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Accounting Policies of Oswal Green Tech Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention (except assets revalued) on an accrual basis of accounting unless otherwise stated, and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable.

B. Fixed Assets and Depreciation Tangible Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenditure net of MODVAT/CENVAT wherever applicable.

Fixed assets held for disposal are stated at the lower of their book value and net realisable value.

Intangible Assets

Computer Software's are capitalised and depreciated on an estimated useful life of three years.

Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided pro-rata to the period of use, on the written down value method (except other divisions where depreciation is charged in SLM Basis). The depreciation rates for all assets upto the year ended 31.03.2014 are as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Effective from 01.04.2014, Depreciation is charged on the basis of useful life of the fixed assets on pro-rata basis. The Company has adopted useful life of assets as given in Part 'C' of schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Leasehold assets/premium/improvement is being amortized/depreciated over the period of lease.

C. Impairment

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment thereof based on external / internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the 'net selling price' of assets and their 'value in use'.

D. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution in value of such investments other than temporary. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

E. Inventories

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. The basis of determining cost is Material Cost plus appropriate share of labour and production overheads.

a) Plots/Flats/Trading Goods

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost or Net Realisable Value.

F. Revenue Recognition

Income/loss on purchase and sale of shares and other securities is net of brokerage, service tax, and education cess. Securities Transactions Tax to the extent not available as rebate under Income tax Act, 1961 is charged directly to the Profit & Loss Account.

Provision for loss in respect of Open Equity Derivative Instruments as at the Balance Sheet date is made Index-wise/Scrip-wise. As a matter of prudence, any anticipated profit is ignored.

In case of Plots/Flats, sales are recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Revenue is recognised when it is earned and no significant uncertainty exists as to its realization or collection. Sales is net of returns, discounts and value added Tax/ Sales Tax. Export sales is accounted as revenue on the basis of Bill of Lading. Other income is recognised on accrual basis.

G. Foreign Exchange and Financial Derivative Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Liability in respect of imported materials remaining unpaid is stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

In respect of derivative contracts, premium received or paid, gains or losses on settlement and losses on restatement are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

H. Employee Benefits

(i) Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The company's contribution to defined contribution plans is charged to statement of Profit & Loss as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

c) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

Other long term benefit is provided on the basis of valuation as at the date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of the changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized immediately in the statement of Profit & Loss as income or expense.

(iii) Employee benefits which fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized at the amount expected to be paid for it.

I. Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to considerations of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

J. Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

K. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities not provided for in the accounts are separately disclosed in the "Notes forming part of the financial statements".

L. Leases

Operating Lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss as per terms of the lease agreement.

M. Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's EPS comprises the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing Diluted EPS comprises of weighted average shares considered for deriving Basic EPS, and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

N. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes and provisions for impairment.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention (except assets revalued) on an accrual basis of accounting unless otherwise stated, and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and accounting standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 read with the General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and all the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and Companies Act, 2013 in force.

B. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Tangible Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenditure net of MODVAT/CENVAT wherever applicable.

Fixed assets held for disposal are stated at the lower of their book value and net realisable value.

Intangible Assets

Computer Software''s are capitalised and depreciated on an estimated useful life of three years.

Depreciation

The Company provides for depreciation as follows:

The assets are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of Other Divisions, the assets are depreciated on SLM basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold premium/improvement is being amortized/depreciated over the period of lease.

C. Impairment

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment thereof based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the ‘net selling price'' of assets and their ‘value in use''.

D. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution in value of such investments other than temporary. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

E. Inventories

a) Fertilizers

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Realizable value of Urea and DAP is inclusive of the Concession as notified by the Government of India. The basis of determining cost is Material Cost plus appropriate share of labour and production overheads.

b) Plots/Flats/Trading Goods

Inventories are valued at lower of Cost or Net Realisable Value.

F. Revenue Recognition

Income/loss on purchase and sale of shares and other securities is net of brokerage, service tax, and education cess. Securities Transactions Tax to the extent not available as rebate under Income Tax Act, 1961 is charged directly to the Profit & Loss Account.

Provision for loss in respect of Open Equity Derivative Instruments as at the Balance Sheet date is made Index-wise/Scrip-wise. As a matter of prudence, any anticipated profit is ignored.

In case of Plots/Flats, sales are recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export Sales is recognized at the date of bill of lading.

G. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Liability in respect of imported materials remaining unpaid is stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

H. Employee Benefits

(i) Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The company''s contribution to defined contribution plans is charged to statement of Profit & Loss as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

c) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

Other long term benefit is provided on the basis of valuation as at the date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(ii) Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of the changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized immediately in the statement of Profit & Loss as income or expense.

(iii) Employee benefits which fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized at the amount expected to be paid for it.

I. Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to considerations of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

J. Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

K. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities not provided for in the accounts are separately disclosed in the "Notes forming part of the financial statements".

L. Leases

Operating Lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss as per terms of the lease agreement.

M. Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s EPS comprises the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing Diluted EPS comprises of weighted average shares considered for deriving Basic EPS, and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

N. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention (except assets revalued) on accrual basis in accordance with the mandatory accounting standards read with notes and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Fixed Assets and Depreciation Tangible Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenditure net of MODVAT/CENVAT wherever applicable.

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment thereof based on external / internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the'' net selling price'' of assets and their ''value in use''.

Fixed assets held for disposal are stated at the lower of their book value and net realizable value.

Intangible Assets

Computer Soft ware''s are capitalized and depreciated on an estimated useful life of three years.

Depreciation

The Company provides for depreciation as follows:

The assets are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of LDPE division, the assets other than plant and machinery (valued at lower of net realizable value basis or cost) are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of Other Divisions, the assets are depreciated on SLM basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold premium/improvement is being amortized/depreciated over the period of lease.

C. Investments

Long term investments are stated at costless provision, if any, for diminution in value of such investments other than temporary. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

D. Inventories

a) Fertilizers

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Realizable value of Urea and DAP is inclusive of the Concession as notified by the Government of India. The basis of determining cost is Material Cost plus appropriate share of lab our and production overheads.

b) Plots/Flats/Trading Goods

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or market value.

E. Revenue Recognition

Income/loss on purchase and sale of shares and other securities is Net of brokerage, service tax, and education cess. Securities Transactions Tax to the extent not available as rebate under Income Tax Act, 1961 is charged directly to the Profit & Loss Account.

Provision for loss in respect of Open Equity Derivative Instruments as at the Balance Sheet date is made Index-wise/Scrip-wise. As a matter of prudence, any anticipated profit is ignored.

In case of Plots/Flats, sales are recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export Sales is recognized at the date of bill of lading.

F. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Liability in respect of imported materials remaining unpaid is stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the yearend.

G. Employee Benefits

(i) Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The company''s contribution to defined contribution plans is charged to statement of Profit & Loss as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation as at the Balance Sheet date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

c) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

Other long term benefits provided on the basis of valuation as at the date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method

(ii) Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of the changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized immediately in the statement of Profit & Loss as income or expense.

(iii) Employee benefits which fall due wholly within twelve months after The end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized at the amount expected to be paid for it.

H. Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to considerations of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

I. Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

J. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities not provided for in the accounts are separately disclosed in the "Notes forming part of the financial statements".

K. Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s EPS comprises the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing Diluted EPS comprises of weighted average shares considered for deriving Basic EPS, and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. L. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention (except assets revalued) on accrual basis in accordance with the mandatory accounting standards read with notes and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenditure net of MODVAT/CENVAT wherever applicable.

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment thereof based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the 'net selling price' of assets and their 'value in use'.

Depreciation

The Company provides for depreciation as follows:

The assets are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of LDPE division, the assets other than plant and machinery (valued at lower of net realizable value basis or cost) are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of Other Divisions, the assets are depreciated on SLM basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold premium/improvement is being amortized/depreciated over the period of lease.

Intangible assets are depreciated over the period of three years

C. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution in value of such investments other than temporary. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

D. Inventories

a) Fertilizers

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Realizable value of Urea and DAP is inclusive of the Concession as notified by the Government of India. The basis of determining cost is Material Cost plus appropriate share of labour and production overheads.

b) Plots/Flats/Trading Goods

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or market value.

E. Revenue Recognition

Income/loss on purchase and sale of shares and other securities is net of brokerage, service tax, and education cess. Securities Transactions Tax to the extent not available as rebate under Income Tax Act, 1961 is charged directly to the Profit & Loss Account.

Provision for loss in respect of Open Equity Derivative Instruments as at the Balance Sheet date is made Index-wise/Scrip-wise. As a matter of prudence, any anticipated profit is ignored.

In case of Plots/Flats, sales are recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export Sales is recognized at the date of bill of lading.

F. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Liability in respect of imported materials remaining unpaid is stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

G. Employee Benefits

i. Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The company's contribution to defined contribution plans is charged to Profit & Loss Account as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

c) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

i. Other long term benefit is provided on the basis of valuation as at the date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method

ii. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of the changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized immediately in the Profit & Loss Account as income or expense.

iii. Employee benefits which fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized at the amount expected to be paid for it.

H. Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to considerations of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

I. Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

J. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities not provided for in the accounts are separately disclosed in the "Notes to Accounts".

K. Earnings per share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's EPS comprises the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing Diluted EPS comprises of weighted average shares considered for deriving Basic EPS, and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

L. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention (except assets revalued) on accrual basis in accordance with the mandatory accounting standards read with notes and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenditure net of MODVAT/CENVAT wherever applicable.

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment thereof based on external / internal factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the net selling price of assets and their value in use.

Depreciation

The Company provides for depreciation as follows:

The assets are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of LDPE division, the assets other than plant and machinery (valued at lower of net realisable value basis or cost) are depreciated on WDV basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

In case of Other Divisions, the assets are depreciated on SLM basis at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold premium/improvement is being amortized/depreciated over the period of lease.

c. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution in value of such investments other than temporary. Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

d. Inventories

a) Fertilizers

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Realisable value of Urea and DAP is inclusive of the Concession as notified by the Government of India. The basis of determining cost is Material Cost plus appropriate share of labour and production overheads.

b) Plots/Flats/Trading Goods

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or market value.

e. Revenue Recognition

In case of fertilizers, sales are recognised upon the transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the customers. Concession on Urea under Group Pricing Scheme is recognised as per the price notified by Government of India and is subject to adjustment on finalization of escalation claim on inputs as and when notified. Equated freight on urea is recognised as income on its accrual. Concession on DAP/NP is recognised at rates notified by Govt. of India from time to time.

Income/loss on purchase and sale of shares and other securities is net of brokerage, service tax, and education cess. Securities Transactions Tax to the extent not available as rebate under income tax Act, 1961 is charged directly to the Profit & Loss Account.

Provision for loss in respect of Open Equity Derivative Instruments as at the Balance Sheet date is made Index-wise/Scrip-wise. As a matter of prudence, any anticipated profit is ignored

In case of Plots/Flats, sales are recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

Export Sales is recognized at the date of bill of lading.

f. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions. Liability in respect of imported materials remaining unpaid is stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

g. Employee Benefits

i. Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plans

The companys contribution to defined contribution plans is charged to Profit & Loss Account as incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plan is provided on the basis of valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

c) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

Other long term benefit is provided on the basis of valuation as at the date carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial valuation method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

ii. Actuarial gains and losses comprise experience adjustments and the effects of the changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised immediately in the Profit & Loss Account as income or expense.

iii. Employee benefits which fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognised at the amount expected to be paid for it.

h. Taxation

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to considerations of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

i. Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

j. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities not provided for in the accounts are separately disclosed in the "Notes to Accounts".

k. Earnings per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Companys EPS comprises the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing Diluted EPS comprises of weighted average shares considered for deriving Basic EPS, and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

l. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

 
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