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Accounting Policies of Niraj Cement Structurals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Corporate Information

M/s. Niraj Cement Structurals Limited (the company) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with Companies Act 2013. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India wise BSE and NSE. The Company is engaged in execution of contracts of various infrastructure projects including road work, bridge work and irrigation projects.

b. Basis of Preparation/Accounting of Financial Statement:

The financial statement have been prepared under the historical cost convention and on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) including the Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('Act' ) read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,2014, the provisions of the Act (to the extent notified). Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

c. Financial Statements: Presentation and Disclosures:

Financial Statements contain the information and disclosures mandated by Revised Schedule VI, applicable Accounting Standards, other applicable pronouncements and regulations.

d. Use of Estimate:

The preparation and presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made, that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities as on date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in future periods.

Difference between the actual results and estimates is recognised in the period in which the actual results are known / materialized.

e. Fixed Assets and Depreciation :

i. All the fixed assets purchased are stated at cost of acquisition or construction of assets, net of recoverable taxes, except in case of those assets which are revalued, less accumulated depreciation or impairment loss thereof if any. The cost includes borrowing costs, exchange differences arising in respect of foreign currency loans or other liabilities incurred, expenses incidental to acquisition and installation, attributable to bringing the assets to their intended use.

ii. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

iii. The Company do not have Intangible Assets and Capital Work In Progress for the period.

iv. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on "Straight line Method", at the rates arrived as per useful life as mentioned in Fixed Assets Schedule, from 1st April 2014 (for assets existing on 01/04/2014) and from date of put to use for other assets after considering Residual Value five percent, which is based on internal assessment and independent technical evaluation carried out by technical expert and the management believes that the useful lives as given above best represent the period.

v. Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rate as above or rate derived as per its estimated useful life, whichever is higher.

vi. Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

vii. In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over the remaining useful life.

f. Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances:

Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances are stated net of provision for identified doubtful debts / advances wherever necessary. Sundry Debtors and Loans and Advances has been taken at reconciled amount for the parties from which the balance confirmation was received and for the rest Debtors and balances are taken as per book balance and are subject to adjustment and reconciliation, if any which will be done on receipts of confirmation from such parties. In the opinion of the management on which we have placed reliance, substantial part of debtors are outstanding for a period exceeding six months and they are subject to arbitration and other reconciliatory proceedings, the outcome and quantum of which is not ascertainable and determined; subject to reconciliations referred to above, the debtors and Loans and advances to the extent as stated are considered good in the Balance Sheet.

g. Investments:

The Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the Balance Sheet date are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are recognised at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted/fair value, computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

h. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statements comprise Cash at bank and cash on hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

i. Derivative Instruments:

As per the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than those covered under AS - 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss after considering the offsetting effects on the underlying hedge item, is charged to the income statement.

j. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a) Initial currency transaction

Foreign exchanges are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the value were determined.

c) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement /conversion of monetary items is recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

k. Revenue Recognition:

Contract Receipt

In respect of Construction contracts and in manner specified under Accounting Standard AS-7 on Construction Contracts, Revenue is recognized on Stage of Completion Method based on the Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities and Work completed and Uncertified Bills on the Project. The relevant cost is recognized in accounts in the year of recognition of the revenue.

The total costs of contract are estimated by Company and are based on technical and other estimates and experience gain.

Profit is recognised only when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably. When the construction contract is expected to result in a loss on completion of the entire contract, the entire loss is recognized as an expense immediately in the same reporting period.

The Company's claim for extra work and escalation in rates relating to execution of contracts are accounted as income in the year of receipt of arbitration award or acceptance by client or evidence of acceptance received.

Other Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income recognized as and when right to receive established.

All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

l. Contract Receipts - Joint venture:

Proportionate Consolidation method of accounting and reporting is followed in respect of Joint venture entered into by the Company. The Income from such joint venture is recognized proportionately, in the profit sharing ratio, and on the basis of Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities. The actual expenses for such Project in Joint Venture are also accounted on the basis of the Profit sharing ratio for the consolidation purposes

m. Valuation of work in progress:

i. The work in progress has been determined by the Management at the estimated realizable value.

ii. The value of work in progress comprises of value of materials and expenses incurred at site including estimated profits thereon in terms of guidelines provided under Accounting Standards AS 7 on Construction Contracts.

n. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs are accounted on accrual basis. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

o. Taxation:

a. Tax expenses compromise of current tax & deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier year.

b. The deferred tax is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as on the Balance sheet date.

p. Impairment of Assets :

As at each balance sheet date, the carrying amount of assets is tested for impairment so as to determine:

* The provision for impairment loss required, if any, or

* The reversal required of impairment loss recognised in previous periods, if any,

Impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

Recoverable amount is determined:

* In the case of an individual asset, at higher of net selling price and the value in use.

q. Retirement Benefits :

i. Contribution to defined contribution plans such as retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund Schemes whether in pursuance of law or otherwise is accounted on accrual basis and charged to Profit and loss account of the year.

ii. Defined benefit plans like gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit, and measures each unit separately to build up final obligation.

iii. In relation to short term employees benefits cost of accumulated compensated absences accounted when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and cost of non- accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

iv. No separate provision has been made in respect of leave encashment as the same is paid to employees as and when it is claimed.

r. Overdue Charges in Respect of Loans

Overdue charges if any levied by Financial Institutions / Banks / NBFC are not considered during the currency of the loan. The same is considered as a financial expense in the year of final settlement of loan amount.

s. Provisions:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event

ii. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

iii. The amount of obligation can be reliably estimated Provisions made in terms of accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the management estimates required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.

t. The cash flow statement is prepared in the manner set out in Accounting Standards 3. Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash on hand and balances with bank including bank deposits having maturity period within three months.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation/Accounting of Financial Statement:

The financial statement have been prepared under the historical cost convention and on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) and comply in all material aspect with the Notified Accounting Standards stated in Companies Accounting Standards Rule,2006 (as amended) and the relevant provision of the Companies Act,1956. Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies have been con-sistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimate:

The preparation and presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made, that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities as on date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in future periods. Difference between the actual results and estimates is recognised in the period in which the actual results are known / materialized.

c. Fixed Assets and Depreciation :

i. All the fixed assets purchased are stated at cost of acquisition or construction of assets, net of recoverable taxes, except in case of those assets which are revalued, less accumulated depreciation or impairment loss thereof if any. The cost includes borrowing costs, exchange differences arising in respect of foreign currency loans or other liabilities incurred, expenses incidental to acquisition and installation, attributable to bringing the assets to their intended use.

ii. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

iii. The Company do not have Intangible Assets and Capital Work In Progress for the period.

iv. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on "Straight line Method", at the rates and the manner as prescribed by Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

v. Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rate specified u/s-205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 or rate derived as per its estimated useful life, whichever is higher.

vi. Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

vii. In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over the remaining useful life.

d.Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances:

Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances are stated net of provision for identified doubtful debts / advances. Sundry Debtors and Loans and Advances has been taken at reconciled amount for the parties from which the balance confirmation was received and for the rest Debtors and balances are taken as per book balance and are subject to adjustment and reconciliation, if any which will be done on receipts of confirmation from such parties. In the opinion of the management on which we have placed reliance, substantial part of Debtors are outstanding for a period exceeding six months and they are subject to arbitration and other reconciliatory proceedings the outcome and quantum of which is not ascertainable and determined, and subject to reconciliations referred to above, the debtors and Loans and advances to the extent as stated are considered good in the Balance Sheet .

e. Investments:

The Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the Balance Sheet date are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments. On initial recognition, all investments are recognised at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted/fair value, computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statements comprise Cash at bank and cash on hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less. g. Derivative Instruments:

As per the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than those covered under AS - 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss after considering the offsetting effects on the underlying hedge item, is charged to the income statement.

h. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a) Initial currency transaction Foreign exchanges are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the value were determined.

c) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement /conversion of monetary items is recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

i. Revenue Recognition: Contract Receipt In respect of Construction contracts and in manner specified under Accounting Standard AS-7 on Construction Contracts, Revenue is recognized on Percentage completion method based on the Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities and Work completed and Uncertified Bills on the Project. The relevant cost is recognized in ac-counts in the year of recognition of the revenue.

The total costs of contract are estimated by Company and are based on technical and other estimates, this being an Technical subject, the auditors have relied on such assumptions.

Profit is recognised only when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably. When the construction contract is expected to result in a loss on completion of the entire contract, the entire loss is recognized as an expense immediately in the same reporting period.

The Company''s claim for extra work and escalation in rates relating to execution of contracts are accounted as income in the year of receipt of arbitration award or acceptance by client or evidence of acceptance received.

Other Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income recognized as and when right to receive established. All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

j. Contract Receipts - Joint venture:

Proportionate Consolidation method of accounting and reporting is followed in respect of Joint venture entered into by the Company. The Income from such joint venture is recognized proportionately, in the profit sharing ratio, and on the basis of Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities. The actual expenses for such Project in Joint Venture are also accounted on the basis of the Profit sharing ratio for the consolidation purposes.

k. Valuation of work in progress:

i. The work in progress has been determined by the Management at the estimated realizable value.

ii. The value of work in progress comprises of value of materials and expenses incurred at site including estimated profits thereon in terms of guidelines provided under Accounting Standards AS 7 on Construction Contracts.

l. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs are accounted on accrual basis. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

m. Taxation:

a. Tax expenses compromise of current tax & deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier year.

b. The deferred tax is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as on the Bal-ance sheet date.

n. Impairment of Assets :

As at each balance sheet date, the carrying amount of assets is tested for impairment so as to determine:

* The provision for impairment loss required, if any, or

* The reversal required of impairment loss recognised in previous periods, if any, Impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is determined:

* In the case of an individual asset, at higher of net selling price and the value in use.

o. Retirement Benefits :

i. Contribution to defined contribution plans such as retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund Schemes whether in pursuance of law or otherwise is accounted on accrual basis and charged to Profit and loss account of the year.

ii. Defined benefit plans like gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit, and measures each unit separately to build up final obligation.

iii. In relation to short term employees benefits cost of accumulated compensated absences accounted when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and cost of nonaccumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

iv. No separate provision has been made in respect of leave encashment as the same is paid to employees as and when it is claimed.

p. Provisions:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event

ii. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

iii. The amount of obligation can be reliably estimated Provisions made in terms of accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the management estimates required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.

q. The cash flow statement is prepared in the manner set out in Accounting Standards 3. Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash on hand and balances with bank including bank deposits having ma-turity period within three months.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation/Accounting of Financial Statement:

The financial statement have been prepared under the historical cost convention and on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) and comply in all material aspect with the Notified Accounting Standards stated in Companies Accounting Standards Rule,2006 (as amended) and the relevant provision of the Companies Act,1956. Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimate:

The preparation and presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made, that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities as on date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in future periods.

Difference between the actual results and estimates is recognised in the period in which the actual results are known / materialized.

c. Fixed Assets and Depreciation :

i. All the fixed assets purchased are stated at cost of acquisition or construction of assets, net of recoverable taxes, except in case of those assets which are revalued, less accumulated depreciation or impairment loss thereof if any. The cost includes borrowing costs, exchange differences arising in respect of foreign currency loans or other liabilities incurred, expenses incidental to acquisition and installation, attributable to bringing the assets to their intended use.

ii. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

iii. The Company do not have Intangible Assets and Capital Work In Progress for the period.

iv. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on "Straight line Method", at the rates and the manner as prescribed by Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

v. Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rate specified u/s-205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 or rate derived as per its estimated useful life, whichever is higher.

vi. Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

vii. In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over the remaining useful life.

d. Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances:

Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances are stated net of provision for identified doubtful debts / advances. Sundry Debtors and Loans and Advances has been taken at reconciled amount for the parties from which the balance confirmation was received and for the rest Debtors and balances are taken as per book balance and are subject to adjustment and reconciliation, if any which will be done on receipts of confirmation from such parties. In the opinion of the management on which we have placed reliance, substantial part of Debtors are outstanding for a period exceeding six months and they are subject to arbitration and other reconciliatory proceedings the outcome and quantum of which is not ascertainable and determined, and subject to reconciliations referred to above, the debtors and Loans and advances to the extent as stated are considered good in the Balance Sheet.

e. Investments:

The Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the Balance Sheet date are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are recognised at cost; The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted/fair value, computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statements comprise Cash at bank and cash on hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

g. Derivative Instruments:

As per the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than those covered under AS - 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss after considering the offsetting effects on the underlying hedge item, is charged to the income statement.

h. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a) Initial currency transaction

Foreign exchanges are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the value were determined.

c) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement / conversion of monetary items is recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

i. Revenue Recognition:

Contract Receipt

In respect of Construction contracts and in manner specified under Accounting Standard AS-7 on Construction Contracts, Revenue is recognized on Percentage completion method based on the Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities and Work completed and Uncertified Bills on the Project. The relevant cost is recognized in accounts in the year of recognition of the revenue.

The total costs of contract are estimated by Company and are based on technical and other estimates, this being an Technical subject, the auditors have relied on such assumptions.

Profit is recognised only when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably. When the construction contract is expected to result in a loss on completion of the entire contract, the entire loss is recognized as an expense immediately in the same reporting period.

The Company''s claim for extra work and escalation in rates relating to execution of contracts are accounted as income in the year of receipt of arbitration award or acceptance by client or evidence of acceptance received.

Other Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income recognized as and when right to receive established.

All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

j. Contract Receipts - Joint venture:

Proportionate Consolidation method of accounting and Reporting is followed in respect of Joint venture entered into by the Company. The Income from such joint venture is recognized proportionately, in the profit sharing ratio, and on the basis of Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities. The actual expenses for such Project in Joint Venture are also accounted on the basis of the Profit sharing ratio for the consolidation purposes.

k. Valuation of work in progress:

i. The vvork in progress has been determined by the Management at the estimated realizable value.

ii. The value of work in progress comprises of value of materials and expenses incurred at site including estimated profits thereon in terms of guidelines provided under Accounting Standards AS 7 on Construction Contracts.

I. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs are accounted on accrual basis. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

m. Taxation:

a. Tax expenses compromise of current tax & deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier year.

b. The deferred tax is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as on the Balance sheet date.

n. Impairment of Assets :

As at each balance sheet date, the carrying amount of assets is tested for impairment so as to determine:

- The provision for impairment loss required, if any, or

- The reversal required of impairment loss recognised in previous periods, if any, Impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

Recoverable amount is determined:

- In the case of an individual asset, at higher of net selling price and the value in use.

o. Retirement Benefits :

i. Contribution to defined contribution plans such as retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund Schemes whether in pursuance of law or otherwise is accounted on accrual basis and charged to Profit and loss account of the year.

ii. Defined benefit plans like gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit, and measures each unit separately to build up final obligation.

iii. In relation to short term employees benefits cost of accumulated compensated absences accounted when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and cost of non- accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

iv. No separate provision has been made in respect of leave encashment as the same is paid to employees as and when it is claimed.

p. Provisions:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event

ii. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

iii. The amount of obligation can be reliably estimated Provisions made in terms of accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the management estimates required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.

q. The cash flow statement is prepared in the manner set out in Accounting Standards 3. Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash on hand and balances with bank including bank deposits having maturity period within three months.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Preparation/Accounting of Financial Statement: The financial statement have been prepared under the historical cost convention and on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) and comply in all material aspect with the Notified Accounting Standards stated in Companies Accounting Standards Rule,2006 (as amended) and the relevant provision ofthe Companies Act,1956. Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Financial Statements: Presentation and Disclosures: During the year ended March 31, 2012, the Revised Schedule VI notified underthe Companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of Revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements.

Financial Statements contain the information and disclosures mandated by Revised Schedule VI, applicable Accounting Standards, other applicable pronouncements and regulations.

c) Use of Estimate:

The preparation and presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made, that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities as on date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in future periods. Difference between the actual results and estimates is recognised in the period in which the actual results are known/materialized.

d) Fixed Assets and Depreciation :

i. All the fixed assets purchased are stated at cost of acquisition or construction of assets, net of recoverable taxes, except i n case of those assets

which are revalued, less accumulated depreciation or impairment loss thereof if any. The cost includes borrowing costs, exchange differences arising in respect of foreign currency loans or other liabilities incurred, expenses incidental to acquisition and installation, attributable to bringing the assets to their intended use.

ii. Fixed assets retired from active use and held for sale are stated at the lower oftheir net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately in the Balance Sheet.

iii. The Company do not have Intangible Assets and Capital Work In Progress for the period.

iv. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on "Straight line Method", at the rates and the manner as prescribed by Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

v. Depreciation on revalued assets is provided at the rate specified u/s-205(2) (b) ofthe Companies Act, 1956 or rate derived as per its estimated useful life, whichever is higher.

vi. Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

vii. In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount ofthe assets overtheremaininguseful life.

e) Sundry Debtors/Loans and Advances:

Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances are stated net of provision for identified doubtful debts/advances. Sundry Debtors and Loans and Advances has been taken at the reconciled amount for the parties from which the balance confirmation was received and for the rest balances are taken as per book balance. As and when the confirmations with respect to the balances will be received the reconciliations will be done and the adjustments, if any, on this account will be made. In the opinion ofthe management, on which reliance is placed by us and subject to reconciliations referred above, the debts and Loans and advances to the extent as stated are

considered good in the Balance Sheet are fully recoverable.

f) Investments:

The Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the Balance Sheet date are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are recognised at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted/fair value, computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

g) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statements comprise Cash at bank and cash on hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

h) Derivative Instruments:

As per the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than those covered under AS -11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss after considering the offsetting effects on the underlying hedge item, is charged to the income statement.

i) Foreign Currency Transactions:

1. Initial currency transaction:

Foreign exchanges are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

2. Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the value were determined.

3. Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement /conversion of monetary items is recognized as income or expenses in the year in which they arise.

j) Revenue Recognition:

Contract Receipt

In respect of Construction contracts and in manner specified under Accounting Standard AS-7 on Construction Contracts, Revenue is recognized on Percentage completion method based on the Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities and Work completed and Uncertified Bills on the Project. The relevant cost is recognized in accounts in the year of recognition ofthe revenue.

The total costs of contract are estimated by Company and are based on technical and other estimates, this being an Technical subject, the auditors have relied on such assumptions.

Profit is recognised only when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably. When the construction contract is expected to result in a loss on completion of the entire contract, the entire loss is recognized as an expense immediately in the same reporting period.

The Company's claim for extra work and escalation in rates relating to execution of contracts are accounted as income in the year of receipt of arbitration award or acceptance by client or evidence of acceptance received.

Other Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income recognized as and when right to receive established.

All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

k) Contract Receipts - loint venture:

Proportionate Consolidation method of accounting and reporting is followed in respect of Joint venture entered into by the Company. The Income from such joint venture is recognized proportionately on the basis of Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities. The actual expenses for such Project in Joint Venture are accounted on the basis ofthe Profit sharing ratio.

I) Valuation of work in progress:

i. The work in progress has been determined by the Management at the estimated realizable value.

ii. The value of work in progress comprises of value of materials and expenses incurred at site including estimated profits thereon in terms of guidelines provided under Accounting Standards AS

7 on Construction Contracts.

m) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs are accounted on accrual basis. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Taxation:

1. Tax expenses compromise of current tax & deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income forthe year and reversal oftiming differences of earlier year.

2. The deferred tax is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as on the Balance sheet date.

o) Impairment of Assets:

As at each balance sheet date, the carrying amount of assets istested for impairment so asto determine:

1. The provision for impairment loss required, if any, or

2. The reversal required of impairment loss recognised in previous periods, if any, Impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

Recoverable amount is determined:

3. In the case of an individual asset, at higher of net selling price and the value in use.

p) Retirement Benefits:

i. Contribution to defined contribution plans such as retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund Schemes whether in pursuance of law or otherwise is accounted on accrual basis and charged to Profit and loss account of the year.

ii. Defined benefit plans like gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary atthe balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit, and measures each unit separately to build up final obligation.

iii. In relation to shortterm employees benefits cost of accumulated compensated absences accounted when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and cost of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

iv. No separate provision has been made in respect of leave encashment as the same is paid to employees as and when it is claimed.

q) Provisions:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event

ii. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settlethe obligation; and

iii. The amount of obligation can be reliably estimated Provisions made in terms of accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the management estimates required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.

r) The cash flow statement is prepared in the manner set out in Accounting Standards 3. Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash on hand and balances with bank including bank deposits having maturity period within three months.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of accounting: The financial statement have been prepared to comply in all material aspect with the Notified Accounting Standards stated in Companies Accounting Standards Rule,2006 (as amended) and the relevant provision of the Companies Act,1956. Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Fixed Assets and Depreciation :

i. All the fixed assets purchased are stated at cost of acquisition except in case of those assets which are revalued.

ii. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on "Straight line Method", at the rates prescribed by Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation on revalued assets (if any) is provided at the rate specified u/s-205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 or estimated useful life, whichever is higher.

iv. Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.

v. In case of impairment, if any, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets overthe remaining useful life.

c. Sundry Debtors/ Loans and Advances:

Sundry Debtors / Loans and Advances are stated net of provision for identified doubtful debts/advances. Sundry Debtors and Loans and Advances has been taken at the reconciled amount for the parties from whom the balance confirmation was received and for the rest balances are taken as per book balance. As and

when the confirmations with respect to the balances will be received the reconciliations will be done and the adjustments, if any, on this account will be made. In the opinion of the management, subject to reconciliations referred to above, the debts and Loans and advances to the extent as stated are considered good in the Balance Sheet are fully recoverable.

d. Investments:

The Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as other investments.

e. Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statements comprise Cash at bank and cash in hand and short term investments with an original maturity of three months or less, as applicable.

f. Revenue Recognition:

i) In respect of Construction contracts and in manner specified under Accounting Standards AS-7 on Construction Contracts, Revenue is recognized on Percentage completion method based on the Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate authorities. The relevant cost is recognized in accounts in the year of recognition of the revenue.

ii) The total costs of contract are estimated by the Company and are based on technical and other estimates. The auditors have relied on such assumptions.

g. Contract Receipts -Joint venture:

Proportionate Consolidation method of accounting and reporting is followed in respect of Joint venture entered into by the Company. The Income from such joint venture is recognized proportionately on the basis of Bills submitted, certified and sanctioned by the appropriate

authorities. The actual expenses for such Project in Joint Venture are accounted on the basis of the Profit sharing ratio.

h. Valuation of work in progress:

i) The work in progress has been determined by the Management at the estimated realizable value.

ii) The value of work in progress comprises of value of material and expenses incurred at site including estimated profits thereon in terms of guidelines provided under Accounting Standards AS 7 on Construction Contracts.

i. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs are accounted on accrual basis. Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

j. Taxation:

a. Tax expenses comprisies of current & deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with provision of The Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing difference between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier year.

b. The deferred tax is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date.

k. Impairment of Assets:

As at each balance sheet date, the carrying amount of assets is tested for impairment so as to determine:

- The provision for impairment loss required, if any, or

- The reversal required of impairment loss recognised in previous periods, if any, Impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amou nt.

Recoverable amount is determined:

- In the case of an individual asset, at higher of net selling price and the value in use.

l. Retirement Benefits :

i) The retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund and Pension Schemes whether in pursuance of any law or otherwise is accounted on accrual basis and charged to profit and loss account of the year.

ii) Gratuity is respect of past and present services of employees is being accounted for on accrual basis based on actuarial valuation.

iii) No separate provision has been made in respect of leave encashment as the same is paid to the employee as and when it is claimed.

m. Provisions:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i) The company has a present obligation as a result of past event

ii) A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

iii) The amount of obligation can be reliably estimated Provisions made in terms of accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the management estimates required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date.

n. Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is prepared in the manner set out in Accounting Standards 3. Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash on hand and balances with banks.

 
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