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Accounting Policies of Nutraplus India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Corporate information

The Company is presently manufacturing bulk drug products and their intermediates, hum an Active Pharm a ingredients (API) products. In the current year, the Company has achieved the manufacturing sale of Rs. 717,006,638/= and by way of job process activities of manufacturing various API of reputed Companies for R s. 1,245,680/=. The Company has also done Trading Activity for Rs.4,186,260 . The manufacturing facilities are located at M IDC , Tarapore, District, Thane and al l other activities are carried on from the Registered office located at Mumbai.

2. Accounting Convention & Revenue Recognition:

The financial statements are prepared under the Historical Cost Convention on a Going Concern basis

The Company generally follows the Mercantile System of Accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on Accrual basis excepts those with significant uncertainties and is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.The significant accounting policies followed by the Company are stated below:

Revenue recognition

Revenue from sales is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of owners hip to customers based on the contract with the customers for delivery. Sales include excise duty but are net of sales returns a nd trade discounts.

3.Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

4. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and im pairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

Intangible fixed Assets:

Intangible assets are recognised through business combination are accounted as per Accounting standard 14 viz. Accounting for Am algamation.

5. Depreciation :

Depreciation of Fixed Assets is charged on 'Straight Line Method' as per Schedule X IV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease

6. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in th e estimate of recoverable amount.

7. Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are c apitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

8. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost of finished goods includes cost of material; direct labour, direct expenses and production overheads except depreciation.

9. Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses:

Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised proportionately over a period of 5 years. Preoperative expenses are amortised over a period of 5 years.

10 Employee Benefits:

i. Gratuities liabilities are worked out as p er Actuary Valuation.

ii. The provident fund Rules are not applicable to the Company.

11. Taxes on Income: Current tax

Provision for Income Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax Provision

Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods, are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted.

12. Segment Reporting:

The Company operates only in one segment viz. Bulk Drugs Intermediates and hence there are no other reportable segments as per the Accounting Standard 17.

13. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. Al l other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

14. Financial Derivatives:

Financial derivatives contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain / loss, if any, in respect of settled contract ar e recognized in the profit a nd loss account, along with the underlying transactions.

15. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies, to the extent not covered by forward contracts, are accounted at exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions are affected and expressed at the year-end exchange rates. Any other exchange differences except relating to Fixed Assets are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary foreign currency items, if an y, are carried at cost.

Export Incentive

The export made through merchant exporter, the company is eligible for export incentive in the form of license, which company utilizes for import of raw materials, which is accounted for duty exemption. The unutilized part of the license is sold in the market. Company accounts such sale under the head other income. The accounting of export incentive is recognized on accrued basis. T he sale of such license and benefit accrued thereon is accounted in sales.

16. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but ar e disclosed in th e notes.

17. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

18. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

19. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

20. Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

21. Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.

22. Employee benefit:

The company has made provisions in the accounts for gratuity base on actuarial valuation. T he particulars under the As 15 (revised) furnished below are those which are relevant and available to company for this year.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Accounting Convention & Revenue Recognition:

The financial statements are prepared under the Historical Cost Convention on a Going Concern basis The Company generally follows the Mercantile System of Accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on Accrual basis excepts those with significant uncertainties and is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.The significant accounting policies followed by the Company are stated below:

Revenue recognition

Revenue from sales is recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to customers based on the contract with the customers for delivery. Sales include excise duty but are net of sales returns and trade discounts and exclude sales tax / value added tax.

1.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

Intangible fixed Assets:

Intangible assets are recognised through business combination are accounted as per Accounting standard 14 viz. Accounting for Amalgamation.

1.4 Depreciation:

Depreciation of Fixed Assets is charged on ''Straight Line Method'' as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease

1.5 Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

1.7 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost of finished goods includes cost of material; direct labour, direct expenses and production overheads except depreciation.

1.8 Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses:

Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised proportionately over a period of 5 years. Preoperative expenses have been amortised over a period of 5 years.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

i. Gratuities liabilities are worked out as per own estimates.

ii. The provident fund Rules are not applicable to the Company.

1.10 Taxes on Income:

Current tax

Provision for Income Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax Provision

Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods, are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted.

1.11 Segment Reporting:

The Company operates only in one segment viz. Bulk Drugs Intermediates and hence there are no other reportable segments as per the Accounting Standard 17.

1.12 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.13 Financial Derivatives:

Financial derivatives contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain / loss, if any, in respect of settled contract are recognized in the profit and loss account, along with the underlying transactions.

1.14 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies, to the extent not covered by forward contracts, are accounted at exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions are affected and expressed at the year-end exchange rates. Any other exchange differences except relating to Fixed Assets are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary foreign currency items, if any, are carried at cost.

Export Incentive

The export made through merchant exporter, the company is eligible for export incentive in the form of license, which company utilizes for import of raw materials, which is accounted for duty exemption. The unutilized part of the license is sold in the market. Company accounts such sale under the head other income. The accounting of export incentive is recognized on accrued basis. The sale of such license and benefit accrued thereon is accounted in sales.

1.15 Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

1.16 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.17 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.18 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.19 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

1.20 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Accounting Convention & Revenue Recognition:

"The financial statements are prepared under the Historical Cost Convention on a Going Concern Basis. The Company generally follows the Mercantile System of Accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on Accrual basis excepts those with significant uncertainties and is consistent with Generally accepted accounting principles. The significant accounting policies followed by the Company are stated below. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sales is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to customers based on the contract with the Customers for delivery. Sales include excise duty but are net of sales returns and trade discounts and exclude sales tax / value added tax."

1.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of Qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of Performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project. Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in- progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, relate''d incidental expenses and attributable interest.

Intangible fixed Assets:

Intangible assets are recognised through business combination are accounted as per Accounting standard 14 viz. Accounting for Amalgamation.

1.4 Depreciation:

Depreciation of Fixed Assets is charged on ''Straight Line Method'' as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease

1.5 Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

1.7 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost of finished goods includes cost of material; direct labour, direct expenses and production overheads except depreciation. ''

1.8 Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses:

Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised proportionately over a period of 5years. Preoperative expenses have been amortised over a period of 5 years.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

i. Gratuities liabilities are worked out as per own estimates. ii. The provident fund Rules are not applicable to the Company.

1.10 Taxes on Income: Current tax

Provision for Income Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax Provision:

Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences, being the Difference between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods, are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted.

1.11 Segment Reporting:

The Company operates only in one segment viz. Bulk Drugs Intermediates and hence there are no other reportable segments as per the Accounting Standard 17.

1.12 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.13 Financial Derivatives:

Financial derivatives contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain / loss, if any, in respect of settled contract are recognized in the profit and loss account, along with the underlying transactions.

1.14 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies, to the extent not covered by forward contracts, are accounted at exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions are affected and expressed at the year-end exchange rates. Any other exchange differences except relating to Fixed Assets are dealtwith in the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary foreign currency items, if any, are carried at cost.

Export Incentive

The export made through merchant exporter, the company is eligible for export incentive in the form of license, which company utilizes for import of raw materials, which is accounted for duty exemption. The unutilized part of the license is sold in the market. Company accounts such sale under the head other income. The accounting of export incentive is recognized on accrued basis. The sale of such license and benefit accrued thereon is accounted in sales.

1.15 Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

1.16 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.17 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit/(loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted forthe effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of pastor future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.18 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit/(loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) aftertax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equityshares are deemed to be converted as atthe beginning ofthe period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted forthe proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e average marketvalue ofthe outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.19 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

1.20 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Accounting Convention:

The financial statements are prepared under the Historical Cost Convention on a Going Concern basis The Company generally follows the Mercantile System of Accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on Accrual basis excepts those with significant uncertainties and is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles. The significant accounting policies followed by the Company are stated below:

1.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use and other incidental expenses incurred up to that date. Exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project.

Capital work-in-proqress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in- progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

1.4 Depreciation:

Depreciation of Fixed Assets is charged on 'Straight Line Method' as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease

1.5 Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments:

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less

provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Investment properties are carried individually at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Investment properties are capitalised and depreciated (where applicable) in accordance with the policy stated for Tangible Fixed Assets. Impairment of investment property is determined in accordance with the policy stated for Impairment of Assets.

1.7 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost of finished goods includes cost of material; direct labour, direct expenses and production overheads except depreciation.

1.8 Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses:

Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised proportionately over a period of 5 years.

Preoperative expenses have been amortised over a period of 5 years.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

i. Gratuities liabilities are worked out as per own estimates.

ii. The provident fund Rules are not applicable to the Company.

1.10 Taxes on Income:

Current tax

Provision for Income Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax Provision

Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods, are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted.

1.11 Segment Reporting:

The Company operates only in one segment viz. Bulk Drugs Intermediates and hence there are no other reportable segments as per the Accounting Standard 17.

1.12 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.13 Financial Derivatives:

Financial derivatives contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain / loss, if any, in respect of settled contract are recognized in the profit and loss account, along with the underlying transactions.

1.14 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies, to the extent not covered by forward contracts, are accounted at exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions are affected and expressed at the year-end exchange rates. Any other exchange differences except relating to Fixed Assets are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary foreign currency items, if any, are carried at cost.

Export Incentive

The export made through merchant exporter, the company is eligible for export incentive in the form of license, which company utilizes for import of raw materials, which is accounted for duty exemption. The unutilized part of the license is sold in the market. Company accounts such sale under the head other income. The accounting of export incentive is recognized on accrued basis. The sale of such license and benefit accrued thereon is accounted in sales.

1.15 Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

1.16 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.17 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordi- nary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.18 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.19 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

1.20 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is no uncertainty in availing / utilising the credits.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Accounting Convention:

The financial statements are prepared under the Historical Cost Convention on a Going Concern basis.

The Company generally follows the Mercantile System of Accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on Accrual basis excepts those with significant uncertainties and is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

The significant accounting policies followed by the Company are stated below:

a) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

b) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of Modvat / cenvat / value added tax less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. For this purpose, cost includes cost of acquisition and all costs directly attributable to bringing the assets for its present use and condition.

c) Depreciation:

Depreciation of Fixed Assets is charged on Straight Line Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

d) Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit and loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e) Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost of finished goods includes cost of material; direct labour, direct expenses and production overheads except depreciation.

g) Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses:

Preliminary and Share Issue Expenses are amortised proportionately over a period of 5 years. Preoperative expenses have been amortised over a period of 5 years.

h) Employee Benefits:

Retirements benefits are not applicable to the Company as Company has Eight employee.

i) Taxes on Income:

Current tax

Provision for Income Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax Provision

Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences, being the difference between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods, are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted.

j) Segment Reporting:

The Company operates only in one segment viz. Bulk Drugs Intermediates and hence there are no other reportable segments as per the Accounting Standard 17.

k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

l) Financial Derivatives:

Financial derivatives contracts are accounted on the date of their settlement and realized gain / loss, if any, in respect of settled contract are recognized in the profit and loss account, along with the underlying transactions.

m) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies, to the extent not covered by forward contracts, are accounted at exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions are affected and expressed at the year-end exchange rates. Any other exchange differences except relating to Fixed Assets are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary foreign currency items, if any, are carried at cost.

n) Export Incentive:

The export made through merchant exporter, the company is eligible for export incentive in the form of license, which company utilizes for import of raw materials, which is accounted for duty exemption. The unutilized part of the license is sold in the market. Company accounts such sale under the head other income. The accounting of export incentive is recognized on accrued basis. The sale of such license and benefit accrued thereon is accounted in sales.

o) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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