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Accounting Policies of Nectar Lifesciences Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. BASIS FOR PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

i) These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP), including the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest rupees in millions.

ii) All the incomes & expenditures are recognized on accrual basis, except if stated otherwise.

2. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

i) Fixed Assets have been stated at cost, net of cenvat/value added tax availed, but inclusive of attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition for their intended use, less depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 /as per Accounting Standard issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

ii) Cost of leasehold assets is amortized over the period of the lease.

3. INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long term investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made if decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current Investments are valued at cost and provision is made for decline in market value.

4. INVENTORIES

i) Raw materials. Stores and Spares and Packing material

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventory comprises all cost of purchase and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

ii) Finished Goods and work in process

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct material, labour and proportionate manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

iii) Traded goods

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes the purchase price and other associated costs directly incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Initial Recognition

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts. Are translated at year end rates.

iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise. The exchange difference on foreign currency denominated long term borrowings relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets for current year.

6. REVENUE RECOGNITION

i) Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, inter-division transfers, sales tax but includes excise duty.

ii) Dividend income is recognized as and when the right to receive is established.

iii) Export benefits and other benefits are accounted for on accrual basis. Export entitlements are recognized as reduction from material consumption when the right to receive credit is established in respect of the exports made and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of the relevant export proceeds.

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable fully within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Contribution to the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, is recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which the contribution is due.

ii) Long Term Employee Benefits

Post Employment Benefits (Defined Benefit Plans) The employee gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined at Balance Sheet date based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

Long term employee benefit also comprises of compensated absences. These are measured based on an actuarial valuations carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit method at balance sheet date unless they are insignificant. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized Immediately in the profit and loss account.

8. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

9. LEASES

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and benefits of the ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals for assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account in accordance withAccountingStandardl9on leases.

10. GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND SUBSIDIES

Grants and Subsidies are recognized when there is a reasonable Assurance that the grant or subsidy will be received and that all underlying conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

11. EARNINGS PERSHARE

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

12. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

Preliminary expenses are written off over a period of 10 years.

13. DEFERRED REVENUE EXPENDITURE:

Cost incurred on product development, product approvals, US FDA Fees, Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) Fees and such other related research and development expenses are recognized as deferred revenue expenditure and the same is amortized on a straight line basis over a period of succeeding five years. Development costs of products are charged to the Profit and Loss Statement unless a product's technological feasibility has been established, in which case such expenditure is capitalised.

14. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above.

15. DEFERRED TAX

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are reviewed at each balance sheet date and are restated to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain to be released/payable.


Mar 31, 2014

1. BASIS FOR PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

i) The financial statements of Nectar Lifesciences Limited (" the Company ") have been prepared and presented to comply with the historical cost conventions in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), mandatory Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rule 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section ( 1 ) (a) of Section 642 read with sub section (3C) of Section 211 & sub-section (1) of Section 210 A to the extent applicable and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and on the basis of going concern.

ii) All the incomes & expenditures are recognized on accrual basis.

2. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

i) Fixed Assets have been stated at cost, net of Cenvat/Value Added Tax availed, but inclusive of attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition for their intended use, less depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Cost of leasehold assets is amortized over the period of the lease.

3. INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long term investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made if decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current Investments are valued at cost and provision is made for decline in market value.

4. INVENTORIES

i) Raw materials. Stores and Spares and Packing material Lower of Cost and Net Realizable value. Cost of inventory comprises all cost of purchase and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

ii) Finished Goods and work in process

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes direct material, labour and proportionate manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

iii) Traded goods

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes the purchase price and other associated costs directly incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Initial Recognition

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts, are translated at year end rates.

iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise. The exchange difference on foreign currency denominated long term borrowings relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets for current year.

6. REVENUE RECOGNITION

i) Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, inter-division transfers, sales tax but includes excise duty.

ii) Dividend income is recognized as and when the right to receive is established.

iii) Export benefits and other benefits are accounted for on accrual basis. Export entitlements are recognized as reduction from material consumption when the right to receive credit is established in respect of the exports made and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of the relevant export proceeds.

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable fully within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. Contributions to the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, is recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which the contribution is due.

ii) Long Term Employee Benefits

Post Employment Benefits (Defined Benefit Plans)

The employees gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined at Balance Sheet date based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

Long term employee benefit also comprises of compensated absences. These are measured based on an actuarial valuations carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit method at balance sheet date unless they are insignificant. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

8. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

9. LEASES

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and benefits of the ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals for assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on leases.

10. GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND SUBSIDIES

Grants and Subsidies are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant or subsidy will be received and that all underlying conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

11. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

12. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

Preliminary expenses are written off over a period of 10 years.

13. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above.

14. DEFERRED TAX

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in futuRs. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are reviewed at each balance sheet date and are restated to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain to be released/ payable.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis for preparation of financial statements

I) The financial statements of Nectar Lifesciences Limited (" the Company ") have been prepared and presented to comply with the historical cost conventions in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), mandatory Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rule 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (1) (a) of Section 642 read with sub section (3C) of Section 211 & sub-section (1) of Section 210 A to the extent applicable and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and on the basis of going concern.

ii) All the Incomes & Expenditures are recognized on accrual basis.

2. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

i) Fixed Assets have been stated at cost net of Cenvat/Value Added Tax availed, but inclusive of attributable costs of bringing the asset to their working condition for their intended use less depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Cost of leasehold assets is amortized over the period of the lease.

3. Investments

Investments are classified into current and non current investments. Non current Investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in value is made if decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current Investments are valued at cost and provision is made for decline in market value.

4. Inventories

I. Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Packing material

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost of inventory comprises all cost of purchase and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

ii. Finished Goods and work in process

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes direct material, labour and proportionate of manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

iii. Traded goods

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes the purchase price and other associated costs directly incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location.

Net reliazable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5. Foreign Exchange Transactions

a. Initial Recognition

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Conversion

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts, are translated at year end rates.

c. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise. The exchange difference on foreign currency denominated long term borrowings relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets for current year.

6. Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, inter-division transfers, sales tax but includes excise duty.

ii) Dividend income is recognized as and when the right to receive is established.

iii) Export benefits and other benefits are accounted for on accrual basis. Export entitlements are recognized as reduction from material consumption when the right to receive credit is established in respect of the exports made and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of the relevant export proceeds.

7. Employee Benefits

i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable fully within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Contributions to the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, is recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which the contribution is due.

ii) Long Term Employee Benefits:

Post Employment Benefits (Defined Benefit Plans)

The employees gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined at Balance Sheet date based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

Long term employee benefit also comprises of compensated absences. These are measured based on an actuarial valuations carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit method at balance sheet date unless they are insignificant. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

8. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

9. Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and benefits of the ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals for assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on leases.

10. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and Subsidies are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant or subsidy will be received and that all underlying conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

11. Earnings Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

12. Other Non Current Assets

Preliminary expenses are written off over a period of 10 years.

13. Impairment of Assets

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above.

14. Deferred Tax

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are reviewed at each balance sheet date and are restated to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain to be released/ payable.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis for preparation of financial statements

i) The financial statements of Nectar Lifesciences Limited (" the Company ") have been prepared and presented to comply with the historical cost conventions in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), mandatory Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section ( 1 ) (a) of Section 642 read with sub section (3C) of Section 211 & sub-section (1) of Section 210 A to the extent applicable and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and on the basis of going concern.

ii) All the Incomes & Expenditures are recognized on accrual basis.

iii) Figures have been taken nearest to million rupees.

iv) Previous year figures have been re-grouped and re-arranged wherever considered necessary to confirm to this year's classification.

2. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

i) Fixed Assets have been stated at cost net of Cenvat/Value Added Tax availed, but inclusive of attributable costs of bringing the asset to their working condition for their intended use less depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Cost of leasehold assets is amortized over the period of the lease.

3. Inventories

a. Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Packing material

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost of inventory comprises all cost of purchase and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

b. Finished Goods and work in process

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value. Cost includes direct material, labour and proportionate of manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

4. Foreign Exchange Transactions

a. Initial Recognition

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Conversion

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts, are translated at year end rates.

c. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise. The exchange difference on foreign currency denominated long term borrowings relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets for current year.

5. Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, inter-division transfers, sales tax but includes excise duty.

ii) Dividend income is recognized as and when the right to receive is established.

iii) Export benefits and other benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

6. Employee Benefits

i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable fully within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefit and are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Post Employment Benefits (Defined Benefit Plans)

The employees gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined at balance Sheet date based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

iii) Post Employment Benefits ( Defined Contribution Plans)

Contributions to the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, is recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which the contribution is due.

iv) Long Term Employee Benefits

Long term employee benefit comprises of compensated absences. These are measured based on an actuarial valuations carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit method at balance sheet date unless they are insignificant. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

7. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

8. Leases

Lease rental for assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on leases.

9. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and Subsidies are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant or subsidy will be received and that all underlying conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

10. Earnings Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Miscellaneous Expenditure

Preliminary expenses are written off over a period of 10 years.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis for preparation of financial statements

i) The financial statements of Nectar Lifesciences Limited (" the Company ") have been prepared and presented to comply with the historical cost conventions in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), mandatory Accounting Standards referred to in the Companies (Accounting standards) Rule 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section ( 1 ) (a) of Section 642 read with sub section (3C) of Section 211 & sub-section (1) of Section 210 A to the extent applicable and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and on the basis of going concern.

ii) All the Incomes & Expenditures are recognized on accrual basis.

iii) Figures have been taken nearest to million rupees.

iv) Previous year figures have been re-grouped and re-arranged wherever considered necessary

2. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

i) Fixed Assets have been stated at cost net of Cenvat/Value Added Tax availed, but inclusive of attributable costs of bringing the asset to their working condition for their intended use less depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Leasehold assets cost is amortized over the period of the lease.

3. Inventories

a. Raw materials, Stores and Spares and Packing material Lower of Cost and Net Realizable value. Cost of inventory comprises all cost of purchase and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

b. Finished Goods and work in process

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct material, labour and proportion of manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

4. Foreign Exchange Transactions

a. Initial Recognition

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

b. Conversion

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, as at the balance sheet date, not covered by forward exchange contracts, are translated at year end rates.

c. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting companys monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise. The exchange difference on foreign currency denominated long term borrowings relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets for current year.

5. Revenue Recognition

i) Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, inter- division transfers, and sales tax but includes excise duty.

ii) Dividend income is recognized as and when the right to receive is established.

iii) Export benefits and other benefits are accounted for on accrual basis.

6. Employee Benefits

i) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Employee benefits payable fully within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefit and are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Post Employment Benefits (Defined Benefit Plans)

The employees gratuity scheme is a defined benefit plan. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined at balance Sheet date based on an actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

iii) Post Employment Benefits ( Defined Contribution Plans)

Contributions to the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, is recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which the contribution is due.

iv) Long Term Employee Benefits

Long term employee benefit comprises of compensated absences. These are measured based on an actuarial valuations carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit method at balance sheet date unless they are insignificant. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the profit and loss account.

7. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

8. Leases

Lease rental for assets taken on operating lease are charged to the profit and loss account in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 on leases.

9. Government Grants and Subsidies

Grants and Subsidies are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant or subsidy will be received and that all underlying conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

10. Earnings Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Miscellaneous Expenditure

i) Preliminary expenses are written off over a period of 10 years.

ii) Deferred Revenue Expenditures are written off over a period of 5 years.

 
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