemes & Discounts) of Agricultural activities and Trading activities.

iii) Certain unallowable expenses like extra-ordinary items / prior period expenses are not allocated.

 
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