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Accounting Policies of Nu Tek India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts on going concern basis following the historical cost convention as per the generally accepted accounting principles prevalent in India and on accrual method of accounting.

1.2 Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, as adopted consistently by the Company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Accounting Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such expenses include estimates of contract completion costs, provision for doubtful debts, useful lives of fixed assets etc. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from Sales/Services is accounted for as net of taxes and the principles of revenue recognition are given below:-

* Revenue from services rendered is recognized as the service is performed.

* Income from turnkey projects is recognized as a percentage and in proportion to work completion. However in cases of contracts where consideration is separately defined / identified for supply of goods/materials whose distinct identity remains even after project completion, revenue is recognized based on delivery at site to the customers.

* In case of fixed-price contracts, revenue is recognized based on the milestones achieved as specified in the contracts.

* Revenue from sales is recognized upon passing of title/ shipment/Installation of the products and on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership.

* Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

* Interest is recognized on time proportion basis.

1.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation till its present location.

1.5 Depreciation

Depreciation is provided based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

1.6 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare such assets for their intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.7 Impairment

Accounting for impairment of Fixed Assets is done in accordance with the Accounting Standard 28 - "Impairment of Assets". Accordingly, the carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets' recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset's carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss has been recognised.

1.8 Employee Benefits

* All employee benefits payable/available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as shortterm employee benefits in terms of Accounting Standard 15 (Revised)- "Employee Benefits". Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

* Gratuity costs are defined benefits plans. The present value of obligations under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

* Benefits under the Companies leave encashment scheme constitute other long term employee benefits. The obligation in respect of leave encashment is provided on the basis on actuarial.

* Valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account

* The Company is contributing to the Employee Provident Fund maintained under the Employees Provident Fund Scheme by the Central Government.

1.9 Finance Lease

Accounting for Financial Lease is done in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 - "Leases". The assets are included in fixed assets and the capital elements of the leasing commitments are shown as obligations under leases liability. The capital element is applied to reduce the outstanding obligations and the interest element is charged against profit in proportion to the reducing capital element outstanding. Depreciation on Assets held under finance leases has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-II to the Companies Act, 2013.

1.10 Accounting for Investments

Investments are accounted for in accordance with the Accounting Standard 13 - "Accounting for Investments". Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as long term investments. Accordingly,

* The Long Term Investments are recorded at cost except where there is permanent diminution in its value.

* The Short Term Investments are recorded at Cost or Market Price whichever is lower. Unrealized loss arising due to the fall in market price is provided for in the accounts and any gain thereof is ignored.

1.11 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign Currency transactions are being recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 "The Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly,

* Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions. Gains and losses, if any, at the year-end in respect of monetary assets and monetary liabilities not covered by the forward contracts are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

* Non-Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are stated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Taxes on Income

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax Liability is provided pursuant to Accounting Standard - 22, "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Deferred Tax Assets and Deferred Tax Liability are calculated by applying tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred Tax Liability arising mainly on account of excess depreciation allowed under Income tax laws.

Deferred Tax Assets due to expenses disallowed under section 40(a) under tax laws and on account of other timing differences are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of its realization.

Deferred Tax Assets due to unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses under tax laws is recognizes only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

Current Tax:

The provision for Taxation is based on estimated assessable total income of the Company as determined under the Income Tax Act 1961.

1.12 Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets

Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 29 - "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets". Accordingly,

* A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

* A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

* Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed

1.13 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand and cash on deposit with banks.

1.15 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income and expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.




Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The company maintains its accounts on going concern basis following the historical cost convention as per the generally accepted accounting principles prevalent in India and on accrual method of accounting.

1.2 Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Accounting Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such expenses include estimates of contract completion costs, provision for doubtful debts, useful lives of fixed assets etc. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from Sales/Services is accounted for as net of taxes and the principles of revenue recognition are given below:-

- Revenue from services rendered is recognized as the service is performed.

- Income from turnkey projects is recognized as a percentage and in proportion to work completion. However in cases of contracts where consideration is separately defined / identified for supply of goods/materials whose distinct identity remains even after project completion, revenue is recognized based on delivery at site to the customers.

- In case of fixed-price contracts, revenue is recognized based on the milestones achieved as specified in the contracts.

- Revenue from sales is recognized upon passing of title/ shipment/Installation of the products and on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership.

- Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

- Interest is recognized on time proportion basis.

1.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation till its present location.

1.5 Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.6 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare such assets for their intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

1.7 Impairment

Accounting for impairment of Fixed Assets is done in accordance with the Accounting Standard 28 - "Impairment of Assets". Accordingly, the carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets'' recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss has been recognised.

1.8 Employee Benefits

- All employee benefits payable/available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits in terms of Accounting Standard 15 (Revised)- "Employee Benefits". Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

- Gratuity costs are defined benefits plans. The present value of obligations under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Benefits under the Company''s leave encashment scheme constitute other long term employee benefits. The obligation in respect of leave encashment is provided on the basis on actuarial

- valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account

- The company is contributing to the Employee Provident Fund maintained under the Employees Provident Fund Scheme by the Central Government.

1.9 Finance Lease

Accounting for Financial Lease is done in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 - "Leases". The assets are included in fixed assets and the capital elements of the leasing commitments are shown as obligations under leases liability. The capital element is applied to reduce the outstanding obligations and the interest element is charged against profit in proportion to the reducing capital element outstanding. Depreciation on Assets held under finance leases has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.10 Accounting for Investments

Investments are accounted for in accordance with the Accounting Standard 13 - "Accounting for Investments". Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as long term investments. Accordingly,

- The Long Term Investments are recorded at cost except where there is permanent diminution in its value.

- The Short Term Investments are recorded at Cost or Market Price whichever is lower. Unrealized loss arising due to the fall in market price is provided for in the accounts and any gain thereof is ignored.

1.11 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign Currency transactions are being recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 "The Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly,

- Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions. Gains and losses, if any, at the year-end in respect of monetary assets and monetary liabilities not covered by the forward contracts are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Non-Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are stated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

1.12 Taxes on Income Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax Liability is provided pursuant to Accounting Standard - 22, "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Deferred Tax Assets and Deferred Tax Liability are calculated by applying tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred Tax Liability arising mainly on account of excess depreciation allowed under Income tax laws.

Deferred Tax Assets due to expenses disallowed under section 40(a) under tax laws and on account of other timing differences are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of its realization.

Deferred Tax Assets due to unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses under tax laws is recognizes only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

Current Tax:

The provision for Taxation is based on estimated assessable total income of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act 1961.

1.13 Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets

Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 29 - "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets". Accordingly,

- A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

- A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

- Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Accounting

The company maintains its accounts ongoing concern basis following the historical cost convention as per the generally accepted accounting principles prevalent in India and on accrual method of accounting.

2. Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Accounting Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such expenses include estimates of contract completion costs, provision for doubtful debts, useful lives of fixed assets etc. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from Sales/Services is accounted for as net of taxes and the principles of revenue recognition are given below:-

- Revenue from services rendered is recognized as the service is performed.

- Income from turnkey projects is recognized as a percentage and in proportion to work completion. However in cases of contracts where consideration is separately defined / identified for supply of goods/materials whose distinct identity remains even after project completion, revenue is recognized based on delivery at site to the customers.

- In case of fixed-price contracts, revenue is recognized based on the milestones achieved as specified in the contracts.

- Revenue from sales is recognized upon passing of title/ shipment/Installation of the products and on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership.

- Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

- Interest is recognized on time proportion basis.

4. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation till its present location.

5. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

6. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare such assets for their intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

7. Impairment

Accounting for impairment of Fixed Assets is done in accordance with the Accounting Standard 28 - "Impairment of Assets". Accordingly, the carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets'' recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss has been recognized.

8. Employee Benefits

- All employee benefits payable/available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits in terms of Accounting Standard 15 (Revised)- "Employee Benefits". Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

- Gratuity costs are defined benefits plans. The present value of obligations under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Benefits under the Company''s leave encashment scheme constitute other long term employee benefits. The obligation in respect of leave encashment is provided on the basis on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account

- The company is contributing to the Employee Provident Fund maintained under the Employees Provident Fund Scheme by the Central Government.

9. Finance Lease

Accounting for Financial Lease is done in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 - "Leases". The assets are included in fixed assets and the capital elements of the leasing commitments are shown as obligations under leases liability. The capital element is applied to reduce the outstanding obligations and the interest element is charged against profit in proportion to the reducing capital element outstanding. Depreciation on Assets held under finance leases has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

10. Accounting for Investments

Investments are accounted for in accordance with the Accounting Standard 13 - "Accounting for Investments". Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as long term investments. Accordingly,

- The Long Term Investments are recorded at cost except where there is permanent diminution in its value.

- The Short Term Investments are recorded at Cost or Market Price whichever is lower. Unrealized loss arising due to the fall in market price is provided for in the accounts and any gain thereof is ignored.

11. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign Currency transactions are being recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 "The Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly,

- Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions. Gains and losses, if any, at the year-end in respect of monetary assets and monetary liabilities not covered by the forward contracts are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Non-Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are stated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

12. Taxes on Income Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax Liability is provided pursuant to Accounting Standard - 22, "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Deferred Tax Assets and Deferred Tax Liability are calculated by applying tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred Tax Liability arising mainly on account of excess depreciation allowed under Income tax laws.

Deferred Tax Assets due to expenses disallowed under section 40(a) under tax laws and on account of other timing differences are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of its realization.

Deferred Tax Assets due to unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses under tax laws is recognizes only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

Current Tax:

The provision for Taxation is based on estimated assessable total income of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act 1961.

13. Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets

Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 29 -"Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets". Accordingly,

- A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

- A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

- Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of Accounting

The company maintains its accounts on going concern basis following the historical cost convention as per the generally accepted accounting principles prevalent in India and on accrual method of accounting.

2. Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Accounting Standards requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such expenses include estimates of contract completion costs, provision for doubtful debts, useful lives of fixed assets etc. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from Sales/Services is accounted for as net of taxes and the principles of revenue recognition are given below:-

- Revenue from services rendered is recognized as the service is performed.

- Income from turnkey projects is recognized as a percentage and in proportion to work completion. However in cases of contracts where consideration is separately defined / identified for supply of goods/materials whose distinct identity remains even after project completion, revenue is recognized based on delivery at site to the customers.

- In case of fixed-price contracts, revenue is recognized based on the milestones achieved as specified in the contracts.

- Revenue from sales is recognized upon passing of title/ shipment/Installation of the products and on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership.

- Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

- Interest is recognized on time proportion basis.

4. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation till its present location.

5. Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

6. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets, which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use, are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare such assets for their intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

7. Impairment

Accounting for impairment of Fixed Assets is done in accordance with the Accounting Standard 28 - "Impairment of Assets". Accordingly, the carrying values of assets are reviewed at each reporting date to determine if there is indication of any impairment. If any indication exists, the assets' recoverable amount is estimated. For assets that are not yet available for use, the recoverable amount is estimated at each reporting date. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. An impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the asset's carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortisation, if no impairment loss has been recognised.

8. Employee Benefits

- All employee benefits payable/available within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits in terms of Accounting Standard 15 (Revised)- "Employee Benefits". Benefits such as salaries, wages and bonus etc., are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

- Gratuity costs are defined benefits plans. The present value of obligations under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Benefits under the Company's leave encashment scheme constitute other long term employee benefits. The obligation in respect of leave encashment is provided on the basis on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of obligation under defined benefit plans, is based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date, having maturity periods approximating to the terms of related obligations.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account

- The company is contributing to the Employee Provident Fund maintained under the Employees Provident Fund Scheme by the Central Government.

9. Finance Lease

Accounting for Financial Lease is done in accordance with Accounting Standard 19 - "Leases". The assets are included in fixed assets and the capital elements of the leasing commitments are shown as obligations under leases liability. The capital element is applied to reduce the outstanding obligations and the interest element is charged against profit in proportion to the reducing capital element outstanding. Depreciation on Assets held under finance leases has been provided on Written down Value Method as per rates prescribed by Schedule-XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

10. Accounting for Investments

Investments are accounted for in accordance with the Accounting Standard 13 - "Accounting for Investments". Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as long term investments. Accordingly,

- The Long Term Investments are recorded at cost except where there is permanent diminution in its value.

- The Short Term Investments are recorded at Cost or Market Price whichever is lower. Unrealized loss arising due to the fall in market price is provided for in the accounts and any gain thereof is ignored.

11. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign Currency transactions are being recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 "The Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly,

- Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions. Gains and losses, if any, at the year-end in respect of monetary assets and monetary liabilities not covered by the forward contracts are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

- Non-Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are stated at the rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

12. Taxes on Income Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax Liability is provided pursuant to Accounting Standard - 22, "Accounting for Taxes on Income". Deferred Tax Assets and Deferred Tax Liability are calculated by applying tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred Tax Liability arising mainly on account of excess depreciation allowed under Income tax laws.

Deferred Tax Assets due to expenses disallowed under section 40(a) under tax laws and on account of other timing differences are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of its realization.

Deferred Tax Assets due to unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses under tax laws is recognizes only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

Current Tax:

The provision for Taxation is based on estimated assessable total income of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act 1961.

13. Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets

Provisions, Contingencies and Contingent Assets are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 29 - "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets". Accordingly,

- A provision is created when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

- A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

- Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed

 
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