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Accounting Policies of Nihar Info Global Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

Overview Company

Nihar Info Global Limited was incorporated on 12th January 1995 as a Public Limited Company. Company is engaged in the business of Software and e-Commerce. It is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange. The company undertakes development and/or trade in sale, import or exports of computer software and carry out on the business of Research and development, designing, manufacturing, trading and deal in all type of computer software and hardware and render consultancy services in the field of software development and turnkey projects and solutions.

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises accounting standards notified by the Central Government of India under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, other pronouncements of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of Companies Act, 2013.The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Current-non-current classification

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current.

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

a) It is expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company's normal operating cycle;

b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

c) it is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date; or

d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets. All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classifies as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

a) it is expected to be settled in the Company's normal operating cycle;

b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

c) it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or

d) the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current financial liabilities. All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Operating Cycle

Operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents.

1.4 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets comprises of the purchase price, taxes, duties, freight and any other directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition for their intended use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method, at the rates based on the useful life of the fixed assets as estimated by the Management or at the rates prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 whichever is higher.

1.5 Revenue Recognition

i) Income from software related services is accounted for on the basis of services rendered and billed to the clients on acceptance and/or on the basis of man days/man hours spent as per the terms of the contract with the clients. Income from software products is recognized on the basis of the sale of the clients.

ii) Income from software training is accounted on accrual basis.

iii) Revenue from Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMC) is recognized on a pro rata basis over the period in which such services are rendered.

iv) Interest income on term deposits is recognized during the time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction.

1.6 Expenditure

Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and the provisions are made for all expected losses and liabilities.

1.7 Investment

Long term investment is carried at cost, and provision is made to recognize any decline other than temporary, in the value of such investment.

1.8 Retirement benefits

Provision for accrued gratuity liability is provided on actual basis which is not actuarial valuation.

2.0 Income Taxes

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Income tax expense is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Current Tax

The current charge for the income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company.

Deferred Taxes

Deferred tax charge or benefit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income, which originate during the year but reverse after the tax holiday period. The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain to be realized. The break-up of the major components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities as at balance sheet date has been arrived at after setting off deferred tax assets and liabilities where the Company has a legally enforceable right to set-off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

2.1 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit/ (loss) before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

2.2 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provision:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past events that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to reflect the current best estimate of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

2.3 As Stipulated in AS-28, the company has assessed potential of economic benefits of its business limits, and is of the view that the assets employed in continuing business are capable of generating adequate returns over their useful life in the usual course of its business. There is no impairment indication to the company and accordingly the management is of the view that no impairment provision is called for in these accounts.

2.7 The company has gone for scheme of arrangement under section 391 and 394 read with sections 100 to 103 and 78 of the Companies Act,1956.The company has received the order vide MCA no 700 of 2013 dated 13th March, 2014 from the High Court of Andhra Pradesh approving the scheme of arrangement. The scheme provides for conversion of unsecured loans of Rs.2,67,52,700/- into Equity and reduction of share capital. The effect of above order is implemented in the books of account on 02 May 2014.

2.8 Letters have been issued to parties for confirmation of balances (including Investments) with the request to confirm or send comment by the stipulated date failing which balance as indicated in the letter would be taken as confirmed. Confirmation letters have not been received. However, no adverse communication received from any party till date.

2.9 Earnings per share (EPS)

Basic earnings per share ('EPS') is computed by dividing the net profit/(loss) after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit/(loss) after tax for the year and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date.

2.10 The Company has entered into rent agreement for office premises. The rentals of Rs. 2,72,283/- of which Rs 1,80,000 were charged in the statement of Profit and Loss. These agreements are cancellable in nature.

2.11 Previous year's figures have been regrouped/rearranged to conform to those of the current year.

(i) The remote e-voting period begins on 26th September, 2015 at 10.00 A.M. and ends on 29th September, 2015 at 5.00 P.M. During this period shareholders' of the Company, holding shares either in physical form or in dematerialized form, as on the cut-off date 19th September, 2015, may cast their vote electronically. The remote e-voting module shall be disabled by CDSL for voting thereafter.

(ii) The shareholders should log on to the e-voting website www.evotingindia.com.

(iii) Click on Shareholders.

(iv) Now Enter your User ID

a. For CDSL: 16 digits beneficiary ID,

b. For NSDL: 8 Character DP ID followed by 8 Digits Client ID,

c. Members holding shares in Physical Form should enter Folio Number registered with the Company.

(v) Next enter the Image Verification as displayed and Click on Login.

(vi) If you are holding shares in demat form and had logged on to www.evotingindia.com and voted on an earlier voting of any company, then your existing password is to be used.

(viii) After entering these details appropriately, click on "SUBMIT" tab.

(ix) Members holding shares in physical form will then directly reach the Company selection screen. However, members holding shares in demat form will now reach 'Password Creation' menu wherein they are required to mandatorily enter their login password in the new password field. Kindly note that this password is to be also used by the demat holders for voting for resolutions of any other company on which they are eligible to vote, provided that company opts for remote e-voting through CDSL platform. It is strongly recommended not to share your password with any other person and take utmost care to keep your password confidential.

(x) For Members holding shares in physical form, the details can be used only for remote e-voting on the resolutions contained in this Notice.

(xi) Click on the EVSN for the relevant Nihar Info Global Ltd. on which you choose to vote.

(xii) On the voting page, you will see "RESOLUTION DESCRIPTION" and against the same the option "YES/NO" for voting. Select the option YES or NO as desired. The option YES implies that you assent to the Resolution and option NO implies that you dissent to the Resolution.

(xiii) Click on the "RESOLUTIONS FILE LINK" if you wish to view the entire Resolution details.

(xiv) After selecting the resolution you have decided to vote on, click on " SUBMIT". A confirmation box will be displayed. If you wish to confirm your vote, click on "OK", else to change your vote, click on "CANCEL" and accordingly modify your vote.

(xv) Once you "CONFIRM" your vote on the resolution, you will not be allowed to modify your vote.

(xvi) You can also take out print of the voting done by you by clicking on "Click here to print" option on the Voting page.

(xvii) If Demat account holder has forgotten the same password then Enter the User ID and the image verification code and click on Forgot Password & enter the details as prompted by the system.

(xviii)Note for Non – Individual Shareholders and Custodians

- Non-Individual shareholders (i.e. other than Individuals, HUF, NRI etc.) and Custodian are required to log on to www.evotingindia.com and register themselves as Corporate.

- A scanned copy of the Registration Form bearing the stamp and sign of the entity should be emailed to helpdesk.evoting@cdslindia.com.

- After receiving the login details a compliance user should be created using the admin login and password. The Compliance user would be able to link the account(s) for which they wish to vote on.

- The list of accounts should be mailed to helpdesk.evoting@cdslindia.com and on approval of the accounts they would be able to cast their vote.

- A scanned copy of the Board Resolution and Power of Attorney (POA) which they have issued in favour of the Custodian, if any, should be uploaded in PDF format in the system for the scrutinizer to verify the same.

In case you have any queries or issues regarding remote e-voting, you may refer the Frequently Asked Questions ("FAQs") and e-voting manual available at www.evotingindia.com, under help section or write an email to helpdesk.evoting@cdslindia.com


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Preparation

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all aspects with the accounting standards notified under section 211(3C) (which continues to be applicable in terms of circular 15/2013 dated September 13,2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act,2013) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act,1956. These financial statements have been prepared and presented in Indian rupees.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

1.3 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of tangible assets are added back to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or otherwise disposed of. Individual assets costing less than Rs.5, 000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

1.4 Revenue Recognition

i) Income from software related services is accounted for on the basis of services rendered and billed to the clients on acceptance and/or on the basis of man days/ man hours spent as per the terms of the contract with the clients. Income from software products is recognized on the basis of the sale of the clients.

ii) Income from software training is accounted on accrual basis.

iii) Revenue from Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMC) is recognized on a pro rata basis over the period in which such services are rendered.

iv) Interest income on term deposits is recognized during the time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction.

1.5 Expenditure

Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and the provisions are made for all expected losses and liabilities.

1.6 Investment

Long term investment is carried at cost, and provision is made to recognize any decline other than temporary, in the value of such investment.

1.7 Retirement benefits

Provision for accrued gratuity liability is provided on actualbasis.

1.8 Deferred Taxes

Deferred tax charge or benefit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income, which originate during the year but reverse after the tax holiday period.The deferred tax charge or benefit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain to be realized. The break-up of the major components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities as at balance sheet date has been arrived at after setting off deferred tax assets and liabilities where the Company has a legally enforceable right to set-off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

1.9 Foreign Exchange Transactions

i) Foreign currency transactions arising during the year are recorded as per the prescribed foreign exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii) Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are stated at the contact rates and / or at the transaction rote.

1.10 Earnings per Share

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profits after tax and includes the post -tax effect of any extraordinary items. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation

The financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting policies requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

2. Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes freight, duties (net of MODVAT), taxes and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on pro-rata basis.

3. Revenue Recognition

i) Income from software related services is accounted for on the basis of services rendered and billed to the clients on acceptance and/or on the basis of man days/ man hours spent as per the terms of the contract with the clients. Income from software products is recognized on the basis of the sale to the clients.

ii) Income from software training is accounted on accrual basis.

iii) Revenue from Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMC) is recognized on a pro rata basis over the period in which such services are rendered.

iv) Interest income on term deposits is recognized using the time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction.

v) During the year the Company has Written Off Rs.16,95,396/- towards Bad debts.

4. Expenditure

Expenses are accounted on Accrual basis and the provisions are made for all expected losses and liabilities.

5. Investments:

Long-term investments are carried at cost, and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investment.

6. Retirement Benefits

Provision for accured gratuity liability is provided on accturial basis, leave encashment is provided on cash basis.

7. Deferred Taxes

Deferred tax is provided, on all temporary differences at the Balance sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or subsequently enacted at the Balance sheet date.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions

i) Foreign currency transactions arising during the year are recorded as per the prescribed foreign exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

ii) Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are stated at contract rates and / or at the transaction rate.

9. Earning per Share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post - tax effect of any extra-ordinary items. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Preparation

The financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting policies requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

2. Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes freight, duties (net of MODVAT), taxes and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on pro-rata basis.

3. Revenue Recognition

i) Income from software related services is accounted for on the basis of services rendered and billed to the clients on acceptance and/or on the basis of man days/ man hours spent as per the terms of the contract with the clients. Income from software products is recognized on the basis of the sale to the clients.

ii) Income from software training is accounted on accrual basis.

iii) Revenue from Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMC) is recognized on a pro rata basis over the period in which such services are rendered.

iv) Interest income on term deposits is recognized using the time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Expenditure

Expenses are accounted on Accrual basis and the provisions are made for all expected losses and liabilities.

5. Investments:

Long-term investments are carried at cost, and provision is made to recognize any decline, Other than temporary, in the value of such investment.

6. Retirement Benefits

Provision for accured gratuity liability is provided on accturial basis, leave encashment is provided on cash basis

7. Deferred Taxes

Deferred tax is provided, on all temporary differences at the Balance sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or subsequently enacted at the Balance sheet date.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions

i) Foreign currency transactions arising during the year are recorded at per the prescribed foreign exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

ii) Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are stated at contract rates and / or at the transaction rate.

9. Earning per Share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post – tax effect of any extra-ordinary items. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of Preparation :

The financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Use of Estimates :

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting policies requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual and estimates are recognized in the period in which in results are known/materialized.

2. Fixed Assets and depreciation :

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes freight, duties (net of MODVAT), taxes and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

ii) Depreciation on fixed Assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on pro-rata basis.

3. Revenue Recognition :

i) Income from software related services is accounted for on the basis of services rendered and billed to the clients on acceptance and/or on the basis of man days man hours spent as per the terms of the contract with the clients. Income from software products is recognized on the basis of the sale to the clients.

ii) Interest income on funds deployed is accounted for on the basis of applicable interest rates using the time proportion method.

iii) Income from software training is accounted on accrual basis. iv) Revenue from Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMC) is recognized on a pro rata basis over the period in which such services are rendered.

iv) Interest income on term deposits is recogni2ed using the time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Expenditure:

Expenses are accounted on Accrual basis and the provisions are made for all expected losses and liabilities.

5. Investments:

Long-term investments are carried at cost, and provision is made to recognize any decline, Other than temporary, in the value of such investment.

6. Miscellaneous Expenditure :

i) Website Builder expenses are written off over a period of five years, the product development is completed and put to commercial use and the first year i.e., 2007.08. Rs.9.54 Lacs have been written off and the similar amount thereafter every year.

7. Retirement Benefits :

Companys contribution to PE is charged to P & L account. Provision for accrued gratuity liability in respect of future payments to employees who have put in qualifying services. Provision for accrued gratuity liability is provided for only employees who have put in qualifying services. Leave encashment is provided as per prevailing companys policy on encashment of leave.

8. Deferred Taxes:

Deferred tax is provided, on all temporary differences at the Balance sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or subsequently enacted at the Balance sheet date.

9. Foreign Exchange Transactions :

i) Foreign currency transactions arising during the year are recorded at per the prescribed foreign exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

ii) Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are stated at contract rates and / or at the transaction rate.

10. Earning per Share :

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post - tax effect of any extra-ordinary items. The number of shares used in computing the basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.